Volume 6, Issue 1.  ISSN 2201-1323

 

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Israel-Lobby and U.S Foreign Policy toward Israeli –Palestinian Conflict during Obama's Presidential Term 2009 – 2017

*Awad M. Slimiaa, Muhammad Fuad Bin Othmanb, Nazariah Osmanc, aPalestinian National Authority, and currently a PhD candidate in School of International Studies (SoIS) Universiti Utara Malaysia UUM, bDean School of International Studies (SoIS) Universiti Utara Malaysia, cDeputy Dean and a Senior lecturer in School of International Studies, Universiti Utara Malaysia, *Corresponding Author Email: * awad.sliemyeh@gmail.comThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it ;

mfuad@uum.edu.myThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it ; nazariah@uum.edu.myThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

This paper considers the course of the peace agreement based on Two-State solution relevant from Security Council resolutions 242 (1967) and 338 (1973) and predicated on the principle of “land for peace.” By 1993 the Israelis and Palestine Liberation Organisation (PLO) had signed an interim peace agreement on the White House lawn called the Oslo agreement, the peace agreement designed to partition this territory between the Jordan River and the Mediterranean Sea into two independent states, Israel and Palestine. It is proposed therefore, that the basic Idea of this agreement basis on the Two-State solution has been held up by the international community as the only realistic deal to end the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. It is based on the existence of two separate States, Israel and Palestine. Given the major obstacles of final status issues agreements, for example, the right of return for the Palestinian Refugees, to the Israeli Settlements, Jerusalem and the borders, have meant reaching agreement between the two parties has been very problematic, despite all the efforts of the Obama administration. However, this paper argues that among all these obstacles to peace, the negative role of Israel-lobby led by AIPAC is the main cause of the collapse of the peace process. In this light, the two-state solution will never be realised unless there is a real change in the Israel-lobby position. Pages 1 to 25

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Intellectual Property Rights as a WAQF Asset: The Way to Change an Old Paradigm in Indonesia

*Chrisna Bagus Edhita Prajaa, Puji Sulistyaningsihb, Mulyadic, Budi Agus Riswandid, a,b,cUniversitas Muhammadiyah Magelang, dIslamic University of Indonesia.

*Corresponding Author Email: chrisnabagus@ummgl.ac.idThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Waqf has a significant role in economic development and social welfare. The Waqf paradigm in Indonesia is limited to immovable assets such as land and buildings. In fact, Law No. 41 of 2004 concerning Waqf also regulates assets other than immovable property. One of these assets is Intellectual Property Rights. The economic potential of Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) becomes an opportunity to realize prosperity for the community. This paper identifies IPR regimes that can be used as waqf and constraints in their implementation. The results show that the regulation of entire IPR Law allows the rights transfer through waqf with several adjustments, i.e., the term of the Copyright waqf must be adjusted to the period of copyright protection in Indonesia. In addition, the transfer of rights in the copyright waqf only covers Economic Rights. This means that Moral Rights are still attached to waqif. Constraints to the implementation of IPR waqf include the absence of legal rules at the technical level as a direction to waqif and Nazhir to carry out the transfer of rights. Another obstacle found was the absence of the role of Indonesian Waqf Board (BWI) in improving Nazhir's competence regarding Intellectual Property Rights. Pages 26 to 39

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Typology and Characteristics of Community-Based School Mosques in Magelang Raya-INDONESIA: A Study on Da'wah Curriculum Management Model of Rahmatan Lil Alamin

*Imam Mawardia, Akhmad Baihaqib, Kanthi Pamungkas Saric, Suburd, aDepartment of Islamic Eduction Management (Master Program), Universitas Muhammadiyah Magelang, Indonesia, bDepartment of Islamic Education, Universitas Muhammadiyah Magelang, Indonesia, cDepartment of Teacher Training, Islamic Junior High School, Universitas Muhammadiyah Magelang, Indonesia, dDepartment of Islamic Education, Universitas Muhammadiyah Magelang, Indonesia.

Corresponding Author email: a* mawardirazal@ummgl.ac.idThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it akhmadbaihaqi@unmgl.ac.id

c pamungkassari@ummgl.ac.idThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it , d subur@ummgl.ac.idThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it ,

This study examined the social dynamics of the phenomena of community-based school mosques, which are today rarely found. In essence, these mosques are used not only to support religious subjects (PAI), but also to develop daily religious activities for the community. This is a phenomenon that can synergize schools and communities in tackling the emergence of the issue of violence on behalf of religion in mosques, and connecting all the potential of da'wah with the Islamic mission of rahmatanlil'alamin (a mercy to all creation). The objective of this study was to map the typology and characteristics of community-based public school mosques at the Junior and Senior High School level. The methods of data collection were interview, observation, and documentation techniques with a qualitative approach. The results of the study were the data mapping of the specific characteristics of the school mosques with the following indicators: mosque management system, the concept of da'wah, understanding of Islam rahmatanlil'alamin, and curriculum management of da'wah in the mosque. Based on these study results, a community-based school mosque management draft and the draft of curriculum management model design can be developed. The contribution of this study is to assist the government in mapping, improving the management of school mosques, and developing the management of the da'wah curriculum to increase the quality of school residents and community members around the mosque, based on the Islamic values of rahmatanlil'alamin, which are humanist, tolerant, friendly, and democratic. Pages 40 to 59

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The Political View of Religious Leaders in Indonesia

*Fahmi Mediasa, Eko Kurniasih Pratiwib, Nasitotul Janahc, a,b,cDepartment of Islamic Economics Law, Universitas Muhammadiyah Magelang, Indonesia, Email: *Corresponding Authoremail: fahmimedias@ummgl.ac.idThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

As a city with religious diversity, Magelang is inseparable from the potential conflicts that occur between religious adherents. One of the factors that led to the conflict was the narrow understanding of exclusively the diversity of religious leaders. Towards the implementation of the 2019 general election in Indonesia, mapping the political views of religious leaders became very important to ward off the issue of conflict in the name of religion. This article aims to map the political view of religious leaders in Magelang and to figure out the position of religious leaders in political aspects by using Importance-Performance Analysis methods, based on the statement of 122 religious leaders in Magelang. Importance-Performance Analysis analysis on 11 attributes of political views was carried out to provide recommendations for religious leaders in developing religious views on political aspects. The result obtained show that one attribute of ‘concentrate here’ in quadrant 1, six attributes of ‘keep up the good work’ in quadrant 2, and four attributes of ‘low priority’ in quadrant three are plotted in a two dimensional (importance-performance) matrix. Furthers, to develop the political view of religious leaders, the results are used to propose one suggested view for improvement. Pages 60 to 75

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The Effects of Modeling and Intelligence Interventions on Disruptive Behaviors in Children

*Purwatia, Muhammad Japarb, Rayinda Faizahc, Netti Ermawatid, Umi Nurjanahe, a,b,cDepartment of Counseling, Universitas Muhammadiyah Magelang, Indonesia, d,eFaculty of psychology, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia.

*Corresponding Author email: bupurwati@ummgl.ac.idThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of modeling interventions and the level of intelligence on children's disruptive behavior. Sixteen (16) preschool children were selected as participants and divided into two groups: 8 children in the control group and 8 children in the experimental group. The data collection instruments utilized here were: (1) observation, and the scale of disruptive behavior to accumulate data on children’s disruptive behavior, (2) Colors Progressive Matrices (CPM) test to measure the level of intelligence category was used. The modeling intervention consisted of two types, namely live-modeling and symbolic modeling. This study used a quasi-experiment. Pages 76 to 88

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The Application of Situation-Based Learning Strategy to Improve Literacy Skills, Mathematical Problem-Solving Ability and Mathematical Self- Efficacy at Senior High School Students

*Toto Sutarto G. Utaria, Bana G. Kartasasmitab, Canris Julikac, a,b,cDepartment of Mathematics Education, Faculty of Postgraduate, Pasundan University Jl. Sumatra No. 41 Bandung 40117, Indonesia

Corresponding Author Email: :a)* ganiutari@unpas.ac.idThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

b) bana.kartasasmita@gmail.comThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it c) : scanrisj@gmail.comThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

This   research employs a   mixed methodology with   explanatory sequential design.   The population of this study were all students of class X SMA Pasundan 7 Bandung. This study aims to examine differences in the increase in literacy skills, mathematical problem-solving abilities and mathematical self-efficacy of students. Also, this study examined the relevance of early mathematical abilities (high, medium, low) by increasing students' literacy skills and mathematical problem-solving abilities. The instruments used in this study were tests of literacy ability, mathematical problem-solving ability tests, self-efficacy scales, observations, and student interviews. Data was analyzed by the Mann-Whitney test, Kruskal Wallis H. Test. From the results of data analysis, it was found that: (1) Increased mathematical literacy skills of students who obtained SBL learning strategies were not much higher than students who had expository learning based on the whole student group. (2) Improvement of mathematical problem-solving abilities of students who obtain SBL learning strategies is significantly higher than students who obtain expository learning based on the whole student group (3) Increased mathematical literacy skills of students who obtain SBL learning strategies are not much higher than students who obtain expository learning reviewed from EMA (high, medium, low). (4) Improvement of mathematical problem-solving abilities of students who obtain an SBL learning strategy is significantly higher than students who obtain expository learning in terms of EMA (high, medium, low). (4) There is no correlation between literacy skills, mathematical problem-solving and self-Mathematical efficacy of students who obtain SBL learning strategies and students who obtain expository learning. (5) The description of the mathematical self-efficacy of students who obtain SBL learning strategies and students who obtain expository learning show a positive attitude. Pages 89 to 102

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Aggressive Driving: Mediating Effect of Support for Counter Measures

*Nor Azimah Chew Abdullaha, Nazlina Zakariab, a,bSchool of Business Management (SBM), College of Business (COB) Universiti Utara Malaysia (UUM), Sintok 06010 Kedah Malaysia

*Corresponding Author email: norazimah@uum.edu.myThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

The purpose of the study is to inquire into what extent factors like driving anger, behavior pattern, situational factors and support for counter measures affect drivers who drive aggressively on the road. 383 people were randomly selected to be the respondents in this study. Data collection was made via questionnaires. In measuring the hypotheses, PLS software was utilized. The results show significant positive association of behavioral pattern with aggressive driving behavior. The second hypothesis confirmed a positive relationship among driving anger and aggressive driving behavior. The third hypothesis also confirmed positive significant association involving situational factors and aggressive driving behavior. The fourth hypothesis showed a negative relationship between support for counter measures and aggressive driving behavior. Result in hypothesis 5 shown an insignificant relationship between behavioral pattern and support for counter measures. Hypothesis 6 confirmed positive significant association between driving anger and support for counter measures. Hypothesis 7 result shows negative significant relationship relating to situational factors and support for counter measures. Three hypotheses measured the mediation effect. Hypothesis 8 was found to have no mediation effect of support for counter measures among the relationship between behavioral pattern and aggressive driving behavior. There is a mediation effect of support for counter measures among the relationship of driving anger and aggressive driving behavior as disclosed in hypothesis 9. The investigation of hypothesis 10 exposed a significant mediating effect of support for counter measures in the relationship between situational factors and aggressive driving behavior. A future study is suggested in order to identify further factors that associate with aggressive driving behavior such as driving attitudes, styles and habits. Pages 103 - 120

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Study of Direct Relationship Determinants on the Selection of Musyarakah Mutanaqisah Products (MM)

*Zakaria Baharia, Nor Hatizalb, Caturida Meiwanto Doktoralinac, aCentre for Islamic Development Management Studies (ISDEV), Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang, Malaysia, bSeberang Perai Polytechnic, Penang, Malaysia, cFakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis, Universitas Mercu Buana, Jakarta, Indonesia, *Corresponding Author Email: * bzak@usm.myThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it ; norhatizal@psp.edu.myThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it , hatizal74@yahoo.com.myThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it ; caturida_meiwanto_drm@mercubuana.ac.idThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

This study analyses the direct relationship of determinants—both intrinsic and extrinsic factors—affecting the selection of Musyārakat Mutanāqiṣat (MM) house financing products. Intrinsic factors include factors of confidence in sharia compliance value and factors regarding the knowledge level of potential customers. Extrinsic factors include MM product characteristics such as service quality, costs, product benefits and promotions. MM products are emphasised in this study because of their many benefits, including lowering the burden of customers’ monthly payloads, a relatively shorter monthly payment period and increased benefits and profits for both banks and customers. Data was collected from 100 MM customers in Malaysia via the Internet (Facebook) and analysed using Structural Equation Modeling (SEM-SMART PLS) and the Statistical Package of Social Sciences (SPSS) software. The findings show that only the factors of promotion and religious compliance are significant when selecting MM products; in fact, the influence of promotional factors had a greater impact than the influence of religious compliance. Therefore, Islamic banks are urged to increase their promotional strategies in order to provide information about the role of religious law in selecting Islamic banking products, thus helping customers choose MM products that satisfy their needs while also meeting religious demands. Pages 121 to 132

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A Lecturer’s Perspective on Talent Management in Private Higher Learning Institutions in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

*Mahiswaran Selvanathana, Nisha Nair Surendranb, Thilageswary Arumugamc, Sri Jeyanthirar Subramaniamd, Noraini Mohamad Yusofe, a,d,eNational Higher Education Research Institute (IPPTN), Universiti Sains Malaysia, b,cAsia Pacific University (APU), Malaysia,

*Corresponding Author email: mahiswaran@gmail.comThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Talent management has been an ongoing focus in lecturer and career development among lecturers in university. However this effective practice lies in the conduct of certain factors in the organisation. Some of the important factors that are known to contribute to the talent management of an organisation are; the ability of the lecturer to perform, organizational culture and the retention practice of an organisation. Hence, this paper takes a novel stance in explaining the relationship among talent management and three antecedent factors; performance, organisational culture and retention. Importantly the research is skewed to a focus on academics who are lecturing in the Information Technology related subjects. A further factor for consideration is that the leading university in Malaysia has a tendency to lose competent academicians creating a gap in the achievement of organisational outcomes. Thus, respondents were sampled from Private Higher Learning Institutions in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Data was collected from 133 respondents who have been lecturing in IT related modules. Hypotheses were built based on the relationship testing between variables and analysed using Pearson Correlation in SPSS. The results show that two hypotheses are not supported while one hypothesis on retention has indicated significant relationship with the talent management practice of the university. Information Technology is a fast growing industry and lecturers in this field need to be constantly updating their knowledge, skill and ability. This requires talent management. Academics who are unable to do this with the support and motivation of organisation may not be able to be retained in the university. Consequently this can lead to poor outcomes on knowledge delivery to students and retention. Overall, this paper has called for good human resource practices for lecturers in the academic profession. Pages 133 to 154

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Financial Development, Market Freedom, Political Stability, Economics Growth and Carbon Emission: An Unexplored Nexus in ASEAN Countries

*Masnilam Hasibuana, Yusro Hakimahb, Agusta Lindac, Nirmala Haty Harahapd, Fithra Maharanie, a,c,d,eFaculty of Economics, Universitas Graha Nusantara, Padangsidimpuan, Medan, Indonesia, bFaculty Engineering, Universitas Tridinanti, Palembang, Indonesia,

*Corresponding Author email: masnilam@dosen.ugn.ac.idThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

The prime objective of the current study is exploring the nexus between the financial development, market freedom, political stability, economics growth and carbon emission in Asean countries. The present study has attempted to examine the asymmetric association among the financial development, CO2 emissions, and economic growth. The data for the variables is obtained from the World Bank. The CO2 emission is taken as kiloton. Johansen cointegration technique has been used for analyzing the long run association. The results of the political freedom model indicate that where there will be political stability and their carbon emission will be low. A number of research papers have investigated the relation between the environment and political freedom. A positive relation has been found by most of the studies; however, these studies have not taken into account the carbon emissions. The probability to achieve agreements at international conferences is directly linked with the political freedom to lower the level of global pollutants. This study proves that the implementation of such agreements has recently initiated however the potentially significant impact of political freedom on emissions cannot yet be determined. The financial development appears to have a significant relationship to carbon emission. The study will be helpful for policymakers and researchers in understanding the issues related to financial development, market freedom, political stability, economics growth and carbon emission in Asean countries. Pages 155 to 172

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The Effect of Government Effectiveness, Rule of Law and Control of Corruption on Tax Obedience

*Marselinaa, a,University of Lampung, Indonesia,

*Corresponding Author Email: marselina@feb.unila.ac.idThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it ,

This study examined the effect of government procedure, rule of law and control of corruption on tax obedience. Tax obedience will increase when society   trusts in government The trust in good governance affects variable on tax revenue. In recent years, quality governance has been the main reason and measurement for society to pay tax. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the relationship between government effectiveness, rule of law and control of corruption as a set of good governance and tax obedience procedures.   The study uses data from 30 countries between the years 2002-2014. The empirical analysis applies panel data methodology to investigate the relationship. Using fixed effect model, evidence was found that rule of law and control of corruption significantly affect tax obedience. However, government effectiveness does not significantly effect tax obedience. Pages 173 to 183

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Economics Entrepreneurship of the Female Business Operators: A SWOT Analysis

Norasibah Abdul Jalila, Norimah Rambelib, Asmawi Hashimc, Emilda Hashimd, Noor Al-Huda Abdul Karime, a,b,c,d,eFaculty of Management and Economics Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris Tanjung Malim, 35900 Perak D. R., Malaysia,

The main objective of this study is to identify the factors that may influence the performance of businesses operated by female entrepreneurs in the east coast region in Malaysia.   In particular, the focus factors are; the Strength, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats. To achieve this objective, the study was conducted in three selected areas, namely in Besut and Kuala Terengganu in Terengganu state and in Pasir Mas of the Kelantan state. A total of 300 questionnaires were distributed, and 280 sets were successfully returned. The data was analyzed by using a descriptive method which was processed through Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) Version 20 software. The results for the performance analysis reported “Expansion” as the highest percent in Besut (77.8%), Kuala Terengganu (100%), and Pasir Mas (95.6%). The overall findings showed the highest percent of 90.71% is documented as experiencing ‘Expansion”; the following 21.8% documented an "Unchanged" or Status Quo performance, while the next 0.36% reported a “Decline". The results for the SWOT analysis reported the aggregate mean score for the Strength analysis is 4.11, Weakness analysis is 2.83, Opportunity analysis is 3.86 and finally the Threat analysis is 3.64. These findings lead us to conclude that the majority of the items in the list do contribute significantly to business operations except for the Threat items. The lowest aggregate mean score with a value of less than 3.5 provides an indication that the respondents do not agree that the listed items contribute a threat to their business operations. Pages 184 to 198

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The Relationship between Islamic Stock Market, Sukuk, Islamic Bank Assets and Macroeconomic Variables in Malaysia

Muhammad Aiman Farhan Roslana, Mohd Yahya Mohd Hussinb, a,bUniversiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Malaysia (UPSI), Malaysia, Email: yahya@fpe.upsi.edu.myThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

This paper focuses on the relationship between the Islamic stock market, sukuk, Islamic bank assets and the macroeconomic variables in Malaysia by looking at the market reaction of Islamic shares represented by the FBMES Index to the selected Islamic finance instruments and macroeconomic variables. The Vector Auto Regression (VAR) method was applied to the model of the study. The selected variables to be used in this study comprised the FBMES Shariah Index (FBMES), Sukuk Issuance (SI), Gross Domestic Product (GDP), Real Effective Exchange Rate (REER), Islamic Bank Assets (IBA), Islamic Interbank Rate (IIR), Crude Palm Oil Prices (CPO) and Crude Oil Prices (CO). The data chosen for this particular was in the form of quarterly data from the first quarter of 2007 to the fourth quarter of 2017. The results indicated that the FBMES Index was integrated with the set of selected macroeconomic and Islamic finance variables in which it was positively and significantly connected with the SI variable but related negatively and significantly with the CO variable. On the other hand, its relationship with the GDP and REER variables was positive but not significant. In relation to other variables which were IBA, IIR and CPO, the resulting relationship was a negative and insignificant relationship. From the aspect of Granger's causal relationship and the pioneer indicator, it was discovered that the SI, GDP, IBA, IIR and CO variables were the short-term causes of Granger to FBMES while variable REER and CPO variables did not show evidence of the short-term causal relationship Granger. FBMES was the cause of short -term Granger to IBA and GDP variables but not for other variables. Pages 199 to 215

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Does the Juvenile Justice System protect Youth Supply chain? Progressive Juvenile Court Judges: Reform of the Juvenile Criminal Justice System in Indonesia through a Socio-Legal Approach supported by PLS-Structural Equation Modeling

Nikmah Rosidaha, Amnawatyb, Rifandy Ritongac, a,bCriminal Law Department, University of Lampung, Lampung 35141, Indonesia, cDepartment of Constitutional Law, University of Bandar Lampung, Lampung 35142, Indonesia, Email: amnawaty.1957@fh.unila.ac.idThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it , nikmahrosidah17@gmail.comThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it , rifandy@ubl.ac.idThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it ,

The current Indonesian legal culture is based on written text contained in legislation that is positivistic and ignores progressive legal principles. This research takes a socio-legal approach (socio-legal research), from within the non-doctrinal legal research tradition, and uses the constructivism paradigm to explore this issue. Additionally, this study examines how the juvenile justice system protects youth supply chain. The findings of this study reveal that judges in the juvenile justice court do not follow a progressive legal approach where the law is judged by the social goals to be achieved and consequences of the operation of the law. It can be concluded that progressive law can be used as a basis and reference for juvenile court judges to make decisions on cases that prioritize social and religious morality, alongside substantive justice. Moreover, results of the Partial Least Square (PLS)-Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) reveal that the juvenile justice system protects youth supply chain. Childq punishment based on criminal activities causes issues related to mental health disorders which effect negatively on youth supply chain. Therefore, it is necessary to reform this legal culture by changing the positivist paradigm to a non-positivist one, by not only using a juridical approach, but also by engaging in social sciences and new legal values that support a progressive legal approach. For these reforms to take place, a judge must have the moral courage to take breakthrough steps outside of the law. Pages 216 to 235

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Towards Co-creation Strategy and Organizational Agility based on Customer Experience Orientation to Shape Transformational Performance

*Leonardus W Wasono Mihardjoa, Sasmoko, Firdaus Alamsyahb, Elidjenc, a,b,cSchool of Business, Bina Nusantara University, Indonesia.

Corresponding Author Email: mihardjo@telin.co.idThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Industry 5.0 is a step after digitalization and digitation has been accomplished. The collaboration, service orientation, agility and customer experience become a critical in this dynamic environment. Hence, the firm strategy has shifted from a competition strategy to a col-laboration strategy. Collaboration with customers is effected through co-creation Strategy (CCS). It could enable the firms in accelerating digital transformation. This study of the development of co-creation strategy focuses on customer experience orientation (CXO) and organization agility (OA) to support transformational performance (TP) in terms of relationship among variables and an empirical study has been conducted. Hence, in this paper, we propose a model of digital transformation for ICT Industry based on co-creation of strategy focused on customer experience orientation and organization agility. The study is based on an empirical study of 195 Indonesian ICT firms. The findings from this analysis reveal the concept of Service Dominant logic (S-D Logic) where the Co-creation capability and organizational agilities can suffice. Pages 236 to 248

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Intervening Role of Innovation Management on Relationship between Digital Leadership and Dynamic Capability Accelerated by Collaboration

*Elidjena, Leonardus W Wasono Mihardjob, Riza AN Rukmanac a,bBusiness School, Bina Nusantara University, Jakarta, Indonesia, cSchool of Industrial Engineering, Telkom University, Bandung, Indonesia, Email: Corresponding Author email: mihardjo@gmail.comThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Digital technology has driven changes in markets and consumers. The market has become more dynamic due to new business model innovations offered by new entries in the industry. Incumbent firms require a digital transformation in order to have a more dynamic capability in shaping their existing business to fit the new paradigm. The fastest way of developing capabilities to align with the new paradigm is through collaboration with partners. Developing capabilities for innovation management and dynamic capabilities requires strong digital leadership to optimize the use of digital technology. The need for collaboration is urgent to accelerate the development process of innovation in the digital era, therefore, this study uses collaboration as its moderating variable. Most published research focusing on digital transformation examines digital leadership, innovation dynamic capabilities based on construct, applicability and benefit, and the role of collaboration. However, the role of digital leadership in driving innovation management and dynamic capability has not been intensively explored nor specifically the influence of collaboration. This study was conducted through a survey of 88 senior leader respondents from Indonesian telecommunication firms using a purposive sampling method. The statistical data was processed using Smart-PLS application for analyses. Findings demonstrate that innovation management moderated by collaboration had a significant influence in accelerating the relationship between digital leadership and dynamic capabilities. It is also found that digital leadership had a direct and indirect impact on the development of dynamic capability. This indicates that digital leadership actually had a strong role in driving the transformation. These findings have practical implications to support the theory that collaboration is a critical factor in the digital era. It supports the role of firm management in strengthening digital leadership capabilities in conjunction with the development of innovation management with a focus on co-creation values in developing dynamic capabilities. Recommendation for further research is also discussed in this paper. Pages 249 to 264

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Exploring the Importance of Tour Guides as the Role of Travel Service Couriers: An Empirical Study on Chinese Tourists Visiting Taiwan

Chih-Wei Lina, Su-Shiang Leeb, Wei-Peng Tanc, Wei-Yeng Siad, *Tso-Yen Maoe, a,bDepartment of Leisure Services Management, Position: Chaoyang University of Technology, Taiwan, c,dDepartment of Business Administration, Position: Chaoyang University of Technology, Taiwan, eDepartment of Leisure Services Management, Position: Chaoyang University of Technology, Taiwan.

*Corresponding Author email: tymao.research@gmail.comThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

China is the main force in Taiwan's tourism economy. Therefore, this research attempt uses the Tour Guide Professional Competency to explain how service quality affects tourist loyalty. Methods: Quota Sampling used to distribute surveys; A total of 374 surveys data were collected. Data obtained was analyzed by Descriptive Statistics, Confirmatory Factor Analysis and Structural Equation Modeling. Results: 1. The overall model fits well. 2. Tourism Service Quality significant had positive influence on Tour Guide Professional Competency, as well as a significant and positive direct influence on Tourist Loyalty; Tour Guide Professional Competency had significant and positive effect on tourist loyalty. Conclusions: 1. The competence of professional tour guides has an important mediation effect between tourism service quality and tourist loyalty. 2. China tourists have the lowest awareness of “meal” in regard to tourism service quality. According to the results of this study, practical strategies and recommendations are proposed. Pages 265 to 281

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Exploring the Behavioural Intentions of Facebook users in Live Auction on the Basis of Dramaturgy Theory

Chih-Wei Lina, Su-Shiang Leeb, Wei Peng Tanc, Wei-Chieh Lind, *Rong Jhih Chene, a,b,d,eDept. of Leisure Services Management, Chaoyang University of Technology, Taichung, Taiwan, cDepartment. of Business Administration, Chaoyang University of Technology, Taichung, Taiwan.

*Corresponding Author Email: huichun@cyut.edu.twThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

This study aims to investigate the influencing factors of consumer-participation in live auctions, by using the “theater perception”, “live video experiencing” and “behavioural intentions” of Dramaturgy Theory as the main structure of this study. Representative fan pages and consumers of Facebook live auctions were selected using Purposive Sampling Method as the research objects, a total amount of 296 valid questionnaires were collected. Data obtained was verified by descriptive statistics, Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) and Structural Equation Modelling (SEM). The results are as follows, 1. The theater perception of the consumer’s in Facebook live auction positively affects the live video experiencing; 2. The follow-up behaviour intentions of live auction consumers will positively be affected by the live video experiencing acquired. Based on the research results, practical strategies and recommendations were proposed. Pages 282 to 290

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What Determines the Usage of Off-Balance Sheet Activities in Pakistan? A Conceptual Framework

Muhammad Farhan Basheera, *Mohamad Helmi Hidthiirb, Waeibrorheem Waemustafac, a,b,cSchool of Economics, Finance, and Banking (SEFB), College of Business (COB), University Utara Malaysia (UUM) Sintok 06010 Kedah Malaysia.

*Corresponding Author Email: m.helmi@uum.edu.myThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

In the course of recent decades, off-balance sheet activities have emerged as an innovation in banking and finance. Being the easiest source of additional fee income that is beyond a bank’s balance sheet activities and avoiding regulatory costs they are increasingly popular in banking industries around the world. This paper presents a discussion on the determinants of usage of off-balance sheet activity in commercial banks in Pakistan. The paper also presents an in-depth insight into different theoretical justifications and empirical literature to answer the whys and wherefores of off-balance sheet usage in commercial banks of Pakistan. The conceptual model considers the impact of capital size, profitability, loan, credit risk, efficiency, market concentration, capital adequacy, reserve requirement, real GDP, interest rate spread and inflation on off-balance sheet activities of banks. The conclusion is that, although gathering the data is often difficult, the rationale behind it is rather straightforward, which could be useful to help future researchers test the proposed model empirically. Although much literature is available on off-balance sheet (OBS) activities in the banking system, this is the first study that is carried out to explore the determinants of usage of a Balance Sheet activity in commercial banks in Pakistan. Pages 291 to 305

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Local Government Capacity Model in Education Policy Innovation

*Suryanef Suryanefa, Al Rafnib, a,bFaculty of Social Science, Universitas Negeri Padang, Indonesia,

*Corresponding Author Email: suryanef@fis.unp.ac.idThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it ,

alrafni@fis.unp.ac.idThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Regional autonomy provides opportunities for local governments to be creative in advancing their regions in various fields, including education. The education policy innovation that is produced depends greatly on the ability to innovate and the willingness to innovate. Hence, this article aims to analyze the capacity models of local government that have the potential to produce educational policy innovations along with the supporting factors for the presence of an innovation in education policy. The research method employed is a qualitative method with data collection instruments namely in-depth interviews, focus group discussions, and documentation, including literature studies. The results achieved are an overview of the capacity models of local governments that can produce innovations (novelty) in formulating and implementing education policies. Further, there are various factors identified that support the presence of a policy innovation. Pages 306 to 313

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Madrasas Strategy to Overcome Bullying Behaviour (The Study about Student Private Islamic Senior High School (MAS) in Kendari)

*La Hadisia, Zalili Sailanb, Abdul Halim Momoc, Zulkifli Musthand, a,dFaculty of Tarbiyah and Teacher Training of State Islamic Institut (IAIN) Kendari, Indonesia b,cGraduate Department of Halu Oleo University (UHO) Kendari, Indonesia.

*Corresponding Author Email:*a lhadisi@gmail.comThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it , b zsailan@gmail.comThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

c ahmomo@gmail.comThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it , d zmusthan@iainkendari.ac.idThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

The practice of bullying in schools / madrasas can tarnish the essence of educational institutions as a place where students try to understand themselves and their environment. The purpose of this research is to collate an overview about the strategy of a private islamic senior high school in Kendari that addresses bullying behavior among students. In addition, this study will describe the forms of bullying behavior and causative factors by using qualitative research, data collected through interviews, observations and documents. Results of the study showed, (1) The forms of bullying behavior at the Private Islamic Senior High School in Kendari, included physical bullying, verbal bullying, and social/psychological bullying. (2) The occurrence of bullying behavior is influenced by several factors, namely environment, family, peer support, community environment, school climate, personality factors or character of the student himself and mass media factors. (3) strategy of Private Islamic Senior High School in Kendari in overcoming bullying behavior among students is through the enforcement of Madrasas rules / rules, moral formation and character of students. Exemplary behaviour is required where the teacher must be an example for each student, enroling teachers as parents in schools, who supervise all student activities, developing student interests and talents as well as giving warning and sanctions. Pages 314 to 344

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Role of Socio Entrepreneur (BUMDESA) in Developing Micro Small and Medium Enterprise (MSMEs)

Hermana, Nizam M Andriantob, a,bFakultas Ekonomi Universitas Pakuan, Bogor, Indonesia, Email: herman_fhz@unpak.ac.idThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it , Email: nizam.andrianto@unpak.ac.idThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

This study aims to formulate a strategy for BUMDesa in driving the Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) sector in the Bogor Regency region. The MSME sector is an economic milestone for the people of Bogor Regency. As one area adjacent to the national capital of the Republic of Indonesia, Bogor Regency has great potential in developing the economy, especially the MSMEs sector. However, the problem is, MSMEs in Bogor Regency are still hampered in terms of capital, technological innovation, workforce expertise and marketing systems. On the other hand, the existence of BUMDesa can be a solution to the problems faced by MSMEs. Thus, this study is an attempt to formulate a strategy for BUMDesa in driving the MSMEs. For this purpose, a questionnaire survey was carried out and data was collected from the owners of MSMEs. After that, the data were assessed with the help of Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) by using statistical software, namely; Partial Least Square (PLS). It is revealed that performance of MSMEs can be improved by promoting capital, technological innovation, workforce expertise and marketing systems. In addition, the BUMDesa program that supports MSMEs is expected to be able to increase the scale of the business of MSMEs entrepreneurs in Bogor Regency by promoting capital, technological innovation, workforce expertise and marketing systems. The implication of this research is the realization of the BUMDesa goal in driving the village economy. Pages 345 to 361

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Embryonic Stem Cells in Stroke Treatment Health Laws and Shariah Perspective

*Hj.Rt.Faridatul Fauziaha, Muchammad Fauzan Mukhlisb, Fak.Hukum UNIVERSITAS SULTAN AGENG TIRTAYASA SERANG BANTEN INDONESIA

*Corresponding Author Email: * ratufaridatulfauziah@gmail.comThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it ,

E-mail: 0302fs@gmail.comThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it ,

Stroke is a disease that is much feared by the public. Stroke occupies the second place as a cause of death and the third as a cause of disability. One alternative treatment method is the use of stem cells. The objective of this study is to determine the use of stem cells in the treatment of stroke in terms of the perspective of Article 64 of Act No. 36 of 2009 on Health as well as knowing how the use of stem cells in the treatment of stroke is viewed from the perspective of Shariah. The research method used is a normative juridical approach by studying the regulations on the implementation of stem cells. The results showed that the use of stem cells taken from human embryos for any therapeutic treatments are not allowed except when the therapy is the only solution to save human lives. According to Shariah embryonic stem cells can be used with the requisite attention to ethical and moral values. Pages 362 to 376

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Factors Influencing Parents’ Choice of Private Preschool in Johor Bahru, Malaysia

Noorlia Ab. Hamida, *Siti Nor Bayaah Binti Ahmadb, Aida Binti Shaaric, Munira Binti Saaidind, aFaculty of Education and Social Science, SEGI College, Subang Jaya, b,c,dFaculty of Business and Technology, UNITAR International University, Malaysia,

*Corresponding Author Email: ctnor11@unitar.myThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

All families become partners in their children’s education in ways that will contribute to their children’s success and usually consider what is best for their children. Families from all strata, from diverse social economic, cultural and ethnic backgrounds are concerned and involved in supporting their children’s learning and development. In view of the diversity of children’s background, parents are the primary caregivers who are responsible and hold a significant role in their children’s wellbeing. Parents generally often wait for guidance from educators before interacting with the school. Therefore, a constructive partnership between parents and preschool providers needs to be established based on a clear understanding of parents’ needs, wants and expectations. Survey questionnaires were distributed to 225 parents from 10 different types of preschool in Johor Bahru area. Information concerning factors influencing parents’ choice on preschool provision related to parents’ preferences, satisfaction and involvement in social network were elicited. Results shows that parents’ concern was most with health and safety of their children above all other factors when choosing suitable preschool provision for their children as depenents upon the relative value they attached to education, settings, convenience and meeting parents’ needs. Results are consistent with the theory of planned behaviour that predicting actual choice of preschool provision depends upon parents’ knowledge, beliefs, attitudes and the strength of desire to place their child, social support and perceived control over available options. Pages 377 to 395

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A Study on Factors Influencing Parents’ Choice of Preschool Education in Malaysia

Nuzha Mohamed Tahaa*, Johari Talibb, Mas Ayu Sallehc, Siti Farhahd, Tengku Noorainun Tengku Shahdane, a,b,c,d,eFaculty of Education and Humanities, UNITAR International University, Malaysia,

*Corresponding Author Email: nuzha@unitar.myThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

This study investigates the factors that influence parents’ decision on which preschool for their children to enter. Responses from parents are discussed in a qualitative method through unstructured interview. The result clearly indicates that preschools which provide a better environment are chosen by educated parents with middle to high socioeconomic status. The respondents that were studied were sampled from parents at a private preschool in the Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia. The findings indicated that there were five factors parents reflect on when making choices for their children to enter preschool. These five factors are: programme, location, school fees, teachers’ qualities and school environment influence on the parents’ choice. The findings also show that most parents gave good feedback and were satisfied with the preschool administration. It is recommended that future study should focus more on how the preschool teaching and learning method can be improved. This is in order to help parents to get better results, interest and motivate them to value the contribution of preschool towards their children knowledge and learning. Pages 396 to 407