PhD Student Universiti Sains Malaysia
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The Efficacy of Applying Prophet Muhammad’s (PBUH) Practical Methods of Conflict Management in Resolving Inter-Religious Crises in Nigeria
Before the advent of Prophet Muhammad, Peace be Upon Him (PBUH), the whole of Arabia was pervaded by anarchy, inter-tribal wars, conflicts, chaos, and hostilities. In other words, communal clashes and ethnic upheavals were part and parcel of Arabs’ life prior to the advent of Islam. As a Prophet, leader and guide of the entire mankind, Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) was able to change the status quo from the anarchy of historical violence to a peaceful, harmonious and amicable living using different methods and strategies of arbitration, tolerance, patience, reconciliation, pacts, compromise, and forgiveness. The positive results of the above mechanisms did not only curtail the historical violence in Arabia but assisted tremendously in preventing future occurrence of such mayhem. Nigeria has been affected by the recurrence of deadly inter-religious conflicts between Muslims and Christians for the past four decades and all efforts to curtail the menace proved abortive. It is against this backdrop this paper aims to examine the efficacy of adopting the Prophet Muhammad’s practical methods of managing conflicts in resolving and preventing inter-religious crises in the country. The researcher adopts the analytical comparative method by using secondary data. Different resources such as the Glorious Qur’an, hadith books, history textbooks, dissertations, journal articles, and other academic publications on pre-Islamic Arabia and inter-religious crises in contemporary Nigeria are used in writing the paper. The findings of the paper reveal similarities between the pre-Islamic violence and the contemporary inter-religious conflicts in Nigeria that makes Prophet Muhammad’s modus operandi relevant in resolving inter-religious crises in the country and, therefore, recommends its application by the government, religious leaders, traditional rulers, teachers, security agents, judges and other stakeholders for the restoration of peaceful coexistence between the adherents of the two religions in the country.