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Legal Reconstruction of Mudharabah: A Comparative Study on the Compilation of Islamic Economic Law and Financial Services Authority Regulation

Wardah Yuspina*, Septarina Budiwatib, Inayahc, Indah Maulanid, a,b,c,dSchool of Law, Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta, Surakarta, Indonesia, Email: a*wy204@ums.ac.id, bsb214@ums.ac.id, cina168@ums.ac.id, dmaulaniindah8@gmail.com

The development of Islamic financial institutions in the last decade has shown significant progress. The higher the possibility of the transaction occurring in LKS, the more potential there is for disputes. Rulings regarding LKS have been legalised in the form of the Financial Services Authority Regulation (POJK). These rules have become the basis for the implementation of LKS operational activities. Meanwhile, the regulation regarding the resolution of Islamic economic disputes is guided by the Compilation of Islamic Economic Law (KHES). This compilation is a guide for the Religious Courts judges to assist resolving Islamic economic disputes. This research the analyses the problems arising from the different definitions of mudharabah in POJK and KHES. These differences have the potential to be a problematic as both guidelines are used by different institutions and also have a stake in the development of LKS. The purpose of this research is to find the solution to bridge the conflicts arising from arrangements in POJK and KHES and to accommodate and create a joint arrangement for the progress of LKS. This research is empirical legal research. The results obtained show the rules governing mudharabah according to the Quran, in relation to the definition contained in POJK, from mudharabah in financing for LKS with the principle of profit-sharing between mudharib (customer) and Shahib mal (the person who provides contract). This financing is fully supported by Shahib Mal and the business is run entirely by Mudarib. The construction of the legal relationship that occurs in this contract is a partnership that profit shares in accordance with the agreement at the beginning of the contract. While in KHES, the legal construction is defined by mudharib This definition does not suitably apply to the mudharabah contract as a profit-sharing contract so it is necessary to reform this definition in KHES. Pages 1 to 21

 

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The Dialectics of the Illegal Conversion of Agricultural Land: Lessons from Indonesia

Wardah Yuspina*, Absorib, Harunca,b,cSchool of Law, Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta, Surakarta, Indonesia, Email: a*wy204@ums.ac.id, babs154@ums.ac.id, char130@ums.ac.id,

Land availability is an essential factor in ensuring the production of food and a place to carry out other economic activities. Therefore the issue of allocation of use and control of land has always been a strategic problem to be resolved fairly, in line with the goals of social welfare. The phenomenon of the shrinking of agricultural land in Sukoharjo and other big cities shows that there are dynamics of changes in land use, in line with the growing economy of the region. The question is, how the illegal conversion affects the welfare of the people in Sukoharjo? The objective of this paper is therefore, to determine the impact of illegal conversion in welfare of the people. In order to achieve the objective of this paper, two methods of data collection were adopted. The first method was doctrinal legal research which mainly concerned statutory provisions under Law 41of 2009 on Protection of Agricultural Land. The second method of data collection consisted of observation in agricultural land in three Sub-Districts in Sukoharjo Regency: Sukoharjo, Baki, and Tawangsari. The results showed that the rate of land conversion is 0.014%, out of which 5 Ha or approximately 0.34% of the total land conversion is illegal conversion. This conversion affects people’s welfare since many farmers switch from farming to other unskilled labour. The illegal conversion is primarily due to a lack of law enforcement as a critical factor in the context of why illegal land conversion still occurs.  Therefore, it is recommended that tightening the agricultural land conversion permission could slow the rate of agricultural land conversion such that the negative impacts of land conversion, including decreased farmer welfare can be prevented. Pages 22 to 39

 

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The Exegesis Reception of  Hadiths about Obedience to Non-Muslim Leaders by Ulemas of Southern Thailand

Syamsul Hidayata*, Moh. Abdul Kholiq Hasanb, Nutcharee Hempithakc, Syarif Abbasd, aFaculty of Islamic Studies, Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta, Surakarta 57102, Indonesia, bInstitut Agama Islam Negeri Surakarta, Surakarta, Indonesia, c,dGraduate School, Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Kalijaga, Yogyakarta, Indonesia, Email:a*mas1syam@ums.ac.id, bhasanuniversitas@gmail.com, cUmaiyah12@gmail.com, dsyariefelabbas@gmail.com

This research aims at answering questions related to what exegesis reception of Islamic ulemas (scholars) towards Hadiths about the obedience to the non-Muslim leaders seems to be. This research applies the theory of exegesis reception, specifically by observing the result of the interpretation of Pattani Muslim ulemas towards the Hadiths of the Prophet Muhammad. The results suggest that ulema in Mueang Pattani argued that Muslims have an obligation to obey their leader even though he or she is a non-Muslim with exception if he had ordered to do evil things such as associating Allah with another being. In the other words, when a non-Muslim leader treats his Muslim people properly and fairly, it is exactly inappropriate for those Muslims to disobey his or her orders. This obedience was aimed for the safety and  freedom of Muslim communities in their religious practice, as well as keeping the unity and tolerance toward differences. Pages 40 to 54

 

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The Contradictions of Innovation Funding in Russian Reproduction

Arsen A. Tatuev a,b, Zarema M. Khashevac, Georgiy N. Kutsurid, Nataliya I. Ovcharovae, Alexandr V. Milenkovf, aDoctor of Economics, professor, chief researcher of Research Institute of perspective directions and technologies, Russian State Social University, Moscow, Russia, bProfessor of the Department of constitutional and administrative law, Kabardino-Balkar State University named after H.M. Berbekov, Nalchik, Russia.  ORCID 0000-0002-6900-9770, cDoctor of Economics, professor, Pro-rector for Research of Southern Institute of Management. Krasnodar, Russia.  ORCID 0000-0001-5354-4464, dDoctor of Economics, professor of the Department of Public Finance, Finance University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia. ORCID 0000-0002-8343-2348, ePhD in Economics, associate professor of the Department of Economic and Accounting Disciplines of the Institute of Economics and management, Surgut State University, Surgut, Russia. fDoctor of Economics, associate professor of Finance, Credit and Insurance Department, Russian Academy of Entrepreneurship, Moscow, Russia.

E-mail: a,barsen.tatuev@mail.ru, czarema_muratovna@mail.ru, dnimageo@mail.ru, eovcharova_natali@inbox.rufmilal25@yandex.ru

In modern financial studies, the systemic role of innovative reproduction funding and the corresponding contradictions are understudied. At the same time, the reproduction processes originally predetermined the functionality of financial relations. Accordingly, the relevance of the research of the opportunities for financial relations development, in terms of the integration of innovative components of reproduction, is increasing. The objectives of the work are to reveal the contradictions in the existing Russian system of reproduction innovations funding, and to determine the priorities for the development of new digital tools, allowing combining all types of reproduction financing. The systematic approach and general scientific methods, statistical and comparative analysis, methods of comparison, logical and structural-functional analysis were used in the work. Analytical and theoretical studies have shown that the most important functional criterion for innovative reproduction in modern conditions is the financial subsystem. At the same time, innovative funding must overcome the negative trends in the functioning of the system of financial markets, incentives and relationships. In the framework of the existing financial system, this cannot be done, and the use of administrative restrictions will lead to even greater contradictions. Therefore, the measures, complementing market relations with modern digital tools, are more preferable. The results of the study can be used for the formation of new digital tools for the effective funding of national innovative reproduction. The Russian financial system contributes to the abandonment of a low level of innovative activity in the economy, and turns into a factor of restraining the processes of formation of innovative reproduction. The main contradiction of innovative funding is in the fact, that, on the one hand, the existing financial system excludes the advanced innovative development, and on the other hand, it plays an increasingly significant reproductive role. In such conditions, it is advisable to create the national innovation ecosystem, which can integrate all interested participants - consumers of all levels, manufacturers of various forms of ownership and economic activities through the digital platform of innovative projects funding. Pages 55 to 74

 

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Do Exports Increase Economic Growth in Indonesia?

Didit Purnomoa*, Teguh Andiartob, Muhammad Anasc, Muhammad Arifd, Noorazeela Zainol Abidine, a,b,c,dFaculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta, Surakarta 57102, Indonesia, ePusat Pengajian Inovasi Perniagaan & Teknousahawan, Universiti Malaysia Perlis, Malaysia, Email: a*dp274@ums.ac.id

Indonesia is experiencing a wild fluctuation in their exports in the last 15 years, even though the overall trend was increasing, and as a result, GDP growth has been showing a decline in the last few years. This study aims to estimate the effect of exports on Indonesia's economic growth using Ordinary Least Square (OLS) model. The results showed that exports significantly and positively affected GDP growth in Indonesia. In addition to exports, exchange rate and foreign exchange reserves were also found to be influential to GDP growth. It is not surprising that those variables play a major role in a country’s economy, so maintaining appropriate levels of them is crucial in order to ensure a country’s prosperity. Pages 75 to 89

 

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Translation as an Interdisciplinary Subject in Humanity

Anam Sutopoa, Ainurvely Gehandiastie Maudyb, Hanifac, aDepartment of English Education, Education Faculty, Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta, Indonesia, bMagister of English Education, Post-Graduate School, Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta, Indonesia, cMagister of English Education, Post-Graduate School, Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta, Indonesia, Email: aanam.sutopo@ums.ac.id, bainurbely.gehandiastie.maudy@ums.ac.id, chanifa@ums.ac.id

As a discipline, translation has relevance to other disciplines. By its nature, translation studies is multilingual, and also interdisciplinary. This study aims to explain the integration between translational studies and various disciplines. This is a qualitative study with a descriptive approach. The data were collected from various books and articles related with the topic of translation in interdisciplinary subjects. This study will outline the relationship between translational studies and linguistics, literature, philosophy and cultural studies. Pages 90 to 98

 

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The Technique of Subtitling in the Pride and Prejudice Film: A Case of Subtitling From English into Indonesian

Anam Sutopoa, Hend Faroukb, Rozita Radhiah Saidc, aDepartment of English Education, Education Faculty, Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta, Indonesia, bIndonesian Studies Consultant, Cairo, Egipt, cDepartment of Language & Humanity, Educational Studies Faculty, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia, Email: aanam.sutopo@ums.ac.idbhend.farouk@hotmail.com,cradhiahrozita@upm.edu.my,

This research aims at identifying the techniques of subtitling applied in the Pride and Prejudice film. This research is qualitative and the data sources of the research are document and informants. The techniques of data collection are content analysis, questionnaires and interview. The data validity used in this research is triangulation; they are triangulation of both source and method. The collected data are analysed using the Ethnography model by Spradley. The findings show that there are 13 translation techniques applied in subtitling the Pride and Prejudice film, they are transposition (45 data or 23.93%), modulation (26 data or 13.82%), established equivalent (19 data or 10.10%), adaptation (16 data or 8.51%), linguistic compression (13 data or 6.91%), generalisation (13 data or 6.91%), borrowing (13 data or 6.91%), reduction (12 data or 6.38%), particularisation (9 data or 4.78%), amplification (7 data or 3.72%), linguistic amplification (6 data or 3.19%), literal translation (6 data or 3.19%), and variation (3 data or 1.59%). The dominant one is the transposition technique, which influences the quality of the subtitling result. Pages 99 to 114

 

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The Multistatutory Nature of the Adjective “Right” in Adjectival English Lexicon

Olga N. Prokhorovaa, Igor V. Chekulaib, Marina N. Klochkovac, Elena V. Pupyninad, Anna I. Kononovae, a,b,c,d,eThe National Research University “Belgorod State University”

This article provides an outline on an adjective in modern English language, and in particular, the multistatus lexical item “right”, which carries different meanings in different variants of combinatorics. The authors analyse the combinations used with the adjectival lexical item “right” and identify categories that determine the semantic content of each given statement. The need for a detailed study of this lexical item is caused by the necessity for a general theoretical understanding of its multi-categorial nature, identification and description of the mechanism that determines the change in categorial and functional statuses, the characteristics of this item at the formal-syntactic, semantic and conceptual levels and the criteria for the formation of its categorial meanings within the context, where it can be used. However, currently in most cases individual functional-semantic features of poly-status lexemes are studied without due regard to other categorial statuses. Pages 115 to 126

 

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Professional Teachers’ Competence as a Condition of Forming High School Students’ Academic Mobility

Korpachyova L.N.a, Lopanova E.V.b, Shcherbakov E.P.c, aOmsk, Russian Federation, 644106, Senior Lecturer of the Department of Pedagogy, Psychology and Social Work, Private Educational Organization Institution of Higher Education "Omsk Humanitarian Academy", bOmsk, Russian Federation, 644050, Doctor of Education, Head of the Department of Pedagogy, Psychology and Social Work, Private Educational Organization Institution of Higher Education "Omsk Humanitarian Academy", cOmsk, Russian Federation, 644099, Doctor of Psychological Sciences, Professor  of the Department of Pedagogy, Psychology and Social Work, Private Educational Organization Institution of Higher Education "Omsk Humanitarian Academy"

This article justifies the necessity of forming a new educational result for general secondary education graduates. It includes academic mobility and it’s structural components are profile competencies. Academic mobility is regarded as the condition of integration and globalisation of education, a constituent of integration processes and international cooperation, and a person’s quality. The condition of the successful forming of the educational result is the professional teacher’s competence while forming academic mobility. There is a work of a series of seminars during a year and a half as the means of development the professional teachers’ competence in the field of forming the high school students’ academic mobility. It includes the teacher’s training for forming the high school students’ academic mobility and a support of the teacher practising in the secondary school. The performance indicator of the professional teachers’ competence as the condition of the high school student’s academic mobility is the level of the high school student’s profile competence formation. The results of experimental research justifying the influence of professional teachers’ competence level upon forming the high school student’s academic mobility are described here. There is a conclusion about the effectiveness of forming the high school student’s academic mobility under the condition of professional teachers’ competence. Pages 127 to 137

 

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A Model for Consumer’s Perceptions from the Quality of the Relationship, Security, and Loyalty in e-Commerce

Farzad Nazaria*, Bahaneh Hadjimarzbanb, Fariba Sardarianc, Seyyedeh Fatemeh  Hosseinid, aDepartment of Management, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran,  bDepartment of Management ,Fatih University, Istanbul, Turkey, cDepartment of Management, University Of Yazd, Iran, dDepartment of Management , Yasouj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Yasouj, Iran, Email:a*Fnazari120@gmail.com,

bBahaneh_m@yahoo.comcFariba.sardarian1991@yahoo.com,dHosainym5@gmail.com,

Today, in the business market, the communication between service providers and customers is given considerable attention, so that the academic sector and it’s employees have eagerly accepted it. Communication, both practically and theoretically, lacks an obvious definition. A loyal customer must be considered as a valuable source of information that helps the company to design better plans for the future. Hence, loyal customers typically provide more value to the company. The researcher presents a model for consumer’s perceptions from the quality of the interface, security, and loyalty in e-commerce at a case study of the Saderat Bank. The statistical population of the research consisted of customers of the Saderat Bank in Iran. The non-random sampling method was employed while the data was collected using a questionnaire. This research used an applied approach, and Amos software in a structural equation was used for data analysis. The results indicate that customer relationship quality is effective for customer satisfaction, perceived security, replacement cost, and loyalty. In terms of indirect effect, a significant and positive correlation was seen between the quality of the relationship and customer loyalty. Pages 138 to 149

 

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The Government Guard and Security Team in Regional Development (TP4D): Proposed Concept of Corruption Prevention by the Surakarta District Attorney’s Office

Kelik Wardionoa, Wardah Yuspinb*, Indah Maulanic, a,b,cSchool of Law, Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta, Surakarta, Indonesia, Email: akw268@ums.ac.id, b*wy204@ums.ac.id, cmaulaniindah8@gmail.com,

Research aimed at describing and explaining the effectiveness of the program conducted by the TP4D of the Surakarta District Attorney’s Office was based on a qualitative non-doctrinal approach. Therefore in this study, it is more focused on primary data that were collected by interviews and observations and supported by secondary data that were collected by library research. Data that have been processed were analysed using qualitative analysis. Based on the results of the study, it was obtained that the TP4D effectively achieved the objective of the formation of TP4D through the regulation of the attorney general of the Republic of Indonesia (PERJA RI) Number PER-014/A/JA/11/2016, in preventing corruption. The effectiveness of the TP4D implementation was supported by facilities (supporting facilities), community, and culture. However, it is not yet supported by legal factors and law enforcement. The novelty of the results of this study was that law enforcement with the community and cultural factors influence more the implementation of TP4D. Pages 150 to 171

 

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The Study of Euphemism in Social Media: Digital Technology-Based Learning Media Innovation

Sri Waljinaha*, Khudzaifah Dimyatib, Harun Joko Prayitnoc, Chryshnanda Dwilaksanad, Ani Rufiahe, Eko Purnomof, a,c,e,fIndonesia Language Education and Literature, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta, Indonesia, bFaculty of Law, Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta, Indonesia, dPostgraduate Program of Police Studies, Universitas Indonesia, Indonesia, Email: asw122@ums.ac.id

This study aims to identify euphemisms used as digital technology-based learning media innovations in social media. The qualitative descriptive method is used to analyse the euphemism data which were described and analysed based on their type and shape. The data were collected using the listening method that was done by listening to the use of euphemisms with description techniques in the form of reading and note-taking techniques. Then those data were analysed using the referential equivalent method and the aggregate method. The results of the analysis were: first, the use of a type of euphemism in social media aimed at smoothing words for a particular purpose, namely figurative expression, circumlocution, hyperbole, and colloquial. Second, the form of euphemism in social media could be used as a digital technology-based learning media innovation. Based on the literature review of previous research, the study of euphemisms in social media as a digital technology-based learning media innovation has never been done by other researchers. Pages 172 to 184

 

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Equivalency, Readability, and Acceptability of Information Technology Terms’ Translation from English to Indonesian

Zainal Arifina, Adyana Sunandab, Andi Haris Prabawac, Atiqa Sabardilad, a,b,c,dUniversitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta, Indonesia,

Due to a lexical gap, the translation of information technology (IT) terms is often faced by non-equivalence. So, it is very essential to employ a variety of translation strategies for producing or finding a fine or good translation. The objective of the research focuses on explaining the equivalency (accuracy), readability (clearness), and acceptability (naturalness) of the translation. This study employed a descriptive-qualitative approach. The English data are from the English Samsung user’s manual whereas the Indonesian from Bahasa Indonesia Samsung Panduan Singkat. The raters were the experts in linguistics and translation linguistics and also the users of cell phones. The other informant was a person who was familiar with the information technology terms and the user of a mobile phone. The data collection method applied an analysis of content, surveys, and interview. The theory and data triangulations were implemented to validate the data. They were analysed by employing an interactive model. The results of the research show that most of the English IT terms translations (77%) could generally be translated into Bahasa Indonesia (target language) accurately (equivalently), clearly (readably), and naturally (acceptably). A few terms were translated into Indonesian and they were equivalent with their original (English) meanings. The other terms were not transmuted into Indonesian ones; they were only borrowed or adapted by changing their spelling because their equivalent meanings were not found in Indonesian. However, the translations of the terms could be stated to be accurate, clear, and natural. On the other hand, some terms were not rendered into Indonesian, so the term translations were said to be inaccurate and unacceptable (23%), but they (23%) were readable or easy to understand for readers. Pages 185 to 202

 

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Evaluation on Teaching Factory Implementation: Studies in Management, Workshop, and Learning-pattern Aspects

Wafroturrohmaha*, Muhammad Fahmi Johan Syahb, Suyatminic,

Fawziya Faathirisshofiad, Nur Rofi’ahe, a,b,c,d,eUniversitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta, Jawa Tengah, Indonesia, Email: a*wr157@ums.ac.id,

This study aims to evaluate the implementation of the Teaching Factory in a vocational high school in Surakarta, Indonesia using a quantitative approach. Questionnaires were used to collect data, and these questionnaires were developed based on Teaching Factory guidelines and several similar studies that had been tested for their validity and reliability aspects. Data analysis was performed with a descriptive technique comparing the perceptions of the students to those of the teachers related to three aspects of the Teaching Factory, namely: management, workshop (laboratory), and implemented learning patterns. The respondents consisted of students and teachers of the vocational high school. The results of the analysis showed that there were weaknesses in the management aspects of the structures and job descriptions of each section in which they were not clear. Regarding the workshop aspects, it is necessary to strengthen the applications of OHS (Occupational Health and Safety) and the management of laboratory equipment. Meanwhile, the entrepreneurial aspects of the learning patterns need to be maximised so that after graduating from the school, students are able to obtain jobs. Schools should not only produce workers (job seekers) but through the Teaching Factory, they are expected to encourage students to provide jobs for others. Pages 203 to 215

 

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Literacy Movement in Elementary School: A Case Study in Surakarta City, Indonesia

Minsiha*, Ika Fajar Rinia,   Nur Amaliaa, Imam Mujahidb, aFakultas Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan, Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta, Indonesia, bInstitut Agama Islam Negeri Surakarta Indonesia, Email: a*min139@ums.ac.id

This study aims to describe the policy execution of GLS (School Literacy Movement) in Muhammadiyah 1 Surakarta Elementary School, Indonesia using Edward III theory model, and progressive education theory. The study subjects are the school headmaster, head of library, vice-head of curriculum, and the students. The data gathering method used are observation, interview, documentation, and source and technique triangulation to ensure the validity of the data. The study results are the school programs that are used as the school literacy movement such as 15-minutes reading, Qurani Friday, school library, moving library, reading corner, reading park, e-money application, mini library, reading and synopsis competition, magazines, wall-magazine, and posters. Pages 216 to 231

 

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The Awareness and Interest of Child Fans of K-Pop to Traditional Children Songs: A Study in Indonesia

Ika Candra Sayektia*, Rohmad Darmawanb, a,bUniversitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta, Jawa Tengah, Indonesia, Email: a* ics142@ums.ac.idics142@ums.ac.id

This study determines to describe the awareness and interest of K-pop fan kids to ‘tembang dolanan’ (playful songs) in Indonesia. Qualitative analysis with phenomenology design utilised in this study. The methods for collecting data were interviews, observations and documentations. Four teachers and 14 students of SD Negeri 1 Tawangmangu, Karanganyar, Indonesia, are the informants. This study used sources and techniques triangulation for data validation and interactive model for data analysis. The result showed that the informants were aware of ‘tembang dolanan’ as children songs which have the ‘playful’ factor. The informants did not perceive them as poem or poetry which have vocabulary fineness, due to children’s limitation in understanding Javanese language structure. K-pop fan informants indeed have interest and attraction towards ‘tembang dolanan’. However, minimum exposure of ‘tembang dolanan’ caused the informants to be more interested in K-pop songs. Pages 232 to 244

 

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Quality of the Translations of Business Terms from English into Indonesian

Zainal Arifina*, Dini Restiyanti Pratiwib, Atiqa Sabardilac, Andi Haris Prabawad, Adyana Sunandae, a,b,c.d.eUniversitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta, Indonesia, Email: a*zainal@ucmmk.com or za135@ums.ac.id

The objective of the research was to describe the quality of the business terms translations from English into Indonesian. The data included the business terms in English and Indonesian found in the Research Method for Business and it’s translation in Indonesian. The study used a descriptive and qualitative approach. The data sources comprised two documents of English and Indonesian textbooks and informants (or rates). The technique of data collection employed an in-depth-interview and questionnaires, involving informants.  The data were validated with theoretical and data triangulations. They were analysed with an interactive model of collecting data, reducing data, displaying, and then drawing a conclusion. The results of the research show the English-Indonesian business term translations were very dominantly good. One data (0,006%) out of 161 (99,94%) data business terms translations was equivalent, unreadable, and unacceptable. On one hand, the bad business term translation was due to the inaccuracy of spelling use. On the other hand, the good quality of the translations was affected by employing a variety of translation strategies: 1) rendering their meanings into Indonesian or loan translation (41,64%), 2) borrowing by changing their spellings or loan bend (20,49%), 3) borrowing without spelling change or loan word, (3,10%), 4) rendering their meanings and borrowing into Indonesian or loan blend, loan shift, and loan translation (32,91%), and 5) rendering it’s meanings and borrowing by writing their original (English) terms or loan blend and loan translation (1,86%). Pages 245 to 263

 

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Corporate Governance and Firm Value: A Moderating Effect of Capital Structure

Syamsudin Syamsudina*, Anton Agus Setyawanb, Aflit Nuryulia Praswatic, a,b,cUniversitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta, Indonesia, Email: a*syamsudin_ums@yahoo.co.id, banton.setyawan@ums.ac.id,cAflit.N.Praswati@ums.ac.id

This study aims to analyse the effect of Corporate Governance on Firm Value moderated by capital Structure. The population used is companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange (BEI) The sample in this study amounted to 127 companies. The sampling technique is done with the purposive sampling method. Data analysis technique uses Regression Moderated Analysis (RMA). The results of this study indicate that: 1) Institutional ownership does not influence the value of the company. 2) Public ownership has an effect on firm value. 3) Managerial ownership has a negative effect on firm value. 4) Capital Structure has an effect on firm value. 5) Capital structure moderates the effect of institutional ownership and firm value. 6) Capital structure moderates the effect of public ownership to firm value. 7) Capital structure moderates the effect of managerial ownership to firm value. Manufacturing companies on the Indonesia Stock Exchange have reached an optimal point at the debt level, so it can be suggested to increase the proportion of corporate debt to make the company more and worsen the effectiveness of debt use, because the addition of debt can affect the company's finances. However, if the company is effective in using debt, it can affect the value of the company. The increase in the value of this company will be greater if the debt from the company can also increase profitability from the company, provided that the debt does not exceed its optimal point. Pages 264 to 277

 

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Literation of Kebinekaan in Indonesian Text Books for Senior High Schools

Miftakhul Hudaa,b*, Abdul Syukur Ghazalic, Wahyudi Siswantod, Muakibatul Hasanahe, aUniversitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta, Indonesia, bMahasiswa Universitas Negeri Malang, Indonesia, c,d,eUniversitas Negeri Malang, Indonesia, Email: a,b*miftakhul.huda@ums.ac.id, ca.syukur.fs@um.ac.id, dwahyudi.siswanto.fs@um.ac.id, emuakibatul.hasanah.fs@um.ac.id

This study has the objective to examine the kebinekaan in the components of the Indonesian Textbooks in senior high schools. This type of research is quantitative. A quantitative research is carried out to find the results of the research being investigated by using data in the form of numbers as a tool for analysing information about objects, which then is interpreted in descriptions. The data in this study are words, sentences, images, and discourse that show kebinekaan and are the component in Indonesian senior high school textbooks. The data source of this research is Indonesian senior high school textbooks. Technique of data collection used, consisted of questionnaires, literature study, and documentation. Data analysis is performed to process data into information, which makes data to be easily understood and useful by others, to answer problems related to research activities that have been carried out. Data analysis in this research was carried out in several stages, namely identifying the quality of textbooks based on Geene and Petty's theory, tabulating, interpreting data, and formulating a spirit of unity in the textbooks. The results showed that the level of kebinekaan in textbooks are seen from the building elements, namely point of view, clarity of concepts, relevance to the curriculum, interest, are motivating, stimulate learning activities, illustrative, easy to understand, supporting other lessons, respecting individual differences, stabilising values, provide an understanding of differences, appreciate achievement, anti-sara, and prioritise unity. The highest part of them is respecting differences of opinion and the use of Indonesian. The part with the lowest kebinekaan level includes cover selection, tolerance of ethnic differences, and sample of readings. Pages 278 to 295

 

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Combinatorial Thinking of College Students in Solving Distribution and Partition Type of a Combinatory Problem

Yulia Maftuhah Hidayatia, Cholis Sa’dijahb, Subanjic, Abd. Qohard, aUniversitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta, Indonesia, b,c,dUniversitas Negeri Malang, Indonesia, Email:aymh284@ums.ac.idbcholis.sadijah.fmipa@um.ac.idcsubanji.fmipa@um.ac.iddabd.qohar.fmipa@um.ac.id

The objective of this study is to formulate the combinatorial thinking stage in college students in solving distribution and partition type of combinatorial problems. This study is a grounded theory. The subjects are the first year students of Department of Elementary School Teacher Education (PGSD) Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta, Indonesia. There are 40 (forty) college students where they are then reduced to 5 (five) students to be chosen as the research subjects by using the purposive sampling method. This method randomly chooses with a condition that the students already finished the Mathematical Basic Concept (for Elementary School) course. The result of this study is the 4 combinatorial thinking stages in solving the distribution and partition type of combinatorial problems, such as identifying, distributing/partitioning, concluding, and reflecting. Identification appears when the students learn the information in the question, understand the question given in the problem, and write the information of the problem. Distributing is the main characteristic of the distribution type of combinatorial problem, whereas partitioning is the main characteristic of the partition type of combinatorial problem. In this stage, students make possibilities of object order based on the criteria of the problem, distributing or dividing the object order based on the specified criteria, representing the answer in form of table and diagram, and also arranging, dividing, and choosing the information in the problem. Concluding is the third stage in combinatorial thinking in solving the selection type of combinatorial problem. The students in this stage count the amount of possible sets of order formed in the previous stage and making a conclusion from the given problem. The fourth stage, reflecting, is where the students re-check the object order based on the criteria of the problem. Pages 296 to 308

 

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The Combination of the Quantum Learning Model and the Make-a-Match Method to Improve the Cognitive Ability of Elementary Students in Mathematics

Rusnilawatia*, Zuli Nuraenib, Dina Ariskaa, aPGSD, Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta, Jawa Tengah, Indonesia, bPendidikan Matematika, Universitas Sriwijaya, Sumatera Selatan, Indonesia, Email: a*arus874@ums.ac.idbzulinuraeni@fkip.unsri.ac.id

This study aims to describe the effect of the quantum learning model with the make a match method on cognitive abilities in grade 5 students in elementary schools. This type of research is quantitative research with quasi-experimental design. The research subjects consisted of an experimental class and a control class. The experimental class was treated using a quantum learning model with the make a match method while the control class was treated using a cooperative learning model. Data collection instruments are tests of cognitive ability. The results of the pre-test from the experimental and control classes indicate the cognitive abilities of students before learning are normal and homogeneous. Learning was carried out for three meetings. After learning, the experimental and control classes were given a post-test to find out the cognitive abilities of each class. Hypothesis testing uses the comparative Z test of two independent samples. The results of calculations show the value Z calculated is 2.46 with Z table is 1.6425, the significant level of 0.05. The results show that the Z calculated is greater than the Z table so that Ho is rejected while Ha is accepted. These results indicate that the cognitive abilities of students who apply the quantum learning model with the make a match method are better than students who apply the cooperative learning model. Pages 309 to 321

 

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The Development of Motion-Graphic Media in Learning: An Advanced Use of PowerPoint in Schools for Baby Boomer, X and Y Generation Teachers

Muhammad Fahmi Johan Syaha*, Harsono, Eka Riris Luthiawatib, a,bUniversitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta, Jawa Tengah, Indonesia, Email: a*mfj120@ums.ac.id

The massive development of various learning media has made it easier for educators to choose from different learning methods. However, utilising these new media is not without challenges and there is a risk of not achieving learning objectives if the learning process itself only focuses on the media. This study aims to produce PowerPoint motion graphics in learning economics in high school and to examine the product. PowerPoint is immensely popular and almost all teachers are able to use it as a teaching aid. Besides using PowerPoint, teachers are now encouraged to use a variety of software programs that are quite complex to create learning media. Obviously, this is not always easy for teachers to do, especially those of the Baby Boomer, X and Y generations. The results of this study show that the use of PowerPoint-based motion-graphic media is more effective for learning than the lecture method. The results of this study were obtained by comparing the results of the post-tests between a control class and a test class in which the use of motion graphics in PowerPoint was effective and significantly improved the outcomes of students’ learning. This study also suggests that teachers who are not from Generation Z and are very accustomed to using PowerPoint and have the ability to create PowerPoint-based motion graphics with a more attractive appearance, without having to learn new software that is not necessarily easy to understand. One advantage of these motion-graphic media is that they are easy to understand, familiar to educators and have been proven effective in assisting teachers to achieve learning goals. Pages 322 to 337

 

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Legal Certainty on Financial Technology Organisers: Perspective of Regulatory Sandbox Implementation

Wardah Yuspina*, Yustisia Resty Anggita Putrib, Moh Ikbalc, a,b,cSchool of Law, Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta, Surakarta, Indonesia, Email: a*wy204@ums.ac.idbrestyyustisia98@gmail.comcmohikbal845@gmail.com

This study aimed to determine the mechanism of the Regulatory Sandbox that had been running in the community, the indicators that were able to make the Fintech organisers be able to pass the Regulatory Sandbox mechanism, and how the legal certainty of the financial technology organisers is in the Regulatory Sandbox mechanism. The informants of this research were from the Financial Services Authority (OJK) as the agency that supervises Fintech's performance. This research used empirical juridical legal approach by examining the regulations and then proceeding with interviews. The analysis technique used was the descriptive method to explain various symptoms and facts in everyday life. Normative data from this study were from laws, journals, several regulations, and other materials, while empirical data was obtained from interviews with OJK. The results showed that the mechanism of the Regulatory Sandbox was run in accordance with the Regulations of the Governor Board Members Number 19/14/PADG/2017, concerning the limited testing room (Regulatory Sandbox) of Financial technology and POJK RI Number 13/POJK.02/2018, regarding Digital Financial Innovation in the Financial Services Sector. However, the existing regulations of the Regulatory Sandbox was considered unable to provide legal certainty for the financial technology organisers, because the applied mechanism took a long time. This made the objective of this mechanism application to cut the time needed for obtaining a permit for a Fintech product to be launched in the market, was unable to be achieved. The government should provide simplifications of the implementation of this mechanism, without reducing the quality of the Fintech products to be marketed. Pages 338 to 355

 

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Animus Principle and Legal Protection of the Gold Pawning Agreement

Wardah Yuspina*, Dinar Ramadhan Putra Textillab, Indah Maulanic, Rika Yunita Hardiyartid, a,b,c,dSchool of Law, Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta, Surakarta, Indonesia, Email: a*wy204@ums.ac.id, bdinarramadhanputra@gmail.com, cmaulaniindah8@gmail.com, drikayunita72@yahoo.com

The animus principle refers to a principle stating that the legal relationship of an action must be a legitimate will. This animus principle was mentioned in article 1977 (1) stating that the possessor of a movable object was considered as the rightful owner of the object. The article was used in providing legal protection for pawnshops during their operations in receiving collateral from customers. However, the article was not applicable when a sentence No 66/Pid.B/2018/PN.Skt was established. The sentence stated that the pawnshop was requested to return all pawned items from their customers in the form of gold which was the result of crime, as in the regulation stated in the article 1977 (2). This article aimed to view the legal protection that can be provided by the law for pawnshops if their operations of receiving the pawned items already adhered to the SOP, but in fact the items were the result of crime. This research employed literature data and empirical data. The obtained results were that although there exists the animus principle that provided protection for pawnshops, further sections that limited their application were mentioned. Therefore, the legal protection provided for pawnshops was considered less maximised. Pages 356 to 373

 

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Islamic Banking Structure Post Spin-off Policy: Indonesian Perspective

Wardah Yuspina*, Absorib, Yulian Dwi Nurwantic, a,b,cSchool of Law, Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta, Surakarta, Indonesia, Email: a*wy204@ums.ac.idbabs154@ums.ac.idcyuliandwinurwanti98@gmail.com

This research is conducted after the enactment of Article 68 of Act No. 21 of 2008, concerning Islamic banking requiring every Islamic business unit to conduct a separation. Bank Indonesia specifies that no later than fifteen years after the enactment of the Islamic Banking Act, Conventional Commercial Banks must be separated from Islamic Business Units. Separation can be carried out before 2023 provided that the Islamic Business Unit asset value has reached 50 percent of the total value of Conventional Commercial Bank assets. In Indonesia, there are two types of Islamic banking structure, including Fully-Fledge Bank (BUS), and Subsidiary Unit (UUS). This study aims to find an ideal concept for the structure of Islamic banking in Indonesia, so as to encourage the development of this industry. The selection of an inappropriate Islamic banking structure can result in setbacks for this industry so that research on the structure of Islamic banking is exceptionally important for the advancement of Islamic banking. This research employed two methods, including literature study and interviews and observations at OJK Solo and BNI Syariah Surakarta. The results of this study indicated that the concept of Islamic banking structure that is appropriate in Indonesia is the Fully-Fledge Bank (BUS), because it is an independent legal entity, so that every decision taken can be faster and advance-oriented towards BUS. BUS possesses the ability to be independent, to innovate and improve the Islamic banking market share and eventually will be able to increase the involvement of Islamic banking in national economic development. Pages 374 to 391

 

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EFL Teachers’ Perceptions and Experiences on Incorporating Blackboard Applications in the Learning Process with Modular System at ELI

Badia Muntazer Hakim, English Language Institute, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Email: badiahakim82@gmail.com

Blackboard is one of the most popular LMSs being used in higher education institutions. The current study aims to investigate teachers’ perceptions on blackboard applications in the context of teaching English as a foreign language (EFL, henceforward). As some previous studies have viewed that positive perceptions played a vital role in adopting new technologies, this research project aims to investigate teachers’ perceptions on blackboard applications in the context of teaching EFL and its effect on each Module in a periodic manner. In order to collect data, 80 EFL teachers from English Language Institute,  KAU were surveyed and interviewed about their perceptions and experience towards the use of the blackboard. Most teachers viewed Blackboard as a structured e-learning platform that helps improve the teacher-student relationship in a course and aids to make teaching English more successful. The results of the current study would certainly be of use to all stakeholders involved in the implementation of Blackboard in KSA in general and KAU in particular.  Pages 392 to 405

 

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Ferdinand de Saussure's Langue/Parole Binary in the Quran

Huda Suleiman Al-Qunayeera, Arif Ahmed Mohammed H. Al-Ahdalb, Ahmed Ezzi Sagheer Shawoshc, aAssociate Professor of Linguistics and Chairperson, Department of English and Translation, College of Sciences and Arts, Unaizah, Qassim University, Saudi Arabia, bAssociate Professor of Applied Linguistics, Department of English and Translation, College of Sciences and Arts, Methnab,  Qassim University, Saudi Arabia, cAssociate Professor of Arabic Literature, College of Education, Hodeidah,  Hodeidah University, Yemen

Ferdinand de Saussure’s langue/parole binary is considered one of the greatest contributions to modern linguistic theory. This study sets forth the idea that the binary opposition Saussure proposes is much similar to the distinction in the holy book of Islam, the Qur'an, between 'language', 'langue', and 'parole’, only minus scholarly and scientific linguistic theorization, which the present research aimed to provide. The study points out in the Quranic discourse a procedural distinction between langue and parole and, further, found instances in the Quran, narrative chapters in particular, that offered a model of the individual use of language (parole) in the framework of the common shared language (langue).  The study investigates the significance and representation of langue/parole binary in the Quran from the perspective of Saussurian structuralist perspective and, through a semiotic analysis, reveals that the ancient Arabic text lends itself to a modern-day scientific reading. Pages 406 to 417

 

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Using Computer Software as a tool of Error Analysis: Giving EFL Teachers and Learners a much-needed Impetus

Arif Ahmed Mohammed Hassan Al-Ahdal, Associate Professor of Applied Linguistics, Department of English and Translation, College of Sciences and Arts, Methnab,  Qassim University, Saudi Arabia, Email: aa.alahdal@qu.edu.sa

Among educational technological tools, there is much discussion about using computers in detecting and correcting learner errors in English as a foreign language (EFL, henceforth) setting. Computer-aided error analysis can be a potent tool in classrooms in Saudi Arabia where the average student-teacher ratio is as lopsided as 40:1. Inevitably, the teaching-learning environment is not conducive to much of the behind-the-scenes teaching part such as correction work. Computer error analysis (CEA, henceforward) is a much-needed impetus for teachers to find errors and enhance their teaching methodology by devoting greater time and attention to real time learner interaction. This paper provides a theoretical framework for using computer software in error analysis with EFL writing output. It discusses the types of writing errors, which occur in EFL classrooms and how these writing errors could be detected and removed with the help of computer software. It examines and compares the error detection in manually processed learners’ academic writing with a small sample of twelve scripts from the second year Academic Writing students of English at Qassim University. It provides a ready database of freely available online error analysis tools from which EFL teachers at KSA may select the most viable, suited to their learners and their output. Finally, the study discusses briefly the pedagogical implications and puts forth some supportive recommendations that may allow for inclusion of computers in EFL classrooms in a bigger way than the current practice.Pages 418 to 437

 

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Stylistics and Projection of Motifs in a Short Narrative’s Beginning with particular reference to Katherine Mansfield's Miss Brill

Dr. Afreen Faiyaz, Assistant Professor, Department of English, College of Arts and Science, Al Badaya, Qassim University, Saudi Arabia

Email:af.bahari@qu.edu.sa

This paper aims to examine the fact that stylistics analysis of particularly the introductory part, at the beginning of any short narrative, can yield substantial projections about the narrative’s central idea. The author encodes subtle clues in contextualising the story that may lead the readers or students of literature to construct a probability check to unlock the story’s key message. The exactitude of these predictions depends upon the purpose of the author. Often the ending of the story may contrast the predictions made. This juxtaposition between expectations and reality may be a conscious effort of the author. The author may intentionally try to push the swing of the readers' expectations to the other side of the arc to create a degree of suspense so that when the readers sway back to the reality, the intensity of climax may fully be experienced, thereby culminating into a cathartic effect. In any case, the predictions are necessary to align the readers' expectations and keep them sufficiently engrossed. This research paper deploys stylistic means zooming to examine only the first and the last paragraphs of the short narrative of Katherine Mansfield's famous short story Miss Brill to investigate the predictability of the underlying idea in the story. An analysis of this kind may be helpful in contextualisation, specifically in literature and ELT classrooms, where students can be trained to focus on the use of language and study the use of literary devices that bind a literary work of art and form trenchant views on the use of language in doing so. Pages 438 to 450

 

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Music-Related Educational Project for Contemporary General Music Education of School Children

Irina B. Gorbunovaa, Konstantin Yu. Plotnikovb, a, b Herzen State Pedagogical University of Russia, St. Petersburg, Russia, Email:gorbunova7575@yandex.ru

This article discusses the problems with the use of ICT tools (including MCT tools, described by the authors) for the development of school children in contemporary general music education. The authors know that ICT tools are needed and are one of the main trends in general music education at the present stage of development of both society and technical means. These tools are instrumental in support of learning and the process of self-education on active types of musical activity (singing, playing musical instruments, composing, recompiling music, etc.), in fostering creativity, and in subjects indirectly related to music (theatre, choreography, creation of illustrations, music videos, etc.). The manuscript describes the experience of teaching school children through the training they have associated (indirectly or directly) with the music of the educational project. The authors present the following to the readers: the research base, categories of participants, conditions, scenarios of participation, the essence of the content (educational topics) mastered by school children and assessment tools used. The conclusions regarding the prospects for using the proposed means of general music education are based on an analysis of the statistical data of the conducted experiment and on a holistic analysis of interconnected pedagogical, sociological, technological and psychological factors. Pages 451 to 468

 

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Characteristics of Information Content Coverage in Russian Periodicals: Historical Aspects

Regina V. Patyukovaa*, Natalia N. Olomskayab, Evgenya V. Tarasenkoc, Yulia E. Nikolaevad, Aleksandra N. Minskayae,

a,c,d,e Faculty of Journalism, Department of Advertisement and Public Relations, Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education “Kuban State University”, Krasnodar, Russia.

b Faculty of Roman Germanic Philology, Department of English Philology, Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education “Kuban State University”, Krasnodar, Russia. Email: a*regina.patyukova@yandex.ru

The article is devoted to the characteristics of information content coverage in the context of volunteerism and asceticism in the Russian Empire from the end of the 19th until the beginning of the 20th century. The authors examine the formation and development of these concepts in this historical period. The researchers focus on a study of the “Charity Bulletin,” especially its Literature Section. The purpose is to characterise the development of volunteerism in the periodicals of the 19th and early 20th centuries. The main research methods are the analysis of Russian periodicals and systematisation of scientific knowledge. The authors presented their conclusions about the publication’s importance for the formation of certain social landmarks and for the popularisation of volunteerism and asceticism in society. The results of the study can be implemented in the formation and development of social institutions and organisations focused on volunteering, as well as in social media activities. Pages 469 to 479

 

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The School, Family, and Community Partnership Program in Indonesia

Surya Jatmikaa, Dhany Efita Sarib, Lia Setyawatic, Esti Pramitad, a,b,c,dUniversitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta, Jawa Tengah 57102, Indonesia, Email: asj795@ums.ac.idbdes576@ums.ac.idcliasetya310@gmail.comdestipramita02@yahoo.co.id

The purpose of the study is to identify inhibiting factors in the implementation of School, Family, and Community Partnership Program, as well as to present possible solutions for those obstacles. The study is conducted through case study and literature review by using qualitative approach as the analytical method. Teachers, headmasters, and school committees were among the participants of this study. Data collection was performed by interviews, observations, and documentations. Qualitative data validity test was done by peer debriefing method, whereas qualitative data analysis was conducted by data reduction, data analysis, and drawing conclusions. Results showed several factors affecting the creation and implementation of the School, Family, and Community Partnership Reinforcement Program, including lack of dissemination and guidance from Education Department (Dinas Pendidikan) of City and Province, poor family and community awareness, obsolete management used by school institutions, as well as inadequate facilities and infrastructure. The solution required by the City and Province Education and Culture Department is to continue the partnership program by boosting dissemination of the program, organising technical guidance in schools, implementing “one supervisor one school” policy, and utilising social media. On the other hand, school representatives including headmasters, teachers, along with the employees should do their part as the initiators, facilitators, and managers of the school, family, and community partnership efforts. Pages 480 to 495

 

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The Challenges and Opportunities of the Building Material Industry in Indonesia Related to the Industrial Revolution 4.0

Lilik Unggul Raharjoa, aSchool of Business and Management, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Email: alilik.raharjo@sbm-itb.ac.id

The coming disruptive technology is a sign that the manufacturing business process or industry sector has to face the industrial revolution 4.0—regardless of one’s liking. The implication and possible changes must be huge; as the matter of fact, it is imperative for the industry to examine the status. PT XYZ is an anonymous cement company in Indonesia, this company is facing a tight competition, considering its supply that is greatly higher than the demand (35%). In the midst of competitiveness, it is essential to have a comprehensive assessment to find out the relevance of the presence of Industry 4.0 disruptive technology in the cement industry: whether it will be a threat or will create opportunities. The study is aimed to discern how the competitiveness level of PT XYZ related to industry 4.0. Expectedly, it will be relevant to their productivity and product value proposition; and ultimately be beneficial in facing the tight competition in either the domestic or global market. The research result showed that the readiness level of the existing condition of PT XYZ is at the level of “experienced”. Based on the analysis, four top priority initiatives needed to seize the opportunities and mitigate the risk. Those four priority initiatives are: (1) ensuring the digital trust and data security are in place, (2) administering people development and developing the digital culture, (3) integrating two web sales systems, (4) and increasing the usage of product data and customer data, while developing the Smart Factory system. The Capex that is required for those initiatives has a short payback period of less than one year. Through the suggestions listed, it is expected that PT XYZ can improve the competitiveness by enhancing the productivity and improving product value proposition.  Pages 496 to 516

 

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The Impact of Successful Management Requirements on the Performance of the Iraqi Insurance Company

Noor Ali Salman Al-Azzawia, Zainab Sadeq Ibrahim Alaamerib, a,bHigher Institute for Accounting and Financial Studies, University of Baghdad, Email: anoor@pgiafs.uobaghdad.edu.iq, bZainab.sadiq@pgiafs.uobaghdad.edu.iq

This research aims to shed light on the impact of the requirements of successful management in the performance of the Iraqi Insurance Company as a service provider of many services to individuals. Whenever the company was able it  adopted new concepts to increase understanding and knowledge of how interested in individuals and work to provide a suitable work environment, and create human relationships, and speed of completion, Whenever reflected on the speed of performance in the company and in attracting new individuals, and build long-term relationships with them. To achieve this, the research relied on the analysis of its variables on the questionnaire as the main tool for the collection of data and information. Applied results showed that there is a significant and positive impact of the requirements of successful management in the performance of the company, which is a good indicator of the impact on the performance of the company sample research. Pages 517 to 534

 

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Social Capital Culture in the Educational Institution: An Anthropological Study

Adnan Mutter Nassira, aUniversity of Al-Muthanna- College of Arts- Department of  Sociology, Email:Adnannaser900@mu.edu.iq

Two variables interacted to form a theoretical and practical frame for this research, which are: social capital and educational desire. Because they are important anthropological topics in the Arab environment in general, and the Iraqi environment in particular, this search started from and explored the connection between social capital and educational desire among secondary school students of the Qadisiyah district. The study demonstrated the role of family social capital and school social capital on the aspiration for children’s future education.  A regression analysis is carried out to measure the impact of social capital on student educational aspiration on a sample of 4,925 students from 56 schools. Results demonstrate a strong family social capital association with educational motivations. School social capital also alludes to students educational attainment motivation. Interestingly, family size has a significant role in educational aspiration of secondary school students. Furthermore, teacher’s expectations about students’ education are found to be aligned with each other. The study featured remarkable highlights for families and schools that may consolidate to clarify the predictability of social capital in moulding educational aspiration of young students.  Pages 535 to 544

 

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Investigating the Factors of Adult Learning in Vocationally Oriented Foreign Language Programs

Olga V. Maslovaa, aCandidate of Philology, teacher of English of Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Russia. Email: aolgamaslovadeni2011@yandex.ru

This paper focuses on teaching adults – as a specific age and psychological group of students – a foreign language in higher education. The aim is to determine how motivation (including the awareness of purposes) and individual learning styles combine with a set of social factors (age, educational level, and language proficiency) and influence an efficient language acquisition in higher education by non-linguistic students. The participants are 417 students of Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Russia) who were divided into 5 groups: 1) 107 first-year junior, 2) 105 fourth-year, 3) 107 fifth-year senior undergraduate, 4) 50 first-year and 5) 48 second-year Masters postgraduate medical students. The data include the results of the students survey on: 1) the goals, 2) preferred types of classroom activity, 3) ways of a language learning and 4) efficiency of the methods used in educational process. The obtained indications serve as the background for modelling specific language programs for the surveyed students.

 Pages 545 to 563

 

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The Role of Construction and Financial Sectors for Economic Growth in Indonesia

Antonia*, Nasfib, Ridzuan Masric, aFaculty of Economics and Business, Bung Hatta University, Indonesia, bHigh School of  Sharia economics, Manna Wa Salwa, Indonesia, cManipal International University, Malaysia, Email: a*toni819975@gmail.combnasfi.anwar@gmail.comcdr.ridzuan@gmail.com

Economic growth is often measured based on the output (GDP) in a country. Economic growth will continue to be stimulated supported by export and import activities. This situation will succeed with the existence of economic activities consisting of the main sectors, namely agriculture, industry and services. That in fact, the role and contribution to this subsector cannot be denied creating a stable and sturdy economic situation. This study aims to examine the short and long-term relationship of the construction, financial and infrastructure sectors with economic growth in Indonesia, with data used from 1985-2017. This study is carried out by applying the VAR test and Johansen's co-integration test, which aims to examine the short-term and long-term relationship between each economic subsector and economic growth. Then the variance decomposition analysis method is used, which aims to analyse the surprise factors resulting from the construction, infrastructure and financial subsector on economic growth. The results showed a positive long-term and short-term relationship with economic growth. Furthermore, the results of the study also showed that the construction, financial and infrastructure sectors contributed significantly to economic growth in the long run. The implication of the results of this study is that in order to achieve established economic growth, the conducive economic subsector is needed. Pages 564 to 582

 

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Influence of an Interactive Learning Model  the Professional Competence of University Students

Aleksandr L. Soldatchenkoa, Tatyana Yu. Baklykovab, Svetlana V. Kharitonovac, Svetlana V. Rudakovad, Svetlana S. Velikanovae, Oksana P. Chernykhf, a,b,c,d,eNosov Magnitogorsk State Technical University, 38 Lenin Avenue, 455000, Chelyabinsk Region, Magnitogorsk, Russia, fMoscow University of Finance and Law MFUA, 17/1 Serpukhov Val str., 115191, Moscow, Russia

The present article is concerned with developing professional competence of university students on the basis of an interactive learning model. Following on from the works by V. Bolotov, J. Spiro, N. I. Volkov, D. Johnson, I. A. Zimnyaya, E.V. Korotayeva, A. Y. Uvarov, R. L. Khon, G.A. Zuckerman, G. P. Zvenigorodskaya, N. G. Grigoriyeva, M.V. Klarin and other scholars, the authors have determined the meaning, main provisions and characteristics of the interactive model of learning in higher educational institution, as well as systematized domestic and foreign experience in developing students professional competence based on interactive learning methods, technologies and forms. Pages 583 to 590

 

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Socio-Philosophical Aspects of “Hey Da Shi Lue”: Meeting of Barbarism and Civilisation

S. I. Sulimova, D. D. Tregubovab, R. A. Cherenkovc, I. V. Chernigovskikhd, V. D. Chernykhe, aVoronezh state university, Russian Federation, Voronezh, Revolutsii-Avenue, 24, bCenter of civilisation comparative study at the Institute of scientific information for social Sciences, Russian Federation, Moscow, Nakhimovsky Avenue, 51/21, c,d,eVoronezh state university of engineering technologies, Russian Federation, Voronezh, Revolutsii Avenue, 19.

This work is devoted to comparative analysis of the barbarism phenomenon perception by Chinese and ancient authors. The reports of Chinese diplomats on the way of life of the 13th century Mongols, known as “Hey Da Shi Lue” are compared with similar Roman sources (“Notes on the Gallic War” by Guy Julius Caesar, “Germany” by Publius Cornelius Tacitus, and “Roman History” by Ammianus Marcellinus). Much attention is paid to comparison of the historical and cultural situation of late Rome and China during the Mongol invasion. Pages 591 to 601

 

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The Role of Strategic Thinking Skills in Strategic Banking Decision Making: Applied Research in a Sample of Banks

Assisant professor Khlood Hady Abbod Al-Rubiaa, Assistant lecturer :Ali Hussein Khudhairb, Assistant lecture: Mohammed Hassan Abdul Ameerc, aHigh Institure for accounting and financial studies, b,cMinistry of higher education and scientific research, Email: aKhlood@egiafs.uobaghdad.edu.iq, bAlialtaye79@gmail.com, cm.rubaiee@gmail.com

The aim of the research is to shed light on strategic thinking skills in strategic decision-making in a sample of banks as a service provider providing many services to customers and companies. The more banks can adopt new concepts to increase understanding and knowledge of how they care about customers, how they consider the vision of the future, and apply creativity in their banking performance in attracting new customers, the more they are able to build long-term relationships with them. This research poses several questions: what are the skills of strategic thinking and the readiness of banks to apply? What are the factors that help to raise the level of strategic thinking skills? The results showed that there is a positive and positive effect of strategic thinking on strategic decision-making. This is a good indicator of the effect of strategic thinking on the performance of the sample banks. Pages 602 to 620

 

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The Dynamics of the Implementation of Capital Punishment for Narcotics Crimes

Kelik Wardionoa, Wardah Yuspinb*, Natangsa Surbaktic, Widi Famaliya Rachmad, a,b,c,dSchool of Law, Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta, Surakarta, Indonesia, Email: akw268@ums.ac.id, b*wy204@ums.ac.id, cns276@ums.ac.id, dwidifamaliya@yahoo.com,

This research aims to describe and explain the characteristics of the execution of narcotics crime that has been carried out at the Tangerang District Attorney's Office based on a qualitative non-doctrinal approach. Therefore in this study, the focus is on primary data collected by interviews and observations and supported by secondary data collected by library research. Data has been processed for further qualitative analysis. Based on research results at the Tangerang District Attorney's Office, it is known that, during the period of 2008 to 2016 there were 13 prisoners who were executed and 31 people who were not executed and 1 death row inmate who died. With regard to determination or postponement of the execution of capital punishment, some are waiting for legal action, some are not. The waiting period for execution is 7 years with a maximum of 15 years (average 11 years). The above situation is influenced by weak legal factors because there is no clear deadline regarding the legal remedies of Judicial Review and Clemency. Secondly, law enforcement factors have supported it quantitatively and qualitatively. The third is that there are supporting facilities or facilities already supporting the implementation of the execution. The fourth is the convicted community have high awareness of access to legal efforts and law enforcement officials comply with existing regulations. The fifth is that the convict culture is to fight for their rights but some do not because of a distrust of legal advocates. The novelty value of the results of this study is that the implementation of the execution does not guarantee the existence of legal certainty by implementing the factors that influence the execution of executions; and that the Community factors and Cultural factors are very influential in this context. Pages 621 to 649
 
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Criminal Liability in Dishonoring of a Cheque in the Criminal Justice System of Oman

Saif Al-Rawahia, aAssistant Professor, Department of Public Law, College of Law, Sultan Qaboos University, Muscat,

When the beneficiary writes a cheque knowing that the funds are inadequate, the offence of issuing a bounced check then transpires and the analysis of the criminal justice system of Oman is emphasized in the light of statutory crimes and criminal law. According to the penal code, if the cheques (without sufficient funds) are issued in bad faith, this would be an indictable offence.  Insisting upon the issuer, in order to settle with the beneficiary in the form of returning an unpaid check, will be the penalty for such an offence. The issuer should either settle with the beneficiary or face trial considering the nature of criminal penalties.  The establishment of an assignment after the directive or final ruling or making of the payment, then leads to the completion of the case. Its execution will be held if this happens after the final decision. Pages 650 to 665
 
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A Principal’s Strategy in Developing Organisational Culture for Improving the Academic Achievements of High School Students

Moh. Chairil Asmawana,b*, Nurul Ulfatinc, Bambang Budi Wiyonod, Burhanuddine,aUniversitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta, Jawa Tengah, Indonesia, bDoctoral Student, Post Graduate School, Universitas Negeri Malang, Jawa Timur, Indonesia, cUniversitas Negeri Malang, Jawa Timur, Indonesia, dUniversitas Negeri Malang, Jawa Timur, Indonesia, eUniversitas Negeri Malang, Jawa Timur, Indonesia, Email: a,b*mca122@ums.ac.id, culfatien@yahoo.com, dbambang.budi.fip@um.ac.id, eburhanuddin.fip@um.ac.id,

The purpose of this study is to describe the principal's strategy in developing organisational culture to improve the academic achievements of high school students. The method used is a qualitative method with an ethnographic approach. The data collection techniques used observation, interviews, and study of documentation. The respondents were the principal as the leader in the school, educators and education staff, students, and parents. In analysing data, the authors use cross-site data analysis. The result of the study in three schools is that the principals’ leadership style is transformational. The principal’s implement strategies in developing organisational culture to improve student academic achievement, namely: (1) Socialising with the school community (educators and education staff, students, parents, and school committees), by providing an understanding of the vision and mission of the school, (2) Maintaining an organisational culture with visionaries, communicators, motivators, innovators and educators; (3) Improving organisational culture by (a) encouraging educators and education personnel to always be eager to improve themselves in improving students’ academic achievement, (b) encouraging educators and education personnel to always maintain solidarity and togetherness, as a manifestation of school togetherness; (c) encouraging the teachers to improve their abilities through further study, in order to improve their competence. Pages 666 to 688
 
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Building Sustainable Value in E-Business Companies in Jordan

Mohammad J Adaileha, Ibrahim Haraznehb,  Mohammad D Othmanc, a,b,cFaculty of Business, Middle East University, Amman-Jordan, Email: amadaile@meu.edu.jo, bIharazneh@meu.edu.jo, cmdothman@meu.edu.jo

This paper tests the assumption around creating value for E-Business by integrating sustainable performance. The proposed conceptual model for this study indicates that in order to achieve sustainable economic performance for businesses, social and environmental performance should be combined. This research broadens our knowledge of how to build sustainable performance of E-Business (social and environmental) and economic performance in E-Business companies in Jordan. Using a sample of 158 managers from respected companies, the results of the current study demonstrated the validity of the proposed conceptual model for application in the E-Business environment in Jordan, where the estimation of the structural model revealed the fitness of the proposed model to a study sample. Results indicate that economic performance plays a prominent role as a mediating effect between social performance and the value of E-Business and where results did not support the mediating role of economic performance between environmental performance and the value of electronic business. The results were presented, and its business implication, as well as limitation and future research. Pages 689 to 708