Volume 13 - 2020



Cooperation between Indonesia and Australia in Managing Refugees and Asylum Seekers

Sartika Soesilowatia, aFaculty of Social and Political Science, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia, Email: asartika.soesilowati@gmail.com

This article examines the policies and actions conducted between Indonesia and Australia in managing refugees and asylum seekers. It seeks to analyse the significant cooperation and conflict which existed in handling the problem of refugees and asylum seekers in Indonesia. This study therefore demonstrates both the differences in policies and the actions undertaken by them. It also evaluates the extent and the limits of Indonesia and Australia in handling the asylum seeker problems together. The research methodology employs primary and secondary data, and interviews. The necessary data is collected from several important transit areas of refugees in South Sulawesi and the East Java Province, Indonesia. Pages 1 to 20




Dealing With Violence against Neglected Children through Community-Based Support Systems in East Java, Indonesia

Sutinaha, aDepartment of Sociology, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Universitas Airlangga, Email: asutinah@fisip.unair.ac.id

This study aims to examine the various forms of violence experienced by neglected children in the community, and the role of the surrounding social environments in providing the protection and handling of neglected children. The research was conducted in four locations in Indonesian. The results of the study showed that most of the neglected children who became respondents experienced violence, especially physical and psychological violence. The study also found that the existence of socio-religious institutions, besides being able to help neglected children and relieve the burden of the family, could also prevent the occurrence of violence and the neglect of children. Nonetheless, there were still some obstacles, since violence against children is considered an internal family affair and not a community matter. Efforts to prevent child violence should not only be based on the threat of punishment but should be more emphasised on the involvement of secondary groups, CBOs, and community groups at the local level. Pages 21 to 35




The Promotion of Multicultural Education in Schools: A study of Teaching Multidisciplinary Courses in Indonesian Schools

Tuti Budirahayua*, Muhammad Saudb, a,bDepartment of Sociology, Faculty of Social and Political Science, Universitas Airlangga, Email: a*tutibudirahayu@fisip.unair.ac.id

In the era of globalisation expansion, the world is now focussing on multicultural discourse. The current study is conducted in Indonesia and aims to explore the benefits of multicultural education in schools. The present study uses quantitative research to gather the data. A structured questionnaire was prepared to obtain data from in the field. The total number of 400 respondents were selected through purposive random sampling techniques. The researcher visited three central regions in East Java to collect the data. The findings show that multicultural education is implementing a cultural education, religious harmony, and promoting tolerance in the subject. The study also shows that student pluralism is an excellent strategy to promote understanding and harmony among students in schools. Pages 36 to 47




The Role of the Adat Institution on Land Conflict Resolution in Tanimbar

Citra Hennidaa*, Yohanes William Santosob, Sri Endah Kinasihc, a,bDepartment of International Relation, Faculty of Social and Political Science, Universitas Airlangga, cDepartment of Anthropology, Faculty of Social and Political Science, Universitas Airlangga, Email: a*Citra.hennida@fisip.unair.ac.id

Land demand in the Tanimbar Islands Regency has increased in recent years. The causes are President Joko Widodo's decision to move the oil and gas exploration of the Masela block from offshore to onshore, and the Indonesian Government's policy to develop the periphery. There are five villages affected by these two policies, namely Bomaki Village, Latdalam Village, Lermatang Village, Adaut Village, and Kandar Village. Land in these five villages attracts many investors and most have been sold. However, in the negotiation process, the sale of the land caused many conflicts among the local people. Based on the in-depth interviews we conducted with the respondents, who consisted of traditional leaders, village officials, and residents, we found that the high and low intensity of the conflict was determined by the role of the Adat Institutions in each village. Adat institutions have a significant role because of the inherent legitimacy and the practice of the custom ‘Duan Lolat’, that has been practised so far. The custom’s role in conflict resolution is supported by its function as a communicator and mediator that connects village communities, village officials, and investors. Pages 48 to 61




Analysis of a Different Quality of Elderly Health Based on Independence in the Sleman District

Elva Zakiyatul Fikriaa*, Tri Winarni Soenarto Putrib, aMasters in Social Development and Welfare, Faculty of Social and Political Science, bUniversitas Gadjah Mada, Department of Social Development and Welfare, Faculty of Social and Political Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Email: a*Elva.zetf@gmail.com

The increasing population and life expectancy of the elderly is accompanied by ageing problems that can affect their quality of life, such as physical and mental health. This research was conducted in the Sleman Regency, and aims to determine the differences in the quality of life of the elderly based on the level of their independence. This research is a quantitative study and uses the description research type with a non-probability sampling design. The results show that there is no difference in the quality of excellent and adverse physical and mental health based on the independence of the elderly in carrying out their activities. Further, there is a significant difference in the quality of physical health based on the independence of the elderly in carrying out activities in their environment. However, there is no significant difference in the quality of mental health in the elderly in carrying out activities in their environment. Pages 62 to 74




The Constructionalisation of Intellectual Capital Based on the Industrial Revolution 4.0: A Meta-Analysis

Falih Suaedia*, Dimas Agung Trisliatantob, aFaculty of Social and Political Science Universitas Airlangga, bDoctoral Student of Human Resource Development, Postgraduate School of Universitas Airlangga, Email: a*falih.suaedi@fisip.unair.ac.id

The industrial revolution 4.0 has fundamentally changed the way humans think, live, and relate to one another. This era will disrupt the various human activities in numerous fields; not only in the field of technology, but also in other fields such as economics, social, and politics. The development of the industrial revolution is also inseparable in constructing the human mindset. This also influences the development of intellectual capital owned by each organisation. Intellectual capital is an intangible asset related to the knowledge embedded in an organisation. The purpose of this study is to identify an intellectual capital construction based on the development of the current 4.0 industrial revolution era. This research uses a qualitative approach combined with research design in the form of a literature study and a narrative review meta-analysis method. This study concludes that the rapid development of science and technology has significant consequences for human life, including the construction of intellectual capital in the era of the industrial revolution 4.0. Pages 75 to 90




Rising from the Pitfalls of Life in the Liberated Areas from ISIS

Aseel Sabbar Mohammeda, aCollege of Education for Women,] University of Anbar -Iraq, Email: aaasseell1234@yahoo.com

The current research aims at identifying the level of advancement of the pitfalls of life in the demolished homes and their non-demolished peers, in the areas liberated from ISIS. Further, it aims at identifying the significance of the differences between them in the mentioned variable. It was applied to a sample of 150 individuals. The results show the individuals achieved a high level of advancement from the pitfalls. Whereas, there are statistically significant differences in favour of the owners of the destroyed houses. Pages 91 to 103




The Size of Extended and Nuclear Families in the Babylon Governorate for the Years 1997, 2010, and 2018: An Analytical Study in Population Geography

Lamyaa Filaih Ibrahima, Rafal Hussein Najmb, Ekhlas Mohammed Sadiqc, a,b,cCollege of Education for Humanities, Dept. of Geography, Babylon University –Iraq,

This study was prepared to show the image of the size of the extended and nuclear families in the Babylon Governorate during the years 1997, 2010, and 2018. Furthermore, it indicated the impact of the economic, social, and health factors on the size of families. The researchers mainly relied on the data of the Central Bureau of Statistics, and resorted to the field study, as they took a random sample of one per cent, choosing 2,932 families from the sample community. The results of the study showed the temporal change of nuclear families for the years 1997, 2010, and 2018. Furthermore, there was a remarkable change in the urban and rural areas of the study, as the lowest numbers and proportions of families were recorded in 1997; in urban areas there were 57,600, and the countryside had 56,143 families. The number of nuclear families increased slightly in 2010 from 1997, where it reached in urban areas 80,510 families, while in the countryside, it reached 66,816 families. In 2018, the proportions and number of nuclear families in the countryside and urban areas increased to 127,912, and 10,5442 families respectively, and they were characterised by variation and fluctuation between the administrative units for the three years. The proportions and the number of extended families decreased in the rural and urban areas between 2010–2018. As the results of the study showed that economic, social, and health factors are related to the size of extended and nuclear families, and in light of the results, the researchers have recommended several proposals. Pages 104 to 123




A Statistical Analysis of Experimental Data for the Adsorption Process of Cadmium by Watermelon Rinds in a Continuous Packed Bed Column

Mohammed Nsaif Abbasa, Taymoor Husham Nussratb, aEnvironmental Engineering Dept. College of Engineering- Mustansiriayh University -Iraq, bFinancial & Banking Dept.,  Baghdad College of Economic Science University-Iraq,

The aim of this research is to study the ability of cadmium removal from simulated synthetic aqueous solution (SSAS) by watermelon rinds residues, at different operating conditions and using the adsorption technique in a packed bed treatment unit of continuous mode. The results show that the maximum adsorption capacity of watermelon rind was increased with increasing the cadmium initial concentration (Co), flowrate (Q), and pH of the SSAS. Furthermore, it is decreased with increasing the adsorbent bed height (H), and feed temperature (T). The complete removal of cadmium was achieved at optimum operating conditions, which were Co=200 ppm, Q=0.5 l/min, pH=6, H=20 cm, and T=40°C, at t=231 minutes. The experimental results were analysed statistically using three mathematical models, namely the Adams-Bohart, Wang, and Thomas models to describe the adsorption breakthrough curve behaviour of the cadmium in the packed bed column, and also to determine the rate-limiting step depending on the statistical measurements (correlation coefficient R2). The results show that the Thomas model provides excellent identical with experimental data, followed by the Wang model, and lastly, the Adams-Bohart model. Thus, it can be considered that the watermelon rinds are an effective adsorbent to remove heavy metals generally, and cadmium especially, from aqueous solutions. It can also be used as an effective, cheap, and economic alternative substance for the expensive activated carbon used recently in wastewater treatment processes. Pages 124 to 138




The Techno-Strategy of the Management Information System and its Role in Enhancing Risk Management in the General Directorate of School and Sport Activity

Siham Hammood Sabita, Saba Qays Ghadhbanb, Rawaa Abdulameer Abbasc, aDept. of Specialized Supervision ,General Directorate of Basra Education-Iraq, bDept. of Human Resources, University of Baghdad -Iraq, cDept. of Students Activities University of Basra - Iraq, Email: at.woman2010@yahoo.com,  bsabakais75@gmail.com,  crawaa.ameer76@yahoo.com

The importance of this research lies in shedding light on the concept of techno-strategy for information management from vital and important topics that showed response for change in all areas of life. As this necessitates the updating and changing of it in order to achieve its strategic goals and enhance its technological advantage. The research problem looked at the role of the information technology system (ITS) in enhancing risk management in general directorates for sports and school activity from the viewpoint of its department heads. The research aimed at the relationship of information techno-strategy in risk management and the ratios of the contribution of information techno-strategy in risk management from the viewpoint of heads of sports and school activity departments to the general directorates in the Ministry of Education. The descriptive method was used in the survey method and relational relationships to solve the problem. The community and the research samples were from all heads of sports and school activity departments in the General Directorate of Sports Education and School Activity in the Ministry of Education. The research samples were chosen intentionally and the number of the research samples was 20 individuals, and after collecting the results and treating these reached the following conclusions: The General Directorate of Sports and School Activities gave clear attention to the requirements of techno-strategy in all its aspects. In addition, the strategic axes of strategic planning, the efficiency of information technology, skill, and experience of human resources have a relationship with and association with risk management. The recommendations implied the necessity for the sporting and school activities departments’ heads to adopt the concept of techno-strategy as it is a system that enhances their ability to achieve the vision and mission of the General Directorate and its goals and thus improve the adequacy of their performance. Pages 139 to 151




Special Education Contracts: Private Colleges as an Example

Yousif Saadoon Mohammed Al-Maamooria, aAl-Imam Al-Kadhum University College for Islamic Science, Email: ayosifsaadoon@gmail.com

Students’ need to learn results in him/her having a contract with special education as it relates to embodying a scientific renaissance for learning. It is known to everyone that the qualitative leap in the private sector related to universities, colleges, and private institutes became clear after 2003. This contract has become comparable to government education in its important position nowadays. It is necessary to organise this contract because of its great importance in terms of education in giving study opportunities for all and developing the scientific, cultural, and educational movement for everyone in society. This contract is defined as the legal relationship that links its parties to each other, based on the legislation on private higher education law and the instructions issued by the Ministry to organise the work of private colleges. The present study discusses characteristics that distinguish such contracts. The present study also tackles the effects of the contractual relationship of the parties on the private education contract by clarifying the obligations of each party and the relationship of the parties with the Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research represented by the Department of Private University Education. Pages 152 to 165




Spiritual Leadership and Islamic Organisational Citizenship Behaviour: Examining Mediation-Moderated Process

Achmad Sani Supriyantoa*, Vivin Maharani Ekowatib*, a,bState Islamic University of Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang, Indonesia, Email: a*achmad_sani72@yahoo.com,  b*vivien.maharani@yahoo.com

This study aims to examine the effect of Spiritual Leadership on the Islamic Organisational Citizenship Behaviour (IOCB), to decide the Islamic Work Ethics as the mediator of Spiritual Leadership to the IOCB, and to inquire about political skills as a moderating variable. It is conducted in the State Islamic Religious Higher Education (PTKIN) around East Java. Data are directly collected from respondents through questionnaires. The study has employed the Partial Least Square (PLS) to analyse data collected from lecturers of State Islamic Religious Higher Education around East Java. The results suggest that Spiritual Leadership has a significant influence on the Islamic Organisational Citizenship Behaviour, that Islamic Work Ethics mediate Spiritual Leadership towards the Islamic Organisational Citizenship Behaviour, and that Political Skill is not a moderating variable. Leaders may influence the employee's work behaviour by fostering a conducive work environment and promoting spirituality in the workplace. Political skills can strengthen spiritual leadership relations with IOCB when it is supported by the motivation, confidence, and empowerment of the subordinates. Pages 166 to 185




Climate Risk Vulnerability Assessment: Basis for Decision Making Support for the Agriculture Sector in the Province of Iloilo

Jescel B. Bito-onona, aCollege of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, Iloilo State College of Fisheries, Tiwi, Barotac Nuevo, Iloilo, 5007, Philippines, Email: abitoononjescel@gmail.com

This study was conducted to assess climate risks in the agri-fisheries sector of  Iloilo Province using Climate-Risks Vulnerability Assessment (CRVA) framework. Crop suitability, hazard exposure and adaptive capacity of each municipality were the three components obtained to obtain the climate risk vulnerability of the province. There were forty-two municipalities and two cities surveyed to collect data for adaptive capacity. Typhoons, floods and erosion are the prevalent hazards identified in Iloilo Province through reports and secondary data. Geospatial & climate modelling tools were used to obtain the sensitivity of five priority commodities: rice, corn, eggplant, cacao and milkfish. These five commodities are exposed to hazards that make these crops sensitive and affect the suitability of crops. A hazard map showed that the Fifth District of Iloilo has high exposure to typhoons and erosion, while the lower portion of the Fourth District is exposed to floods. Rice, corn, cacao and eggplant are sensitive crops in the Northern part of Iloilo and show low suitability when projected to 2050. Likewise, milkfish will be vulnerable in flood-prone areas of the Fourth District of Iloilo in 2050. Dumangas, Lambunao, Passi City, San Enrique and San Rafael have a very high adaptive capacity index and Iloilo City has a high adaptive capacity. The very high adaptive capacity is owed to strong institutional, natural, social, economic, physical and human capital. While the Municipality of Batad has the highest normalised result of 1.00 for CRVA, it implies that the municipality has a high sensitivity of crops to any changes in temperature and/or precipitation, which will lead to low suitability of crops in the area. It has moderate exposure to hazard; however, it's weak social, institutional and natural capital greatly influence its vulnerability. Thus, Batad is the municipality considered the most vulnerable to climate risk. It is recommended to have projects and programs for the agriculture sector in the most susceptible areas. Pages 186 to 202




The Influence of the Special Autonomy Policy of the Papua Province on the Welfare of its People

Purwoko Aji Prabowoa*, Bambang Supriyonob, Irwan Noorc, M. Khairul Mulukd, a,b,c,dFaculty of Administrative Science, University of Brawijaya, Indonesia, Email: a*purwoko.aji.ub@gmail.com

This study is to find out the influence of the special autonomy policy of the Papua province on the welfare of the people of Papua province. This study will use a qualitative approach to the type of formative evaluation research that uses the approach of assessing program activities with primary and secondary data sources. Data collected from this study is data on Papua Province's Special Autonomy policy to improve the welfare of the people of Papua province. The location of this research was conducted in Papua province with a research site in Bapeda, Papua province. The results of this study indicate that the characteristics of the special autonomy of Papua province are identical to the characteristics of the asymmetric decentralisation model which has not yet led to success nor has yet shown the things that lead to better effectiveness. This can have an impact on the failure of the special autonomy of Papua province if no evaluation is carried out. This study discusses the evaluation of the special autonomy policy that was implemented in Papua province in order to improve the welfare of the people of Papua province. Special autonomy is part of special regional autonomy. Pages 203 to 223




Methods of Reducing the Presence of Heavy Metals and Rehabilitating Soil Polluted by Screen Printing Liquid Waste

I Putu Sujanaa*, Ni Gst. Ag. Eka Martiningsihb, a,bFaculty of Agriculture, University of Mahasarawati Denpasar, Bali, Email: a*sujana.umd.jp@gmail.com

The solution to rehabilitating land/rice fields that have been contaminated with garment liquid waste is by utilising organic matter such as biochar. This study was conducted in laboratories, in greenhouses and in the fields. Prior to this research, field observations were carried out to assess the distribution of garment sites; to take garment liquid waste which was found to be polluting agricultural land; to undertake  secondary data collection (rainfall and subak data); to make a site map; and to collect raw materials for biochar manufacturing. The chemical properties of soil contaminated with screen printing liquid waste contain heavy metals which consists of Pb, Cu, Cd, and Cr. Rice husk biochar shows better potential compared to chicken manure biochar and other organic matters in terms of improving soil properties and thus decreasing the availability of heavy metals. The application of rice husk biochar with a dosage of 12 tons ha-1 can reduce most of the availability of heavy metals in soil. Research which looks at the characteristics of biochar and organic matter and its effect on soil properties and the growth of maize on land degraded by garment liquid waste has never been done before. Therefore, this research has significant originality and its findings can importantly  be implemented as the basis for the improvement of soil that has been contaminated with garment liquid waste. Pages 224 to 250




Passenger Loyalty: Quality of Service and the Mediating Role of Customers’ Satisfaction

Anik Lestaria*, Isna Ayu Safitrib, a,bUniversitas Negeri Surabaya, Surabaya, Indonesia, Email: a*anik.unesa.jp@gmail.com

The aim of this study is to analyse and discuss the effect of service quality on the loyalty of Garuda Indonesia passengers with satisfaction as a mediation variable. The research design in this study was conclusive research with a causal research approach in order to produce evidence of a causal relationship. The research design was used in order to understand whether there was an influence of service quality on loyalty with satisfaction as a mediation variable. The population in this study was Garuda Indonesia passengers in Ciputra world, city of tomorrow, Graha Bumi Surabaya. The sample consisted of 110 respondents. This research used a path analysis technique. There is a significant influence of the service quality on satisfaction for passengers of the Garuda Indonesia aircraft. In addition, there is a significant relationship between satisfaction and the loyalty of the passengers of Garuda Indonesia and also a significant influence of service quality on loyalty in passengers of Garuda Indonesia. This study enriches the empirical research regarding customers’ satisfaction with the aviation industry. Pages 251 to 263




Profitability and Solvability Analysis in an Effort to Improve Dividend Distribution

Eni Wuryania, aFaculty of Economy, Universitas Negeri Surabaya, Email: aeni.unesa@gmail.com

This research aims to analyse profitability and solvability in an effort to observe how dividend distribution may be increased. Quantitative data was used in this research. This study used a secondary data source; the data was collected from the Indonesian Stock Exchange (ISE) in the form of  annual financial reports from transportation companys shown to be distributing a dividend in the 2010-2016 period. The study used 32 transportation companies listed on the ISE for the sample.  The independent variable (X) of this research was that the profitability variable consisted of ROA (Return on Assets) and the solvability comprised DAR (Debt to Assets Ratio), while the dependent (Y)  variable was Dividend Payout Ratio (DPR). Profitability has an influence on dividend distribution. Profitability measured by an asset is the basic element representing an investor's benchmark for a company in managing profit. Solvability has an influence on dividend distribution since solvability, or debt to asset ratio, is an ideal indicator for a transportation company. The amount of company assets financed by debt will affect the company's debt payment and dividend distribution. The amount of dividend is also influenced by solvability. According to the previous research results, the influence of ROA on stock distribution results in a different finding, so this research can still be utilised to test the influence of ROA on dividend distribution. The originality of this paper is that it shows the comprehensive profitability, solvency, and dividend payouts  in Indonesia. Pages 264 to 286




The Relationship between Self Efficacy Knowledge and Organisational Justice in Attitudes toward Remuneration

Amir Mahmuda*, Nurdian Susilowatib, Jariyahc, a,b,cUniversitas Negeri Semarang, Email: a*amir.unnes@gmail.com

This study aims to determine the factors affecting attitudes towards remuneration in Universitas Negeri Semarang (UNNES) employees with remuneration as an expected mediation variable. This research was conducted at Universitas Negeri Semarang (UNNES) using the entire population of permanent lecturers and educational staff with the status of BLU and PNS. Using the Slovin formula, a sample of 323 respondents was found.  The inferential statistical analysis used to test the hypothesis of the research was AMOS. Results indicate that there is a direct effect of self-efficacy knowledge on expected remuneration and a direct impact of organisational justice on expected remuneration. However, there is an indirect effect of self-efficacy knowledge on attitudes toward remuneration through expected remuneration. In addition, there is an indirect effect of organisational justice on attitudes toward remuneration. Finally, it was found that expected remuneration has a direct effect on attitudes towards remuneration. Research on college remuneration is rarely researched. A remuneration system is a compensation that integrates the provisions of employees, and includes salary, incentives, bonuses on achievement, severance pay and/or pensions from non-bank financing and PNBP BLU UNNES. Therefore, originality is shown in the variables of self-efficacy knowledge, organisational justice, expected remuneration, and attitudes toward remuneration.  Furthermore, the method used in this research was AMOS, and the investigator sites were located at UNNES Semarang. Pages 287 to 300




The Law of Parties Shows a Characteristic Achievement

Cindawatia, aUiversitas Hasanuddin, Email: acindawati.unhas@gmail.com

The purpose of this research is to analyse and describe that the law of the parties shows a characteristic achievement. This research utilised normative juridical research methods in order to analyse and describe the laws of parties with characteristic achievements. There are two distinct types of legal information. Firstly, primary sources of law which are authoritative legal publications made by parliament and the courts. The parliament in each Australian jurisdiction makes legislation and the courts decide on legal issues. Secondly, secondary sources which are used to find and explain the primary sources of law. An international contract is a national contract with a foreign element meaning that the contract is subject to one of the national legal systems. In the field of international sales, the seller's law is applicable because it contains the most of these characteristics. It is logically evident that the seller faces many buyers so there must be more general provisions, otherwise there will be many claims from multiple buyers. This is one of the few studies which investigate the law of parties and their achievements, especially in Indonesia. Pages 301 to 311




Traditional Bullying and Cyberbullying in Adolescents: The Roles of Cognitive Empathy and Affective Empathy

Kurniawan Dwi Madyo Utomoa, Fattah Hanurawanb, Muslihatic, M. Ramlid, a,c,dDepartment of Guidance and Counseling, Faculty of Education, Universitas Negeri Malang, Jl. Semarang 5, Malang 65145, Indonesia, bDepartment of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology Education, Universitas Negeri Malang, Jl. Semarang 5, Malang 65145, Indonesia, Email: fxiwancm@gmail.com

This research examined the relationship between traditional bullying and cyberbullying in adolescents based on the roles of cognitive and affective empathy among 975 Indonesian high school students. The data was analysed using an independent samples t-test, the Pearson product-moment test and multiple linear regression. The findings revealed that males are more likely to be involved in both traditional bullying and cyberbullying than females, and that the level of cognitive and affective empathy of males was lower than that of females. Bullying was negatively correlated with cognitive and affective empathy, while cyberbullying was negatively correlated with affective empathy. In addition, affective empathy significantly predicted traditional bullying; with each single unit increase in traditional bullying, affective empathy decreased by .357. Affective empathy also predicted cyberbullying; with each single unit increase in cyberbullying, affective empathy decreased by .028. The results emphasised the importance of considering affective empathy when designing intervention programs for the prevention of bullying. Pages 312 to 326




Applying Accounting Management for Small and Medium Construction Businesses: Empirical Evidence in Central Vietnam

Le Anh Tuana*, Nguyen Xuan Hungb, Phan Thanh Haic, Ho Tuan Vud, a,c,dFaculty of Accounting, Duy Tan University, Da Nang, 550000, Vietnam; Institute of Research and Development, Duy Tan University, Da Nang, 550000, Vietnam, bUniversity of  Economics Ho Chi Minh, Vietnam, Email: a*latuan0507@gmail.com

This study was conducted on the basis of collecting data from 270 managers from the head of accounting departments of 90 small and medium-sized construction companies. The study was designed to measure the factors influencing the application of management accounting in the companies. Descriptive statistical methods, Cronbach's Alpha test, impact factor analysis (EFA), and regression analysis were used in the study. Based on qualitative research and quantitative research, the empirical research results show that: firm size, competitive pressure, management perspective, and information technology application are factors that positively impact and affect the application of management accounting to varying degrees. The result of this study offers a scientific basis for managers to make appropriate decisions to improve the application of management accounting in enterprises in the future. Pages 327 to 344




Investigating the Effect of Employability on Work Productivity: Mediating by Stress

Nurhania*, Wibowob, Budi Santosoc, aDoctoral Student of Jakarta State University, Indonesia, b,cJakarta State University, Indonesia, Email: a*hanimuchtar70@gmail.com

This study aims to analyse the effect of employability on work productivity by mediating stress. This research uses a quantitative approach with a survey method. The sample used in this study is 303 people in the permanent workforce of the construction service sector who have a minimum of high school education equivalent that determines proportionate random sampling. The research data was obtained from distributing questionnaires and analysed using structural equation modelling (SEM) analysis supported by descriptive statistical analysis. The results of this study indicate  that employability and stress had a direct effect on work productivity; employability had a direct effect on stress, and employability had an indirect effect on work productivity with stress mediation. Therefore, improvements in employability and reduction of stress can increase work productivity. The novelty of this study is in the form of a research model of the effect of employability on work productivity with stress mediation developed from previous relevant studies with construction service research locations in Jabodetabek, 2019. Pages 345 to 356




Improving Productivity through Work Environment, Training, Health and Safety

Lia Avita Sari Siregara, Agus Ahmad Suhendrab, Anton Abdulbasah Kamilc*, a,bSchool of Industrial and System Engineering, Telkom University, Bandung, Indonesia, cFaculty of Economics, Administrative and Social Sciences, Istanbul Gelisim University, Istanbul, Turkey, Email: aliaavitaa@gmail.com,  bagus@telkomuniversity.ac.id,  c*akamil@gelisim.edu.tr

Productivity is a measure of the achievement of a company’s set targets and goals. It is an important means of monitoring improvement so that the company's objectives can be obtained effectively and efficiently. This study aims to analyse i) the influence of the work environment on work safety, ii) the influence of the work environment on occupational health, iii) the effect of training on work safety, iv) the effect of job training on occupational health, v) the effect of work safety on work productivity and vi) the influence of work health on productivity. The object of this research was conducted in a bag manufacturing industry located in the Bandung Regency, Indonesia. The data used was derived from a questionnaire taken by 120 respondents employed in the production division. The data were analysed statistically using the Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) method. The results of the analysis, showed the indicator value for the relationship; the working environment variable for work safety, the training variable for occupational health, the work environment variable for occupational health, the job training variable for work safety, the work safety variable for work productivity, and the occupational health variable for work productivity. The highest indicator value for the work environment was 0.63 and was described as pleasantly coloured and decorated according to the needs of the employees. The highest score for job training was 0.81 which delivered training material that was easily understood. The highest value for the work safety variable was 0.74 with the provision of labour protection tools. The highest value for occupational health is 0.69 with the existence of adequate facilities. The highest value for work productivity is 0.75, which showed that employees were responsible for their work. The variable that most influenced work productivity was the work safety variable. Pages 357 to 370




The Influence of Internet on Financial Reporting Practices, Financial Secrecy and Firm Value of ASEAN Companies

Citra Sukmadilagaa*, Lastuti Abubakarb, Tri Handayanic, Erlane K Ghanid, Tri Utami Lestarie, aAccounting Department, Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia, b,cFaculty of Law, Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia, dFaculty of Accountancy, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia, eTelkom University, Indonesia, Email: a*citra.sukmadilaga@unpad.ac.id

This study aims to examine the factors influencing firm value in countries in the ASEAN region. Specifically, this study examines the effect of internet financial reporting practices and financial secrecy on form value in five countries namely: Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand and the Philippines. Using content analysis on 185 companies, this study shows that IFR does not influence firm value. On the other hand, this study shows that secrecy influences firm value. This study contributes to the existing literature by providing an empirical result of IFR in the ASEAN region. The findings in this study implicates that since secrecy has a significant negative effect on firm value, hence those countries that have high secrecy index must reduce the level of high secrecy index in order to increase firm value through levelling investor’s trust on the financial reporting practices of the firms in the ASEAN region. Pages 371 to 381




Management by Walking Around and Service Quality: The Moderating Role of Transformational Leadership – A Concept of the Arab Bank in Jordan

Bilal Khalaf  Sakarneha, aFaculty of Business, Isra University, Jordan, Email: aBilal_sakarneh@iu.edu.jo

Service quality remains a challenging issue in the Arab Bank in Jordan in the area of managing its route operations. Management by walking around (MWA) is an effective established approach commonly employed to monitor the progress of activities and to checkmate and resolve impending problems in organisations. This is achieved through an effective transformational leadership approach used by Arab Bank managers to improve the service quality of their personnel. The moderating effect of transformational leadership on the relationship between MWA and service quality remains an area that lacks research focus, particularly in Jordan. In spite of contemporary progress in the research of transformational leadership and its implementation in banks such as the Arab bank in Jordan, improvement of service quality continued to be a challenging issue until this current research intervention. The findings revealed that transformational leadership has a strong potential to moderate the relationship between management by walking around and the quality of the Arab Bank services in Jordan. It also showed that this moderating effect of transformational leadership has significant and positive influence on personnel ability to improve performance, which in turn, influences service quality. It is projected that this moderating role of transformational leadership can substantially improve service quality by examining the strength of the relationship between MWA and service quality. Hence, this work, based on the relevant literature and theories, conceptualised that ‘transformational leadership moderates the relationship between communication power by uncovering facts, encouragement, feedback, and service quality in the Arab bank in Jordan. Pages 382 to 405




The Factors Affecting Smartphone Demand in Indonesia

Amir Macmuda*, Yusuf Murtadlo Hidayatb, a,bFaculty of Economic and Business Education. Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Jl. Dr.Setiabudhi No. 229, Bandung, Indonesia, Email: a*amir@upi.edu,  byusuf.murtadlo@upi.edu

This study aims to analyse the factors that affect mobile phone demand in Indonesia. The variables that are expected to affect the demand for smartphone are i) the price, ii) Product Features, iii) Brand Name, and iv) social influences. The study method used an explanatory survey with a data collecting technique gathered through interviews and questionnaires of 200 respondents who had purchased smartphone products in Bandung, West Java, Indonesia. Characteristics of respondents include  gender type, level of education, income level and brand of smartphone used. The collected data was analysed using Structural Equation Modelling. The results show that smartphone demand in Indonesia is 68.3 percent influenced by product features and social influences, while the remaining 31.7 percent is influenced by price and brand name. This finding implies that consumers in Indonesia in choosing smartphones consider less price and brand as to which is the preferred product. This preference has implications the smartphone manufacturers should pay attention to regarding the importance of product features. Pages 406 to 418




Integration of Financial and Social Performance: Survey of Cooperatives in West Java, Indonesia

Eka Setiadjatnikaa, Rima Elya Dasukib, Ardi Nupi Hasyimc, a,b,cIndonesian Cooperative Management Institute (IKOPIN), Email: aekasetiajatnika@ikopin.ac.id,  brimadasuki@ikopin.ac.id,  c ardi.nupi@yahoo.com

The first issue in this research is to conduct studies that relate to the sustainability of cooperatives. Based on data obtained, 35.6% of cooperatives in West Java are not active. The second issue is to study the cooperatives’ financial performance related to capital structure and credit risk, given the challenges of today's needs for readiness of cooperatives in the era of the ASEAN Economic Community in 2015, which is the ultimate goal of economic integration as envisioned in the ASEAN Vision 2020. The third issue in this topic is a review of the social performance as based on factual conditions of cooperative life in Indonesia: up until today there is a gap between the concept of universal cooperatives and their practice. The fourth issue in this research conducted a study on the scale of business that may affect the sustainability of cooperatives. Analysing integrated cooperative models would involve many factors, both quantitative and qualitative. This study took a sample of 76 cooperatives with the data observed for the variables related to capital structure, credit risk, social performance, financial performance and sustainability of cooperatives, with the multi regression simultan recursive model panel data method, over a period of 72 months in the province of West Java. Based on the results, data processing obtained an adjusted R-square value of 0.716201, or 71.62 percent indicating that the performance of the financial and social performance simultaneously gives effect to a sustainability of 71.62% for small-scale cooperatives in West Java. Based on test results, simultaneously and partially also showed that there was integration between financial performance and social performance to achieve sustainability. Empirical findings indicate that there is significant influence either simultaneously or partial capital structure and credit risk on financial performance in the Cooperative in West Java, as well as the integration between social performance and financial performance in achieving sustainability of cooperatives. These studies have found a relationship between cooperative financial sustainability and achievement of social objectives, so that they should be considered cost-efficient capital funding functions. The relationship between the financial aspect and social aspect in an organisation will not provide conflict in achieving goals. Pages 419 to 435




Unique Taji Tuta Culture of Bima Regency for Sports Tourism Development

Khairul Amara, Sugihartob, Setya Rahayuc, Bambang Budi Raharjod, aDoctorate Program of Physical Education, Universitas Negeri Semarang, Indonesia, bFaculty of Sport Education, Universitas Negeri Semarang, Indonesia, Email: aAmarbima90@gmail.com,  bSugiharto.ikor@mail.unnes.ac.id,  cSetyarahayu@mail.unnes.ac.id,  dBambangbudir99@gmail.com

Bima Regency has a unique cultural community that can be developed into sports tourism. The development of sports tourism based on cultural uniqueness has a significant impact on regional development. This study aims to analyse the Bima Regency’s cultural uniqueness for the development of sports tourism. The method used in this research is a descriptive qualitative research approach to phenomenology and symbolic interaction. The sample involved in this study were nine people from various agencies, consisting of three from the tourism department, two from the cultural department, three from the community and one from the Regent of Bima Regency, West Nusa Tenggara Province. Data analysis techniques use the SWOT analysis model. The results of this study indicate that (1) there is the unique culture of Taji Tuta (Headfighting) owned by the people of Bima Regency, (2) the development of sports tourism based on cultural uniqueness is not comprehensively used as an asset for tourist attraction, (3) there is a low quality of human resources  in the management of Bima Regency tourism sites. Novelty in this study can be seen in that (1) Bima Regency has a unique tourist attraction namely spur tuta (headfighting), which can be recommended as a feature for the development of sports tourism, (2) the cultural uniqueness of the community of Bima District substantially shows a potential existence as a unique ancestral heritage, (3 ) the people of Bima Regency have the potential for quality human resources, and (4) the development of sports tourism based on cultural uniqueness as a strategic model in promoting the cultural uniqueness of the people of Bima Regency. Pages 436 to 454




The Unique Natural Water Tourism of Oi Marai, Regency Bima, for Sports Tourism Development

Rabwan Satriawana, Sugihartob, Setya Rahayuc, Nasukad, aDoctorate Program of Physical Education, Universitas Negeri Semarang, Indonesia, bFaculty of Sport Education, Universitas Negeri Semarang, Indonesia, Email: arabwansatriawan91@gmail.com,  bsugiharto.ikor@mail.unnes.ac.id,  csetyarahayu@mail.unnes.ac.id,  dnasuka@mail.unnes.ac.id

The rapid development of tourism in Bali, Lombok and Labuan Bajo has forced Bima Regency to find strategic tourism destinations to catch up with its neighbours. It is common knowledge that remote areas in Eastern Indonesia are very dependent on the tourism sector for encouraging economic development and creating jobs. The purpose of this study is to analyse the unique nature tourism of Oi Marai Waterfall for the development of sports tourism. The research method is descriptive qualitative, using a field observation approach and a series of in-depth interviews with relevant stakeholders. The results showed that the uniqueness of natural tourism in Bima Regency consisted of the unique nature tourism of Oi Marai Waterfall. The waterfall consists of seven different waterfalls and water discharges, and throughout the year the water remains flowing, never dries up or lacks water discharge even through the dry season along the river. Its uniqueness can be developed for sports tourism, such as waterfall tracking, flying fox and river tubing, as a strategic development to leapfrog tourism stagnation in Bima and compete with other regions. Pages 455 to 466




Destination Image, Political Stability, Tourist Trust and Loyalty in Jerusalem, Palestine: A Review

Edais Shehaba, Ahmad Puad Mat Somb, a,bFaculty of Applied Social Sciences, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, Malaysia, Email: asharly@hotmail.co.il,  bpuadms@unisza.edu.my

Tourism is an extremely complex field and a highly competitive service sector in the world. Studies have shown that it is becoming more and more difficult for a destination to differentiate itself from competitors, relying solely on ‘hard’ as well as ‘soft’ factors. Based on the impressions, opinions and thoughts of tourists, many researchers have tried to determine to what extent the image of the destination they have visited has an impact on the loyalty they have towards that destination. The article also attempts to shed light on the importance of trust as a major contributor to repeat tourism, more specifically on the promulgation of trust as a composite of political stability and the perceived sense of security in the country under consideration. This article reviews previous studies related to destination image and tourist trust, and how political stability would influence tourist loyalty in Jerusalem, Palestine. This article offers an understanding of the process that determines tourists’ destination choices and loyalty, and provides insightful implications for the government, tourism organisations and tourism operators to come up with effective marketing and image building strategies. Pages 467 to 481




The Political Preference of Students in the Indonesian General Election, 2019

Sunartoa*, Iwan Hadi Saputrob, Puji Lestaric, a,b,cUniversitas Negeri Semarang, Indonesia, Email: a*sunarto@mail.unnes.ac.id

Election as an embodiment of democracy is expected to bring leaders who serve people’s interests, but what happens is often the opposite. Therefore, this research raises the issue of what consideration voters use when making choices in elections. The research was conducted on students at the State University of Semarang and it aims to uncover the things that are primarily considered in selecting when voting and how students responded to the result of the Indonesian general election 2019. The approach used is a qualitative approach and the data was collected by interviewing and documentation studies. The results showed that in choosing the president, the thing taken into consideration is the figure of the candidate pair, namely the track record of the candidate pair. In selecting legislative members, the main consideration is the non-involvement of party officials in corruption cases. The vision, mission and programs, which are usually reliable to attract voters' interests, are not really taken into consideration, nor are the parties nominating the president. Pages 482 to 499




The Model and the Arrangement of Rules of Engagement in Order to Face the Threats and Disturbances in the North Natuna Sea

M. Imam Chadhafia*, Zaenal Fananib, Setyo Widagdoc, Adi Kusumaningrumd, a,b,c,dPostgraduate Program, Brawijaya University Malang, Indonesia, Email: a*Chadhafi070918@gmail.com

The nine-dash line refers to demarcation line used by China to claim the South China Sea. This line covers the North Natuna Sea which is included in the jurisdiction waters related to Indonesia. There has been no agreement over the exclusive economic zone between Indonesia and other countries and this creates an un-delimited area. This condition causes foreign vessels and warship intrusion in the jurisdiction area of Indonesia which demands the government's special attention to take action in order to uphold Indonesian sovereignty over its territorial waters. The purposes of this study were to analyse threats and disturbances in the North Natuna Sea, to analyse the strategy in facing the threats and disturbances in the North Natuna Sea and to construct a model used to overcome the threats and disturbances. The method of the study was qualitative descriptive and the analysis was based on the data, facts and experience from the research site. The results of the study revealed the threats and disturbances in the North Natuna Sea which includes illegal fishing causing economic loss and damage to the marine ecosystem of Indonesia. A strategy to face the threats and disturbances in North Natuna Sea can be instigated by setting an operational plan and permanent procedure for maritime security with steps of chasing, arresting and investigating. However, this strategy still has weakness, and hence a new document is needed to analyse risks caused by threats and disturbances by making a risk resister and the rules of engagement. The strategy model used to overcome the threats was the model of Operational Risks Guidelines. Pages 500 to 512




The Relationship between Self-Employed Motivation and Individual Work Performance among Online Drivers in West Java, Indonesia

Lidia Mayangsaria, Triani Restiantib, Jumadil Saputrac*, Raden Aswin Rahadida,b,dSchool of Business and Management, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Jalan Ganesha 10, Bandung, Indonesia, cFaculty of Business, Economics and Social Development, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, 21030 Kuala Nerus, Terengganu, Malaysia, Email: alidia.mayangsri@sbm-itb.ac.id, btriani.restianti@sbm-itb.ac.id,  c*jumadil.saputra@umt.edu.my, daswin.rahadi@sbm-itb.ac.id

As a self-employment, the online drivers have faced vulnerability with uncertain situations and over an every day extended period. The uncertain situation has an impact on the instability of their income. Thus, this study aims to investigate the relationship between self-employed motivation and individual work performance. A total of 387 online drivers have participated and selected from four regional areas of West Java, Indonesia through the self-administered questionnaire. The data was analysed using the descriptive statistics and simple linear regression analysis by assisting the SPSS-25. The results of analysis found that the self-employed motivation has a significant positive relationship on individual work performance. In conclusion, the self-employed motivation can increase the individual performance of online drivers in West Java, Indonesia.   This study is important for related parties that work on optimising the potential of the self-employment approach in facing the high uncertainty of the workplace environments. Pages 513 to 530




Investigating the Supply Chain Strategy for Enhancing Teacher Performance

Sahat Simbolona*, Zikri Muhammadb, Rico Nur Ilhamc, aProgram of Magister Management, Institut Teknologi dan Bisnis, Medan, Sumatera Utara, Indonesia, bFaculty of Business, Economics and Social Development, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, 21030 Kuala Nerus, Terengganu, Malaysia, cFaculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Sumatra Utara, Medan, Sumatra Utara, Indonesia, Email: asahats_simbolon@yahoo.com,  bzikri@umt.edu.my,  criconurilham8@gmail.com

Education plays a vital role in ensuring the survival of the country. It aims to improve and develop the quality of human resources. Of these, the current study employs to investigate the supply chain strategy for enhancing teacher performance. This study uses motivation, discipline and communication as an independent variable. Meanwhile, the performance is the dependent variable. A total of 70 respondents participated in this study and collected by using a probability sampling. The data analysed using multiple linear regression model by assisting the statistical software, namely SPSS-25. In conclusion, the results of the analysis show that the variable of motivation, discipline and communication have a significant positive effect on teacher performance. Also, discipline is a determinant variable for enhancing teacher performance and followed by a communication variable. The variable of motivation only 5.5 per cent estimated the teacher performance. Pages 531 to 541




The Effects of Work-Family Conflict on Teachers’ Job Satisfaction: A Study in the East Coast of Malaysia

R Zirwatul Aida R Ibrahima, Jumadil Saputrab*, Nor Aizal Akmal Rohaizadc, Siti Sarawati Joharda,b,cFaculty of Business, Economics and Social Development, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, 21030 Kuala Nerus, Terengganu, Malaysia, dCentre of General Studies and Co-curricular, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, 86400 Parit Raja, Batu Pahat Johor, Malaysia, Email: Email: azirwatul@umt.edu.my, b*jumadil.saputra@umt.edu.my, caizal@umt.edu.my, dsarawati@uthm@edu.my

The current study investigates the effects of work on family conflict (WFC) and family to work conflict (FWC) on job satisfaction among school teachers in Terengganu, Kelantan and Pahang, Malaysia. A questionnaire survey approach was used as a method of quantitative data collection involving 487 respondents through multistage random sampling. A Structural Equation Modelling were analysed using AMOS 25 and SPSS 25 software. The findings revealed that only FWC contributes significantly to job satisfaction. The result provides insights into the type of conflicts influencing teachers’ job satisfaction and contributes to the literature of work-family conflict, especially the study focusing on Eastern culture respondents. Pages 542 to 556




Predictors Analysis of Physical Activity Participation among Young Adults

Seong-Hui Koa, Chulhyeong Parkb*, aSpecial researcher, Educational Science Research Institute, Jeju National University, 102, Jejudaehak-ro, Jeju-si, Jeju Special Self-Governing Province, 63243, Korea, bAcademic research professor, Educational Science Research Institute, Jeju National University, 102, Jejudaehak-ro, Jeju-si, Jeju Special Self-Governing Province, 63243, Korea, Email: aonlycheer337@naver.com,  b*pch0629@jejunu.ac.kr

Background/Objectives: The objective of this paper was to analyse the predictors and level of physical activity (PA) participation according to demographics and health-related characteristics of young adults residing in Jeju, Korea. Methods/Statistical analysis: We used the Global Physical Activity Questionnaire, the World Health Organization Quality of Life-BREF (WHOQL-BREF) and the statistical package for the social sciences (SPSS) statistical program and examined demographic characteristics (gender, age, occupation, economic level, etc.).  Findings: First, the level of PA participation was higher in males than in females, and the higher the economic status, subjective quality of life, physical factors, psychological factors, and environmental factors, the higher the rate of PA. Second, the predictors of medium-intensity activity were found to differ according to the level of physical factors. Third, the predictors of high-intensity activity differed according to gender and environmental factors. Fourth, the predictors of regular PA (600METs) were found to differ according to the economic condition, subjective quality of life, physical and environmental factors. Fifth, the predictors of health promotion physical activity (3,000 METs) differed according to gender, age, and subjective health status. Improvements/Applications: Therefore, it is necessary to establish a concrete strategy to improve the participation and accessibility of young adults according to PA-friendly environment and social and physical support. Pages 557 to 569




Actual Participation Status in Occupational Education and Training by Korean Middle Aged Workers and Factors Determining Occupational Education and Training

Jung-Ae Hwanga, Yun-Jeong Kimb*, Hyun-Jung Kangc, aMaster, Dept. of Elderly Welfare, Hanseo University, Republic of Korea, bProfessor, Dept. of Health, Counseling and Welfare, Hanseo University, Republic of Korea, cTeam manager, Chungcheongnam-do Institute for Lifelong Education, Republic of Korea, Email: achamja56@hanmail.net,  b*twoyun21@hanmail.net,  chj-cs@hanmail.net

Background/Objectives: The purpose of this study is to identify the actual status of participation in vocational education and training and the variables of determining the participation of middle aged workers. Methods/Statistical analysis: The data of 4,921 middle aged workers born from 1954 to 1978 whose age was 40 to 64 years old at the time of survey in 2017 was used for analysis out of a total of 14,477 respondents to the 20th Wave (2017) of Korea Labour & Income Panel Study. The frequency analysis, descriptive analysis and binary logistic regression analysis were performed using SPSS 21.0. Findings: Firstly, out of the middle aged workers, the proportion of paid workers was higher and the proportion of regular workers reached 70% showing the stability of employment structure. The job satisfaction was also high. Secondly, out of the middle aged workers, the workers who received the vocational education and training was 6.4% of the total showing that it is significantly low. Thirdly, in the results of analysing the factors of determining the participation in the vocational education and training, gender, health levels, form of employment, acquisition of certificate and  earned income had significant influence. Among them, the influence of earned income was the highest. In the case of females, the better the health level the more likely they were to participate in the vocational education and training. In the case of paid workers, acquiring the certificate within the past year combined with the higher the earned income meant they were more likely to participate in the vocational education and training. It also implies that the vocational education course is needs to be developed. Improvements/Applications: There is the need to encourage the workers to improve job performance and to prepare for the golden age through the vocational education in the company and governmental level. Pages 570 to 581




The Relationship between Self-identity and Career Preparation Behaviour among College Sports Players

Jong-Sik Lima, Kyung-Seok Hanb, Chun-Ho Yangc*, aPh.D. Student, Dept. of Physical Education, Kunsan University,  Kunsan, 54150, Korea, bDirector, Research Institute of Hans Marine, Anyang, 14059, Korea, cProfessor, Dept. of Marine Sports, Hanseo University, Seosan 31962, Korea, Email: asik1009@hanmail.net,    bhanstrd@empal.com,  c*healthyang@hanseo.ac.kr

Background/Objectives: This study was performed to examine the relationship between self-identity and career preparation behaviour among college sports players.

Methods/Statistical analysis: To examine the relationship among variables this research did correlation analysis, and to examine causal relationships among variables, it did multiple regression analysis.  The significance level was set at α=.05.

Findings: This study has come to the following results:  firstly, there is a positive relationship between self-identity and career preparation behaviour among college sports players. Secondly, self-identity has a statistically significant effect on career exploration. Thirdly, self-identity has a statistically significant effect on career exploration. Lastly, self-identity has a statistically significant effect on career consultation.

Improvements/Applications: In conclusion, such findings seem to demonstrate that the more confidently college sports players evaluate themselves, the more apparent their plans are and the more actively they seek information on future jobs, the more effort they make in their career preparation. Pages 582 to 594




Keyword Network Analysis on the Integrated Research Trends of Early Childhood Education and Childcare

Byung-Man Kima, Kang-Hoon Leeb*, aProfessor, Dept. of Early childhood education, Kyungnam University, Changwon, 51767, Republic of Korea, bDoctoral Candidate, Dept. of Early childhood education, Pusan National University, Busan, 46241 Republic of Korea, Email: abmkim@kyungnam.ac.kr,  b*darkengal@nate.com

Background/Objectives: The purpose of this study is to provide basic data on preparing a soft landing plan for the integration of early childhood education and childcare policies by exploring research trends of the integration of early childhood education and childcare through keyword network analysis. Methods/Statistical analysis: Based on the data provided by the National Research Foundation of Korea, we collected raw DATA on the keyword ‘integration early childhood education and childcare’. The collected data was subjected to a first and second refinement process, and 104 keywords were selected based on the extracted word frequency. A 1-mode matrix was created and a keyword network analysis was conducted. Findings: According to the needs of the times and the global trends, the number of papers in 2 periods than 1 period increased significantly. In addition, as a result of examining the research trend by periods, ‘teacher’, ‘certificate’, ‘perception’, ‘system’, and ‘teacher preparation program’ were important during period 1, while ‘In Jung children’s centers’, ‘policy’, ‘unification’, ‘infant’, ‘analysis’, ‘Nuri curriculum’ and young children’ were important during period 2. Based on these results, we suggested implications for integration early childhood education and childcare. Improvements/Applications: In the future, It is suggested not only to investigating the perception of integration early childhood education and childcare and to express opinions, but also to provide a place for regular discussion where all stakeholders participate in in-depth discussions on the soft landing plan of integration early childhood education and childcare policy do.Pages 595 to 607




The Acceptance of the eRezeki Digital Platform in Kuala Selangor, Malaysia

Nurhaiyyu Abdull Hamida, Noor Hasniza Haronb, Nik Anis Idayu Nik Abdullahc, Mazurina Mohd Alid, Nadiah Abd. Hamide, Norfadzilah Abdul Razakf, a,b,c,d,e,fUniversiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) Selangor Selangor, Malaysia, Email: anurhaiyyu1854@uitm.edu.my,  bhasniza330@uitm.edu.my,  cnikanis0209@uitm.edu.my,  dmazurina@uitm.edu.my,  enadiah201@uitm.edu.my,  fnorfadzilah0438@uitm.edu.my

This paper presents the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) in determining the acceptance of the eRezeki digital workforce platform among eRezeki trainees. The eRezeki Program was launched by the Malaysian government to support the Bottom 40 (B40) group by increasing their quality of life through the leveraging of digital economies. A group of 166 respondents in Kuala Selangor have taken part in the survey and joined the eRezeki training program in November 2019. The proposed model, which consists of perceived usefulness, perceived ease of use and behavioural intention, has been developed to measure the acceptance among eRezeki trainees in using the eRezeki digital platform to generate extra income. Pages 608 to 621




The Role of Mediation on Product Innovation and Market Orientation Related to both Entrepreneurial Orientation and Competitive Advantage

Margono Setiawana, Widi Dewi Ruspitasarib, Ifa Khoiria Ningrumc, aLecturer, Department of Management, University of Brawijaya, bLecturer, Department of Management, Institute Asia Malang, cIKIP PGRI, Bojonegoro,

The purpose of this study is to know and analyse the role of an entrepreneurial orientation towards competitive advantage of small and medium enterprise (UKM) through product innovation and market orientation. Entrepreneurial orientation is the character of entrepreneurship that is attached to an individual or an organisation. In this study, this character is either innovative, proactive or risk taker. The innovative character is the ability of the UKM to create products that are not only good quality but also provide more valuable products to its consumers. The proactive character is related to the UKM’s ability in responding to market phenomenon and adapting in the competitive atmosphere. The last, the risk taker, is related to the bravery and ability of the UKM in facing business risks as well as taking advantage of its opportunities. This study was conducted in UKMs that produce batik in the Malang Regency area. By utilising the quantitative explanatory research method and saturated sampling, the entire population of UKM batik producers in the Malang Regency area were used as the research sample. There are 66. The analytical tool is PLS. The research findings showed that an entrepreneurial orientation has a significant effect on competitive advantage. Product innovation and a market orientation also significantly affect competitive advantage. A market orientation partly mediates the effect of entrepreneurial orientation to competitive advantage. Pages 622 to 639




Economic Analysis of Local Day-Old Chicken Products at Cianjur District-West Java

Taslim Dawana*, Sjafril Daranab, Wendry Setiyadi Putrantoc, a,b,cFaculty of Animal Husbandry, Universitas Padjadjaran, Jalan Raya Bandung- Sumedang KM. 21, 45363, Sumedang-West Java, Indonesia, Email: a*taslim.dawan@yahoo.com

This research aims to analyse local Day Old Chicken (DOC) products and the impact of production factors at Jimmy’s farm hatchery in Cianjur district, West Java. The method employed in this research is case study, conducted through direct interviews. The research location was intentionally selected through purposive sampling. The collected data was analysed by using Output Unit Cobb-Douglas Production Function (OU-CDPF) technique via multiple regression (Econometric Views/Eviews software tool), and then followed by f-test and t-test. The results showed that the average local sales of the DOC product were 38,908 head/month, with an income of Rp 93,606,002.00 per month. Based on multiple linear regression analysis, the equation obtained is Ŷ =7.813+2.742X1-0.641X2-1.793X3+0.023X4+0.004X5+0.050X6. The determination coefficient value (R2) is 0.930. The business economic analysis of DOC hatching products was able to be explained by the number of fertile eggs, labour costs, electricity costs, cost of vaccines/drugs, fumigation costs and packing fees by as much as 93%, while the remaining 7% was influenced by outside variables. Through f-test, the independent variables (the number of fertile eggs, labour costs, electricity costs, cost of vaccines/medicine, fumigation costs and packaging costs) significantly impact the dependent variables at 0.05. Based on t-test of DOC, the hatching production factor was significantly influenced by the number of fertile eggs and electricity costs, while the other costs (labour costs, vaccine/medicine, fumigation and packaging costs) were not significant on the hatchery business. The more fertile eggs that were incubated, the more DOC were produced. Nevertheless, the electricity using was involved give expenditure cost determine. Pages 640 to 651




The Effect of Entrepreneurial Orientation and Organisational Culture on Firm Performance: The Mediating Role of Innovation

Waris Ali Khana*, Ramraini Ali Hassana, Muhammad Zulqarnain Arshadb, Muhammad Ali Arshadc, Umair Kashifd, Farhan Aslame, Syed Azizi Wafaa, a Faculty of Business, Economics and Accountancy, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Malaysia, b Department of Management Sciences, Lahore Garrison University, Pakistan, c School of Business Management, Universiti Utara Malaysia, Malaysia, d College of Economics and Management, Northeast Forestry University, China, e School of Management, Wuhan University of Technology, China, Email: a*warissalikhan@gmail.com

This study is concerned with conceptual model development, which examines the innovation influence on the relationship of organisational culture, entrepreneurial orientation and performance of large manufacturing firms in Pakistan. A total of 399 questionnaires were distributed to large manufacturing firms in Pakistan to assess the relationships between organisational culture, entrepreneurial orientation, innovation, and firm performance. The findings reveal that entrepreneurial orientation significantly influences the performance of large manufacturing firms in Pakistan. Meanwhile, the results also indicated that other factors such as organisational culture do not significantly relate to the manufacturing firm’s performance. Interestingly, the results had shown that the factor of innovation significantly mediated the relationships between organisational culture, entrepreneurial orientation and firm performance. Based on the results, it can be summarised that the mechanism used to enhance the innovative culture in the organisation will also contribute to the introduction, adoption and diffusion of innovations. Additionally, these factors would contribute to increased performance and achievement in the near future. Indeed, this statement is supported by numerous current and past studies conducted in Pakistan, where scholars found that innovation is the primary impetus of firm performance. However, there exists a very limited number of studies regarding the impact of innovation on organisational culture and entrepreneurial orientation in manufacturing firms in Pakistan. This study would lead to a significant contribution to the prevailing literature by empirically examining the relationship between organisational culture, entrepreneurial orientation, innovation and firm performance. Pages 652 to 677




An Ideal Leadership Concept to Reach Good and Clean Governance

Kobalena*, A. Juli Andi Ganib, Andi Fefta Wijayac, aPostgraduate Doctoral Program Student, Faculty of Administrative Sciences, Brawijaya University, Malang, Indonesia, b,cLecturer, Faculty of Administration and Post-Graduate, Brawijaya University, Malang, Indonesia, Email: a*kobalenfia@gmail.com

The purpose of this study is to analyse and interpret whether Asta Brata is an ideal leadership concept in realising good and clean governance. The research methodology uses a qualitative approach. The results of the study revealed Asta Brata is an ideal leadership concept in realising good and clean governance and gave birth to an ideal leader. This is evidenced by the principles of good and clean governance contained in the Asta Brata leadership concept. Every Brata in the concept of Asta Brata leadership is interrelated between saru and the others, so that in the context of simultaneous application it will produce perfect leadership and give birth to an ideal leader. , so that it can only realize 3 principles of Good and clean governance. This proves that if a leader adopts the overall concept of Asta Brata leadership, with wise and appropriate application, a good and clean form of government will be produced, and will produce an ideal leader. Pages 678 to 697




Enlivening Pedagogical Practices in EFL Grammar Classrooms Based on Kolb’s Four- Facet- Model

Iman El-Nabawi Abdel Wahed Shaalana,b, a College of Science and Humanities, Prince Sattam bin Abdulaziz University, KSA, b College of Humanities, Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt, Email: ai.shalaan@psau.edu.sa, iman.nabawi40@gmail.com

Kolb’s Experiential Learning Theory (ELT) is one among several theories and models that have been raised in order to understand students’ various learning styles. This theory postulates creating a learning environment that makes it easier for students to link their prior knowledge to real-life situations; allowing them to transfer what they learned in one context to another by applying their new experiences to real-life situations. The present study investigated the impact of Kolb’s experiential learning theory to enliven pedagogical practices in EFL grammar classrooms at the English Language Department, College of Humanities, Prince Sattam bin Abdulaziz University, KSA. A need has been felt to adopt such pedagogical practices and suitable teaching methodologies that might motivate students to learn according to their different individual learning styles. This objective was implemented in this study by exploring learners’ different learning styles that facilitated the modeling of the content in a way that created a creative, live and authentic relationship between learners and the learning environment. The study sampled a total of sixty EFL students who were divided equally between control and experimental groups. The experimental group received teaching through Kolb’s four facet cycle, while the control group was taught according to the conventional teaching method. A t-test was used to measure the difference between the mean scores of both the control and experimental groups. Significance of the difference between the mean of both groups was tested at a 0.05 level. Results of the post-test proved the improvement of the experimental group class interaction in grammar skills due to the application of the experiential learning as an innovative teaching/learning method, taking into consideration the learners’ learning preferences. Pages 698 to 717




The Digital Comic Tantri Kamandaka: A Discovery for National Character Education

I Wayan Swandia, Arya Pageh Wibawab, Gede Yoga Kharisma Pradanac, I Nyoman Suarkad  Department of Visual Communication Design, Faculty of Fine Arts and Design, Denpasar Institute of Indonesian Artsa,b, Hotel Management, International Institute of Tourism and Businessc, Ancient Javanese Literature, Udayana Universityd; Email: yoga@stpbi.ac.id

The purpose of this study is to uncover aspects of the national character education from a digital comic titled Tantri Kamandaka. Tantri Kamandaka is known as a traditional story that is conveyed orally in the context of informal education. However, Tantri Kamandaka is developing in the form of digital comics. The problems are 1) What is the Tantri Kamandaka story in the form of digital comics?; 2) Are digital comics with Tantri Kamandaka able to educate? This research was completed by using the qualitative method. Qualitative methods became a major part of the search mechanism and data analysis of this applied research. All research data was collected using library studies, observations and interviews with interview guidelines. All data was analysed qualitatively using symbol theory and the power of knowledge theory. The results showed that: 1) The form of the Tantri Kamandaka story in digital comics is delivered with illustrations of animals and colorful cartoon characters in several short story segments. It can be read and obtained through electronic media connected to the internet network; 2) There is a reflection of the strengthening of national character in the Tantri Kamandaka story in digital comics as education.Pages 718 to 732




Cyberbullying on the Internet and Mobile Phones among Thai Youth

Penchan Pradubmook-Sherera, Engchuan Karansupamasb, aDepartment of Society and Health, Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities Mahidol University, Salaya campus, Nakornchaisri, Nakornpathom  73170 Thailand, bLanguage Center,Faculty of Graduate Studies, Mahidol University, Salaya campus, Nakornchaisri, Nakornpathom  73170 Thailand, Email: a*penchan.she@mahidol.ac.th,  bfujianmanster@gmail.com

This study deals with Thai youths’ use of the internet and mobile phones. Parameters included interests, duration of use, and abuse by means of the Internet and mobile phone, involving both cyberbullying perpetration and victimisation, in the form of threats, sexual solicitation, and harassment. We draw the random sample from three main geographical areas of Thailand: The West (rural area), Bangkok (metropolitan area) and the South (Muslim area). Two schools in each area were randomly sampled, which together included 1305 participants; 763 were female (58.5%). The main results indicate that Thai youths’ use of the internet is moderate compared with international figures. While females use the internet and mobile phones to a higher extent than males, males are more likely to be cyberbullies and be cyberbullied on the net. Even though the participants from the Southern Muslim area use the internet and mobile phones less than in the other two regions, they experience abuse much more frequently. The theoretical contribution of this article to the field is the recognition of the family characteristics’ influence on the cyberbullying of youth, and the strengthening of the ecological theory applicable to the explanation of the cyberbullying phenomenon. Pages 733 to 756




Using Technology for Productive, Creative Purpose

Mrs Leticia Nischang Cusanelli, The University of Newcastle, Australia.

Dr Deborah Trevallion, The University of Newcastle, Australia.

In this article, we explore how creativity is impacted, positively and negatively by educational technology, as fundamental constructs of 21st century education. Creativity is one of the most important and noted skills for success in the 21st century and it is essential to ensure its productivity. This article offers clear definitions of technology and creativity and suggest how ones creative productivity can be impacted upon due to a failure to recognise poorly developed technological skills. Students require time to learn the required technological skills and freely available software. Time must be devoted to learning the functions of the program application before developing creative solutions to problems. It is suggested that effective infusion of creativity and technology in education must begin with building technological skills before moving to a problem solving or a STEM approach to learning that builds creativity. This article provides practical implications with broad recommendations and builds discourse around infusion of creative thinking and technology in 21st century educational systems. Pages 1 to 12




Work, Wellbeing and Creativity: The Role of Social Infrastructure

Jim Shorthose, School of Design, University of Lincoln, United Kingdom

Discussions of the relationships between work and wellbeing has historically been coloured by managerialist concerns to integrate the individual into the pre-existing requirements of the work organization, and as such it has often led to a less than authentic concern with a full picture of what wellbeing might be for a fully rounded individual. After providing a critique of this inauthenticity, this article suggests that a consideration of the hallmarks of creative work might help one to arrive at this fuller picture. It goes on to discuss this against the context of imminent technological unemployment and the advent of universal income schemes. It contends that this context, along with the possibilities of developing broad social infrastructures to support creativity, hints at practically feasible possibilities for the expansion of wellbeing. Pages 13 to 32




Irritable Bowel Syndrome amongst Medical Students in Oman - A cross sectional study

Hamdi Saleh Al-Mutoria, Mazin Saleh Al-Rudainib, Faisal Moinc, Hamed Al Reesid, Ahmed F. Omare, Sultan Mohammed Al-Mazrouif, a,b,cAssistant professor, National University of Science and Technology, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Oman, dStudies and Research, Directorate of Planning and Studies-NBG, Ministry of Health, Oman, eSenior Specialist Gastroenterology, Department of General Medicine, Sohar Hospital,  Ministry of Health, Oman, fMedical officer, OMSB, Oman,

Objectives: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a globally common functional gastrointestinal disorder which mainly affects people with high levels of stress. Given that medical students are presumably exposed to  higher levels of stress in comparison to others, this study aims to assess the prevalence of IBS in Medical students as well as possible associated risk factors. Method: A cross-sectional study  was carried out at the National University of Technology and Health Sciences, College of Medicine, Oman during the period between 1 June and 2 July 2017. A comprehensive self-administered questionnaire was used to cover the following aspects : Age and gender, grade, possible triggers or risk factors, Rome IV Criteria, generalised anxiety score and family history of IBS. Results: A total of 464 students participated in the study, from which  38.9% (n=179) were detected to have IBS. The identified types of IBS include diarrhea (38.5%), mixed diarrhea and constipation (36.3%) and constipation (25.1%). The prevalence of IBS was higher amongst female students (41.3%). Year 2 students showed the highest prevalence (Students with positive family history of IBS showed higher IBS prevalence rate. The prevalence rate of IBS increased with increased anxiety levels and the difference was almost significant. Conclusion: More than a third of medical students included in our study, have shown symptoms consistent with undiagnosed IBS. It seems that high level of stress (represented by subjective anxiety) might play an important role in such high prevalence. Implementing effective measures to decrease stress levels may be beneficial in  dealing with this problem which subsequently reflects positively on students’ quality of life and academic performance. Pages 33 to 44




Designing Local Standard Growth Charts of Children in East Java Province Using a Local Linear Estimator

Nur Chamidaha*, Badrus Zamanb, Lailatul Munirohc, Budi Lestarid, a,bDepartment of Mathematics, Faculty of Sci. and Tech., Airlangga University, cDepartment of Health Nutrition, Faculty of Public Health, Airlangga University Campus C-UNAIR, Mulyorejo Street, Surabaya 60115, Indonesia, dMathematics Department, Fac. of Math. and Natural Sci., The University of Jember, Indonesia, Email: a*nur-c@fst.unair.ac.id

In this study we propose new designs of standard growth charts of children called a local standard growth chart (LSGC) which is significantly more suitable for children aged up to five years old in the East Java province of Indonesia than the WHO-2005 standard growth chart (WSGC), to assess their nutrition status.  The proposed designs are LSGC of weight, LSGC of height and LSGC of BMI which are based on  age by using a sample of children aged up to five years from East Java province. Children around one year old grow up rapidly then slowly. Also, growth patterns of boys and girls are different. Hence, we use predictor variables that consist of sex as a parametric component and age as a nonparametric component, leading to a semiparametric local linear model approach for constructing LSGC. Results show that the obtained median models of LSGC have satisfied the goodness of model fitting criterions, that include determining coefficient (R2) of 0.997 and  mean squared error of 0.21. In addition, the percentage of normal status of nutrition for children is considered province based on LSGC which are higher than those based on WSGC. LSGC  can be used by the Government for assessing the status of nutrition of children from East Java . Pages 45 to 67




Sustainable Development in Islam: A Study regarding the Possibility of Achieving Development Goals in Iraq

Asmaa Jssim Mohammeda, aCollege of administration and Economics, University of Baghdad, Iraq, Email: adr.asmma.j@coadec.uobaghdad.edu.iq

Sustainable human development means meeting the basic needs of society and striving for continuous improvement in quality, as it seeks to increase economic well-being while providing adequate housing and  nutrition, as well as providing electricity, water, health and education services . Ten centuries ago, Islam highlighted  the importance of the development effort and the necessity of its sustainability before the West took  it in the 1970s. There are a number of challenges that greatly affect the reality of achieving and ensuring  Millennium Development Goals. The research recommends the importance of fighting administrative and financial corruption, as this is one of the biggest challenges facing the possibility of advancing the economy and achieving Millennium Development Goals, as well as adopting a national development policy that seeks to set goals and programs that would achieve realistic goals in terms of reducing rates of inflation, unemployment, and poverty , thereby improving the indicators of sustainable development. Pages 68 to 84




The Effect of Private and Public Consumption on  Economic Exposure in Iraq during the Period (2004-2018) by Using (ARDL) Model

Mustafa Kamil Rasheeda, Ahmed Hadi Salmanb, Suhad Ali Shaheedc, a,b,cMembers in faculty in college of Administration and Economics / Mustansiriyah University, Email: adr_mustafa_kamel@uomustansiriyah.edu.iq,  bdr.ahmadhidi@uomustansiriyah.edu.iq,  cdr.suhadali@uomustansiriyah.edu.iq

After 2003, Iraq began  facing a new challenge  in resuming the export of crude oil to international markets after stopping it for more than a decade. It was possible to use the proceeds of oil exports to rebuild Iraq’s economy , which was destroyed by  economic sanctions, however Iraq has failed to manage these huge revenues and directed them towards reviving various productive activities and address imbalances in the production structure. Iraq has taken expansionary economic measures that have led to increased income levels and consequently increased consumption at the expense of saving. These expansionary measures were not accompanied by supportive measures to increase the gross domestic product, which was further affected as a result of deteriorating security  and the armed conflict witnessed by  Iraq witnessed during the period of this study. This, in turn, has led to the decline of most industries and the closure of many local enterprises and companies, which has caused an increase in the volume of imports  meeting the surplus of domestic demand, that is, increasing economic exposure. This study aims to shed light on the relationship between private and public consumption on the one hand and  Iraq’s economic exposure  on the other. According to the  hypothesis, there is a positive relationship between private and public consumption and economic exposure. In order to determine the factors affecting this phenomenon, a number of macroeconomic indicators were used in  addition to using econometric methods to estimate the magnitude of impact through (ARDL) model. The study concludes that the effect of public consumption is greater than private consumption on economic exposure. The study recommends that the imbalance in gross domestic product should be addressed in order to address the imbalance in the structure of exports and imports. Pages 85 to 104




Educational Human Resource Management Strategy SWOT Analysis for Thailand’s OBEC

Charoen Suksupa, Paitoon Pimdeeb, Prasittisak Sirijarupatc, a,bFaculty of Industrial Education and Technology, cFaculty of Liberal Arts, King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang (KMITL), Bangkok, Thailand, Email: acharoen.5554@gmail.com,  bpaitoon.pi@kmitl.ac.th,  cprasitsiri38@gmail.com

The sample group consisted of 566 education and human resource management (HRM) professionals in one of 175 Educational Service Areas (ESA) under Thailand’s Office of the Basic Education Commission (OBEC). A questionnaire concerning the HRM strategy was used for the SWOT analysis. The findings showed that the strengths (s) from the internal environment analysis included clear measures on manpower planning, good-governance recruitment and placement. However, the analysis also showed that weaknesses (w) included the establishment of an unlawful commission (OTEPC), difficulty regarding appointments due to various staff positions, and delayed disciplinary acts, investigations, and follow-up. Opportunities (O) included four external factors. These were having a redeployment policy, good-governance management, staff placement precedence determined by a rewards system and having duty awareness. The threats (T) comprised of Thailand’s national policy which is constantly changing and  affects educational and administration manpower planning, rules and regulations as well as the recruitment of qualified persons for legal work. Pages 105 to 120




Ownership Structure and the Likelihood of Financial Reporting Fraud

Hadri Kusumaa, Nadhira Fitrianib, a,bIslamic University of Indonesia, Email: a883120104@uii.ac.id,  bnadhira.f29@gmail.com

Ownership structure can minimise the likelihood of financial reporting fraud. Previous studies have used a certain kind of ownership to assess the intention of cheating. This study simultaneously integrates types of ownership and aims to determine the influence of ownership structure on the likelihood of financial reporting fraud. It is a quantitative study with a sample of 353 firm-year companies listed in the Indonesian Stock Exchange (IDX) between  2013 and 2017. The sampling technique consists of  purposive sampling, while the data collection method uses data from the company’s financial report taken from the Indonesian Capital Market Directory or the company’s official website. The results  indicate that managerial , institutional  and foreign ownership have a negative and significant effect on the likelihood of financial reporting fraud. On the other hand, family ownership and public ownership do not affect the possibility of financial reporting fraud. Pages 121 to 140




The Use of Technology and Teachers’ Competency Development in Inclusive Education Learning: A Study in Central Java, Indonesia

Dianaa*, Sunardib, Gunarhadic, Munawir Yusufd, a,b,c,dDoctoral Program in  Educational Science, Sebelas Maret University, Email: a*diana@mail.unnes.ac.id,  bsunardi.ipuns@gmail.com,  cgunarhadi@fkip.uns.ac.id,  dmunawir_uns@yahoo.co.id

This study aims to provide an insight for an application of inclusive education in the institutions of early childhood education and the ability of teachers to use instructional technology in inclusive classes. Part of the success of the application of inclusive education at the level of early childhood education is the perception of teachers as the mainstream educators to children including those with special needs and their management of learning; including the use of media and learning resources. This research applied survey research that involved 25 teachers who teach in inclusive classes in the Central Java region. The data source of this research was obtained through an instrument in the form of a questionnaire with open and closed questions. The result found that in the application of inclusive education, teachers have positive perceptions and beliefs towards the implementation of inclusive education. The utilisation of media and technology-based learning resources in supporting the learning process in inclusive classes is influenced by age factors of the teachers themselves, where early childhood education teachers who are older and have extensive teaching experience are having difficulty in utilising technology-based media and learning resources due to their inability to use them. On the contrary, young teachers who already have experience in using technology will be able to utilise technology-based media and learning resources more significantly and efficiently, without denying that learning will be more meaningful if accompanied with concrete media and learning from the surrounding environment. The results of the observations and interviews conducted also showed that teachers still experience some difficulties in classroom management because of their limited management knowledge and skills in the inclusive classes. They need to do some training to improve their competence to manage the learning process for children with special needs in inclusive classes. Pages 141 to 153




The Role of Effective and Efficient Coordination between Intelligence Agencies

Sunarko, M.Ra, Khaiul Mulukb, Bambang S Hariyonoc, aStudent Doctoral Program, Faculty Of Administrative Science, Brawijaya University, b,cLecturer Doctoral Program, Faculty Of Administrative Science, Brawijaya University,

Early detection is needed in order to prevent the occurrence of various threats, as is a formidable and professional State Intelligence. This can be done by strengthening the cooperation and coordination of State Intelligence by respecting the law, democratic values, and human rights as mandated in the Constitution of the Republic of the Republic Indonesia in 1945. To achieve the objectives or tasks of the state intelligence agency, coordination is necessary, namely as a synchronous and orderly effort to provide the right amount and time, and direct the implementation to produce a uniform and harmonious action on the determined targets. In order to realise integrated intelligence measures and results, effective and efficient coordination and cooperation between intelligence agencies in the Republic of Indonesia is needed. Intelligence as a tool of government is an important issue. This issue becomes even more important when thinking deeper into the role of intelligence in the future versus global issues. Where the organisation of the National Intelligence Agency as the organiser of the coordination function is less supportive, differences in operational standards set by each intelligence agency is separate. Therefore, the National Intelligence Agency as the coordinator of the state intelligence agency has not been able to carry out its function as the coordinator of all intelligence agencies. Pages 154 to 170




The Influence of Halal Product Expectation, Social Environment, and Fiqih Knowledge on Intention to Use Shariah Financial Technology Products

Marzuki Marzukia, Nurdin Nurdinb, aFaculty of Syariah, Institut Agama Islam Negeri Palu, bFaculty of Islamic Economics and Business, Institut Agama Islam Negeri Palu, Email: amarzuki@iainpalu.ac.id,  bnnurdin@iainpalu.ac.id

The emergence of information technology has supported the growing Financial Technology (FinTech) industry in Indonesia. Similarly, the sharia financial technology industry also grows rapidly due to Muslim adoption of information technology for financial transaction. However, limited studies have been conducted to understand the factors that influence Muslim consumers to adopt sharia FinTech products. Through the use of the variables of halal product expectation, social environment, and fiqih knowledge, we surveyed eighty Muslim sharia FinTech consumers to understand whether those three variables affect their intention to use sharia FinTech products such as online loans. The results show that halal product expectation and fiqih knowledge factors have significantly affect Muslim consumers in Indonesia to use sharia FinTech products. Meanwhile, social environment, such as friends or higher Muslim figures, does not influence Muslim consumers to use the sharia FinTech products. We conclude that sharia FinTech companies should focus on improving their products to comply with Islamic sharia principles rather than using social environment to attract Muslim consumers to purchase their products. Future research may require more variable in similar studies to increase validity and reliability. Pages 171 to 193




Implicit Measure of Language Attitude: Study of Punjabi Native Speakers by Using Matched Guise Technique

Furrakh Abbasa, Muhammad Kashif Jalilb, Hammad Nazir Zakic, Faisal Irfand, a,dSchool of Languages, Civilization and Philosophy (SLCP), University Utara Malaysia, bNUML Lahore, Pakistan, cUniversity of Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan, Email: a*furrakh.abbas@gmail.com

The current study aims to investigate the language attitude of Punjabi native speakers by using implicit measure technique of matched guise. Punjabi is the mother tongue of the majority of the population in Pakistan, but it has been observed that the Punjabi has not obtained the status of a prestigious language in the country. In the backdrop of such a situation, it was necessary to conduct research to compare the language attitude of the Punjabi native speakers towards their mother tongue in contrast with English and Urdu. It has been commonly observed that the direct techniques of language attitude like surveys by using interview or questionnaire often yield socially desirable responses. So, the use of an indirect technique like matched guise has been considered appropriate for analysing the subconscious thought patterns of the language speakers. In the current study, the matched guise technique required the respondents to rate the ten speakers on a seven-dimensional language attitude trait scale (LATS) which comprised twenty-seven personality traits. The findings indicate that the participants of the research awarded the best possible status to the English language; the status given to Urdu language was also quite high, while they perceived quite low status for Punjabi language. The results from the application of paid sample t test reveal that the language attitudes of Punjabi native speakers differ significantly across Punjabi, Urdu and English languages.  The respondents showed the highest positive attitudes towards English language, high positive towards Urdu while their attitude towards Punjabi language was not very positive even on the dimension of solidarity. With respect to gender, no significant differences were recorded on the base of gender while the demographic variable of age was found to have significant influence on the formation of language attitude. The study implicates that there is further need to collect data in order to explore and account for this age based variation. The study also implicates that there is dire need to counter the influence of English as international language to work for the development of indigenous languages like Punjabi. The study concludes that the process of language shift with respect to Punjabi language may take place as this implicit attitude is expected to find articulation in the language practice patterns of the respondents. Pages 194 to 206




Identifying Weaknesses and Possible Development Solutions for The Iraqi Economy

Abdulwahab M. Jawad AL.Musawia, Maan Abood Alib, Ahmed Jassim Al-Yasiric*, Heider Nima Bekheetd, Hasan Latef Ke, a,c,d,eUniversity of Kufa, Faculty of Administration and Economics, Najaf, Iraq, bUniversity of Misan, Faculty of Administration and Economics, Misan, Iraq, Email: c*ahmedj.alyaseri@gmail.com

The paper aims to identify weaknesses in the Iraqi economy, which suffers from many problems. It also attempts to suggest appropriate development solutions for Iraqi economy. The paper adopts a descriptive analytical approach to review the ideas and proposals included in the research. The results show the absence of the institutional role and confusion in immature economic policies and programs, as well as a prominent deterioration in most economic and social indicators. Therefore, it is necessary to adopt alternative policies, including diversifying the economy and activating the role of other productive sectors, establishing a sovereign fund to invest surplus oil revenues and developing them in productive investments, revitalizing the private sector and enabling it increase economic activity. Pages 207 to 224




Juncture as a Poetic Device

Siham Mohammed Hasan Alkawwaza, aUniversity of Kufa/ Faculty of Languages/ Department of English, Email: asiham.alkawwaz@uokufa.edu.iq

The investigation of juncture, as a poetic device, involves an area of study that straddles the boundary between linguistics and literary studies and in each of which juncture plays a distinct role. Juncture serves as a suprasegmental phonemic cue, being a means to signal the borders of most words and groups of words in speech. In literary language, it contributes in creating a type of ambiguity that enriches texts with multiple meanings and thus poetic effects. While considerable work has been done to explore the significance of juncture in speech, very poor attention has been given to its role in literature. This study, therefore, takes this role by probing the poetic aspects of juncture that govern its use in literary texts. It also analyses some texts to show its mechanism to produce poetic effects. The study concludes that juncture serves as a device of style to create phonological ambiguity necessary for wordplay. Pages 225 to 239




The Effect of Corporate Social Responsibility and Financial Performance on Stock Returns

Moch. Fathonya, Akhsanul Khaqb, Endri Endric*, aKALBIS Institute, Jakarta, Indonesia,  bBadan Pemeriksa Keuangan The Audit Board of Republic Indonesia, cUniversitas Mercubuana, Email: afathony_gpv@yahoo.com,  bsanulhaq@yahoo.com,  c*endri@mercubuana.ac.id

The research intends to analyse the effect of corporate social responsibility (CSR) activities and financial performance which is proxy by the growth of cash flow (CFG) and return on assets (ROA) on the return of company shares. This study uses a sample of 7 companies that are part of the ASTRA group for the period 2014 to 2018 with a total of 35 research observational data. By using a general effect model that gives the result that CFG and ROA significantly influence stock returns, while CSR factors have no effect. Simultaneous testing states that the combination of CSR factors and financial performance (CFG) and (ROA) together affect the company's stock returns. This finding implies that companies cannot rely on CSR activities to increase stock returns, but rather focus on improving the company's financial performance. Pages 240 to 252




Managing Fintech’s Destruction through Innovative Banking: An Empirical Investigation

Adam Konto Kyaria, aDepartment of Accounting, College of Business Administration, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, P. O. Box 1982, Dammam, Saudi Arabia, Email: a*akkyari@iau.edu.sa

This study investigates the extent to which Nigerian banks manage fintech’s destruction through innovative banking. Guided by the sensing and responding theory, data was collected via a questionnaire and analysed using Kruskal-Wallis and Post-hoc pairwise comparisons tests. The study found, among other things, that Nigerian banks are well aware of threats pose by fintech companies and are effectively managing the threats through competitive innovative banking products and services. Equally, the study found that Nigerian banks are not lagging in the provision of innovative banking services. The study concludes that fintech is destructive and Nigerian banks are proactive in managing it. Further studies are recommended to examine the effect of each of the banking products and services in managing the destruction from fintech. Pages 253 to 274




The Relationship between Brand Identity and Customer Engagement: An Analytical Study with a Sample of Faculty Members from University of Al-Qadisiyah Colleges

Hussein Falah Wareda, Sanaa Saad Kadhimb, Thaer Farhoodc, a,cBusiness Administration & Economic College, Al-Qadisiyah University, Iraq, bTechnical Institute, Diwania, Iraq,

The purpose of the current study was to test the nature of the relationship between brand identity and customer engagement with its dimensions (enthusiasm, attention, absorption, interaction, and identification). Accordingly, a sample of faculty members was chosen in the colleges of Al-Qadisiyah University, as 247 questionnaires were distributed to the study sample, which means the necessity to indicate the tools that are used in order to show the results of the study. Therefore, the most important statistical tools that were used for this purpose were represented in the structural equation modelling SEM, Alpha Cronbach’s coefficient, and the normality distribution represented by the "Kolmogorov-Smirnov, Shapiro-Wilk" tests, arithmetic mean, standard deviation, variance, materiality, the Pearson correlation coefficient, and regression coefficients obtained by the AMOS.V. 24 program. The study results showed that there are a correlation and significant impact between the mental image of the brand and customer engagement, and the most important findings of the study were the attention in providing the distinct personality of the brand, which is tailored to the requirements, expectations, and perceptions of customers. Pages 291 to 313




A Study of Discourse Intonation in a Selected Interview of Mohammed Ali Clay: A Phono-Pragmatic Analysis

Zainab Abbodi Alia, aSouthern Technical University College of Health and Medical Techniques Department of Medical Laboratories Iraq, Email: azainababudiusm@yahoo.com

This study investigates the role of discourse intonation in a religious interview of Mohammad Ali Clay with a young Muslim based on Brazil’s model of discourse intonation (1997). This paper specifically focuses on determining the intonational meanings regarding the key and termination meanings and the role of dominance and non-dominance of the speaker in the discourse. Most previous research has focused on investigating the role of discourse intonation in the classroom, particularly the pedagogical issues ignoring the linguistic issues. Therefore, this study bridges the gap in the literature as it investigates a religious text, which shows how the intended meaning and its function, specifically in Clay’s interview, clarifies using the components of Brazil’s model of discourse intonation. This study has mainly concluded that the equative meaning is the most common meaning used in Clay’s interview, which reflects that the young Muslim and Clay interact in their speech with each other and each one of them expects information which they try to convey during the discourse. Besides, non-dominance is the most common role in their speech. This reveals that the speaking style of both the characters of Clay and the young Muslim is simple style with a very low tone, particularly Clay, who reflects his modesty in talking about Islam, his beliefs in Allah, and how this religion is different from all other religions, specifically Christianity.Pages 314 to 330




Strategy of Campursari Music Management in Simalungun District

Heristina Dewia*, Arwina Sufikab, Arifninetrirosac, a,b,cFaculty of Cultural Sciences, University of Sumatera Utara, Email: a*heristinadewi@gmail.com

Campursari is a musical colour, produced from a combination of gamelan and Javanese culture musical instruments and Jaipong drum and keyboard. This study identifies strategies for Campursari music management. This is a qualitative method of research. The techniques are snowball sampling used by observation, interview, and documentation for data collection. The findings show that Campursari music research can be seen in Campursari Jangkep (full version) performed with complete gamelan (ringkes). Campursari music and successful teamwork also lead to the Campursari music group which keeps this music alive. Pages 331 to 340




The Use of Comics in Social Studies Material and Its Effect on Achievement and Retention among Second-Grade Students

Hala Lateef Husseina, aAssistant lecturer, Al-Mustansiriyah University, College of Education, Email: alteef2020hala@gmail.com

The research aims to know the effect of comic and comic method for second-graders (average students) for social studies. In order to reach the goal and hypotheses of the research, the researcher chose the experimental design (with partial control) from the type of partial post-test for the two equal groups. The research sample consisted of 61 female students from the second intermediate class, who are studying social studies at the Directorate of Education, Rusafa / First. As the sample of the research was randomly chosen from the students of the Hariri Elementary School located in the Naguib Pasha region in Adhamiya, in a simple random way, two middle-class divisions were also chosen and distributed in two groups - the traditional way in experimental and taught according to the cartoon and comic method, and the control group taught according to the usual method, after the researcher conducted parity operations between the two groups in the following variables (students' chronological age, academic achievement for the previous year 2017-2018, and intelligence). In order to achieve the goal of the research, the researcher prepared an achievement test consisting of 30 paragraphs after confirming its sincerity by submitting it to experts and arbitrators, as well as extracting its reliability by reapplying it. After correcting the answers and statistically processing the data, the research results showed the superiority of the experimental group students who studied the social studies subject of the same subjects according to the achievement test.  In the light of the results of the research, the researcher reached a number of recommendations, including using the comic method not only in the field of social studies, but also using this method in other subjects, and this has an impact on increasing educational achievement and retention, because successful teaching depends on the personality of the teacher and his intelligence and on his use of different teaching methods. The researcher also suggested conducting a number of future studies, including conducting similar studies in other dependent variables, including developing creative and contemplative thinking and developing geographical concepts, as the researcher also suggested conducting other studies in variables of other levels of education for both genders. Pages 341 to 355




Tax Compliance in Income Tax Payments

Raden Rudi Alhempia, Irfan Ardiansyahb, Sri Yani Kusumastutic*, Endri Endrid, aProgram Studi Manajamen. STIE Persada Bunda, Pekanbaru Riau, Indonesia, bSTIH Persada Bunda, Pekanbaru, Riau, Indonesia, cProgram Studi Magister Ilmu Ekonomi, Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis, Universitas Trisakti, Jakarta, DKI Jakarta, Indonesia, dUniversitas Mercu Buana, Jakarta, Indonesia, Email: arudi.alhempi@gmail.com, birfanardiansyah@ymail.com,  csriyani.k@trisakti.ac.id,  dendri@mercubuana.ac.id

This research aims to estimate factors that influence the perception of the taxpayer on tax compliance to pay personal income tax. The data obtained was from primary data. Respondents are registered taxpayers and unregistered taxpayers in the region in Pekanbaru, Province of Riau. The data was estimated by the structural equation model. Four factors used are social norms, justice, hope, and the complexity of the tax rules. The result shows that the determinants of tax compliance in the region Pekanbaru is the perception of social norms and justice. The higher the sense of justice and social norms, the higher the level of tax compliance. To increase the level of tax compliance it is necessary to make efforts to improve the quality of tax services and transparency in the tax administration. Improved social and legal sanctions are also expected to increase tax compliance. Pages 356 to 374




Identifying the Intellectual Pollution and Emptiness of University Students with Unilateral Mental Personalities

Nasser Hussein Nassera, aAl-Muthanna University, College of Basic Education, Psychological Counseling and Educational Guide Department, Email: ana19ss63@gmail.com

The aim of the study is to identify the intellectual pollution and emptiness of university students with Single Minded Personality, and to know the differences in the variables of the study according to the variables: Gender (male, female), scientific / human,. The sample of the study consisted of 400 male and female students from Al-Muthanna University for the academic year 2018-2019. The results of the study have revealed the existence of pollution and intellectual emptiness, and Single-Minded Personality in various degrees in the university students. The study also has found that there is a correlation between the two variables: gender (male, female), and the study specialisation (scientific, human). The study found that there is intellectual pollution and individual intellectual emptiness, and there is a contribution to the pollution and intellectual emptiness in the Single-Minded Personality of university students; based on these results, the researcher put forward a number of recommendations and suggestions. Pages 375 to 391




The Family Welfare Empowerment Movement (PKK) as a Structure Relationship and Agent in Community Empowerment

Ida Wiendijartia, Hermin Indah Wahyunib*, Roso Witjaksonoc, a,b,cProgram Extension and Development Communication, Gadjah Mada University, Indonesia, Email: b*herminkilo12@gmail.com

This research is motivated by the fact that that women have great potential in poverty alleviation activities through community and group empowerment. One of the organisations that is expected to become a potential container for development is Family Welfare Empowerment (PKK). The demand for PKK's flexibility to become a development agent and change agent is stronger, because PKK is one of the organisations working at the civil society level in improving family welfare and it is more effective because of the cadres reaching up to the village level. In today's democracy, it is interesting to examine how the PKK works, as an organisation formed by the government from the central to the village level, capable to act as an ideal female empowerment agency. The use of the structural theory from Giddens is used to look at the relationships of structures and actors within the PKK's institutions, in its ability to respond to new challenge, so there needs to be a substantive renewal in the work program and organisational management in the future. Data was collected using a qualitative approach, with in-depth interviews and participatory observation, in the PKK of the Sleman District. The role of the Chairperson of the PKK Mover Team with its various powers based on the basic rules of the PKK, enables agents to transform their formal power into a relatively unlimited capacity to produce creative actions in turning constraints into opportunities; so this is why the PKK today still remains and exists as a women's empowerment organisation. Pages 392 to 405




Bringing Religious Value to Public Service Motivation

Dian Suluh Kusuma Dewia*, Achmad Nurmandib, Dyah Mutiarinc, Hazel Jovitad, Salahudine, Ekapti Wahjuni Djuwitaningsihf, a,fDepartment of Government Science, Universitas Muhammdiyah Ponorogo, Indonesia, b,cDepartment of Government and Public Administration, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta, Indonesia, dDepartment of Political Science, Msu-iligan Institute of Technology, Philippines, eDepartment of Government Science, Universitas Muhammdiyah Malang, Indonesia, Email: a*suluh.dian@gmail.com

The role of socio-historical study is the Public Service Motivation (PSM) attachment brought by James Perry. 4 dimensions of PSM are associated with parental socialisation, religious socialisation, professional identification, and political ideology. This study aims to do a comparative analysis of the influence of social background, religiosity, and voluntary activities on the motivation among public servants in Indonesia and the Philippines. By using the qualitative approach, primary data were obtained from 20 employees in the form of in-depth interviews of key informants. Analysis of the data in this article used the software NVivo 12 Plus. The results showed that the value of religiosity has the most significant impact in Indonesia and the Philippines. However, family socialisation and volunteer activities contribute to the PSM. Pages 406 to 424




The Predictive Strength of Academic Performance in Passing the Philippine Nurse Licensure Examination

Jordan H. Llegoa, Salman Al- Saqrib, Ellen P. Gabrielc, Jennie L. Corpusd, a,bCollege of Nursing, University of Ha’il, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, aGraduate School, Texila American University, Georgetown Guyana, c,dCollege of Nursing, University of Luzon, Philippines, Email: allegojordan@gmail.com,  bs.alsaqri@uoh.edu.sa,  culcn@ul.edu.ph,  dJennie.corpus@gmail.com

This study aimed to examine the existing relationship between academic performance and Philippine Nurse Licensure Examination (NLE) rating; assess the predictive strength of academic performance in passing the Philippine NLE; and find out the percentage of contribution of academic performance of nursing graduates in passing their Philippine NLE. This study used correlational and regression analysis. Total enumeration was employed through the use of archives, with 107 collected data from nursing graduates batch 2014- 2016. Data collection was from June 2018 to July 2018.  The statistical test used were mean, SD, Pearson-r and Multiple Regression Analysis. Results were as follows: regarding grade in Nursing Care Management (NCM) Courses the mean (SD) score is 80.21 (2.27), regrading Related Learning Experiences (RLE) Courses the mean (SD) score is 83.83 (2.17), regarding the Pre-board rating the mean (SD) score is 72.89 (6.98), and Philippine NLE rating has mean (SD) score of 72.89 (6.98). Regarding the relationship between academic performance and Philippine NLE rating, for NCM Courses Pearson-r scored (r= 0.59, n= 107, p= 0.001); regarding RLE, Pearson-r scored (r= 0.56, n= 107, p= 0.001); regarding the Pre-board rating, Pearson-r scored (r= 0.32, n= 107, p= 0.001). The predicted NLE Rating, F (3, 103) = 21.07, p= 0.001, R2= 0.38. Furthermore, the predicted NLE rating= -49+ (3.26 x Nursing Care Management Grade) - (1.73 x RLE Grade) + (0.08 x Pre-Board Exam Rating). Conclusions include: Academic Performance of the nursing graduates has moderate influence in passing the Philippine NLE. Also, grades in NCM and RLE courses and Pre-Board Examination is a weak determinant in passing the Philippine NLE, and grade in NCM courses has the highest predictive value in passing the Philippine NLE.  The nursing education the respondents received during their baccalaureate year has relatively low influence, about 38% contribution in passing the NLE. Pages 425 to 437




The Effect of Concept Mapping and Mind Mapping on Creativity in Ecology of Senior Secondary Schools’ Students in Nigeria

Dashe Nanchen Petera, Nor Asniza Ishakb, a,bSchool of Educational Studies, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Email: b*asnizaishak@usm.my

This study examined the effects of Concept Mapping (CM) and Mind Mapping (MM) on the creativity of the ecology of senior secondary schools’ students in Nigeria. The study employed quasi-experimental, which adopted the Pre-test Post-test non-equivalent group design to achieve the research objectives. Three components of creativity (fluency, flexibility and originality) were used to test the level of the creative ability of the students by using the CM and the MM as pedagogy in the classroom. The two groups (CM and MM) were all experimental. A sample of 78 students in two intact classes of two different senior secondary schools in Plateau State, Nigeria, were used for the study. The collection of data was carried out using the Ibadan Creativity Assessment Scale (ICAS) as the instrument, and MANOVA was used for data analysis. The findings show that there is a significant difference between the two experimental groups; that is, there are variations among the students in terms of their creative ability on ecology in favour of the CM group. However, this study will serve as an instructional strategy for teachers in teaching Ecology and improve the creativity of students in Nigeria. Pages 438 to 453




Collaborative Challenges among Stakeholders on Tourism Destination Competitiveness

Nur Shahirah Mior Shariffuddina*, Wan Mohd Adzim Wan Mohd Zainb, Muaz Azinuddinc, a,b,cFaculty of Applied Social Sciences, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, Malaysia, Email: a*shahirahmior@unisza.edu.my

Tourism Destination Competitiveness (TDC) is now becoming important in efforts to enhance a destination’s overall performance, with emphasis placed on the strategic management of its development. It is fundamental that a destination’s management sustain the destination’s competitive advantage in terms of its resources that are rare, inimitable or irreplaceable. However, many studies on TDC downplay the critical role of a destination’s management in protecting the resources and maintaining socioeconomic prosperity.  As such, this study aimed to explore the importance of Destination Management Organisations (DMOs) in the cooperative work between governments and private organisations in tourism planning and development, particularly for Perhentian Island. A qualitative approach using semi-structured interviews with stakeholders was applied in this study. Findings revealed that government tourism agencies continue to disregard the importance of engaging with multiple stakeholder groups in the planning process. This lack of integration could be the missing component in building up Perhentian Island as a competitive destination. Pages 454 to 466




The Character Education Strengthening of Local Culture Based Students of South Halmahera High School

Mohtar Kamisia, Ali Imronb, Bambang Budi Wiyonoc, Imron Arifind, a,b,c,dFaculty of Educational, State University of Malang, Email: akamisimohtar@gmail.com,  bali.imron.fip@um.ac.id,  cbambang.budi.fip@um.ac.id,  dimronarifinum@gmail.com

The effect of globalisation has resulted in young people, especially young people today, who are more proud of foreign cultures than our own. This is because they feel more popular if they follow the culture that comes from foreign countries. Our young people in Indonesia feel less confident, so that Indonesia in the eyes of international countries does not show cultural progress, and the Indonesian state in the eyes of the world is still far behind. Thus, preserving our culture can have a very big role on the development of the character of young people in Indonesia, especially adolescents who are cultured "SARUMA". Thus, preserving culture can provide an important role in the development of the character of adolescents in Indonesia, especially adolescents who are cultured "SARUMA". In the era of globalisation, character education plays an active role in overcoming the moral crisis that has ravaged villages, village heads, sub-districts to South Halmahera Regency, North Maluku Province. However with the SARUMA culture leading them out of the dark mindset, that is not understood by a handful of people / communities who are in conflict with bringing the issue of ethnicity, religion, race, and between groups (SARA), in South Halmahera Regency, this can reduce the conflict that occurred at that time. And thank God Almighty that he still gave instructions and his pleasure to be able to make peace, and now all members of the people of South Halmahera Regency visit each other, respect each other, and associate with them like their own siblings. So, the "SARUMA" culture is very dominant even though it is still local, but the values contained therein are very universal.Pages 467 to 483




Tourism Production Function: An Approach for Local Food Producers

Wan Mohd Adzim Wan Mohd Zaina*, Muaz Azinuddinb, Nur Shahirah Mior Shariffuddinc, a,b,cFaculty of Applied Social Sciences, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, Malaysia, Email: a*wanazym@gmail.com

The role of locally produced food is directly connected to tourism because it enhances the tourist experience and develops additional economic activity for the destination. The importance of local food production for places and consumers gives credence to the existence of a value-added process through consumption of local/regional food products. This study discusses the theoretical approach and influence of the Tourism Production Function by Smith (1994), with local food producers. The approach is linked with producer perceptions and experiences of tourism development and how it impacts their business operations. It focuses on the local food producers as an integral part in strengthening the destination tourism development as a result of its ability to transform food resources into a unique food tourism product. Pages 484 to 498




The Efficacy of Applying Prophet Muhammad’s (PBUH) Practical Methods of Conflict Management in Resolving Inter-Religious Crises in Nigeria

Ammaru Ummarua*, Mohd Farid Mohd Sharifb, a,bSchool of Humanities, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia, Email: a*ammaru004@gmail.com

Before the advent of Prophet Muhammad, Peace be Upon Him (PBUH), the whole of Arabia was pervaded by anarchy, inter-tribal wars, conflicts, chaos and hostilities. In other words, communal clashes and ethnic upheavals were part and parcel of Arabs’ life prior to the advent of Islam. As a Prophet, leader and guide of the entire mankind, Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) was able to change the status quo from the anarchy of historical violence to a peaceful, harmonious and amicable living using different methods and strategies of arbitration, tolerance, patience, reconciliation, pacts, compromise and forgiveness. The positive results of the above mechanisms did not only curtail the historical violence in Arabia but assisted tremendously in preventing future occurrence of such mayhem. Nigeria has been affected by the recurrence of deadly inter-religious conflicts between Muslims and Christians for the past four decades and all efforts to curtail the menace proved abortive. It is against this backdrop this paper aims to examine the efficacy of adopting the Prophet Muhammad’s practical methods of managing conflicts in resolving and preventing inter-religious crises in the country. The researcher adopts the analytical comparative method by using secondary data. Different resources such as the Glorious Qur’an, hadith books, history textbooks, dissertations, journal articles and other academic publications on pre-Islamic Arabia and inter-religious crises in contemporary Nigeria are used in writing the paper. The findings of the paper reveal similarities between the pre-Islamic violence and the contemporary inter-religious conflicts in Nigeria that makes Prophet Muhammad’s modus operandi relevant in resolving inter-religious crises in the country and, therefore, recommends its application by the government, religious leaders, traditional rulers, teachers, security agents, judges and other stakeholders for the restoration of peaceful coexistence between the adherents of the two religions in the country. Pages 499 to 517




The Influence of Electronic Banking Service Quality on Customer Satisfaction of Banks in Tripoli City, Libya

Abdelghani Masaud Ahmeda, aFaculty of Business and Management, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, Malaysia, Email: aAbdelghani308@gmail.com

The current age of globalisation has urged developing nations’ banks and customers to keep abreast with the global market, within which they have a higher likelihood to face several challenges. In this regard, it has become necessary to understand the customers’ perceptions concerning online banking quality in the context of developing nations in order to inform the future adoption of strategies and enhance banks-customers relationships. Therefore, this study primarily attempted to investigate the relationship between e-banking service quality dimensions and customer satisfaction, and to highlight which of the dimensions have the highest influence on the latter. The study made use of descriptive analytical method, with questionnaire copies distributed to the study population, comprising of bank clients in Tripoli City, Libya. From the 210 questionnaire copies distributed, 180 were retrieved and data was analysed using SPSS and AMOS 23. Based on the findings obtained, the quality of electronic-banking services’ dimensions namely, ease of use, time saving, security and confidentiality, significantly influenced customer satisfaction. Moreover, the findings also showed that customers’ gender, age and qualification did not significantly influence their satisfaction. Thus, this study recommends that banks concentrate on the electronic-banking services quality in terms of its top influencing factors. Pages 518 to 530




Political Package: Movement of Muhammadiyah Political Elite in the Election of 2019

Jusuf Harsonoa, Robby Darwis Nasutionb*, a,bMuhammadiyah University of Ponorogo, Indonesia, Email: b*darwisnasution69@gmail.com

Muhammadiyah is an interest group and its elites cannot remain silent in politics after interpreting situations other than that the Muhammadiyah elite does not interfere in politics but its members are involved in politics. The political attitude of the Muhammadiyah elite organisations is unclear in every election whether the presidential election, PILKADA or legislative elections, because of the fragmentation of the Muhammadiyah elite. The formulation of the problem in this study is how is the movement of the Muhammadiyah Ponorogo elite in the 2019 election? The question derived from the formulation of the problem above is first, who is included in the elite Muhammadiyah organisation in Ponorogo? Second, what is the tendency of elite movement? Third, what factors influenced the movement of the Muhammadiyah elite in the 2019 elections? Fourth, what is the motivation of Muhammadiyah's elite organisation in Ponorogo in making organisational policy decisions to determine the direction of the organisation's political movements, specifically religious organisations? The type of research used is descriptive qualitative in which the determination of informants using purposive sampling and the method of collecting data by observation, interview or document review. This study concludes that there is a political package determined by the Muhammadiyah Central Leadership and the Muhammadiyah Regional Leadership, and at the Regional Leadership level only socialises with the citizens. The influential elite group is at the central and regional level, while no figures outside the core management have a big influence in determining the organisational policies of the Muhammadiyah. Rationality, in determining candidates, is rationality over where the central and regional leaders hold full control over the choices that must be accepted by the regional leaders and the residents. Pages 531 to 542




Management of Environmental Communication from the Perspective of Public Relations

Krisna Megantaria*, Eli Purwatib, Ayub Dwi Anggoroc, a,b,cMuhammadiyah University of Ponorogo, Indonesia, Email: a*megantari@umpo.ac.id

Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) is an embodiment of a company’s steps in dealing with issues that are developing in society about the company. One of them is the issue of environmental communication. State Owned Enterprises (SOEs) are obliged to implement CSR as stated in Law No. 40,2007, which is referred to as the Community Development Partnership Program (PKBL). Bank Negara Indonesia (BNI) is one of the SOEs that have implemented a program in the context of environmental communication called BNI Go Green. The focal point of CSR is dynamic and sustainable development. Environmental communication is an issue that must be seriously managed in a company. When it is not managed properly, it will cause a potential crisis in the company. The public relations department or public relations must have a good strategy in terms of environmental communication. Pages 543 to 552




Female Politicians Fighting Marginality: A Study of Minangkabau Muslimah Involvement in the 2019 General Election

Martin Kustatia*, Hallen Abubakarb, David D. Perrodinc, Lailial Muhtifahd, Hetti Waluati Trianae, Nelmawarni Nelmawarnif, Warnis Wanisg, a,b,e,f,gUniversitas Islam Negeri Imam Bonjol Padang, Indonesia, cEastern Asia University, Thailand, dInstitut Agama Islam Negeri Pontianak, Indonesia, Email: amartinkustati@uinib.ac.id,  bhallenabubakar@gmail.com,  cdaviddperrodin@gmail.com, dlaily_azhar@yahoo.co.id,  ehettitrianan@uinib.ac.id,  fnel_bungo@yahoo.com, gwarnis@uinib.ac.id

This study aims to describe the contestation of female politicians against cultural, social and political marginalisation within the Minangkabau ethnic group of West Sumatra, Indonesia, while actively participating in the legislative field of the 2019 general election. This study uses a qualitative approach to describe and analysed the experiences of “Bacaleg” [female politicians or women candidates] within various political parties of the Minangkabau ethnic group who are preparing to face the 2019 General Election. Data collection was carried out by documentation, in-depth interviews, and focus group discussions with Minangkabau women politicians, and was analysed by using qualitative data analysis techniques. The research findings show that Minangkabau women politicians have the determination and commitment to fight the marginalisation of women from cultural, social and political perspectives in order to participate in politics. Minangkabau women politicians who have managed to get seats at the national level in the People's Representative Council (DPR)] and the National Regional Representative Council (DPD), at the Provincial level in People's Regional Representative Council Level I (DPRD I)], and at the Regency level in the People's Regional Representative Council Level II (DPRD II) in the 2019 General Election have a strong motivation to improve the condition of society, especially women and children as stated in the political promises they have delivered to their constituents. Nevertheless, women candidates for the 2019 elections, who have not yet succeeded in sitting in parliament, see their failure as “delayed success” and will continue to fight against marginality in the upcoming 2024 elections. Pages 553 to 568




Netizen Participation in the Counter Narrative of the Anti-Hoax Movement in Indonesia

Jumranaa, Partinib*, Sri Peni Wastutiningsihc, a,b,cProgram Extension and Development Communication, Gadjah Mada University, Indonesia, Email: b*partini@ugm.ac.id

The development of technology and information stimulates the use of social media in social movement activities. In fact, the anti-hoax social movement was initiated online in Indonesia by relying on the collectiveness of netizens to fight the dissemination of hoaxes in cyberspace. There are differences in the characteristics of online and offline social movements in cyberspace, thus, the form and level of netizen participation in the anti-hoax movement are also different following the characteristics of the social media. This research focused on the participation of netizens in fighting hoaxes on social media. The research was conducted using Netnography by studying the activity pattern of netizens in the Forum Anti Fitnah Hasut dan Hoaks (FAFHH), an anti-defamation, incitement and hoax forum on Facebook. The results showed that netizen participation in FAFHH is in the form of digital scoping and counter-narrative. Digital scoping is done by reporting hoaxes spread on social media, while the counter-narrative action consists of fact-checking and spreading refutation results. The level of netizen participation in the anti-hoax movement is quite high. They participate voluntarily in various actions of anti-hoax movement. Pages 569 to 582




Social Change Resulting from the Implementation of Inclusive Communication Approaches for the Marginalised Villagers in Central Java, Indonesia

Nuryantia, Subejob*, Roso Witjaksonoc, Mochamad Fathonid, a,b,cProgram Extension and Development Communication, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia, dProgram Extension and Development Communication, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia, Email: b*subejo@ugm.ac.id

The presence of new media as a medium for empowering rural communities brought many changes as well as new problems. The fact that not all communities had communication technology tools, (called marginal villagers,) is a new problem when every village is required to have a village web, as happens in Susukan Village, Central Java, Indonesia. Therefore an inclusive communication approach is needed that allows village communities to access information from the village web. This approach allows for positive social change. By using qualitative methods, this study explains  how social changes occurred in the Susukan village community after an inclusive communication approach. Pages 583 to 593




The Concept of Wilayah (Responsibility) According to Ibn Taymiyyah

Mohammed Muneer’deen Olodo Al-Shafi’ia*, Mohd Safri Alib, Engku Ibrahim Engku Wok Zinc, Mohd Hasrul Shuharid, Razali Musae, Habibat Oladosu-Uthmanf, Auwal Abdullahig, a,b,c,d,eFaculty of Islamic Contemporary Studies, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, Malaysia, fDepartment of Arabic and Islamic Studies, University of Ibadan, Nigeria, gDepartment of Religious Studies, Gombe State University, Nigeria, Email: a*mmolodoa@gmail.com

The sudden and insisting emergence of various people claiming wilayah (being given responsibility by Allah SWT) nowadays is a call that alarms. It calls for serious attention from those who are in authority. There are two kinds of wilayah according to Ibn Taymiyyah; that of Allah SWT and that of al-Shaytan. There are those chosen by Allah and there are those who have preferred their adherence to Shaytan. We must differentiate between these, as clarified by Allah SWT and His Messenger s.a.w. The chosen ones of Allah SWT are the believers and the followers of Shaytan are not, and it has been difficult for people in this contemporary age to differentiate between the two. They do not know the way to distinguish between their qualities and think that anyone on whose hand strange things occur could be regarded as the one chosen by Allah SWT. This extends to not only the hotels and tourism pacts but anyone who is saddled with responsibility. This paper is based on clarifying the whims associated to al-Wilayah (guardianship) from the perception of Ibn Taymiyyah and his writings. The paper employs library, inductive and analytical approaches to collect and analyse the required data, which was collected from books and scholarly articles of both ancient and contemporary scholars. The paper basically relies on the Qur’anic verses, prophetic traditions, the statements of companions and their successors, as well as scholars who thread their path. Thus, the central focus of the article is to clarify the concept of being saddled with wilayah from the point of view of the Ahl al-Sunnah wa al-Jama’ah (ASWAJA) as established in the Qur'an and Sunnah, through Ibn Taymiyah and his writings. Pages 594 to 607




The Role of Community Figures in Preventing Divorce: A Case Study in Pahonjean Village, Cilacap Regency, Central Java Province

Dyah Retna Puspitaa*, Rin Rostikawatib, Pawrtha Dharmac, a,b,cFaculty of Social and Political Sciences, Universitas Jenderal Soedirman, Email: a*dyah.puspita@unsoed.ac.id

Quality families (consisting of quality human resources) in villages, is increasingly required in line with village development. Unfortunately, many divorces of village families are initiated by women for economic reasons. Examples of this exist in Pahonjean village, a part of Cilacap Regency, where divorce cases are considered the highest in Central Java Province. This research aims at examining the awareness level of community figures in Pahonjean village, related to divorce cases in their village and how to prevent them. The research respondents are 32 community figures. The data was collected using mixed methods. Quantitative data was collected using a questionnaire and qualitative data was collected through a focus group discussion. The quantitative data was analysed using descriptive statistics, while the qualitative data was used to sharpen the information. The research result shows that most community figures (71.9 percent) are not aware of the divorce phenomena in their village. Consequently, more than half of the respondents (59.3 percent), have not adopted preventive measures since socialisation is not required by the village government. According to the village government, the divorce administrative process does not involve the village government. Consequently, the village government does not have the data and there is no special agenda for socialisation. Therefore, the village government and community figures need to immediately socialise the community and drive the villagers’ economy (particularly men) in the prevention of potential “divorce-prone family”. Pages 608 to 620




A Proposed Professional Learning Communities Model for Malaysian Schools: Using a Design Development Research Method

Kamarudin Ismaila*, Rosnah Ishakb, Fanny Kho Chee Yuetc, a,b,cFaculty of Administration and Economy, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Malaysia, Email: a*kamalcikdeen@gmail.com

School-based professional learning communities (PLCs) have been one of the strategies of professional development in schools that have proven to impact teachers’ quality and student performance. Most of the PLC models are widely researched in western countries, whereas PLCs in Asian countries are limited. The characteristics of these PLC models are different based on the institutional and cultural context. Therefore, there is a need to understand the concept of PLC practices, by developing a PLC model based on the Malaysian institutional context. In this paper we described the design development research method, which includes 4 major phases: literature review, design and development, implementation and finally validation of the proposed model. Pages 621 to 633




The Effect of Management Style on Accounting Information Systems

Meiryania, Leny Suzanb, Jajat Sudrajatc, Dezie Leonarda Warganegarad, aAccounting Department, Faculty of Economics and Communication, Bina Nusantara University, Jakarta, Indonesia 11480, bAccounting Department, Faculty of Economics and Business, Telkom University, Bandung, Indonesia 40257, cBINUS Entrepreneurship Center, Bina Nusantara University, Jakarta Indonesia 11480, dAccounting and Finance Department, Faculty of Economics and Communication, Bina Nusantara University, Jakarta, Indonesia 11480, Email: ameiryani@binus.edu,  blenysuzan@telkomuniversity.ac.ic

Management style is a complex concept. It is identified as a factor that can succeed or thwart the achievement of quality of a financial reporting system. The purpose of this study is to investigate through testing confirmation of management style influence on the quality of financial reporting systems. It was statistically processed using simple regression analysis. The research method used explanatory research method to get basic answers of causation by analysing the causes of the problems on the quality of financial reporting systems. The results of this study show that management style influences the quality of financial reporting systems and the problems of financial reporting systems which has not qualified occur because of the financial reporting systems which are less qualified, less integrated, less efficient and have not achieved optimal access. The financial reporting systems which have not qualified are because the management style does not fully guarantee the implementation of financial reporting systems. Pages 634 to 646




The Importance of Qualitative and Unobtrusive Research Methods within the Broader Concept of Meaning-Making

Christelle J Auriacombea*, Natanya Meyerb, aSchool of Public Management, Governance and Public Policy, College of Business and Economics, University of Johannesburg, South Africa, bSarchi Chair Entrepreneurship Education College of Business and Economics, University of Johannesburg, South Africa,

This article focusses on the interrelationship between unobtrusive research methods and theory during the process of meaning-making in qualitative research. The article unravels the dynamics of meaning-making when using unobtrusive methods to develop an analytical framework, in the context of the broader debates and issues relating to qualitative research methodology. The methodology was based on a comparative desktop study to identify and assess the current state of the debate. It entailed a comprehensive literature survey of authoritative methodologists to conceptualise and contextualise the area of investigation. It was found that the limitations of the dependence on empirical techniques may in some cases hamper meaning-making. The conceptual analysis method could be more credible than survey findings as it supplies the reader with unobtrusive research techniques that study social behaviour to eliminate bias and promote conceptual and contextual analysis. The article concluded that qualitative science aims to develop concepts to gain a deeper understanding of the phenomena represented by the concepts themselves and, to develop generalisable and valid theories. It is recommended that triangulating unobtrusive methods with other methods in a qualitative design – in terms of interpreting, conceptualising and abstracting – enhances meaning-making in Social Sciences to contribute to new knowledge. Pages 647 to 662




The Application of Science Teaching during Early Childhood: Equipping Families to Face 21st Century Realities

Nanaa, aPhysical Education Department, Universitas Siliwangi, Indonesia, Email: anana@unsil.ac.id

This study aims to describe the application of science on early childhood in families to equip them to face the 21st century. It deployed the descriptive qualitative method on field research. The data was obtained from observation, interview, and documentation. The results indicate 2% of participants never applying science, 12% rarely applying science, 39% usually applying science, 37% often applying science, and 10% very often applying science. These will be followed up by a workshop, parenting program, restrictions on using cell phones, and a literacy program. The results achieved will then encourage parents to understand more about the right application of science to good parenting. Besides these, children will develop an interest in reading and be encouraged to be more imaginative and creative. Pages 663 to 674




The Level of National Awareness among Public and Private Kindergarten Children in the City of Amman, Jordan

Ali Alelaimata, Hesham Alomyanb*, Hana H. Al-Fulfulyc, aHashemite University, Zarq, Jordana, bUniversity of Petra, Amman, Jordan, cIsra University, Jordan, Email: aAliolaimat@hu.edu.jo,  b*halomyan@uop.edu.jo,  chanaalfulfuly@yahoo.com

This study aimed at identifying the level of national awareness among kindergarten children in the city of Amman, Jordan. The study sample consisted of 196 male and female children from public and private kindergartens.  The study used a national awareness scale prepared by the present researchers. The results of the study showed that kindergarten children in public and private schools have an acceptable level of national awareness. However, private kindergarten children have a higher level of national awareness than public kindergarten children. No significant differences were found between male and female children in the level of national awareness. Pages 675 to 688




The Determinants of Internet Corporate Reporting in Indonesia

Sasya Sabrinaa, aAccounting Department, Faculty of Economics and Communication, Bina Nusantara University, Jakarta, Indonesia 11480, Email: asasyasabrina@binus.ac.id

This research aims to analyse the determinants of Internet corporate reporting in Indonesia. The determinants studied in this research are firm size, leverage, profitability, and liquidity. The population of this study is the Indonesian manufacturing companies listed in the Indonesia Stock Exchange in 2018. Based on purposive sampling, the final data used are 121 quantitative data. The data of this research are obtained from the financial statements of listed manufacturing companies and the official website of the companies. The data is analysed using a multiple regression test. The research results show that the firm size affects the Internet corporate reporting, leverage has no effect on Internet corporate reporting, profitability has no effect on Internet corporate reporting, and liquidity also has no effect on Internet corporate reporting. Pages 689 to 701




The Role of the Knowledge Economy in Harmonising the Outcomes of Higher Education with the Needs of the Labour Market

Sabah Jalil Kazim Al-Husseinia*, Ali Umran Husseinb, Baslma Niyaz  Mohsin Almohammec, aLecturer, Faculty of Management and Economics- Kerbala University- Iraq, b,cAssistant Lecturer, Faculty of Management and Economics- Kerbala University- Iraq, Email: a*sabah.j@uokerbala.edu.iq

Knowledge is considered the main engine to achieve all the objectives of education that aim at making a qualitative shift in the skills of graduates required by the labour market: this requires universities to prepare to look at traditional teaching methods and move to new teaching methods that take into account the modernity and technology necessary to develop skills and sustainability. The current paper aims to examine the importance of the knowledge economy, the reality of university education in Iraq and the possibility of benefitting from modern technologies in education and its ability to respond to the requirements of the labour market, through raising the efficiency of education which can be attained by the use of techniques and modern educational and training tools.  Accordingly, the study hypothesises that the knowledge economy contributes a significant role in improving the outputs of higher education and raising the productivity of the labour force in a way that matches the needs of the labour market. Such steps lead to reducing unemployment on the one hand and raising the potential and skill of workers on the other hand.  In order to clarify the concepts of the research, the researchers use two basic approaches, namely; the inductive approach and the deductive one. The paper ends up with several conclusions and recommendations. The most common error results in the weak contribution of the knowledge economy in universities which still depend heavily on the traditional method. Thus, there is an urgent need for changing this method and the adaptation to a new teaching style that adopts modern technology in all stages of study. Pages 702 to 719




A Discussion of the Right to Defence of The Accused Juvenile during Trial in Iraqi Law

Mohammed Abdulmohsin Saadon Al-Machtomia, Khalid.K.D.Almamouryb, Adel kadhem saoodc, Ibrahim Hameed Mehsund, aAl-Furat Al-Awsat Technical University, b,cUniversity of Karbala, dMinistry of Health, Email: aInj.dr.moh@atu.edu.iq,  bk.almamoury@gmail.com,  cAdel.kadhem.@uokerbala.edu.iq,  dDr.ibraheem1975@yahoo.com

In this paper, we discuss the guarantees that the juvenile defendant should have in trial proceedings, and discuss the right of defence: that the juvenile defendant should be given sufficient opportunity to express his or her personal views on the charges against him if he/she is able to do so. A social defender took up the task of defending the juvenile, and then drew a conclusion that included several conclusions and recommendations. One of the most important conclusions is that the legislation pertaining to international and domestic juveniles in general does not reach the guarantees it should contain. Pages 720 to 731




Blind Spots and Their Impact on the Decision-Making Process

Kais Ibrahim Alzaydia, aPublic Administration - Organisation Theory & Organisational Behaviour HeadMaster Of Business  Administration Dept., College Of Economic And Administration Al-Iraqiya University, Email: aDr.kaisalzaydi@gmail.com

This study consisted of two subjects, which were characterised by seriousness and cognitive depth. These two topics are called ‘the blind spot’ and ‘the decision-making’ that are based on the dialectic linking the reality of Iraqi institutionalism with the logic that governs the current process in the intended organisation that is distinguished by a high degree of centralisation, in addition to its connection to a broad slice of Iraqi society. The study's objective is to determine the effect of the blind spot on decision-making by investigating a group of decision-makers in the Iraqi Ministry of Justice. The research community consisted of (100) decision makers in the Ministry of Justice, and research sample (90) based on the (Robert equation). Through the research, it was found that there was a moral statistical effect of implicit bias, bias in decision making, and bias in self-evaluation on the dimensions of decision making (knowledge, process, outputs, interconnectedness) in the Ministry of Justice. One of the recommendations of the study was to carry out in-depth research in the field of management models with the aim of enhancing decision-making, knowing the decision philosophy and giving evidence to develop the decision-making process. Pages 732 to 741




The Impact of Using Narrative Content on Improving Iraqi EFL Learners’ Four Language Skills

Ali AbdulhusseinSagbana, SaadiyaWudaaAlquraishyb, Bahaaaldeenkazom Abbasc, aAl-Furat Al-Awst Technical University, Iraq, bUniversity of Al-Qadisiyah, Iraq, cThe General Directorate of Education in Najaf, Iraq, Email: adw.ali3@atu.edu.iq,  bsaadiya.wydaa@qu.edu.iq,  cbahaa.kadom@gmail.com

The present study aims at investigating the effect of teaching narrative content on improving Iraqi EFL intermediate pupils’ four language skills. To achieve the purposes of this study, sixty third year intermediate pupils were taken to represent the present study sample. Thirty pupils received instruction on narrative content and were enrolled in an experimental group. The other thirty pupils represented the control group, which was tutored in the conventional way. After instruction, the findings indicated that the experimental group subjects' performance in four skills outperformed that of the control group subjects on post-test. Building on the results obtained, it is concluded that the narrative content employed with the third year intermediate pupils of the experimental group is considered more effective, useful, and favourable to teach the four English language skills than the conventional one. Pages 742 to 754




Civil Protection of the Trademark: A Comparative Study

Sajida Farhan Husseina, aCollege of Political Science / University of Mosul / Iraq, Email: aSajida.farhan@yahoo.com

The right to a trademark is a relative and not an absolute right, as the owner of the trademark invokes his right against others only within the limits of products, goods, or services similar to his products, goods, and services. The reason for acquiring ownership in the trademark is not without one of two facts: use and registration. In the first instance, it is based on a material fact represented by the actual use of it, and the second, registration that plays two roles. The registration of a trademark is a preventive means to protect the trademark, as it is a means of informing others of the existence of the trademark and prevents them from using it, as well as being a means of combating counterfeiting. At the same time it is considered a presumptive evidence to prove the opposite by establishing evidence of precedence in all ways. To claim compensation for infringement of an unregistered trademark, an unfair competition claim must be filed, and this requires first that the aggressor be a trademark within the meaning of the law. Pages 755 to 765




The Applicability of Long-Term Leases According to International Standards through the Iraqi Government Accounting System

Sattar Gaber Khallawya, Hagar Khadim Mohsenb*, aWasit University,Faculty of Economic and administration, bWasit University,Faculty of Economic and administration a master's student, Wasit University,2019, Email: asalradi@uowasit.edu.iq,  b*hajarkazem93@gmail.com

The research highlights the long-term leases according to the international accounting standards in the public sector within the economic units that apply the government accounting system. The long- term lease is a lease that has a framework of terms and conditions ratified between two persons; or it's a group of agreements which the two parties of the contract (lessor and lessee) are committed to. The lease is usually valid for over one year. The international accounting standards name several treatments in the lessor registry in order to get suitable measurement and disclosure of the users' needed information and the statement of financial position of the economic unit. Measurements are one of the most important operations that facilitate accessing reliable data; disclosure is the most significant operator in validity and accuracy of information about the building that is provided to the users. Pages 766 to 782




Knowledge Management of Indigenous Farmers of Serrated Mud Crab Fattening in the Mangrove Forest of La-NGU, Thailand

Natpatcharakarn Kaewploy a,   Ratchadakorn   Phonpakdee b,   Pakkapong   Poungsukc, Nopakoon Siriwand,  Marlowe  Ubaldo  Aquinoe,   aDoctoral Student of  Agricultural Education  Program Department of Agricultural Education and Technology, King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang, Bangkok, Thailand  b,c,dAssociate Professor Department of Agricultural Education, Faculty of Industrial Education and Technology, King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang, Bangkok, Thailand,   eVisiting Lecturer Benguet State University – Open University, Philippines and King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang, Bangkok, Thailand. Email: anatpat2920@gmail.com,  bratchadakorn.ph@kmitl.ac.th,  cpakkapong.po@kmitl.ac,  dSiriwan_park@yahoo.co.th,  emarloweaquino1@yahoo.com

Knowledge management on indigenous farmers of serrated mud crab fattening in the mangrove forest of La-ngu, Thailand was in actual practice via activities of earning a living and daily life. There is a transfer of knowledge and dissemination among the people of the community on the basis of an agricultural society that is self-reliant. The process of local wisdom management consists of 6 steps: 1) the occurrence of problems or curiosity; 2) finding a guideline for solving the problems and increasing knowledge; 3) practice in the real situation; 4) an analysis of practice outcomes; 5) recapitulation of the body of knowledge; and 6) body of knowledge application and transfer Pages 783 to 795




Co-creation of Entrepreneurial Capability and Firm Performance in the Textile Industry in Indonesia: The Mediating Role of Innovation Capability

Yudi Nur Supriadia, Asep Sugarab,  Kaonangc, Abdul Khoird,  HendriyantoeaLectur Bussines Administration, Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Yuppentek, Tangerang, Indonesia, b,c,d,eDoctoral Candidate, Universitas Pasundan, Bandung, Indonesia, Email: ayudinur@student.upi.edu, yudinur_supriadi@yahoo.co.idbasepsugara01@gmail.com

The purpose of this study is to empirically examine and analyse the Co-creation, Entrepreneurial Capability in improving the Firm’s Performance with the Innovation Capability as a mediating variable. This research was conducted in the textile industry in Banten, West Java, and DKI Jakarta, Indonesia. This research uses a quantitative approach with a purposive sampling technique. The questionnaire was distributed to 266 respondents. Hypothesis testing is done using AMOS 23.00 program structural equation modelling (SEM). The research findings show that the there is a positive effect of Entrepreneurial Capability on Firm Performance through the Innovation Capability, but for joint Co-creation on Innovation Capability the results show that there is no effect. While the Entrepreneurial Capability variable has the most dominant influence on a Firm’s Performance as a new thing in this study. The originality value of this study found a new model that is the Innovation Capability model that can support Firms to implement Innovation Capability for the textile industry in realising corporate goals amid global corporate competition. Pages 796 to 813




The Development of a Learning Management Model According to the Concept of Self-Reliance with Inquiry-Based Learning to Enhance System Analysis and Design Skills

Lucksana Romyasamita, Thiyaporn Kantathanawatb, Aukkapong Sukkamatc, a,b,cKing Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang, Thailand, Email: a58603019@kmitl.ac.th,  bthiyaporn.ka@kmitl.ac.th,  cAukkapong.su@kmitl.ac.th

This study has the objective to develop a learning management model according to the concept of self-reliance with inquiry-based learning to enhance skills in system analysis and design for students. The author uses documentation research as the main process to study related books, research, and articles both domestically and internationally for 58 topics. The documents are analysed by Systematic Review. From the results of this study, the learning management model to enhance system analysis and design skills for students by self-reliance consists of 3 steps as follows: Step 1 Delivery of Knowledge Phase; Step 2 Creating Knowledge Phase which integrates 5 steps of inquiry-based learning consisting of 1) Knowledge Management Stage, 2) Quest Design Stage, 3) Action Investigations Stage, 4) Discussion and Conclusions Stage, and 5) Discovery delivery Stage, and Step 3 Applied Knowledge Phase. The result of the learning management supports students to have the two higher skills of system analysis and design skills which are 1) problem analysis skills 2) Summarising Skills by self-reliance. Pages 814 to 829




Research Factors Affecting Professional Skepticism and Audit Quality: Evidence in Vietnam

Phan Thanh Haia*, Le Duc Toancb, Nguyen Le Dinh Quyc, Nguyen Thanh Tungd, aFaculty of Accounting, Duy Tan University, Da Nang, 550000, Vietnam, bInstitute of Research and Development, Duy Tan University, Da Nang, 550000, Vietnam, cVNUK Institute for Research and Executive Education, The University of  Danang, Vietnam, dFaculty of Economics, Binh Duong University, Binh Duong, 75000, Vietnam, Email: a*phanthanhhai@duytan.edu.vn

This study was conducted on the basis of data collected from 513 auditors to measure the factors affecting the professional scepticism of the auditors and the quality of audit output. The methods of descriptive statistics, Cronbach’s Alpha, Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA), Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) and Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) were used in this study. The research result show that: professional scepticism is highly influenced by traits, time and audit workloads. At the same time, the professional scepticism and time and audit workloads have a decisive influence on the audit quality. In contrast, the audit quality has a great influence on the auditor's knowledge and experience. However, the results of the study also show that, despite the impact on the professional scepticism of the auditor, the characteristics of evidence, incentives, knowledge and experience of auditors are not statistically significant. The results of this study are a scientific basis for managers in auditing firms to make the right decisions to improve their auditors and the quality of their services. Pages 830 to 847




Capturing and Analysing the Suboptimal Motor Vehicle Taxes in Maluku Province

Dwi Hariyantia, Jaelani La Masidondab, Salomi Jacomina Hehanussac, Sammy Saptennod, Tri Retno Hariyatie, Wa Asridaf, a,e,fDepartment of Accounting, State Polytechnic Ambon, bDepartment of Management, Darussalam University of Ambon, cDepartment of Accounting, University of Kristen Indonesia Maluku, dDepartment of Business, State Polytechnic Ambon, Email: adwi.hariyanti1976@gmail.com,  bjaelani@unidar.ac.id,  chehanussasj.ukim@gmail.com,  ds.saptenno@gmail.com,  etriretnohariyati79@gmail.com,  fwa_asrida80@yahoo.com

This research purpose was to explore nonoptimal motor vehicle taxes revenue in Maluku Province. It used a qualitative approach with a critical paradigm. The method for collecting data was through in-depth interviews. The analysis method was the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB) to explain three things, namely attitude, norm and control. The research results explained that nonoptimal motor vehicle tax revenue relates to many factors both internal (taxpayer) and external (manager). These were categorised into attitude, norm, and control. The internal factors showed that many taxpayers have an indifferent attitude to paying the tax. Moreover, there were many unknown rules for the taxpayers such as the payment process and rules regarding the taxation. Taxpayers were not committed to pay the taxes because they there was no routine control set up by the tax manager. Pages 848 to 860




A Study on the Quality of Accounting Human Resources in Hanoi

Son Tung Haa, Hong Hanh Hab*, Thi Xuan Hong Nguyenc, Thi Quynh Lien Duongd, Duc Tai Doe, a,bNational Economics University, Vietnam, cThe faculty of Accounting and Auditing - Hanoi University of Industry, Vietnam, dVinh University, Vietnam, eUniversity of Labor and Social Affairs, Vietnam, Email: ahasontungneu@yahoo.com,  b*hahonghanh1@gmail.com,  cnguyenthixuanhong@haui.edu.vn,  dquynhliendhv@gmail.com,  e taiketoanquocte@gmail.com

This research was conducted to investigate the impact of working conditions on the quality of accounting human resources in accounting service firms in Hanoi, Vietnam. Data were collected from 120 accounting service firms by using questionnaires. Based on the data collected, we used Cronbach’s Alpha, EFA and regression model to analyse the effect of different variables on the quality of accounting human resources. The results show that working conditions determinants including (i) the job itself (TJI) and (ii) factors besides the job (FBTJ) had positive relationships with the quality of accounting human resources. Based on the findings, some recommendations are given for improving the quality of accounting human resources of accounting service firms in Hanoi. Pages 861 to 875




Improving Marketing Performance of the Indonesian Apparel Sector through Marketing Orientation and Market Sensing Capability

Nugrahini Susantinah Wisnujatia*, Satria Tirtayasab, Nasrulc, Anindya Prastiwi Setiawatid, Setiabudie, aUniversitas Wijaya Kusuma Surabaya, bUniversity Of Muhammadiyah Sumatera Utara, cUniversitas Halu Oleo, dUniversitas Yos Sudarso Surabaya, Email: a*wisnujatinugrahini@uwks.ac.id,  bsatriatirtayasa@umsu.ac.id,  cnasrul_pdia@yahoo.com,  danindya.prastiwi@gmail.com,  esetiabudi7645@yahoo.co.id

The present study attempts to examine the impact of marketing orientation and market sensing capability in improving the marketing performance of the apparel sector through the mediating role of quality-based differentiation. The primary data has been collected from 308 respondents of the apparel industry in Indonesia. To examine the impact of incorporated variables on the marketing performance, a confirmatory factors analysis and the structural equation modelling approach were incorporated in the study. Several tests were applied, including descriptive analysis, KMO and Bartlett’s test, rotated component matrix, and convergent and discriminant validity. The results show significant differences in direct and indirect effects. The direct effects indicated that market sensing capability and responsive market orientation are the significant and positive drivers of marketing performance, while no significant statistical association was found between proactive market orientation and marketing performance. Furthermore, the indirect effects show that quality-based differentiation significantly mediated the relationship of responsive market orientation and marketing performance. In addition, it acts as a significant mediator between proactive market orientation and marketing performance. In contrast, no mediation of quality-based differentiation is observed in the relationship between market sensing capability and marketing performance. The study also embraces several theoretical, practical, and policy-making implications for marketing management practitioners and strategy developers to attain high levels of marketing performance. In the last section of this article, various limitations have been provided along with recommendations for in-depth findings by future researchers. Pages 876 to 896




Role of Social Support in Relapse Prevention for Drug Addicts

Uzma Zaidia, aCollege of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, Princess Nourah Bint Abdulrahman University, Saudi Arabia, Email: auazaidi@pnu.edu.sa

Addiction is a behavioural and psychological disorder that can cause unprecedented social, mental, and physiological effects. A patient’s neighbourhood, peers, family members, and spouse, play crucial roles in relapse prevention. The main disadvantage of traditional addiction treatments includes their lack of focus on how an individual’s environmental factors may impact on relapse prevention. Despite the design and execution of rehabilitative and preventive programs in place to address addiction issues, the number of patients with this disorder continues to increase. The most affected addict populations are those who had stopped using drugs. The primary objectives of this paper include analysing the significance of social support in preventing relapse. Specifically, this paper will examine drug abuse and relapse in general, addiction as a psychological issue, benefits of social support in preventing relapse, the role of received or perceived social support, and the advantages of online peer networks in avoiding relapse. The review will also provide recommendations for future research in this field, to reduce the prevalence of drug and substance abuse and relapse. Pages 915 to 924




Determinant of Employee's Satisfaction in Public Companies

Muhamad Azis Firdausa, Titing Suhartib, Diah Yudhawatic, a,b,cUniversitas Ibn Khaldun, Bogor, Indonesia, Email: aazisfirdaus@uika-bogor.ac.id,  btitingsuharti@uika-bogor.ac.id,  cdiahyudhawati@uika-bogor.ac.id

This study aims to analyse the direct and indirect effects of antecedent variables on employee job satisfaction. This study included 272 respondents from two regional government-owned companies in the distribution of drinking water in the Bogor region. The study was conducted from April 2018, and until May 2019. The analysis was carried out using the Structural Equation Modelling Partial Least Square (SEMPLS) method on employee job satisfaction variables as endogenous variables, and organisational culture variables and work environment as exogenous variables. The results of the study show that the organisational culture variables, directly and indirectly, have a significant effect on the endogenous variables of employee job satisfaction. The endogenous variables of the work environment positively and significantly affect the employee job satisfaction variable. The limitations of this study are only using two exogenous variables to determine employee job satisfaction. The implications of the results of this study, suggest that companies need to develop the attributes of organisational culture and work environment that can improve employee job satisfaction. Employee satisfaction that is connected with the feelings of employees, requires a separate treatment from the leadership of the company. This can be done through creating a better working environment and building habits that lead to increased employee satisfaction. The novelty in this study is to explain the relationship between the exogenous and endogenous variables of employee job satisfaction using the variant-based SEM and research conducted in public companies. Pages 925 to 938




Financial Reporting Quality among Non-Profit Organisations in Malaysia

Wan Anisah Enduta, Roshaiza Tahab*, Suraya Ismailc, Norsiah Ahmadd, Nurul Nurhidayatie Muhamad Alie, a,c,d,eFaculty of Business and Management, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, Malaysia, bSchool of Maritime Business and Management, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, Malaysia, Email: b*roshaiza@umt.edu.my

The rising numbers of public fund mismanagement and corruption cases reported in Malaysia require the organisations to provide quality and transparent financial reporting to hedge them from becoming part of the statistic. Thus, although it is not required by the standards, it is vital for Non-profit organisations (NPOs) to provide a quality financial report to give their stakeholders sufficient and accurate information about the organisations’ activities and financial performance. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to review the content of Zakat Institutions (ZI) annual reports to analyse the current practice. To accomplish this, we reviewed a sample of annual reports from 14 ZIs in Malaysia which are publicly available. Content and descriptive analysis methods were utilised in analysing these annual reports. Based on the analysis conducted, the major difference in the reporting practices of ZI’s annual reports is due to the inconsistency of information disclosed specifically regarding a financial matter. Pages 939 to 950




The Concept of Governance in Universities: Reality and Ambition

Ahmad Yousef Areiqata, Ahmad. M. A. Zamilb, Ahmad Fathi Alheetc, May Mousa Mohammad Ahmadd, Hanan Mohammad Abushaare, aProfessor, Department of Business Administration, Business School, Al-Ahliyya Amman University. Amman Jordan, bAssociate Professor, Department of Marketing, College of Business Administration, Prince Sattam bin Abdulaziz University, 165 Al-Kharj 11942, Saudi Arabia, cAssociate professor, Department of Business Administration, Business School, Al-Ahliyya Amman University. Amman Jordan, dLecturer, Department of Business Administration, Business School, Al-Ahliyya Amman University. Amman Jordan, eLecturer, Department of Accounting, Business School, Al-Ahliyya Amman University. Amman Jordan, Email: aahmadareiqat@ammanu.edu.jo,  bam.zamil@psau.edu.sa,  ca.alheet@ammanu.edu.jo,  dmay@ammanu.edu.jo,  ehabushaar@ammanu.edu.jo

This research addresses the governance aspect of universities in light of its importance in recent years in the global and local arena.  There is now a definite need to enhance the competitive capacities, learning outputs and education quality of universities.  The paper highlights the role of universities in governance, which are essential to achieve the basis and criteria of governance like greater transparency, participation, trust, reliability, and accountability.  These aspects could help university administrators to play their role in addressing the challenges faced by them in the twenty-first century. There are a set of criteria that should be met in higher education institutions to conform to quality assurance, upgradation of education outcomes and gaining of international competitiveness. The paper also addresses aspects like strategic planning, governance, academic programs, human and financial resources, scientific research and services provided for students and the community as a whole. Governance in universities is responsible for helping tertiary education institutions to respond to other criteria in terms of accomplishing qualitative education outputs and performing their mission and vision competently and efficiently. Pages 951 to 969




The Management of Creative Industry in the Edhi Sunarso Studio, Yogyakarta

Kamsidjo Budi Utomoa*, Eko Haryantob, Mujiyonoc, a,b,cUniversitas Negeri Semarang, Indonesia, Email: a*kamsidjo.budi.utomo@unnes.ac.id

Edhi Sunarso, as one of the pioneers of the creative industry and a former soldier, managed a creative industry at Edhi Sunarso Studio in Yogyakarta. This study aims to describe the management of the creative industries in Edhi Sunarso Studio Yogyakarta, and its roles and contributions to the national economy. The research method is descriptive qualitative, data obtained through interviews, observation, and documentation. The results showed that the management of the creative industries at Edhi Sunarso Studio focussed on the amicable aspect. His historical diorama products have become a trend in diorama making in Indonesia and have a positive impact on community empowerment and national economic sectors. Pages 970 to 984




Gender Consciousness among Students of Higher Education

Emy Susantia*, Siti Mas’udahb, a,bDepartment of Sociology, Faculty of Social and Political Science, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, East Java, Indonesia, Email: a*emy.susanti@fisip.unair.ac.id

Gender equality and justice is a widely-discussed issue among various groups. Gender equality is an equal condition between men and women in terms of existence, empowerment and participation in all fields of life, both domestic and public. This study examined college students' knowledge and awareness of various gender inequality issues. A quantitative study was conducted with 256 respondents. The results of this study indicated that college students’ awareness on various gender issues is quite diverse. Gender knowledge and awareness of the issue of early marriage among girls, domestic violence, women's rights in the working industry, women's reproductive rights, sexual harassment on campus, cases of maternal and infant mortality, are quite high. A small number of students agree to polygamy marriage. They consider this issue as a serious problem that needs to be fought by student organisations to provide input to local government and national government policies. Students' knowledge of the practice of circumcision among girls is quite low, so they consider that this issue is not a serious problem that needs to be discussed. This shows the importance of gender education among college students. Pages 985 to 1006




International Migration and Risk of Divorce in Families of Female Migrant Workers

Ida Bagus Wirawana, Siti Mas’udahb*, aDepartment of Sociology, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia, bDepartment of Sociology, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia, Email: b*siti-m-u@fisip.unair.ac.id

The international migration of migrant workers is still highly demanded by women in rural areas in East Java. However, there are several impacts that have arisen in the family due to the shifting of power relations from husband to wife, within the scope of patriarchal culture. The situation of a husband and wife divorcing by using a lawyer has begun to enter the realm of the family in the agricultural sector. This research was conducted using qualitative methods, and successfully interviewed 15 informants who were selected purposively by name and address through divorce records in the Religious Affairs Office, in three districts in East Java. The results show a shift in gender roles related to the position and role of women in agrarian households in rural areas. The initiative and decision to divorce in a paternalistic agrarian family is no longer dominated by the husband. The control of economic resources by female migrants has become a strong basis in increasing their bargaining position, causing the husband's authority to be able to be "bought" by his wife (purchased local authority). The economic resource base of female migrants and a relatively long separation of husband and wife have triggered the divorce of migrant families in the area of origin. Pages 1007 to 1020




The Domestication of Women’s Role on a Small Island: A Case Study of Women at Tnyafar on Selaru Island, Tanimbar Island Regency

Junianita Fridianova Sopamenaa, aSocial Economic Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Pattimura University Ambon, Email: ajunanitasopamena@gmail.com

Research about Tnyafar is still quite limited, and therefore, this research attempts to fill in the gap by investigating the domestication of the women’s role at Tnyafar. The method of research used is the qualitative approach with a case study. This research was conducted during May 2017. The informants include men and women who have activities at Tnyafar, with a total of 40 persons (31 women and nine men). The result research shows that women play significant roles, either inside the house or outside of it, and mainly in the farm or hamlet. The total timeframe of these activities ranges from 16 to 19 hours, with an average activity time of 17.5 hours. The break time ranges from five to eight hours, with an average break time of 6.5 hours. The women have more activities than the men, and it proves the domestication of the women’s role. There are so many activities that are done by women and all of them are considered as being trivial by the cultural context of the community where the women live. Pages 1021 to 1036




Education as Predictor of the Knowledge of Pregnancy Danger Signs in Rural Indonesia

Ratna Dwi Wulandaria*, Agung Dwi Laksonob, aFaculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia. Campus C Mulyosari, Surabaya 60115, Indonesia, bNational Institute of Health Research and Development, Indonesia Ministry of Health. Percetakan Negara 29, Jakarta 10560, Indonesia, Email: a*ratna-d-w@fkm.unair.ac.id

The research aim was to analyse education as a predictor of knowledge of the pregnancy danger signs in rural Indonesia. There were 44,647 childbearing age women (15-49) used as a sample. The variables analysed included knowing the danger signs of pregnancy, education, age, employment, marital, wealth, and parity. Binary logistic regression tests were used to detect the predictors. Women with primary education were 1.973 times more likely to know the danger signs of pregnancy than women with no education. Women with secondary education were 3.355 times more likely to know the danger signs of pregnancy than women with no education. Women with higher education were 7.169 times more likely to know the danger signs of pregnancy than women with no education. The higher the education, the more knowledge of the danger signs of pregnancy. Age, employment, wealth, and parity were also found as predictors of the knowledge of the pregnancy danger signs. Employed women were likely 0.958 times to know the pregnancy danger signs than unemployed women. All wealth status categories were more likely to know the pregnancy danger signs than the poorest women. Multiparous and grand multiparous women were less likely to know the pregnancy danger signs than primiparous women. Education was a predictor of the knowledge of the pregnancy danger signs in rural Indonesia. Besides that, there were 4 other variables which were also predictors, namely age, employment, wealth, and parity. Pages 1037 to 1051




Psycho-Social Education (PSE) Model: Conceptualisation and Implementation of Empowerment Models for Families Evicted from Cities

Ikhlasiah Dalimoenthea*, Evy Clarab, Yenina Akmalc, Ahmad Tarmiji Alkhudrid, Bella Putri Andhynie, Iriani Dewi Sarwestrif, a,b,eSociology Departement, Faculty of Social science, State University of Jakarta, Jakarta, Indonesia, cPAUD Departement, Faculty of Education, State University of Jakarta, Jakarta, Indonesia, dState University of Jakarta, Jakarta, Indonesia, fGeography Departement, Faculty of Social Science, State University of Jakarta, Jakarta, Indonesia, Email: a*ika.dalimoenthe@yahoo.com

This study aims to examine the conceptualisation and implementation of psycho-social education empowerment models for victims of urban eviction in Jakarta, Indonesia. The results showed that the relocation of victims of eviction to Rusunawa, left psycho-social and economic problems, mostly experienced by women. This condition became the indicator of the presence of a psycho-social education (PSE) empowerment model. The results of expert validation on the 83.33 psycho-social education (PSE) empowerment model were stated to be good. The results of the expert assessment are in line with the results of the model implementation carried out on 36 empowered participants, of which 83 per cent considered empowering the psycho-social education model to reduce the trauma, depression, and socio-cultural problems of the families of evictees. Pages 1052 to 1072