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A Structural Equation Modelling Study of the Determinants of Retirement Preparedness

Ratneswary Rasiaha*, Felicia Mathew Bilongb, Jason James Turnerc, Hassam Waheedd, Sotheeswari Somasundrame, Kelly Pei Leng, Teef,   a,b,d,e,fTaylor’s University, No. 1, Jalan Taylor’s, Subang Jaya 47500 Selangor DE, Malaysia, cAsia Pacific University of Technology & Innovation Technology Park Malaysia, Bukit Jalil, 57000 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Email: a*Ratneswary.RASIAH@taylors.edu.my

As the result of an increasingly challenging economic environment, individuals are facing difficulties in the management of their financial obligations. These difficulties are arguably exacerbated by increasing life expectancies. For younger adults, there is the added financial responsibility of supporting the elderly and the retired, which impacts on their own retirement security prospects. In the face of these challenges, a large proportion of Malaysia’s elderly population do not have the financial means to support themselves. This study aims to assess the impact of financial literacy, potential conflict in retirement planning, attitude and goal clarity on an individual’s retirement preparedness. Placing financial well-being at the centre of policy consideration to ensure working adults are able to sufficiently fund their retirement. The study employs a Partial Least Squares-Structural Equation Modelling estimation technique to analyse a set of data of 200 working adults in Malaysia. Furthermore, the theoretical framework of the present study is grounded in a Life-Cycle Hypothesis (LCH). The results indicate that deviation from the optimal path, as suggested by LCH, can be attributed to variations in the determinants of retirement preparedness. The results demonstrate that financial literacy and goal clarity have a favourable impact on retirement preparedness, while potential conflict in retirement planning and attitude towards retirement are not significant predictors of retirement preparedness. These findings suggest the pervasive role of financial literacy in the financial preparedness of Malaysia’s elderly population and have implications for both, academic theory and policy design. Pages 1 to 24

 

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Social Participation of Deaf Students within Inclusive Higher Education

Amkaa, Mirnawatib, a,bSpecial Education Department, University of Lambung Mangkurat, Banjarmasin, Indonesia, Email: aamka.plb@ulm.ac.id,  bmirnawati.plb@ulm.ac.id

Most children with special needs in schools that provide inclusive education still experience difficulties with developing social relationships with peers; their social tendencies are often limited to peers who also have special needs. The purpose of this study was to examine the social participation of deaf students at the University of Lambung Mangkurat in Banjarmasin, Indonesia, which included 28 people, of whom 5 were deaf students and 23 were their peers. Social participation was examined through three indicators: friendships or social relationships, classmates’ acceptance, and student perceptions. We used a quantitative approach with a survey for this research. To collect data, we used interviews, questionnaires, and other documentation. The results of the study show that social participation in inclusive settings for deaf students with peers can provide positive benefits. This research has implications for lecturers, for preparing learning management approaches that build student social participation. Pages 25 to 40

 

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Game Innovation Development of Multiple Intelligence-Based Puppet Films

Yuliani Nurania, Sofia Hartatib, Malpaleni Satrianac, Hapidind, a,b,dLecturer of Early Childhood Education Study Program, FIP, Universitas Negeri Jakarta, cEarly Childhood Education Study Program, FKIP, Universitas Mulawarman, Email: ayuliani.nurani@unj.ac.id,  bsofia.hartati@unj.ac.id,  cMalpaleni@gmail.com,  dhapidin@unj.ac.id

This research makes game innovation development with the children's game Pipileman; one of the games in Jatitujuh Village, West Java. Game Pipileman, which can only be played in the evening, will be developed so that it can be played during the day and anywhere with materials as well as tools that are safe for children. This research is research and development (R&D) to produce and test the effectiveness of these products. The application of nine aspects of intelligence are embodied into development themes and indicators and the sequence of learning strategies. Based on the results of the field trials that were conducted to test the effectiveness of a model puppet game films in the learning process in children, it can be concluded that the activity of the game puppet film that has been designed and developed systematically can improve achievement indicators of the mulitple intelligences of the child. Pages 41 to 53

 

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Analysis of Food Waste That Contains Carbohydrate Starch in Hospital

Bagus Dadang Prasetiyoa, Qomariyatus Sholihahb, M.Sasmito Djatic, Marjonod, aStudent of Doctoral Program in Environmental Science Brawijaya University, Malang, East Java, Indonesia, b,c,dLecturer at Brawijaya University, Malang, East Java, Indonesia, Email: ajendbagus@gmail.com,  bqomariyatus@ub.ac.id,  cmsdjati@ub.ac.id,  dmarjono@ub.ac.id

Hospital "X" provides class A health service. Its service activities produce positive and negative impacts. One of them is food waste originating from hospitalisation. This research aims to obtain quantitative potential of food waste that contains carbohydrate starch (rice waste) and its utilisation. The method used is Absolute Deviations and then analysed using SEM. The results obtained from the arising of rice waste amounted to 36.25% or 0.29 kg per patient per day, and as a comparison of inpatients dispose of food waste an average of 953 grams per day in Portuguese hospitals (Dias-Ferreira, Santos and Oliveira, 2015) and food served to inpatients in hospitals, amounting to 41.6% wasted not utilised (Schiavone, Pelullo and Attena, 2019). Pages 54 to 68

 

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The Roles of International Regimes in Controlling an Environmental Crisis: A Critical Evaluation

Sugeng Riyantoa, Budi Winarnob, a,bDepartment of International Relations, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta Indonesia, Email: ariyanto_sugeng@yahoo.com,  bbudiwinarno1947@gmail.com

Global warming and climate change are not more than an environmental crisis in the era of neoliberal globalisation. This has been a global issue, and at the same time, it has been gradually becoming a global threat of human security. The unity of the developed and the emerging countries is needed in order to strengthen international regime controlling this threat of environmental crisis.  In addition, a strong awareness of the world communities is also crucial  to put more pressure on the developed industrial and emerging countries to reduce their consumption of fossil based energies in one side, and in the other side, to bring international regime to have greater capacity and, therefore its roles are going to be more effective in controlling an environmental crisis. Without a common action among  the leaders of the developed industrial and emerging countries, and  together with a strong global awareness among world-wide communities, sooner or later, the environmental crisis, which has indeed been ongoing, is destroying our planet Earth. Pages 69 to 84

 

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The Analysis of Local Own-Source Revenue (PAD) from the Sub-Sector of Motorised Vehicle Tax in Regency of Bengkalis and Siak of Riau Province

Syapsana*, Syafril Basrib, Restuc, Meiryanid*, Srinitae, a,b,cDepartment of Development Economics, Faculty of Economics, Riau University, Indonesia, 28293, dAccounting Department, Faculty of Economics and Communication, Bina Nusantara University, Jakarta, Indonesia 11480, eFaculty of Economics, Syiah Kuala University, Darussalam Banda Aceh, Indonesia, Email: d*meiryani@binus.edu

In implementing a regional autonomy, funding sourced from the Local Own-Source Revenue (PAD) is needed. One source of PAD comes from motorised vehicle tax. Motorised vehicle tax is a tax on ownership and/or control of motorised vehicles. So far, this tax has not been optimal in receipt, and there is an indication of non-compliance of taxpayers in paying taxes. Persuasive efforts are still being carried out by the government so that the public grows their awareness in paying taxes, and it is suspected that tax service factors, taxpayers’ awareness, and illegal levies are factors causing compliance of the taxpayer in paying motorised vehicle tax. The research method used was quantitative research. In this study, the type and source of data used was secondary data published by certain agencies and primary data which were a sample of 120 taxpayers from two regions, Bengkalis and Siak. The analytical tool used was Multiple Linear Regression (MLR). The results showed it was proven that the variables of taxation services, taxpayers’ awareness, and illegal levies simultaneously had a significant effect on taxpayer compliance in paying motorised vehicle tax. Some people still do not understand tax payment procedures. Thus, they often postponed the payments. The delay also occurred because the work days of workers from communities around the location of the oil palm plantations were from Monday to Friday so they did not have time to make payments. The results of the study also found awareness and illegal levies were also factors in the decline in compliance. The recommendation of this study is the Government provides payment counters on Saturdays and Sundays in the plantation area by placing Mobil Samsat Keliling (service given by using a car as payment counters). Then, attaching the procedure of tax payments and its requirments on the sheet of Vehicle Registration Certificate (STNK) or motorised vehicle tax (PKB) of each owner of a two-wheeled motorised vehicle when buying the motorised vehicle or when paying the tax. It will encourage the compliance of taxpayers of plantation sector in paying motorised vehicle tax, and it later can increase Local Own-Source Revenue (PAD) of the Riau Province. Pages 85 to 104

 

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The Status of Provincial Universities in the Mekong Delta Area of Vietnam

Loc V. Voa, L. Nguyenb, Ut V. Lec*, aOffice of Sciences and Technology Management, Saigon University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, bDivision of Computational Mathematics and Engineering, Institute for Computational Science, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, cInformetrics Research Group, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, Email: c*levanut@tdtu.edu.vn

Currently Vietnam has 235 universities. Among those, there are 170 public universities, 60 private universities and 5 foreign-owned universities. All Vietnamese universities must follow the Vietnamese law of higher education, supervised and inspected by the Ministry of Education and Training; nevertheless, the 170 public universities are not necessary under this ministry but can be under different ministries or equivalent ones. Around ten years ago, many provinces in Vietnam established universities under themselves, of course public ones, so-called provincial universities. The Mekong Delta in Vietnam plays an important role in the development of the country, and some provinces in this area have provincial universities under themselves. However, the quality of these universities is questionable, while the unemployment of university graduates has recently been very concerned. This paper was to investigate the performance of provincial universities in the Mekong Delta in Vietnam. The study showed that key indicators of provincial universities in this area were considerably low. Then suitable solutions for such weaknesses were proposed to make these provincial universities in the mentioned area more developed. Pages 105 to 120

 

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The Effect of Food Commodities Price on Inflation in Medan City

Rahmantaa*, Yusak Maryuniantab, a,bDosen Program Studi Agribisnis, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia, Email: a*rahmanta1213@gmail.com

The phenomenon of inflation is always interesting to discuss especially with regard to its broad impact on macroeconomic aggregates, namely economic growth, external balance, competitiveness, and interest rates and income distribution. Therefore, it is necessary to conduct a study of some of the effects of changes in food prices on inflation in Medan City. The research method used is VECM. The results showed, in the short term there are several variables that influence inflation in the current period, namely the price of rice one month before, the price of rice two months earlier, the price of red chilli one month earlier, the price of red chilli two months earlier, the price of cayenne pepper one month before, the price of cayenne pepper two months earlier, the price of onion two months earlier and the price of garlic two months earlier. While in the long term there is one variable that affects inflation, namely red chilli. Thus, food price inflation in the long term and short term remains a significant driver for the installation of overall consumption prices and food prices in Medan city. The most dominant commodity FEVD analysis results in explaining inflationary curbs in Medan City from the most influential to the smallest are the price of red chilli, the price of shallots, the price of rice, the price of cayenne pepper, and the price of garlic. Pages 121 to 134

 

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Predictors of Job Performance: Moderating Role of Conscientiousness

Yuslena Saria, Abid Muhtaromb, Quyen Le Hoang Thuy To Nguyenc, Phong Thanh Nguyend, Ansire, aUniversitas Lambung Mangkurat, bUniversitas Islam Lamongan, cOffice of Cooperation and Research Management, Ho Chi Minh City Open University, Vietnam, dDepartment of Project Management, Ho Chi Minh City Open University, Vietnam, eUniversitas Halu Oleo, Email: ayuzlena@ulm.ac.id,  babid@unisla.ac.id,  cquyen.nlhtt@ou.edu.vn,  dphong.nt@ou.edu.vn,  eansir994@gmail.com

Organizations are heavily dependent on the job performance of their employees because their optimal performance causes organizational success or failure. Working conditions are changing rapidly. Therefore, the current study has examined the role of different sources of stress in job performance of employees. Life and work stress have been considered for the study. In addition the role of personality has also been considered as a potential moderator between the relationships of variables. Data were collected from the employees working in Indonesian banks. A questionnaire was used to collect data and was analyzed by using Smart-PLS software. Results of the study revealed that life related stress is negatively related with job performance. The relationship is significant and valued at -0.238. While work related stress was found to be associated with job performance which is valued at 0.343. The relationship is significant and the direction positive which means that employees tend to work better under stressful work settings. In addition to this the moderation results were also significant. The majority of the study hypotheses were accepted in light of the results. Overall the study makes a significant contribution to the available literature. Further, the study also provides some future avenues for research which are presented in the discussion and limitations section. Pages 135 to 152

 

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Impact of Stakeholder Orientation on Public Finance Regulatory Compliance in Indonesia: Mediating Role of Ethical Climate and Deterrence Measures

Galih Wicaksonoa, Yanti Budiasihb, Dwi Santosa Pambudic, Simon Sumanjoyo Hutagalungd, Khairunnisa Musarie, aUniversitas Jember, bInstitut Teknologi dan Bisnis Ahmad Dahlan Jakarta, cUniversitas Ahmad Dahlan, dJurusan Administrasi Negara, Universitas Lampung, eIAIN Jember, Email: agalih.fisip@unej.ac.id,  byantibudiasih@yahoo.com,   cdwi.pambudi@pbs.uad.ac.id,  dsimon.sumanjoyo@fisip.unila.ac.id,  ekhairunissamusari@yahoo.com

The following study analyzes the importance of stakeholder orientation on public financial regulatory compliance in Indonesia, in mediating the role of ethical climate and deterrence measures. The study has a primary objective to identify the role of stakeholder orientation on financial regulatory compliance. The complete paper consists of different sections including introduction, literature study, methodology, theoretical framework, results, and conclusion. Previous studies identify the relationship between stakeholder orientation and financial regulatory compliance while this research demonstrates that stakeholder orientation plays an important role in order to develop an ethical climate under financial regulatory compliance. The data has been collected from managers and managerial level employees through purposive sampling technique. The total sample size for analysis was 301 respondents including males and females. The data has been collected through a survey-based questionnaire. Furthermore, the data was analyzed through SPSS and AMOS and different tests have been used to obtain reliable results as presented in this paper’s analysis section. The results of the analysis show that all hypotheses are accepted and that stakeholder orientation has significant impact on financial regulatory compliance. Moreover, ethical climate and deterrence measures also have a significant mediating role in the relationship between financial compliance and stakeholder orientation. Pages 153 to 171

 

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Increasing Financial Performance through Effective Differentiation Strategy, Business Strategy and Strategic Change in Mediating Role of Enterprise Risk Management

Ari Purwantia, Titinb, Quyen Le Hoang Thuy To Nguyenc, Riri Maylizad, Eliyanti Agus Mokodompite, aUniversitas Islam As Syafiiyah, bUniversitas Islam Lamongan, cOffice of Cooperation and Research Management, Ho Chi Minh City Open University, Vietnam, dSekolah Tinggi Ilmu Ekonomi KBP, eUniversitas Halu Oleo, Email:aripurwanti2501@gmail.com, titin@unisla.ac.id, quyen.nlhtt@ou.edu.vn, ririmayliza6@gmail.comeamokodompit66@gmail.com

The financial performance of any firm depends on various factors. The present study illustrates the relationship of differentiation strategy, business strategy and strategic change on the financial performance of firms and the mediating role of enterprise risk management. The main objective of the paper is to analyze the impact of these strategies as well as the mediating role of ERM. The complete paper consists of different sections including introduction, literature, methodology, framework, analysis of results and finally a conclusion. The numerous previous studies analyzed the impact of strategies on the financial output of firms. These studies proved that firm financial performance significantly depends on strategy formulation and implementation.  The quantitative data collection technique has been used in this study and data was collected through a structured questionnaire. The questionnaire was distributed among 400 respondents and 319 valid responses were used for analysis. Furthermore, the data was analyzed through performing SPSS and AMOS software. AMOS has been accompanied by a researcher for analyzing the convergent validity of the data. The results of the analysis show that all variables do not have a significant impact on financial performance. The strategic change and business strategy have a significant impact on financial performance while the differentiation strategy does not have a significant impact on the financial output of the companies. The strategic change and business strategies do not only have a significant impact but also a positive impact on financial performance. This shows that business strategy and strategic change are important for organizational financial performance. Pages 172 to 190

 

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Improving Customer Loyalty for Automotive Industry of Indonesia through Brand Prominence, Self-Connection and Authenticity: Mediating Role of Online Trust

Nasrula, Laila Refiana Saidb, Anna Nur Faidahc, aUniversitas Halu Oleo, bLambung Mangkurat University, cUniversitas Lambung Mangkurat, Email: anasrul_pdia@yahoo.com,  blrsaid@ulm.ac.id,  canurfaidah@ulm.ac.id

The present study attempts to analyse the role of Brand Prominence, Self-Connection and Authenticity in determining customer loyalty in the automotive industry of Indonesia through the mediating role of online trust. The primary data has been collected from the sample size of 314. To examine the impact of incorporated variables on customer loyalty, Confirmatory factors analysis and Structural equation modelling approach are incorporated in the study; several tests were applied including descriptive analysis, KMO and Bartlett’s test, rotated component matrix, convergent and discriminant validity. The results show significant differences in direct and indirect effects. The direct effects indicated that brand authenticity and brand self-connection are the significant and positive drivers of customer loyalty, while no significant statistical association was found between brand prominence and customer loyalty. Contrary, the indirect effects show that online trust significantly mediated the relationship between brand prominence and customer loyalty. Also, it acts as a significant mediator between brand authenticity and customer loyalty. Contrary, no mediation of online trust is observed in the relationship between brand self-connection and customer loyalty. Also, the study embraces several theoretical, practical and policy-making implications for the marketing management practitioners and strategy developers to attain high levels of customer loyalty. In the last, various limitations have been given along with the recommendations for in-depth findings by future researchers. Pages 191 to 209

 

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Problem Solving-Based Learning on Systems of Linear Equation in Three Variables at SMA Srijaya Negara Palembang

Nyimas Aisyaha, Scristiab*, Budi Santosoc, Andy Maulanad, a,b,c,dDepartemen of mathematics Education, Sriwijaya University, Email: anyimasaisyah@fkip.unsri.ac.idnyimasaisyah@fkip.unsri.ac.id,  b*scristia@fkip.unsri.ac.id

This research is a descriptive qualitative study that aims to determine the ability of students to understand the system of three-variable linear equations problem through problem-solving instruction. The subjects chosen in this study were 6 students from SMA Srijaya Negara Palembang, consisted of 2 students with higher ability, 2 students with moderate ability, and 2 students with lower ability. The data was collected through test results and interviews then analysed descriptively. The results indicated that students were able to understand the problem and evaluate the obtained result. While students with lower ability struggled in using the substitution rule, therefore, could not establish the plan and solv the problem completely and correctly. Pages 210 to 222

 

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E-Assessment of Literacy Movement Using Labanotation in Dance Learning for Junior High School Students

Dinny Devi Trianaa*, Rivo Panji Yudhab, Bambang Prasetya Adhic, aFaculty of Language and Art, Dance Education Department, Universitas Negeri Jakarta, bFaculty of Education Science, Universitas 17 Agustus Cirebon, cFaculty of Engineering, Universitas Negeri Jakarta, Email: a*dinnydevi@unj.ac.id

This study aimed to determine the use of labanotation for E-Assessment in junior high school students in Jakarta. The method used in this research was quantitative descriptive. Afterwards, the data analysis used independent sample t-tests, with the SPPS v.16 program. The samples were taken from 5 school areas in Jakarta, involving 70 students from 7 schools. The data collection technique was obtained by answering the questions in the E-Assessment web. For the analysis, there were several tests involving such as expert test, reliability test, homogeneity and normality test, and practicality test. The results showed that the E-Assessment was worth to be used  constructively and the content and results of ICC reliability were in a good category. The practicality test results involving the teacher’s response were also in a good category. Therefore, the E-Assessment for literacy movement using labanotation was appropriated to use. Pages 223 to 234

 

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Political Socialisation and Political Communication in Delivering Political Education and Being Community Aspiration Absorber in Indonesia

Edhy Prabowoa*, Dadang Rahmat Hidayatb, Dadang Sugionoc, Bachtiar Alyd, aDoctorate Program of Communication Science Faculty of  Communication Science  University of Padjajaran, Indonesia, bDean, Faculty of  Communication Science University of Padjajaran, Indonesia, cVice Dean, Faculty of  Communication Science University of Padjajaran, Indonesia, dProfessor, University of Indonesia, Indonesia, Email: a*Edhyprabowo.kkp27@gmail.com

The objective of this article is to analyse and describe political socialisation and political communication in legislative in delivering political education and in being community aspiration absorber within Indonesia context. Approach with theoretical analysis and review of literature. The contents of political socialisation are influenced by socialisation mechanism and process. The most important functions of legislative include: (1) Making policy and legislation. The legislative agency is given a right of taking the initiative to suggest an amendment to the existing laws and preparing a budget for this initiative. (2) Controlling executive agency. It means that legislative watches over any actions of an executive based on predetermined policy. Therefore, legislative is given specific control right to perform this function. (3) The representative function of DPR may vary with demography (gender, age, and location), sociology (social status), economy, employment (ownership or wealth), culture (custom, belief, and religion), and politic in community. Pages 235 to 257

 

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The Integration of Lean Accounting and Activities-Based Public Budgeting for Improving the Firm’s Performance

Hatem Karim Kadhima*, Abdal Abbas Hassan Kadhimb, Karrar Abdulelah Azeezc, a,b,cDepartment of Accounting, Faculty of Administration and Economics, University of Kufa, Najaf, Iraq, Email: ahatimk.kadhm@uokufa.edu.iq,  bAbdalabbas.kadhim@uokufa.edu.iq,  c     karara.alkhaldy@uokufa.edu.iq

The research aims to determine the level of integration between lean accounting and activity-based public budgeting for providing useful information to evaluate the public sector firm performance. Followed the analytical method using a statistical questionnaire depended on the individuals of the research sample represented by accounting, administrative, technical, engineering staffs. The research sample consists of (55) individuals in the public sector for hypothesis testing, the statistical software (SPSS) used. The research hypothesis was tested and accepted after calculating a set of statistical measures such as arithmetic mean, standard deviation, coefficient of variation, and percentage weight. Findings significantly showed that lean accounting integrated with activity-based public budgeting for public firm performance evaluation indicators. The most important conclusions were that the integration between lean accounting and activity-based public budgeting leads to providing financial and non-financial information to improve the efficiency of performance evaluating in public firm. This integration supports managers to decrease the idle capacities and generate important recommendations which improve the public sector firm's performance in future. Pages 258 to 271

 

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Enterprise Risk Management and Firm Value: The Case in Emerging Market

Muhammad Faisala*, Nida Nadya Hasanb, a,bYARSI University, Indonesia, Email: a*m.fsl@yahoo.com

The business world that continues to grow requires companies to be able to make decisions related to risk and to manage the risk within limits set by the company. This study tries to obtain empirical evidence related to the effectiveness of Enterprise Risk Management (ERM) implementation on firm value. Panel data with the period of research data collection from 2013 to 2017 in manufacturing companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange are used as the data type in this study. The data used in this study are also quantitative data sourced from secondary data, namely annual reports and financial reports obtained from the Indonesian Stock Exchange. This research shows that the implementation of the effectiveness of ERM implementation has a positive effect on firm value. The ERM implementation in the company is carried out to prove that the managers of the company are trying to protect the interests of stakeholders. In this research, it is proven that the ERM effectiveness implementation has a significant positive effect on the firm value. The evidence confirms that the effective implementation of ERM in a company is believed to give a good reaction to the company performance. So, it will impact the increase of firm value. Pages 272 to 286

 

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Power-Attitude-Interest of Stakeholoders in Developing Adolescent Health Promotion Media

Muthmainnaha*, Ira Nurmalab, Pulung Siswantarac, Rachmat Hargonod, Neil Harrise, Yuli Puspita Devif, Kristina Dwi N. Ag, Hirda Ulis Fitrianih, a,b,c,d,f,g,hFaculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga, eFaculty of Medicine, Griffith University, Email: a*muthmainnah@fkm.unair.ac.id

Background: The adolescent population in Indonesia is almost 30% of the total Indonesian population. This number is quite large and has the potential to become an asset if  appropriately managed. At present, there is more and more risk of behavioural problems. This can be known from the number of news, cases, morbidity, and mortality due to risky behaviour such as high cases of HIV in adolescence, even the number of abortions is also mostly done by adolescents because of premarital sex and unwanted pregnancy. Therefore many sectors carry out adolescent health programs to improve adolescent health status. Health promotion media is one of the strategies in influencing program success. This study aims to identify the power, interests, and attitudes of various stakeholders in developing adolescent health promotion media. Methods: The research is a qualitative descriptive study through in-depth interviews and FGD. The total respondents involved were 22 people from various stakeholders involved in the development of adolescent health promotion media. Stakeholders involved from the government (health, education, religion, social, national narcotics institution), NGOs, media, parent representatives, and stakeholder providers (teachers from 10 high schools from 5 regions in Surabaya). Then the data were analyzed through thematic analysis approach. Results: Not all stakeholders have strong power, a positive attitude and active interest in developing adolescent health promotion media. Only 2 stakeholders (the health sector and NGOs) have the category of "saviour" because these stakeholders have a health program. Many stakeholders should be involved, but in reality, they still tend to overlap and some stakeholders even say that it is not important to have adolescent health promotion media. Stakeholder providers tend to have weak power and passive interest because adolescent health promotion media are usually given directly from stakeholder decision-makers. Conclusions: The development of adolescent health promotion media is the responsibility of various stakeholders who have programs with adolescents as the target groups. Adolescent health is a comprehensive health status from physical, mental, social, economic and spiritual. Therefore not only the health sector is responsible, but all sectors from various groups (decision-maker, provider, user, and representative). Synergy efforts through role optimization are one of the success strategies in developing adolescent health promotion media. Pages 287 to 299

 

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Structuration in Religious Education: The Ideological Burdens of Islamic Education in Indonesian Schools

Mujiburrahmana, Irwan Abdullahb, Samsudinc, Muslim Zaenuddind, Hasnul Arifine, Sabirinf, a,d,eAr-Raniry State Islamic University, Banda Aceh, Indonesia, bGadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia, cInstitut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN), Bengkulu, Indonesia,

This paper discusses one of the central issues of religious education in Indonesia, namely its perceived ineffectiveness in imbuing adolescents and youths with proper morals, as seen in their increase perpetration of crimes in recent years. Unlike previous studies, which have evaluated the effectiveness of religious education in terms of curricula, teaching competencies, and infrastructure, this study highlights the structural positioning of schools as the main reason for their inability to realise their mandate. Being extensions of the Indonesian State or of particular organisations, schools serve to advance particular ideologies, and as such lack to authority to develop a contextual religious education curriculum that meets students' needs. This study shows that, when positioned subordinately, schools are incapable of identifying students' interests or of providing contextual lessons that meet students' needs or prepare them for their everyday realities. The education system has positioned students as objects, and it is because of this objectification—through the dual processes of discipline and indoctrination—that the system has failed to produce moral graduates. Islamic education would be better able to imbue students with morality if its curricula were free of State/institutional ideologies. Pages 300 to 316

 

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The Influence of School Leadership on Islamic Education Curriculum: A Qualitative Analysis

Hamlan Andi Basso Mallaa, M. Tahir Sapsuhab, Sjakir Lobudc, aInstitut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Palu, Sulawesi Tengah, Indonesia, bInstitut Agama Islam Negeri Ternate, Maluku Utara, Indonesia, cInstitut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Palu, Sulawesi Tengah, Email: ahamlan@iainpalu.ac.id,  btahir_sapsuha@yahoo.com,  cSjakirLobudd@gmail.com

Focusing on school leadership relations between Islamic education of curriculum. The method of this study is qualitative analysis, determine research sample by considering data objectivity by extracting information or primary source that is the headmaster of the Islamic school and vice head mater in curriculum field that comprehensively technically implementation of education and six teachers that teaches Islamic education. Result this study is the implementation of decisions in democratic leadership implemented with the consciousness and willingness of subordinate members based on the duties and functions of each subordinate, without any element of coercion from the leadership. This is as one of the strategies in realising organizational goals. It can be concluded that the headmaster of Islamic school uses a model of democratic leadership through a system of open communication style and deliberation on every policy established by the institution together all the components of Islamic school that is teachers as educators and other administrative staff that can support the achievement of goals, vision and mission of headmaster of Islamic school. Pages 317 to 324

 

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The Effect of Corporate Social Responsibility, Firm Size, Dividend Policy and Liquidity on Firm Value: Evidence from Manufacturing Companies in Indonesia

I Gede Adiputraa*, Atang Hermawanb, aFaculty of Economics and Business  of Tarumanagara University, Jakarta, Indonesia, bFaculty of Economics and Business of Pasundan University, Bandung, Indonesia, Email: a*gedea@fe.untar.ac.id

A firm’s value is one indicator which  measures the firm as a whole. The  firm’s value is a point of  attraction for investors, and if the value is high then the market will be more confident in its performance and can guarantee the sustainability of shareholders' interests. The proposal of this research is to analyse those factors that affect a firm’s  value . This research incorporates an  Independent Corporate Social Responsibility variable that can be measured by a Corporate Social Responsibility Index (CSRI) indicator, according to which the size of the firm is calculated by SIZE, dividend policy is measured by using the Dividend Payout Ratio (DPR),  liquidity is measured by using the Current Ratio, and the dependent variable of the firm's value is measured by TOBIN'S Q. In this research, the author incorporates  30 manufacturing companies that are found in the Indonesian Stock Exchange between 2016 and2018 . The result  shows that the size of companies and the dividend policy  significantly influence the firm’s value . Thus , Corporate Social Responsibility and liquidity do not have any significant influence on firm value . Pages 325 to 338

 

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The Role of Cubing Strategy in Improving Iraqi EFL Intermediate Learners’ Reading Comprehension and Attitude

Saadiya Wudaa Alquraishya, Ali Abdulhussein Sagbanb, Hisham Adnan AlMumarc, aUniversity of Al-Qadisiyah, Iraq, bAl-Furat Al-Awst University, Iraq, cUniversity of Kufa,Iraq, Email: asaadiya.wydaa@qu.edu.iq,  balisagban69@gmail.com,  cHushama.jasim@uokufa.edu.iq

Reading can be considered an important skill as it extends the knowledge that learners need to learn a language. As a cognitive process, comprehension requires learners to create mental illustrations through active understanding within the content of the reading texts. Iraqi EFL intermediate learners face many difficulties in comprehending reading texts, therefore teachers need to demonstrate new active strategies in teaching reading. Thus, an experimental study was conducted. The study purpose was to detect the impact of using cubing strategy in teaching Iraqi EFL intermediate learners’ reading comprehension and evaluate to what extent it affects their attitude toward reading. The sample of the present study was distributed into two separate groups: experimental and control, with thirty learners for each category . The control group learners were tutored reading according to the prescribed method followed in the classroom, whereas learners in the experimental group were tutored according to the cubing strategy suggested. The study hypotheses state that the learners’ mean scores were not significantly different  in the reading comprehension post-test and reading attitude questionnaire post-administration for the two groups. Depending on the final results, it is concluded that teaching reading through the use of cubing strategy  has a prominent role in improving Iraqi EFL intermediate learners’ reading comprehension and attitude towards reading. Pages 339 to 352

 

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Local Democracy: Election of Regional Head and Regional Deputy Head in the Noken System in Papua Indonesia

Budi Setyantoa, Jamal Wiwohob, Muhammad Jaminc, Isharyantod, aDoctoral Program in Law  Science Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta Indonesia, bRector of Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta Indonesia Promotor I, cLecturer of Faculty of Law Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta Indonesia Promotor II, dLecturer of Faculty of Law Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta Indonesia Co Promotor, Email: abuset_papua@yahoo.co.id,  bwiwoho@uns.ac.id,  cjaminmh@yahoo.com,  dmasisuns@yahoo.com

The switch between the Election of Regional Head and Regional Deputy Head in Papua from the system of representation to a direct election system is a very significant progress in the democratic life of Indonesia. This condition can be understood as the system of Election of Regional Head and Regional Deputy Head will directly open a wider space for community participation in the democratic process. The election uses the noken system in the selection of Regional Head and Regional Deputy Head in Papua that currently prevails in the central mountain region of Papua Province is an implementation of pluralism in Indonesia and has its own characteristics based on cultural values and traditions. This study attempts to explain the implementation of democracy in regional elections in Papua by using the noken system as an effort to build cultural and cultural democracy in the Papuan people. The results show that the use of the noken system in the implementation of General Elections and the Election of Reglaional Head and Regional Deputy Head in Papua is influenced by several reasons, including legal , social  and political . The Noken system strengthens the existence of traditions or customs which are based on cultural values, and then transforms them into customary law which is subsequently obeyed by the Papuan people. Pages 353 to 366

 

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The Influence of Financial Literacy on Financial Attitudes of Small and Medium Enterprises regarding Eggplant Flour

Triesninda Pahlevia, Bambang Suratmanb, Siti Sri Wulandaric, Tri Sudarwantod, a,b,c,dFaculty of Economics, Unesa Surabaya, 60256, Indonesia, Email: atriesnindapahlevi@unesa.ac.id,  bbambangsuratman@unesa.ac.id,  csitiwulandari@unesa.ac.id,  dtrisudarwanto@unesa.ac.id

The purpose of this research to investigate  the influence of financial literacy on the financial behaviour of the community of Sukodono village especially related to MSME flour. The study is based on quantitative research . Data collection is obtained through interviews, poll sheets, pre-tests and post-test t sheets as well as sampling technique documentation using purposive random sampling . The data analysis uses Partial Least Square (PLS) and  SmartPLS tools. The results found that the level of financial literacy of the MSME flour processing is still less than ideal , especially in determining a financial decision i.e. organising behaviour, so it is necessary to train financial literacy through  small cash management virtual firm that impacts  increasing learning outcomes in creating financial reports. Pages 367 to 380

 

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The Concept of Human Rights Protecting Patients' Rights in Obtaining Health Services

Soesi Idayantia, Adi Sulistiyonob, Pujiyonoc, Widodo Treno Noviantod, Tonang Ardyantoe, aDoctoral Program in Law  Science Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta Indonesia, b,c,dFaculty  of Law Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta Indonesia, eFaculty  of Law Faculty of Medical Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta Indonesia, Email: asoesi.idayanti@gmail.com,  badir4@uns.ac.id,   csatryo_solo@yahoo.com,  dnovianto@consultan.com,  etonang.ardyanto@staff.uns.ac.id

Health is one of the human rights that needs to be protected and receive serious attention from the Government. In the fifth precept of Pancasila, namely social justice for all Indonesians, clearly underlines  that the Government must be able to ensure health services for its citizens fairly in gaining access to quality health.  Many citizens complain of  discrimination and injustice in its implementation. Citizens feel that their rights including health rights do not get sufficient attention from the Government, complaints about the quality of health services as low and the vulnerable position of patients, especially those who are poor or disabled   mean that justice for citizens is   far from expectations. This study examines the concept of human rights protection for the rights of patients in obtaining health services and aims to find out how the concept of human rights protection can create positive laws and the concept of human rights protection for patient rights in obtaining health services. The method used in this study is normative empirical, that is legal research which examines  the phenomenon  of the operation of law in the community, how the implementation of positive legal provisions in action that occur in the community relate to human rights and patient rights in obtaining health services . The research is  descriptive. Secondary data is used consisting of primary  and secondary legal materials. The research approach is qualitative using the socio-legal research method, and looks at the legal concept as well as the implementation of patient rights in obtaining health services in relation to social, cultural, economic and political dynamics. The results of the discussion show that health is a fundamental human right for every human being in order to be able to live properly, productively and   improve his or her standard of living. Therefore, the Government must be responsible for meeting the health r needs of its citizens. Efforts to obtain  quality health services becomes a priority  for all patients, especially  the poor . The concept of  human rights protection for patients' rights in obtaining health care health services,  amongst them patients must include obtaining clear information about the health services they receive. Co-operation is also needed between patients,  doctors and health workers to be able to create  quality health services. Pages 381 to 393

 

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The Roles of Green Competitive Advantage as Intervention Between Core Competence and Organisational Performance

Uli Wildan Nuryantoa, Masyhudzulhak Djamilb, Achmad Hidayat Sutawidjayac, Ahmad Badawi Saluyd, aDoctoral Student at University Mercu Buana Jakarta, bProfessor at Faculty of Economics and Business University Mercu Buana Jakarta, c,dAssociated Professor at Program Study Doctoral Management University Mercu Buana Jakarta, Email: auli.wildan11@gmail.com,  bmasydk@gmail.com,  csuta.phd@gmail.com,  dbadawi_saluy@yahoo.co.id

This research aims to analyse the effect of green competitive advantage as the intervention between core competence on the organisational performance which is motivated by the phenomena of the chemical manufacturing sector in Indonesia since  productivity declined for the past 5 years, triggered by several reasons such as the weakening of  competitive advantage for the sector, and many environmental and social issues  as well as problems concerning  human  deficit  capital due to job skill mismatch. This research uses a structural equation model (SEM PLS) approach. Core competence is measured by 24 indicators, meanwhile the green competitive advantage as the rare variable measured by 4 indicators and organisational performance by 6 indicators. The results have a Goodness of fitness model and show that green competitive advantage serves as an intervening variable that improves the relationship between core competence and organisational performance, with the total influence magnitude of 83,8%. Pages 394 to 414

 

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The Rule of Law and the Role of Correctional Centres (BAPAS) in Creating Restorative Justice

Marlinaa*, Mahmud Mulyadib, Nurmalawatyc, a,b,cFaculty of Law, University of Sumatera Utara, Email: a*putsrf85@gmail.com

Correctional Centres (BAPAS) play a role in realising Restorative Justice for the community to give consideration to law enforcement officers in.  In creating research summaries , input from all parties including BAPAS  must consider the wishes and peace of mind of all parties involved in criminal acts. Normative juridical research methods with library studies use secondary legal materials related to the recapitulation of the regulation of the role of Correctional Centres (BAPAS) in creating restorative justice in the criminal justice system.   Rules about the governing the role of the Penitentiary are outlined in Law No. 12 1995, Law No. 11  2012, Law no. 35 2014, Government Regulation No. 65  2015, Supreme Court Regulation N0. 4  2014, Minister of Justice Decree No. M.02-PR.07.03  1987, Director General of Corrections of the Ministry of Law and Human Rights Republic of Indonesia Number. Pas-111.Pk.01.05.02 of 2012 Pas 1 Pk.05.02  2010. Pages 415 to 424

 

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The Effect of a Student’s Major and Achievement Motivation on their Ability to solve Citizenship Problems

Muhammad Yunusa*, Punaji Setyosarib, Sugeng Utayac, Dedi Kuswandid, aState University of Malang, Indonesia, and Syiah Kuala University, Aceh-Indonesia, b,c,dState University of Malang, Indonesia, Email: a*yunus.msalem@unsyiah.ac.id,  bpunaji.setyosari.fip@um.ac.id,  csugeng.utaya.fis@um.ac.id,  ddedi.kuswandi.fip@um.ac.id

This study aims to determine differences in the ability to solve citizenship problems in students who have different backgrounds in their majors and in their achievement motivation. It also aims to investigate the interaction between a student’s major and their achievement motivation, specifically determining whether it affects their ability to solve citizenship problems. The design of this study was to use a non-experimental causal-comparative research design. The research sample consisted of 74 students:  20 students from the Mathematics department, 18 students majoring in Chemistry, 19 students majoring in Physics and 17 students majoring in Engineering. Determination of the sample was done by a purposive sampling technique. Data collection was done by tests and use of a Likert scale. Data analysis used Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) 2x2 factorial design. The results of this study point to; 1) There is no difference in the ability to solve national citizenship problems in students majoring in Mathematics, Chemistry, Physics and Engineering; 2) There are differences in the ability to solve citizenship problems in students majoring in Mathematics, Chemistry, Physics and Engineering who have low and high achievement motivation, as is evident by the significance value being smaller than the real level (0,000 <0.050). 3) There is no interaction between differences in their major and the student’s motivation on their ability to solve civic problems. This study shows that the ability to solve citizenship problems in Engineering majors and other natural science majors is not different, and as such it is possible to teach the ability  with the same learning methods, and specifically the same problem-solving learning model. Students who have high achievement motivation have better problem-solving abilities, therefore teachers should encourage collaborative learning so that students collaborate in problem solving. Pages 425 to 441

 

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A New Paradigm of Regulation for Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) in Higher Education in Indonesia: From Disruptive Innovation to Sustaining Innovation

Moh. Fadlia, Diah Pawestri Maharanib, Airin Liemantoc, a,b,cFaculty of Law Universitas Brawijaya, Email: amfadlifhub@gmail.com,  bacademictraveler@gmail.com,  cairin.liem999@gmail.com

MOOCs are one of the disruptive innovation phenomena capable of destroying conventional education methods. The aim of this research is to offer solutions regarding ashift in the educational paradigm and the formulation of an anticipatory policy towards the the transformation of disruptive innovation into sustaining innovation. The results of this study indicate that MOOCs have become an alternative means of improving the quality and equity of education. The education paradigm in Indonesia is currently undergoing a transition process. The old education paradigm, which focusses on the role of lecturers conducted in the classroom, has slowly shifted into a learning process that no longer requires face-to-face meetings in the classroom. The Indonesian Government has issued several laws and regulations in regulating the Indonesian Online Learning System. However, this policy still needs a lot of improvements to develop MOOCS from disruptive innovation into sustaining innovation. This namely involves determining a new direction of the paradigm of MOOCs regulation in Indonesia, improving cooperation among stakeholders, improving infrastructure for supporting the MOOCs system, and improving the culture of digital literacy. Pages 442 to 457

 

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Career Management Policy, Career Development, and Career Information as Antecedents of Employee Satisfaction and Job Performance

Muawanaha, Muhamad Yasinb, Syamsul Hudac, Iskandar Tsanid, Muhamad Syazalie, Rofiqul Umamf, Kittisak Jermsittiparsertg,h*, a,b,c,dInstitut Agama Islam Negeri Kediri, Indonesia, eUniversitas Islam Negeri Raden Intan Lampung, Indonesia, fSchool of Science and Technolgy, Kwansei Gakuin University, Japan, gDepartment for Management of Science and Technology Development, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, hFaculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam 

* Corresponding author Email:kittisak.jermsittiparsert@tdtu.edu.vn, amuawanahahmad68@gmail.com,  byasinmuhammad106@yahoo.com,  csyamsulhudaiainkediri@gmail.com,  diskandartsani64@iainkediri.ac.id,  emuhamadsyazali@radenintan.ac.id,  fegk71822@kwansei.ac.jp

The prime objective of the current study is the exploration of links amongst career management policy, career development, career information, employee satisfaction, job security and job performance.  In addition, the study has examined the mediating role of employee satisfaction in the relationship between career management policy and job performance, between career development and job performance, and between career information and job performance. Lastly, the moderating role of job security in the relationship between employee satisfaction and job performance was examined. The study offers a perspective that explains the relation between job satisfaction and the level of happiness of employees. Employee happiness levels are also measured by job satisfaction, which fulfils the employee’s needs and desires at the workplace. Happiness levels correlate with employee efforts to attain their needs and desires. The intangible variable can be observed and expressed through the emotional feelings; job satisfaction is one of the intangible variables. If the job meets acceptable physiological as well as psychological needs, the level of job satisfaction increases. The current study has filled this gap. However, this study is among the pioneering studies on this issue. Employing the survey-based methodology; the SEM-PLS technique was used to test the hypothesised relationships. So, the current study has used SEM-PLS as a statistical tool to answer the research questions raised in this study and research objectives envisaged in the current study. Private school teachers in Indonesia were given surveys to collect the data of the study. The findings of the study have provided support for the theoretical foundation and the proposed hypothesis of the current study. The current study will be helpful for policymakers and practitioners in understanding the issues related to career management policy, career development, career information, employee satisfaction, job security and job performance. To the author’s knowledge, this is among very few pioneering studies on this issue. Pages 458 to 482

 

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Does Vendor Certification Impact Business Performance Orientation in Indonesia? The Mediating Role of Vendor Growth

Witthaya Mekhuma, aSuan Sunandha Rajabhat University, Bangkok, Thailand, Email: awitthaya.me@ssru.ac.th

The objective of this study is to investigate the impact of vendor certification on business performance; vendor growth is also considered a mediator in this study model. A self-administrative questionnaire was used to collect data from respondents who consisted of individuals working in any business as an employee or employer. A total of 232 respondents were fused for statistical analysis. The researcher applied two statistical software products, SPSS & AMOS, in order to obtain the results. Different statistical tests, for example, rotated component metrics, confirmatory factor analysis, and structural equation modelling, were used to test the hypothetical model of the study. Findings indicated that vendor certification has a direct and indirect impact on business performance; The direct impact of vendor certification of business performance is highly positive and the indirect impact of vendor certification on business performance via Vander growth is significant but only slightly positive. Only 232 respondent profiles were utilised to generalise the findings of this study, considered to be a limitation for this study. In further studies this sample size can be increased to replicate this study in the same or in other countries.  This study also contributes to the literature of existing theory and provides policy recommendations to policymakers for the development of business performance through certification of vendor and growth of vendors. Pages 483 to 498

 

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The Impact of Copyrights and Patents on New Business Performance in Indonesia and the Mediating Role of Vendor Opportunism

Waleerak Sittisoma, Witthaya Mekhumb, a,bSuan Sunandha Rajabhat University, Bangkok, Thailand, Email: awaleerak.si@ssru.ac.th,   bwitthaya.me@ssru.ac.th

The purpose of this study is to empirically investigate the impact of copyright registration and patent registration on new business performance in Indonesia. Moreover, this study also examines the mediating role of vendor opportunism in the research model. A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data and a total of 294 respondents participated in this study. Collected data were analysed by using SPSS and AMOS. The findings of the research indicated that copyright registration has a significant and positive impact on new business performance. There is also a positive and significant association between patent registration and new business performance in Indonesia. Moreover, findings stated that vendor opportunisms significantly mediate between copyright registration, patents registration and new business performance. This study faces several limitations which can be considered for future research, such as data size (only 294 respondents) and a cross-sectional time horizon was adopted. In future, this study can be conducted in a longitudinal perspective in order to investigate the comparison between the actual and perceived performance of the new businesses. This study contributes to the existing literature and suggested recommendations for policy-making regarding copyrights and patents for new businesses in Indonesia. Pages 499 to 515

 

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Performance Persistence Analysis: Emerging Capital Market Evidence

Gatot Nazir Ahmada*, Gusti Agung Wibawab, Suhermanc, Hamidahd, a,b,c,dDepartment of Management Faculty of Economics Universitas Negeri Jakarta, Jakarta, Indonesia, Email: a*ahmad72nazir@gmail.com

The aim of this article is to  analyse equity mutual fund’s daily performance-persistence. In addition, this research-work also provides current and previous literature on equity mutual fund analysis. This study attempts to calculate the daily performance of equity mutual fund from 2011 until 2015 using the risk-adjusted performance measures, such as Sharpe ratio, Treynor ratio and Jensen Alpha ratio. The Spearman’s rho correlation is used as the parameter to evaluate the relationship between product performances on a yearly and semiannually period. The quantitative results revealed that out of the 56 equity funds studied, Indonesia equity funds are not persistent on the yearly period. Besides, it is considered as partial persistence on semiannually period but with no pattern. Therefore, it can be seen that there is no persistence occurred in Indonesia equity funds. However, negative persistence is found in Thailand equity funds for both yearly and semiannually period. Pages 516 to 534

 

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Can the Resources Acquisition Act act as a Bridge between Intellectual Capital, Strategic Change and the Firm’s Financial Performance? - Evidence from the Telecom Sector of Indonesia

Ana Rusmardianaa, Teddy Rusmawanb, Hairul Anamc, Ariawand, Khusna Zulfa Wafirotine, aUNINDRA PGRI, bSekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kepolisian PTIK, cUniversitas Balikpapan, dUniversitas Ichsan Gorontalo, eUniversitas Muhammadiyah Ponorogo, Email: aana.irawan93@gmail.com,  bteddy.rusmawan@pesatgatra.com,  chairul@uniba-bpn.ac.id,  dariawanahmad@gmail.com,  ekhusnafeump@gmail.com

This study aimed to explore the role of strategic change and intellectual capital in enhancing the financial performance of companies, in the mediating role of resource acquisition of the telecommunication sector of Indonesia. The study consists of different sections including the introduction, literature study, methodology, research theoretical framework, analysis and finally the conclusion. The recent studies discussed in the literature review identified that intellectual capital and strategic change process may affect the financial performance of companies. The theoretical framework section illustrates the variables with the help of the framework.  Additionally, the data has been collected from the Indonesian telecommunication sector. The researcher used a survey strategy for data collection and distributed 370 questionnaires but only 346 responded and 316 were considered valid. The researcher used a survey data collection technique to collect the data. The results indicate that resources acquisition has a significant impact on enhancing financial performance. Similarly, the intellectual capital also has a direct and positive impact on financial output in the telecommunication sector. Therefore, the companies should focus on intellectual capital and acquisition strategies in order to increase their financial output. Pages 535 to 552

 

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Ensuring Competitive and Alliance Formation Intensity for Continuous Improvement in Manufacturing Sector of Indonesia: A Better Financial Performance Perspective

Mohammad Yahya Ariefa, Yunike Berryb, Aang Munawarc, Indrianawati Usmand, Nur Arif Nugrahae, aUniversitas Abdurachman Saleh Situbondo, bUniversitas Islam 45 Bekasi, cInstitut Bisnis dan informatika Kesatuan, dFaculty of economics and business, Universitas Airlangga, ePoliteknik Keuangan Negara STAN, Email: ayahyaarief99@gmail.com,  byunikeberry@gmail.com,  caangmun@yahoo.com,  dindriawati-u@feb.unair.ac.id,  enur.nugraha@pknstan.ac.id

This study is designed to identify the role of alliance formation intensity as well as the competitive intensity in continuous improvement of the manufacturing sector of Indonesia. The studies primary aim is to analyse the impact of competition and AFI in enhancing the financial performance of the companies. The first section of the study consists of an introduction in which the overview of all variables is explained. Furthermore, the literature review section analyses the results of previous studies regarding alliance formation intensity and alliance competitive environment. The studies mainly show that the process of formation intensity, as well as competitive intensity, is very essential. The data has been collected through a design survey questionnaire with a sample size of 320 and 296 considered valid. The data mainly has been collected through the manufacturing sector of Indonesia. The survey questionnaire technique has been used because of a lack of time. Moreover, the data was analysed through SPSS and AMOS. SEM technique has been used to analyse the acceptance and rejection of the hypothesis. The results of the analysis indicate that continuous improvement has a significant impact on the financial performance of the manufacturing sector. At the same time, the alliance formation intensity also has a positive and significant relationship with financial performance. This shows that the hypothesis of the study is accepted overall. Pages 553 to 571

 

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Mobilising Financial Performance of the Indonesian Automotive Industry: The Role of Innovation Dimensions and Environmental Sustainability Orientation

Acim Heri Iswantoa, Irwan Moridub, Titik Inayatic, Khusnik Hudzafidahd, Titi Rapinie, aFaculty of Health Science, University of Pembangunan Nasional Veteran Jakarta, bUniversitas Muhammadiyah Luwuk, cUniversitas Wijaya Kusuma Surabaya, dUniversitas Panca Marga, eUniversitas Muhammadiyah Ponorogo, Email: ah.iswanto@upnvj.ac.id,  birwanmoridu@gmail.com,  ctitikinayati@gmail.com,  dkhusnik@upm.ac.id,  etiti.rapini@gmail.com

This study is designed to determine the role of innovation dimensions such as marketing innovation, management innovation, product innovation and process innovation on the financial output of the companies, in mediating the role of environmental sustainability. The significant aim of the paper is to analyse the role of these innovation dimensions in an organisation. The paper consists of different sections: introduction, literature, data collection method, analysis and conclusion. Existing studies were analysed to identify the relationships. These studies analysed proved that innovation dimensions such as marketing innovation, product and process innovation have a significant impact on the financial performance of the companies. Furthermore, the data has been collected through a survey questionnaire from executive officers as well as mangers of the automotive industry. At the same time, the researcher has adapted all the measurement items from different authors' research work because the researcher considered them more reliable and authentic. The data has been tested and analysed through SPSS and AMOS software; also the SEM technique was used. The results indicate that process, product and management innovation have a significant positive impact on the financial performance of the companies. While marketing innovation does not have a positive impact on the financial output of the automotive industry. At the same time, environmental sustainability has a significant mediating role. Therefore, the automotive industries should focus on product, process and management innovation strategies. Pages 572 to 591

 

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A Model to Get Positive Word of Mouth for Indonesian Footwear Brands: Role of Information Search, Online Engagement, Memorial Brand Experience and Brand Social Connection

Abdul Samada, Pande Ketut Ribekb,  Sudarmoc, Yayuk Indah  Wahyuning Tyasd, Umi faridae, aUniversitas Fajar, bFakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis Universitas mahasaraswati Denpasar Bali, cSekolah Tinggi ilmu Ekonomi Balikpapan, dUniversitas Panca Marga, eUniversitas Muhammadiyah Ponorogo, Email: aabdulsamad@unifa.ac.id,  bpandeketutribek@unmas.ac.id,  csudarmo@stiesbalikpapan.ac.id,  dyayuk@upm.ac.id,  eumifarida899@gmail.com

This study investigated the drivers of positive word of mouth in the footwear industry of Indonesia with the inclusion of social identity and signalling theory. The study analysed the role of online engagement, memorial brand experiences and information search on word of mouth. Also the mediating role of brand social connection was examined in the relationship between word of mouth and its drivers. The primary data was drawn from a sample size of 302. Confirmatory Factor Analysis and Structural Equation Modelling approach was used in the study. Several test were applied including: descriptive analysis, KMO, Bartlett’s Test, rotated component matrix and convergent and discriminant validity. The direct effects indicated that memorial brand experience and information search are significant and positive drivers of word of mouth. While online engagement was found to be an insignificant variable for driving word of mouth. On the other hand, the indirect effects showed that brand social connection acts as a significant mediator between online engagement and word of mouth. Also, brand social connection significantly mediated the relationship of memorial brand experience and word of mouth. Contrary, brand social connection does not act as a significant mediator between information search and word of mouth. The study embraces several theoretical, practical and policy making implications for marketing management practitioners and strategy developers to boost word of mouth with customer satisfaction. Pages 592 to 611

 

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The Identity of Cultural Attractions in Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya Province for Contemporary Art creation

Oraphim Suksuwana*, Preechawut Abhiratingb, Thanasit Chantareec, aGraduate Students, Department of Cultural Arts and Design, Faculty of Fine and Applied Arts, Khon Kaen University, Khon kaen, bLecturer, Department of Cultural Arts and Design, Faculty of Fine and Applied Arts, cLecturer, Department of Design, Faculty of Architecture, Khon kaen University, Khon kaen

The aim of this research is to study the identity of cultural attractions in Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya province to gain an understanding for contemporary art creations. The participants in this research are one hundred tourists in Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya province and nine related personnel who will provide the identity of the cultural attractions. The research methodology includes compilation of documents and collection of field research through interviews and surveys. Three types of research tools were used to identify the cultural attractions in Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya province: questionnaires; in-depth interviews with experts Ayutthaya; and surveys.  The research shows that the values of the identity of the cultural attractions in Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya province can be categorized into three aspects: local wisdom; livelihood; and arts and culture. Each of the aspects consists of five further  identities; geographical; environmental; arts and cultural: historical and locational; and tourism. The identity of cultural attractions, which can be valued as world heritage objects, has its features in the architectural forms and designs. It is an overlap of the ancient city and the current community. Many valuable historical stories give pride to Thai people, especially those which focus on tourism and provide knowledge about history, arts, culture and pay respect to the Buddha images. The identity of the cultural attractions on the local wisdom is the location of the communities and handicrafts. In addition, there is the history of the techniques and wisdom of the artisans. This has been passed down the generations to the present day. The identity of cultural attractions consists of tourism activities that replicate the past way of life such as: their cultural livelihood; clothing; travel that relies on the river; and the local handicrafts made by local people. Pages 612 to 632

 

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Financial Characteristics of Stock Performance on the Indonesian Stock Exchange

Ni Nyoman Sawitria, aUniversitas Trilogi, Jakarta, Indonesia, Email: aninyoman.sawitri@gmail.com

This research aims to determine the effect of financial characteristic of projected funding decisions with debt to equity ratio, operational decisions are projected with return on assets and investment decisions that are projected with current assets to total assets. The sample for this research is property company, real estate and building construction which listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange during the period from 2012 to 2016. A purposive sampling method was used and analysis done with multiple regression. The results of this study indicate that: debt to equity ratio, return on assets and current assets to total assets partially   have a positive influence on the dividend payout patio; debt equity ratio has a positive effect on stock prices; return on assets has no effect on stock prices; and current assets to total assets has a negative effect on stock prices. Pages 633 to 654

 

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Can Risk Management Improve the Quality of Local Government’s Financial Statements?

Nurlindaa, Erlinab*, Azhar Maksumc, Rina Bukitd, a,b,c,dUniversitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia, Email: b*erlina@usu.ac.id

The purpose of this study is to analyse the determinants of the quality of financial statements in the government of North Sumatra Province. The population of this study is all Regional Apparatus Organisation (OPD), Inspectorate and BPK RI Representatives of North Sumatra Province. The sample of this study are all Regional Apparatus Organisation (OPD), Inspectorate Level 1 and The State Audit Board of Republic of Indonesia (BPK RI) Representatives of North Sumatra Province which totals 311. This research is a quantitative-qualitative study. The data collection technique is questionnaires. The data analysis technique is path analysis with SmartPLS. The research results show that there was no effect from the application of SPIP on the quality of financial reports, but partially there was an influence on the application of SAP; the application of risk management processes and commitment to the quality of financial report. Other findings show that management commitment can be a moderating variable by strengthening the effect of the application of risk management processes on the quality of a financial report. Pages 655 to 676

 

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The Factors that Influence Organisational Performance in Saiba Implementation

Ishak Awaluddina*, Yusufb, Wahyuniati Hamidc  a.b.c.Faculty of Economics and Business, Halu Oleo University, Kendari, Indonesia Corresponding author Email: a*ishak.awaluddin.uho@gmail.com

This study aims to determine and analyse the effect of information technology readiness, HR readiness and organisation in implementing an accrual-based accounting system. The population of this study was 56 people who were all financial employees from the Sulawesi River Region, Hall IV, Southeast Sulawesi Province. The sampling technique is a saturated sample in which all members of the population are sampled. The data analysis method used was Multiple Linear Regression Analysis. The results showed that simultaneously information technology readiness, HR readiness, had an effect on organisations in implementing accrual agency accounting systems. Partially, the readiness of information technology and of human resources, had an effect on an organisational in implementing agency accounting systems.Pages 677 to 692

 

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The Influence of In-Room Technology Amenities on Hotel Guest Preferences when Choosing a Hotel in Thailand

Witthaya Mekhuma, aSuan Sunandha Rajabhat University, Bangkok, Thailand, Email: awitthaya.me@ssru.ac.th

Hotel guests nowadays always demand technological amenities such as before travelling, during travelling and after their stay in a hotel.  The guests’ expectations have been increasing rapidly due to high competition and availability of information. Hotel guests want technology in the hotel room during their stay, in the same way as they enjoy technology at home. Therefore, it is important for hotel management to know guests’ preferences in terms of hotel technological amenities. This study aims to examine the overall importance of in-room technology amenities on three types of technology usage, such as travellers with high, medium and low levels of technology usage and guests’ preferences when choosing the hotel. Around 1000 Thai residents were selected a national database company. They provided an email address which was then chosen randomly. Out of the 1000 emailed questionnaires, 408 respondents replied and these were used for further analysis. In order to conduct the analysis, this study used Statistical Packages for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 24. Findings from this study showed that high definition music systems, internet devices and in-room fitness have a significant influence on guests’ future hotel preferences. Pages 693 to 708

 

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The Influence of Human Resource Management Practices on Employee Performance in the Hospitality and Tourism Industry in Indonesia

Waleerak Sittisoma, Chutikarn Sriviboonb, a,bSuan Sunandha Rajabhat University, Bangkok, Thailand, Email: awaleerak.si@ssru.ac.th,  bchutikarn.sr@ssru.ac.th

In the hospitality and tourism industry, Human Resource Management practices are considered as a strategic tool as it empowers employees with knowledge, skills, and abilities, thereby increasing the productivity of the firm. The markets are becoming more competitive day by day; therefore, organisational planners must concentrate on enhancing the elements that contribute to customer satisfaction. The employees who work as service providers are the first focal point between the customer and the organisation. During the service encounters, ‘employee performance’ plays the main role in creating the customer’s impression of the organisation. Employee performance in the hospitality industry will contribute to increase customer satisfaction and consequently, customers will return. This study aims to examine the influence of Human Resources Management practices on employee’s performance in hospitality industry of Indonesia. The study chooses four major human resource management practices which are: – career planning, job design, recruitment and selection, training and development. The study used quantitative research design to investigate human resource management practices’ influence on employee performance in tourism industry. This sample size of the research is 422 and all the responses have been collected from Jakarta, Indonesia.  The target population of this study is low-level to mid-level employees in the hotel industry. The findings revealed that, career planning, job design, recruitment and selection, training and development significantly influencing the employees’ performance. Pages 709 to 726

 

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The Influence of Social Media on Consumers’ Purchasing Choices of Tourism Related Products

Waleerak Sittisoma, aSuan Sunandha Rajabhat University, Bangkok, Thailand, Email: awaleerak.si@ssru.ac.th

Social media has generated a huge buzz in today’s world. At present, internet users spend more 4.5 hours per week on social networking sites globally. This indicates how people interact and connect with each other to share their ideas, and engage with products, brands and organizations. It is generally only popular among younger generations who get touched by the trend of social media not so much the middle-aged and the older generation. Initially, the purpose of using social media was socializing whereby the user was able to connect with their friends and relatives. Later on, it developed widely as the tool of professional marketing to increase brand awareness among consumers as this was relatively cost effective. The world of digital communication creates many ways to promote the product consciousness and with the support of social media, it becomes one of the fastest ways to reach consumer’s knowledge since consumers are nearly always connected and contributing to a variety of online events. In addition, social media has become a dominant online platform of consumer knowledge of their online shopping activities. The reason behind this research is to observe the influences of social media network on consumers’ purchasing choices through available social commerce in Indonesia. Pages 727 to 747

 

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Factors that Threaten the Continuation of Simalungun Vocal Music Tradition

Mauly Purbaa*, Maurits Junard Pollatub, Sapna Sitopuc, aDepartment of Creative Arts, Faculty of Cultural Sciences, University of Sumatera Utara, bDepartment of Batak Literature, Faculty of Cultural Sciences, University of Sumatera Utara, cDepartment of Ethnomusicology, Faculty of Cultural Sciences, University of Sumatera Utara, Email: a*t.yans.fauzie@gmail.com

The growth, development and increasing frequency of the use of popular music genres in various social cultural activities of the Simalungun community in the Raya District, Purba District, and Silima Kuta District have narrowed the space and continuity of local vocal music traditions that are rich in local wisdom and constitute the identity of the Simalungun community in North Sumatra. This condition is caused by the low musical energy provided by the community towards their local vocal music traditions. This research is descriptive-comparative and by applying ethno musicological and ethno history approaches, this paper will first, map and document local vocal music traditions that still exist in the Simalungun community; next, will examine what factors are causing the change and continuity of the vocal music tradition. The results of this study indicate that the poor effort of inheriting vocal music traditions in the community and the narrowing of the 'space' of the context of use and changes in community musical behaviour as a consequence of the popular culture development, information technology, education, economics and politics in the midst of Simalungun society, are the main factors of becoming the agent of change as well as a threat in the continuation of the local vocal music tradition of the Simalungun community. Pages 748 to 766
 
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The Form of Cultural and Social Changes in the Ritual of Ruwatan Sukerta Children in Java Community

Asri Sundaria*, Sunarti Mustamarb, a,bFaculty of Humanities, University of Jember, Email: a*asri.sundari175@gmail.com

Ritual is an integral form of Javanese society and has resulted in the change of different understanding about the rituals of children participating in symbolic meaning. The changes can be seen in the flow of urbanisation and religion which can submerge a system; then it causes clashes in the traditional (rural) society that considers symbols in Ruwatan children has meaning,  values, norms. While the modern (urban) society considers the symbols in children's Ruwatan has meaningless or no values. Pages 767 to 787
 
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Quality Audit Analysis: Implementation of the Five Moments, Six Steps Handwashing Protocol for Hospital Incidences of Phlebitis

Kumoro Asto Lenggonoa*, Qomariyatus Sholihahb, M.Sasmito Djatic, Nirawan Putrantod, Trio Tangkase, Apriyani Puji Hastutif, Dion Kunto Adi Pg , Tien Aminahh, aLecturer And Doctoral Program of Environmental Studies Brawijaya University Indonesia, b,cBrawijaya University Indonesia, dArmy Health Center of Indonesia, eSoepraoen Hospital Army Malang Indonesia, f,gPolytechnic of Health Soepraoen Malang Indonesia, Email: a*kumoroasto72@gmail.com,  bqomariyatus@ub.ac.id,  cnirmataku@yahoo.co.id,  dtriotangkas82@gmail.com,  ens.apriyani@gmail.com,  fdionadipatria@yahoo.co.id,  gtiena_krisno@yahoo.co.id

Background: Handwashing by health professionals is often associated with efforts to prevent cross-infection in hospitals. The handwashing compliance of health professionals is still below 40%. This is very risky, causing nosocomial infections in visiting patients. Incidences of phlebitis in infusion is one indicator that must be considered when addressing infection prevention and reaching control targets with indicators below 1.5 per mile. Methods: This study uses a quantitative analytical approach, aiming to analyse the relationship between the effectiveness of implementing health professional handwashing training with incidences of phlebitis in hospitals. Compliance with handwashing behaviour of health professionals was observed by auditing the quality of handwashing through the Five Moments and Six Steps protocol, carried out by the Infection Prevention Control Nurse (IPCN), which consisted of doctors (n = 30) and nurses (n = 70). Incidences of phlebitis were measured through daily recordings and monitoring by the Infection Prevention Control Link Nurse (IPCLN) in four rooms. The results were validated by the IPCN and the hospital's control and prevention committee. Data analysis used SEM WarpPLS. Results: There is a significant relationship between nurses not handwashing and incidences of phlebitis, with p value: 0.007 (highly significant), obtaining an R-square determinant or R² = 0.19, meaning that 19% of nurses, who are ineffectively handwashing, are at risk of causing phlebitis. There is no relationship between doctors’ handwashing with incidences of phlebitis, with the p value: 0.416 (not significant). Conclusion: There is a significant relationship between the implementation of the Five Moments, Six Steps protocol for nurses and incidences of phlebitis. Pages 788 to 798