International Journal of Innovation, Creativity and Change

Volume 5, Issue 3, August 2019.  ISSN 2201-1323

Special Edition: Science, Applied Science, Teaching and Education  

Part 2: Pages 288 to 491


Implementation of Weaving Training in Empowering Women in the Industrial Revolution 4.0

Smart House Sonaf Soet Hinef Kota Kupang and Margarita Adu, Sujarwo

1Department of Non-formal Education, Yogyakarta State University, Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta, Indonesia.

2Department of Non-formal Education, Yogyakarta State University, Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta, Indonesia

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This study aims to determine the process of women’s empowerment in weaving during the industrial revolution 4.0, training in Vocational Village in SSH Smart House in Kupang, East Nusa Tenggara, along with supporting socio economic factors and barriers. The design of this study used a qualitative descriptive research method using a single case design. The research subjects in this study were the Head of Smart House Management under the auspices of the PPO Office, the craft center facilitator, and the weaving trainees. A researcher acts as a key instrument during data collection; cameras, recording devices, observation guidelines, interview guidelines and stationery. Data collection took place with observation, interviews and documentation; using data reduction, data presentation and verification. The findings show that the process of empowering women through weaving is not optimal, as seen from the indicators of the creativity of women who must be trained, the stages of the coloring process of weaving innovation, external and internal factors and development of empowerment. The results showed a change in: (1) Women’s creativity in innovating weaving (2) weaving coloring training stages (3) external and internal factors in which there are supporting and inhibiting factors in the empowerment process, in the Vocational Village of SSH Smart House. From the results of this study, it was concluded that all weaving trainees had the potential for the self-development. To be meaningful, the weaving experience must be developed. Pages 290 to 311


Effective and Relevant Contextual Christian Education In Plural Society

Eunike Molebila

Christian Education Departmen, Tribuana University of Kalabahi, Indonesia

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Education theory is also shaped by the particular context of society. Therefore, plurality as the context of Alor regency cannot be ignored, by ignoring it, the efforts of theology and education in Alor will not be as contextual as it should be. Therefore, the aim of this research is to explore the existing context in Alor regency, in order to find a relevant contextual Christian education approach. The population of the research is church teachers and pastor in West Kalabahi Alor. Twenty five church teachers and five pastors in five churches are chooses by using a random purposive sampling technique. The data collection techniques are observation and interview. In analizing the data, researcher used descriptive qualitative research. The results showed that the approach to Christian education was only limited to a spiritual development approach, while other Christian education approaches are not used. Based on the analysis in this research, Christian education in Alor regency should be a multicultural education. This is because the vision of multicultural education itself fits into the model of the Christian education approach of pursuing a social transformation. Pages 312 to 326


Use of active powder of cassava, on various time applications, to improve carrying capacity of vertisol and alfisol on dry land farming system

IN P Soetedjo , E Nguru, Y Benggu

1Agriculture Faculty, University of Nusa Cendana, Kupang , Nusa Tenggara Timur, Indonesia

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Generally, Alfisol has low nutrients content, such as N, P, K, C organic, Mo, Mg, and poisoning of Al, Fe, and Mn. Moreover, Alfisol has medium to high bulk density, less to medium soil of permeability, low of water soil resistance, high sensitivity to erosion, and low content of soil microbiology. Similarly, Vertisol has low content of some nutrients, such as N, P, K, C organic, dominated by clay, and high water saturation. Numerous ways have been practiced to improve the capabilities of Vertisol and Alfisol, such as applying an organic fertilizer. However, some studies showed that those practices resulted in an increasing of soil compaction, and increasing of soil microbiology dormantion. Meanwhile, activities of soil microbiology are needed to improve physical soil characteristic, and improve availability of some soil nutrients. Active powder is an innovation product to improve soil microbiology activity, which finally might improve the availability of soil nutrients. Research had been done to know the effect of various time applications of powder active to improve physical and chemical characteristic of Vertisol and Alfisol ,at dry land farming system, in Kupang, Nusa Tenggara Timur. The research was a factorial research designed as a Randomized Completed Block Design, replicated 4 times. Variables of the research were two type of soil (Vertisol and Alfisol) and various time application of active powder (on planting, 7 days after panting, and 15 days after panting). Parameters observed were analyzed by analysis of variant and followed by Least Significant Different Test at 0.05 level. Results of the research showed that there was an increasing number of soil bacteria colonies, resulted from the application of powder active, on both of soil type. Similarly, the research showed that application of powder active significantly improved soil porosity, soil bulk density, total N, availability of P, and availability of K, C organic, and pH. Physical and chemical characteristic of Vertisol (total N, availability of P) improved more than Alfisol. Meanwhile, availability of K, C organic, and pH of Alfisol improved significantly better than Vertisol. Moreover, application of powder active on plantation was significantly greater than others time application of powder active. Yield of mungbean was significantly affected by time application of powder active on plantation, in which the yield of mungbean, grown in Alfisol, was higher than yield of mungbean grown in Vertisol. Pages 327 to 342


Contrastive approach study on second language acquisition as a method in teaching English for 2nd semester students of electronics engineering study program at kupang state polytechnic

Olivia de Haviland Basoeki, Eka Dyah Puspita Sari, Rulli Saragi

Kupang State Polytechnic, East Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia

State Polytechnic of Cilacap, Central Java, Indonesia

Kupang State Polytechnic, East Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia

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A massive use of English can be seen in the commercials on television programs, in universities, offices, and others places. English is also seen as an added value in the job field because it functions as the complementary language for the employees. An employee who has good English skills can be prioritized in job interviews. Second semester students of the Electronics Engineering study program, of Kupang State Polytechnic, do not all possess the same level of English skills. They all have different English skills. Many students are not confident in speaking English in class and some of them cannot speak English at all. Realizing the current condition, questions arise, such as What are the students’ first language? How does the students’ first language affect English learning? What are the students’ problems in comprehending English or in acquiring it as their second language? The objective of this study is to identify the first language of the students and to describe the problems that the students face in learning English. The significance of this study is to improve English skills of students. Descriptive method is used in this study. The data was collected by use of a questionnaire. Fifty students participated in this study. The result of the analysis showed that Indonesian was the unanimous student first language. Students stated that Indonesian had no relation and effect on English learning. The problems they faced varied, such as pronunciation and vocabulary mastery. Further, some factors had positive effect on learning, such as schools or universities that provided English subject and made it compulsory learning. Another important factor was the teacher or lecturer. The lecturer should deliver the material in a more interesting way to make the students motivated to learn English. The Environment and hobbies practiced by students, also played important roles. The practice of listening to English songs or watching English movies could be one way to improve English learning. Pages 343 to 352


Calculation of Power pumps on Otec Power Plant Ocean (Ocean thermal Energy Conversion)

Andi Hendrawan

Akademi Maritim Nusantara Cilacap

Mahasiswa Program Doktor Universitas Jendral Soedirman Purwokerto

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In recent years, marine renewable energy has received more and more attention due to concerns regarding energy shortages, global warming and environmental pollution. Marine renewable energy includes tidal energy, current energy, wave energy, osmotic energy and ocean thermal energy. A recent study predicts a global growth in renewable energy as a response to increasing world energy demands. The OTEC (ocean thermal energy conversion) power plant is one candidate. OTEC transforms the heat stored in the surface water of tropical oceans, into mechanical work to produce energy. The purpose of this study is to create numerical equations about the amount of pump energy required in OTEC power generation systems. The results show that the energy and power of the pump is greatly influenced by OTEC power, pipe type, cold water discharge, and cold water depth. Pages 353 to 369


Multi-Objective Optimization of a Discrete Plate Finned-Tube Evaporator Design Using Entropy Generation Minimization Method

Matheus Magnus Dwinanto, Defmit Bifjum Nathaniel Riwu, Jack Carol Adolf Pah,

Adi Yermia Tobe

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Science and Engineering, University of Nusa Cendana, Kupang, Indonesia.

Email: acobt.dwinanto@staf> 

In this article, a multi-objective design optimization of a discrete plate finned-tube evaporator by means of entropy generation minimization technique is presented. The objectives are to minimize the dimensionless entropy generation number associated with the heat transfer, with finite temperature difference, and the fluid friction with finite pressure drop using Non-dominated Sort Genetic Algorithm-II (NSGA-II) technique. The Pareto optimal frontier was obtained and a final optimal solution was selected. This multi-objective optimization resulted in a refrigerant flow length of 0.228 m (2.98% less than the refrigerant flow length before optimization) and an air flow length through the evaporator of 0.055 m (8.3% less than the air flow length through the evaporator before optimization). Thus, the heat transfer area of the optimized evaporator is less than the original evaporator, so the compact heat exchanger matrix becomes less than the original compact heat exchanger matrix. Pages 370 to 383


Analyzing and Describing the Oral Questionings Used by the Prospective English Teacher in EFL Classroom

Imanuel Kamlasi, Anselmus Sahan

English Lecturers at English Education Study Program of Timor University

Jl. Km. 09 Kel. Sasi, Kec. Kota Kefamenanu, Kab. TTU, Prop. NTT, Indonesia

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English teachers cannot avoid using oral questionings, in EFL classroom, that can stimulate the students to interact or communicate with their classmates or teachers during the class. This study analyzed and described the oral questionings used by a prospective English teachers in a classroom. To describe the issue of this research, the descriptive method was applied. To get the data needed, the participant of the research was a prospective English teacher who was purposively chosen. The data was the script of oral questions the teacher performed during the teaching and learning process in a classroom, and recorded by using a Tape Video Recorder (TVR). To analyze the data, five techniques were applied consisting of transcribing, codifying, classifying, analyzing and discussing. The analyses was focused on WH questions and Yes/No questions. The findings showed that there was significant frequency in using each type of WH questions and Yes/No questions. “Who” questions were dominant in oral questionings. “What and why” questions were present in an average frequency. “Which and how” questions were in low frequency. While “where and when” were never used during the EFL class. The highest frequency of Yes/No questions was “Do”, followed by “Is and Can”. While; “Are” was the lowest frequency and other forms were never used. The data indicated that the prospective English teacher tended to use the “who” question instead of other WH questions and “do” questions during the teaching and learning process. Pages 384 to 399


The Barriers during Transition of Individuals with Disabilities From School to Work

Andriani Paulin Nalle, Erni Raster Klau

Guidance and Counseling study program, Faculty of teacher Training and Educational Sciences of Nusa Cendana University, Kupang, 85001, Nusa Tenggara Timur, Indonesia

Non-formal Education study program, Faculty of teacher Training and Educational Sciences of Nusa Cendana University, Kupang, 85001, Nusa Tenggara Timur, Indonesia

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People with disabilities are likely to encounter great difficulties in obtaining and maintaining employment. This state is due to performance of their duties, communicative and behavioural deficits associated with their disabilities, and social issues, such as, problems with co-workers, supervisors, or customers. It is difficult for individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) to obtain and keep a job, due to their social impairment, even for those with normal intelligence. Many of them have to rely on support from their families to find a job. Although the job opportunities for individuals with severe disabilities have increased, there are still other considerations about what kind of individual disabilities would be employed. The results showed that school, as a strong foundation, has a limited contribution in assisting individuals to prepare well for employment. Furthermore, the employment sector puts forward health factors as reasons for unemployment. In terms of social and personal relationship, some people with disabilities are still afraid to express themselves and to interact with fellow workers and their supervisors, due to fears of negative impacts. Page 400 to 412


Developing of Contextual Teaching and Learning (CTL) Materials By Using Webbing Props on Surface Area and Volume of Pyramid in Grade 8th of SMP Negeri 9 Kota Kupang

Iga S. Dosi*, Ch. Krisnandari Ekowati*

Mathematics Education Departement, Nusa Cendana University

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The problem that underlines this research is the lack of teacher creativities in the learning material and also the inefficiency of material used to develop students who are active in learning process. Therefore, this research is aimed to produce such material of CTL basis using a valid, practical and effective method on learning the surface area and volume of a pyramid. The method which is used in this research is research and development based on qualitative and quantitative data. This research involves 20 students of   grade 8thSMP Negeri 9 Kupang. This process refers to development model of four D modification which is done through three phases: define, design, and development. Based on the data analysis, the researcher found that the material of CTL is valid, practical and effective, which is based on validation criteria (agreed by validator). This is shown through students worksheet which categorized students as very practical (92.8%). It is also shown on the effectiveness of assessment sheets of students’ activities, which is great (72.5%). Dealing with the response, students gave good feedback (96.5%). Concerning students’ learning outcomes, 80% of students passed the test, with an average of 74.96%. Pages 413 to 421


The Implementation of Cooperative Language Learning (Initial for Speaking and Writing Skills) in English Class of Secondary High School 2 Soe, South Central Timor Regency

Zenelda M N Fao

Department of English Literature, The college of Foreign     Language Saraswati, 21 Kamboja St. Denpasar, Indonesia

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The aim of this research is to explain the implementation of cooperative learning in English class of secondary high school 2 Soe and to examine the strength and weaknesses of CLL in teaching productive skills. This research belongs to descriptive qualitative research. Instruments applied here are observation, questionnaire, interview, and field notes. The second year students of VIII-D SMPN 2 Soe are a pilot to see how the cooperative learning is conducted. The finding proved that the implementation of cooperative language learning has a significant impact on students’ productive skills in English. In qualitative analysis, this study noted some advantages and disadvantages of CLL in secondary school English learning. On one hand, cooperative learning created communicative teaching-learning sessions in which students took an initiative to develop their productive skills. Further, group studying exposed students to a set of English skills that encourage assistance and feedback throughout the learning process. On the other hand, this study concluded that CLL was influenced by social issues; a high number of participants in the classroom which then affecting the teaching-learning commitment. As such, it is recommended that more studies are conducted on social matters to enhance learning progress. Pages 422 to 441


The Forms and Meanings of Verbal Expressions on the Existence of God as a Supernatural Power in Manggarai Language (a cultural linguistic analyisis)

Fransiskus Bustan, Yanpitherzon Liunokas

Lecturers of English Study Program, Faculty of Teacher Training and Educational Sciences, University of Nusa CendanaKupang Indonesia

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This paper describes the forms and meaning

s of verbal expressions on the existence of God as a supernatural power, in the Manggarai language. The description is viewed from cultural linguistics as one of the new theoretical perspectives in cognitive linguistics exploring the relationship of language, culture and acobtualization. This is a descriptive study. The sources of primary data were members of the Manggarai ethnic group, represented by four key informants. The methods of data collection data were observation, interview, focuse group discussions and a documentary study. These methods were elaborated through the techniques of recording, elicitation and note taking. The procedures of data analysis were selection, transcription, selection, translation, analysis and presentation. The data was analyzed qualitatively by using the inductive method. The result of study shows that the forms and meanings of verbal expressions on the existence of God, as a supernatural power, in Manggarai language, are specific to the Manggarai culture, as they reflect the system of belief in local religion shared by the Manggarai people. The verbal expressions are (01) Morin aguNgaran (God as the Supreme), (02) JariaguDedek (God as the Creator of universe), (03) JariaguDading(God as the Creator of human beings) and (04) TanawaAwang eta, Burn awoKolep sale, Ulung le Wa’ing lau (God as the Almighty). Pages 442 to 457


The Development Of A Webquest Assisted Problem Based Learning Model In An Effort To Improve The Learning Outcomes Of The Xl Grade Economics In Sma Negeri 1 Kota Kupang

Jacob Abolladaka, Yuninda Anaci Lulan

Economic Education Department, Faculty of Teacher Training and Educational, Universitas Nusa Cendana Kupang-Indonesia

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The aim of this research is to produce a problem based learning model, using webquest, to be implemented in SMA Negeri 1 Kota Kupang, in an effort to increase the result of students in the economics subject. The research used a Research and Development Approach (R&D). The procedure of the research was applied, referring to design and development research, according to Borg and Gall, that contained 6 steps of the development; (1) research and information collecting, (2) planning, (3) develop a preliminary form of the product, (4) preliminary field testing, (5) main product revision, (6) main field testing. The internal validation of the learning model, using the webquest, involved the experts of learning, the experts of learning media, the experts of material and a practitioner, such as the economics teacher in the school. The external validation was done by trying out the learning model, using the webquest, involving the students of XI IPS class. The subject of this research was the all of the eleventh grade students, in social sciences at SMAN 1, in the academic year of 2017/2018. The total of the students was 80. In this research, the sample technique was a saturated sampling technique; all members of the population became the samples. The analysis techniques used were descriptive analysis and statistic inferential analysis. The result of the research showed that: 1. The problem based learning model, using webquest, was held to be valid, based on the validity test by the experts, 2. The problem based learning model, using webquest, was proved to be effective, when implemented in learning activities, in increasing the outcome of economic study for students. Pages 458 to 477


The Effect of Weight Training Using Inner-Load Outer-Load on the Process of Developing Chest Muscles in Fitness Members in the City of Kupang

Yudabbirul Arif, Erwin S Neolaka

Physical Education, Health and Recreation Department, Faculty of Education and Teachers Training, University of Nusa Cendana

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The results of the study showed that training with Inner load and outer load had different effects. The results of the t-test calculations with the upper chest load are 2.48 and below 4.05 while the load training outer load is at the upper chest 3.80 and the lower part is 5.06. With a significance level of α = with db = 11-1 = 10 obtained t (0.975) (10) = 2.18. By looking at the calculation between t count with t table, this research shows that there is a significant effect between training using Inner load and Outer load in the process of developing chest muscle. Page 478 to 491