The Impact of Islamic Banking Credits on Saudi Arabia’s Economic Growth

Abdullah Alshebela, Kaisar Lahiya Sikkib, Bayu Taufiq Possumahc, a,bEconomics Department, King Saud University, Riyadh Saudi Arabia, cTazkia University College, Indonesia, Email: aashebel@ksu.edu.sa, bkaisarlahiya@gmail.com, cbtaufiq@gmail.com

The objective of this research is to investigate the impact of Islamic banking credits on Saudi Arabia’s economic growth during the period 1990-2015. The results showed that the relationship between the variables in the long and short-term is significant. The results also indicated a significant impact of Islamic banking credits on Saudi Arabia’s economic growth during 1990-2015. The results are appropriate with the government’s Saudi Vision 2030 effort to expand non-oil revenue in light of a declining dependence on oil. The real GDP reflected economic growth as a dependent variable, while other independent variables were trade openness (TO), money supply M3 and stock market index (SMI). There is a positive and significant relationship between M3 and economic growth owing to a new reliance on Saudi Arabia's M3 and was acknowledged by the gross domestic product. Trade openness and stock market indices during the research period were significant in explaining the change in economic growth. The results of the Wald causality test revealed a strong causality between the variables in the short-term, and stability tests (CUSUM and CUSUMSQ) affirmed that this relationship was stable in the long term and well-utilised to make a forecast. Consequently, Islamic banking credits, in particular, have an essential role in Saudi Arabia to finance the private sector. Pages 1 to 24




The Influences of Teacher Performance in public High Schools in Indonesia

Yudin Citriadina*, Bambang Budi Wiyonob, Muhammad Hudac, Imron Arifind, aState University of Malang & Mataram State Islamic University Indonesia, b,dState University of Malang Indonesia, Email: a*yudin.citriadin@uinmataram.ac.id

Improvements in teacher performance need to be managed well through the motivation of the principal as coach. Teacher performance is not only improved by work results, but also improved by work tasks. Many factors influence teacher performance and attitudes about the teaching profession. The findings show that attitudes about the teaching profession and the work environment exist. A better attitude of the teacher profession promotes a more effective working environment. Schools that have a safe, orderly and calm work environment ensure a comfortable learning process. There is not affect between the work environment and teacher performance, the meaning, that the more conducive and positive the work environment is not necessarily able to directly effect and improve teacher performance. There is an effect of attitudes towards the teaching profession with teacher performance, the meaning, that professional and high-performing teachers in carrying out the educational process in schools have learning skills, solid scientific insights, broad social insights, and a positive attitude towards their work. Pages 25 to 41




 Analysis of Bullying Effects on Job Performance Using Employee Engagement and Job Satisfaction as Mediation

Zainal Arifina, Nazief Nirwantob, Abdul Mananc, aSTIEI- Banjarmasin, Indonesia, b,cMerdeka University, Malang, Indonesia, Email: azainal@stiei-kayutangi-bjm.ac.id

The purpose of this study is to examine the effectiveness of employee engagement and job satisfaction to reduce the negative impact of bullying in the workplace on job performance, in the wood management industry in Kalimantan Indonesia. The findings revealed that employee engagement mediates fully the relationship between bullying and job performance, and job satisfaction mediates partially the relationship between bullying in the workplace and job performance. Management must try to solve the problem of intimidation by increasing the mental involvement of employees and policies that can increase job satisfaction. Pages 42 to 56




The Implementation of Resource-Based View in Enhancing the Reputation of Dive Operators to Increase Dive Tourist’s Trust in Indonesia

Jilmi Astina Anifa*, Ernie Tisnawati Suleb, Hilmiana Yudo Martonoc, Sucherlyd, a,b,c,dDoctorate Program in Business Management Faculty of Economic and Business, Email: a*jilmiastina@gmail.com

As a country with the second longest coastline in the world, Indonesia has vast potential for marine tourism. Dive tourism, in particular, is one of the growing marine tourist industries along the archipelago. Subsequently, a management strategy is needed so that local operators earn good reputation as well as trust from tourists. The aim of this research is to analyse the RBV (resource-based view) effect on the reputation of dive trip operators as well as its impact on tourists’ trust in Indonesia. The method employed in this research is the variable- or component-based structural equation modelling (SEM), which is the PLS (Partial Least Square), to verify the connection between variables. The result shows that RBV affects tourists’ trust through the reputation of dive trip operators. However, RBV does not directly affect the trust. The results of this study have implications for the management of dive operators in Indonesia in that increasing trust relies on increasing reputation. To improve reputation, it is necessary to build on improvements in RBV implementation. Pages 57 to 71




The Role of a Company Board in Emerging Markets

Makaryanawatia, aState University of Malang, Email: amakaryanawati.fe@um.ac.id

Many factors affect a company's performance, among them the advising role of a Board. Advising on company performance depends on the internal characteristics and external environment of the company. This study aims to examine the influence of ‘the Board’ on company performance in emerging markets that are dominated by family ownership. The findings demonstrate that a Board has a positive effect on company performance. However, family control weakens the influence of the Board’s effectiveness in terms of enhancing company performance. This confirms that a Board has a critical role in providing advice to management. Nonetheless, the dominance of family ownership makes a Board unable to provide professional judgement, thereby reducing company performance. Pages 72 to 88




Indonesia-Malaysia Tourism Relations from the Perspective of Foreign Policy

Tulus Warsitoa, Ali Maksumb, Surwandonoc, Ratih Herningtyasd, a,b,c,dUniversitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta, Email: atulusw@umy.ac.id

As neighbouring countries, Indonesia and Malaysia’s diplomatic relations fluctuate from time to time. Despite this, there are many experiences that show the close relationship between the two nations. Geographical proximity and cultural similarity allow for tourism to flourish. The tourism sector in Malaysia generates the third highest source of income. Of the 25 million recorded number of foreign tourist visits of per year, three million are tourists from Indonesia. Contrastingly, two million Malaysian tourists visit Indonesia per year. This article examines whether bilateral tensions, especially pertaining to Sipadan-Ligitan, Ambalat, and Pendet Dance cases, affected the tourism sectors. This research found that there is no relationship between politics and tourism sectors as catalyst for peace during the tense bilateral relations between Indonesia and Malaysia. Pages 89 to 100




Corporate Social Responsibility as an Amplifier on the Effect of Profitability on the Company Value (Study of Companies Listed in the Sri Kehati Index from 2012 to 2016)

Eddy Winarsoa*, Veronica Christinab, a,bWidyatama University – Bandung – Indonesia, Email: a*edi.winarso@gmail.com

The purpose of this study is to determine the ability of corporate social responsibility (CSR) in strengthening the relationship between profitability and company value. This study was conducted at companies listed on the Sri-Kehati index. Sri – Kehatiindex,   describes companies that are economically profitable while paying attention to environmental sustainability. The sample population in this study are financial reports issued by the Sri Kehati index from 2012 to 2016 listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange. Purposive sampling was used to determine the sample and the number of samples in this study were 90 financial statements.  This study is explanatory; data processing was done by using moderated regression analysis with SPSS. This study found that CSR was able to strengthen the relationship between and the company value. Pages 101 to 115




The Role of Income Audit against the Internal Control at Hotel Gammara Makassar

Syamsu Rijala, Murdiani Sukaranab, Muh. Zainuddin Badollahic*, Haryanto Halimd, a,b,cMakassar Tourism Polytechnic, dMakassar BOSOWA University4, Email: c*muhammadzainuddinb@gmail.com

This study aims to determine the role of Income Audit on Internal Control at Gammara Hotel Makassar. This research was conducted at Gammara Hotel Makassar and uses a qualitative method. The data was obtained from interviews, observations, questionnaires and literature studies. The results of this study indicate that the night audit process runs well. An effective audit process comes about from a competent controller who possesses the requisite technical capabilities, a deep understanding of the industry and company and who is able to express ideas and communicate and interact with international visitors. Pages 116 to 125




Analysing Managerial Accounting Information System of Islam Malang Hospital and Defining its Important Role to Serve the Indonesian community.

Puji Handayatia*, Shadi Emad. A. Alhalehb, a,bState University of Malang, Email: a*puji.handayati.fe@um.ac.id

This paper examines the accounting system at Unisma Islam Malang public hospital in order to determine its integrity and reliability to complete administrative and operational activities. A questionnaire was used to obtain details about the system and to understand its strengths and weaknesses. An analysis revealed that the system was inflexible and to upgrade it prohibitively high. Additionally, the adoption and implementation of a new system would take considerable time. While Unisma Islam Malang hospital administrative operations are going well, some transactions, patient records and papers take many days to be posted and journaled in the accounting system. This process, in fact, prevents a misunderstanding of the hospital’s accounting and managerial processes. Pages 126 to 137




 The Strategy of Laws’ Harmonisation Underlying National and International Business Law

Cindawatia, aLecturer faculty of law. University of Palembang, Indonesia, Email: acindawati_s@yahoo.com

The purpose of the study is to describe and analyse strategies for harmonizing laws that underlie national and international business law using normative juridical methods. Research Results: differences in National Business Law and International Business Law. International business law is a special contract law that has a foreign element. Regulating general provisions and specific provisions for certain contracts, for example international contracts are made and governed by Indonesian law, then the articles of the Civil Law Law apply. The existence of the WTO Unification and Harmonisation Policy (World Trade Organization) is an example: where the integration of international trade and legal rules is applied to its member countries. The ICC (International Chamber of Commerce) standard is included in many business contracts, although not binding. Its two legal products, UCP 600 and Incoterms 2015, regulate rights and obligations as well as costs and risks for sellers and buyers in each trading condition to provide a universal definition of standards in international trade transactions, such as FOB and CIF. National and international business contracts, the rights and obligations of each party in accordance with the agreement based on the agreed contract. Pages 138 to 148




Loyalty Programs Effectiveness and Customer–Company Identification

Thanaporn Sriyakula, Kittisak Jermsittiparsertb,c*, Watcharin Joemsittiprasertd, Chayongkan Pamornmaste, aFaculty of Business Administration, Mahanakorn University of Technology, Bangkok, Thailand, bDepartment for Management of Science and Technology Development, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, cFaculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, dDivision of Business Administration, ASA College, New York, USA, eFaculty of Business Administration, Mahanakorn University of Technology, Bangkok, Thailand,

*Corresponding Author Email: b,c*kittisak.jermsittiparsert@tdtu.edu.vn, aajbamut@gmail.com, dwatjoemsittiprasert1@asa.edu, echayongkanp@hotmail.com

In the current competitive market, specialists and experts have underscored the importance of close connections with clients for an effective business. Organizations are being differentiated to pull in potential clients and hold existing ones. It is acknowledged that loyal customers generate prominent incomes and benefit and maybe somewhat, expanded market share. Hence, it is a profitable idea to have an association towards client loyalty. Literature review revealed that introduction of loyalty programs is a prevalent instrument through which firms differentiating themselves and, in that capacity, these programs have turned out to be one of the real determinants of organizations’ accomplishment. Customer loyalty programs are characterized as defensive marketing instruments structured by organizations to change the customers personal conduct standards in long term by giving them motivators, so they stay with a particular brand or company. The results of article both empirically and conceptually sets up a deep investigation system that can help marketing managers and specialists assess and improve dedication program adequacy. Pages 149 to 164




 Researches on Sociology and Sustainable Management for Future Trend

Paisal Halima, Muhammad Ikhsan Setiawanb, Agus Sukococ, Ronny Durrotun Nasihiend, Syamsiah Badruddine, Abdul Talib Bonf, a,eDepartment of Sociology, Faculty of Social and Political Science, Universitas Nasional Jakarta, Indonesia, b,dDepartment of Civil Engineering, Narotama University, Surabaya, Indonesia, cDepartment of Management, Narotama University, Surabaya, Indonesia, fDepartment of Production and Operations, University Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Malaysia, Email: apaisalhalim@civitas.unas.ac.idbikhsan.setiawan@narotama.ac.idcagus.sukoco@narotama.ac.iddronny.durrotun@narotama.ac.idesyamsiah_badruddin@civitas.unas.ac.idftalibon@gmail.com

Researches on sociology and sustainable management for future trends are still minimal in Indonesia. Based on Scopus publication paper data, there are only five reputable international publications that are related to the research on sociology and sustainable management in Indonesia, in the last 30 years (1990-2020). The trend in the world of research publications in the field of sociology and sustainable management for future trends is a minimum of 15 papers per year in the last ten years. By source, Scopus' international writings in the field are mostly in the subject of rural sociology with 15 documents and the environmental science and policy with eight papers. By affiliation, Scopus’ international publications in the area are mostly from Wageningen University and Research Centre with ten documents, the University of Cape Town with five papers and McGill University. By country/territory, Scopus’ international publications related to sociology research and sustainable management are dominant in the United States with 64 documents and the United Kingdom with 36 papers. By the type of materials, Scopus’ international publications are mostly in the form of the article with 216 papers and the structure of the conference paper with 45 documents. By dominant subject areas, Scopus' international publications in the field are mostly in the social sciences with 126 papers and environmental sciences with 123 articles. By funding sponsors, Scopus’ international documents in the area that receive sponsorships are mainly in the field of engineering and physical sciences with three papers. Pages 165 to 174




The Impact of Listening Phonological Errors on Speaking

Syahfitri Purnamaa*, aEnglish Education Study Program, Faculty of Language and Art, Indraprasta PGRI University, Jakarta, Indonesia, E-mail: asyahfitripurnama@gmail.com

Phonological error in communicating will let the listener gain a different meaning and communication becomes impeded.  Students’ errors are due to their lack of understanding of the sound system of language as their second-language acquisition. This research tried to examine what type of phonological errors are made by students when they are listening to the short and how it will impact their speaking. The data collecting was conducted in the English Department language laboratory of The National University in Jakarta by second-semester students of the Faculty of Letters in the subject of spoken English. The purpose of this research study is to ascertain the difficulties which are faced by the students when learning basic Spoken English I. The method used is descriptive with content analysis technique. The result showed the biggest of surface structure taxonomy of phonological errors created by the students when they are listening to the short story and has impacted on speaking is global errors in diphthong (61.21%). This is because in Indonesia there is no sound of a diphthong. These global errors will have an effect on good communication. The students should study structure of the phonological system in the target language, especially diphthong sound, in addition to vowels and consonants. It is expected that the lecturer often guides student’s pronunciation based on the point and the manner of articulation and able to. Pages 175 to 188




TVA Discomfort During Teaching and Learning Process in Malaysian Classroom.

Hassan Ha, Haryanti M.Ab, a,bCentre of Engineering & Built Environment Education Research, Faculty of Engineering & Built Environment, National University of Malaysia 43600, Bangi, Selangor, malaysia, Email: aharith1082@gmail.combharyantima@ukm.edu.my

TVA discomfort is one of the factors that make the classroom environment uncomfortable and disrupts the teaching and learning process in the classroom. This factor has impact on the learning process of students in the classroom. students learning abilities will also be disrupted by the presence of TVA discomfort in the classroom. Semi-structured interviews have been held involving 7 high school students. The result shows that TVA discomfort can impact the teaching and learning process in classroom. Thus, a future study which to determine impact TVA discomfort towards 4C’s skill student during teaching and learning process. Pages 189 to 195




The Assessment of 2D Animation E-Module Suitability Usage in Malaysia Community College

1Suhaizal Hashim, 2Mohd Erfy Ismail, 3Alias Masek, 4Rashidah Lip, 5Nadzrah Sa’adan & 6Pipit Utami  

1,2,3Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Malaysia, 4Muar Community College, Malaysia, 5Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia, 6Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Email: 1suhaizal@uthm.edu.my, 2erfy@uthm.edu.my, 3aliasmasek@uthm.edu.my

 4rashidah.lip@gmail.com, 5nadzrahsaadan@gmail.com, 6pipitutami@uny.ac.id

Apart from the extensive facilities, the expertise and competence of lecturers is seen as one of the important things to complement the implementation of the policy especially in the teaching and learning process. However, teaching in the form of explanation may force them to not be bored and not interested in learning topics conducted by lecturers. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the suitability of the Basic 2D Animation E-Module in terms of content, interface design and user acceptance levels. This e-module software through the Microsoft PowerPoint application based on the Basic 2D Animation curriculum subject, Malaysia Community College Certificate Program. This quantitative study was conducted using a survey method using a questionnaire instrument distributed to 50 students from 3rd semester of 2D Animation Programs. The three Community Colleges involved in this study were in Segamat, Kuala Langat and Kepala Batas. The data obtained was analyzed based on frequency, mean and standard deviation. The study found that the content level of suitability content was high with a mean score of 3.63. Evaluation on the suitability level of the interface design is also at a high level with a mean score of 3.63, while acceptance level of the user shows the mean score of 3.62 which also on a high level. All respondents agree that the application of the Basic 2D Animation E-Module used is suitable and meets the requirements for the implementation of teaching and learning. This e-module can be expanded to enable its implementation to be more attractive and effective. Pages 196 to 206




Factors Influencing the Improvement of Students’ Moral and Professional Ethics Attributes: An Industrial Training Intervention

Shazaitul Azreen Rodzalana*, Maisarah Mohamed Saatb, Lily Suriani Mohd Arifc, aDepartment of Management and Technology, Faculty of Technology Management and Business, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, 86400, Batu Pahat, Johor, Malaysia, bAzman Hashim International Business School, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 Skudai, Johor, MALAYSIA, cFaculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 Skudai, Johor, Malaysia,

A transition from university to real workplace requires students to become holistic in both academic and non-academic areas. In doing so, early exposure through industrial training is believed to enhance their attributes and skills, develop maturity and focus on their future employment. Real ethical exposure can also be acquired through this training. This study has twofold objectives; firstly, to explore the impact of industrial training on students’ moral and professional ethics attributes improvement and secondly, to identify factors that influence this attributes improvement. These factors are demographic profiles of students, supervisors and organization, students’ motivation, job scope, supervisor leadership styles and organizational culture. A quantitative study through two phases of survey was conducted in six public universities in Malaysia. In the pre phase, 1,227 students returned complete questionnaire, while in the post phase a total of 485 usable questionnaires were analyzed. Based on paired t-test analysis, it appears that industrial training had an impact on students’ moral and ethicality improvement. This improvement is greater if students are extrinsically motivated and undergoing their training in large and multinational organization. Further, Engineering students improved significantly compared to Science and Social Science students. The findings provide some practical implications and recommendations for future industrial training practices. Pages 207 to 219




Crucial Personal Factors Leading to Stress in University

Khairunesa Isaa*, Nor Aishah Mat Jamb, Wan Hanim Nadrah Wan Mudac, Hazila  a,b,c,dUniversiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Parit Raja, Batu Pahat, Johor, 86400, Malaysia,

Stress can happen to all of us whether we are awake or asleep. Stress can be experienced at night when we try to sleep or are having a nightmare, in the traffic on the way home, or even at work. Therefore, this study aimed to examine the occurrence of stress among staff and the individual factors that contribute to stress. The sample of 50 respondents was randomly selected among staff in University A. The data of this study has been evaluated descriptively using SPSS version 2.0. The descriptive analysis was completed on six sub domains, i.e personal problems, a lack of personal appreciation, personal financial situation, work environment, personal support, and personal beliefs. The results showed that personal problems had a higher magnitude of stress compared to other subdomains. This means that personal finance, health problems, personal conflict, and unstable emotional controls have an influence on the personal problems that contribute to stress. Dual approaches involving both supervisors and co-workers are recommended in alleviating individual stress in the own workplace. Pages 220 to 230




The Common Ground between International Trade Contracts and Foreign Investment Contracts in Indonesia

Kittisak Jermsittiparserta,b, Andi Luhur Priantoc, Supatra Phanwichitd, Watcharin Joemsittipraserte*, aDepartment for Management of Science and Technology Development, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, bFaculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, cFaculty of Social and Political Science, Muhammadiyah University of Makassar, South Sulawesi, Indonesia, dSchool of Law, Sukhothai Thammathirat Open University, Nonthaburi, Thailand, e*Division of Business Administration, ASA College, New York, USA.,

*Corresponding Author Email: *ewatjoemsittiprasert1@asa.edu, a,bkittisak.jermsittiparsert@tdtu.edu.vncluhur@unismuh.ac.iddThailawresearch@gmail.com

The objective of the current research paper was to analyze the common ground between international trade contracts and foreign investment contracts in Indonesia. The writer of the present paper conducted a quantitative and cross-sectional study. In order to gather data on the common ground between international trade contracts and foreign investment contracts in Indonesia the researcher of this article used a content based analysis. The literature review for this study included previous articles, documents, reports and laws. On the basis of the past research, documents and laws similarities and differences were identified between international trade contracts and foreign investment contracts in the state of Indonesia. Similarities and differences were established in the legitimate foundations employed in both foreign as well as international contracts of diverse characteristics. The international aspect that might be a pointer of an international contract is an overseas factor that could be one of: diverse populations; the members have legitimate residence in various nations; the principle selected is international rule, comprising the laws or values of international agreements in contradiction to the agreement; differences in reimbursement of contracts is alleged abroad; the implementation of this kind of contracts out of the country; the agreement is contracted abroad; the body of the agreement out of the country; the language utilized in the agreement is an international language; and the usage of international currency in the agreement. The literature on the common grounds between international trade contracts and foreign investment contract in Indonesia is very limited. Thus this paper will enhance the literature on the topic of common grounds between international trade contracts and foreign investment contract in Indonesia. Pages 231 to 242




Evaluation of Scratch Programming Mentoring Program amongst Primary School Students

Noorfazila Kamala, Mohd Faisal Ibrahimb, Aqilah Baseri Huddinc, a,b,cIntegrated Systems Engineering and Advanced Technologies (INTEGRA), Faculty of Engineering & Built Environment, UKM Bangi, 43650, MALAYSIA,

Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) education is an important agenda for the Ministry of Education Malaysia. Malaysia needs more STEM graduates to meet IR4.0 technology requirements. However, the declining enrolment of students in STEM is alarming. Various initiatives have been undertaken by the ministry to address this problem. One of the initiatives is a mentoring programme, where higher education institutions students act as mentors to school students. In this article, an evaluation of a mentoring programme in Scratch programming amongst primary school students is presented. Programming is one of the important skills in IR4.0 technology. Two important components in programming are logical thinking and programming language. This programme emphasizes the logical thinking aspect rather than programming language. A total of 40 primary school students consisting of standard 5 and 6 students participated in the program as mentees and 16 undergraduate students participated as mentors. The programme consists of two activities, namely training and a project. The students’ knowledge is assessed after the training and project activity. Two types of instruments are used in this study which is a quiz and a presentation rubric. Based on the marks, statistical analysis has been conducted. The results show that the Scratch programming mentoring programme was successful in introducing and teaching students the skills of programming. A significant improvement in their knowledge can be seen after students have completed the project. Pages 243 to 259




 Inculcating Problem Solving and Analytical Skills in STEM Education Practices: The CRYsTaL Initiatives

Hafizah Hussina, Noorfazila Kamalb*, Mohd Faisal Ibrahimc, a,b,cIntegrated Systems Engineering and Advanced Technologies (INTEGRA), Faculty of Engineering & Built Environment, UKM Bangi, 43650, MALAYSIA.,

The Malaysia Education Blueprint 2013-2025 has put a lot of emphasis on transformation in Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) education to equip students with significant skills to compete in the global job market. The success of the Government Transformation Program, the National Science Policy and National Transformation 2050 have also been linked to STEM education to instil creative and innovative human capital in sustaining economic development and improving life quality in society especially in the era of industrial revolution 4.0 and IoT (Internet of Things). The aim of this study is to explore an alternative teaching and learning method based on STEM education practices especially in programming and automation systems, to enhance problem solving and analytical skills among undergraduates and school students initiated in the CRYsTaL program.  This program provides an interdisciplinary, hands-on approach to teaching programming language and introduces key concepts in mathematics and science while allowing the students to have hands-on experiences with various electronic devices and components. This exposure allows students to experience real world applications and exposes them to technology not currently introduced in many primary and secondary school classrooms. The method used is based on a qualitative study using semi-structured techniques that includes individual interviews, proposal presentation and demonstration observations. The design of this study is based on a sub-type of descriptive-longitudinal case study. The population in this study involved the fifth cohort of about 36 students from technical schools in Malaysia. Although this is less than conclusive, the result of the finding indicates that the methods employed are generally effective to make an impact in promoting problem solving and analytical thinking skills. Pages 260 to 272




Exploring Relationship between Matriculation Performance and University Achievement – A Case Study of Graduating Mechanical Engineering Batch 2015

Mohammad Rasidi Rasania, Zambri Harunb, Mohd Faizal Mat Tahirc, Zulkhairi Zainol Abidind, a,b,c,dCenter of Integrated Design for Advanced Mechanical Systems, Faculty of Engineering & Built Environment, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia,

This study aims to analyse correlation between student performance during matriculation studies and their yearly performance during undergraduate studies from their first to final year, including their achievement in design competency. A group of mechanical engineering students that graduated in 2015 was selected for this study. Their grade point average from matriculation and degree studies was compiled, together with their program objective achievements. Both graphical and statistical analysis were undertaken to formally compare and analyse their correlation. Results indicate no clear correlation between matriculation and academic performance in university for these mechanical engineering students, and that many underlying factors may contribute to variation in undergraduate performance. In addition, achievements of graduating students in engineering design competency are not influenced by their matriculation performance, indicating importance of their related teaching and learning experience during their university undergraduate program. This study may be applied to universities and pre-university institutions as a means to continuously monitor student performance and provide feedback on education quality. Pages 273 to 286




Design and Practical Experience in Power Electronics Project Based Learning Approach at UKM

Yushaizad Yusofa, Radin Za’imb, a,bINTEGRA, Fakulti Kejuruteraan & Alam Bina, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 UKM, Bangi, Selangor, MALAYSIA,

Teaching and learning of power electronics courses typically involves various activities such as circuit design, circuit development and circuit testing for predetermined application. To comply with the course outcome assessment, a project based learning (PBL) methodology has been introduced in the course. This PBL requires the design, development and testing of a Buck converter circuit to be carried out by a group of students. The PBL project initiates with a design of Buck converter circuit model based on MATLAB Simulink tool. Next, a construction of Buck converter circuit prototype is carried out and followed by a demonstration of prototype performance to validate it. Additionally, this includes an oral presentation and a report submission. In order to motivate the students, a design competition is organized. The practical experience gained from the proposed PBL has increased student comprehension of and interest in power electronics application and studies. As a result, the students showed improvement in their practical skills e.g. assembling, constructing and tuning the Buck converter circuit. With practical experience in hand, students have better self-confidence and competencies which lead to significant improvement in practical engineering skills. Pages 297 to 302




Perception of Student Attributes towards Short Video Presentation Assignment in Machine Component Analysis Subject

M.F. Mat Tahira*, N.K. Khamisb, M.R. Mohammad Rasanic, M.A. Mohd Sabrid, a,c,dCentre for Integrated Design and Advanced Mechanical System, Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia, bCenter for Material Engineering and Smart Manufacturing, Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia,

The challenges in pedagogical measurement are changing with the new education environment called Education 4.0. The non-examination assessments and lecturers without classes have emerged as more of a trend in teaching and learning 4.0. Thus, this study examines the perceptions of student attributes towards the use of short video as a presentation tool in subject assignment as part of non-examination assessments. A total of 73 students from the Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment, participated in this study. These groups of students were required to perform video based assignments as a small part of the course assessment. The respondents were required to fill in the questionnaire survey form at the end of the semester. There are two main sections in this survey form, consisting of Section A (demographic background) and Section B (student’s perception of attributes based on four conceptual frameworks; capability, satisfaction, readiness and fairness. From the results, in general, students have a positive agreement about their perception of capability, satisfaction, preparedness with this type of task and assessment. However, there is room for improvement in the perception of fairness because they tend to be neutral and maybe doubt that will be able to be fairly judged. There is an opportunity for educators to explore and formulate more comprehensive assessment in order to make the students feel they are being evaluated fairly and provide a win-win situation to educators and students. Pages 303 to 315




Assessment of Student Achievement using the Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) and the Integrated Cumulative Grade Point Average (ICGPA)

A.A. Mutaliba*, S.F.M. Razalib, M.S.M. Aqszac, a,bEngineering Education Research Centre, Faculty of Engineering & Built Environment, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 UKM Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia, cSustainable and Smart Township Research Centre, Faculty of Engineering & Built Environment, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 UKM Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia,

The cumulative grade point average (CGPA) is a method used to measure the academic performance of students in every university in Malaysia. In the year 2015, the Ministry of higher education (KPT) has introduced an integrated assessment system that is the integrated cumulative grade point average (iCGPA). Through the iCGPA system, student performance reports in terms of the course learning outcomes and program learning outcomes can be represented by the radar graph (spider web). The iCGPA system was implemented at the Faculty of Engineering & Built Environment, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia starting from the academic year 2016/2017. The study found that the implementation of iCGPA has improved the assessment of student performance compared to the CGPA system. Therefore, it is recommended to conduct the continuous comparative assessment for both CGPA and iCGPA systems on student academic achievement. Pages 316 to 335


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