Volume 6, Issue 2.  ISSN 2201-1323

 

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Perceptions towards Sex Education: Young Muslim Mother on Islamic Point of View

*Sofia Eliasa, Nafiseh Zareib, Nurul Ain Azmailc, Tengku Noorainun Tengku Shahdand, a,b,c,dFaculty of Education and Humanities, UNITAR International University, Malaysia,

*Corresponding Author Email: sofia@unitar.myThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it ,

The increase in cases of child sexual abuse in the last decade is very alarming. There are cases where young children have been raped, killed and raped again after death. Ironically the culprits could be teenagers or old people. Many cases of violence become an outbreak of disease that is not incurable. The ignorance of society towards sex education leads to the rising number of child sexual abuse cases, especially those committed by teenagers. This study is purposely designed to understand young Muslim mother's perceptions on sex education from the Islamic point of view. Islam's attitude towards sex may be understood and appreciated if one makes a sincere effort to study the Glorious Qur'an and Hadith. Sex education from the Islamic point of view is a guideline of a Muslim from early childhood until marriage to protect them from Zina (impermissible sexual intercourse). This study used semi-structured interview on a selected focus-group. Eleven young Muslim mothers from a private religious school in Pasir Puteh, Kelantan were involved. The findings show that young Muslim mother's perception towards sex education from the Islamic point of view is very positive to references from the Quran and Hadith. The recommendation from this paper is to let the young Muslim mothers learn more and discuss more frequently sex education to create awareness and positive implications towards this issue. Pages 1 to 15

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Developing Learning Module “Smart Communication with Prospects” for Life Insurance Agents

Samiton Pangellaha, *Basuki Wibawab, Robinson Situmorangc, a,b,cEducation Technology Studies Program, State University of Jakarta, Indonesia,

Corresponding Author Email: bwibawa@unj.ac.idThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it ,

The life insurance agent profession in Indonesia raised grew in the early 2000’s. Its growth has now begun to experience a slowdown due to the challenges faced by novice agents when pioneering their careers. They do not feel confident in themselves and feel awkward when communicating with prospective clients they have just met. The owner of the insurance agency shows the failure ratio of beginner agents is above 70% in the first year of career. This research and development aims to conceptualise learning modules for life insurance agents to improve their ability to communicate with prospective clients.

This research combines life insurance marketing communication concepts with the concepts of emotional intelligence. Communication in life insurance marketing needs to implement personal selling, adaptive selling, and relational selling concepts. Personal selling puts pressure on most agents and adaptive selling prioritizes meeting customer needs. Relational selling builds customer trust in agents. These concepts require quality emotional intelligence so that agents feeling comfortable with themselves when interacting with prospective clients and are able to build a sense of comfort in prospects that build customer trust in agents. The main purpose of communication and interaction with prospective clients is to build their trust in the agent. The development of the learning module ‘Smart Communication with Prospective Clients' for insurance agents is a collaboration between emotional intelligence experts in Indonesia and highly successful senior life insurance agents working as marketing communication experts. The learning module was field tested in two major life insurance agencies in the city of Bandung. Pages 16 to 28

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Developing E-Module of English for Tourism Based on Brain-Based Learning Approach at State Polytechnic of Lampung

Anwar Rahmana, *Basuki Wibawab, Syarif Sumantric, aDepartment of Economic and Business, State Polytechnic of Lampung, Indonesia, bDepartement Post Graduate Educational Technology State University of Jakarta, cDepartement Post Graduate Elementary Education State University of Jakarta, Indonesia

*Corresponding Author Email: bwibawa@unj.ac.idThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it ,

The development of the global tourism industry is rapidly making the importance of English communication skills a priority in the tourism workplace. State Polytechnic of Lampung has provided English subjects 1, 2, and 3 for its students. Unfortunately, the implementation does not give a significant contribution to improve students' English communication skills. The English instructional materials do not fulfil students' needs and stakeholders' needs inspiring a review of English instructional materials through a new concept of developing English material for tourism with a brain-based approach. The brain-based learning approach has a significant contribution to how instructional English learning was designed to achieve the effectiveness of learning results. This paper aims to present a new concept of developing an electronic module or e-module of English for tourism based on the brain-based learning approach. The development of this e-module applies the research and development (R&D) model of Dick and Carrey and Hardiman Meriale Model. The result of this paper is a concept of developing an e-module of English for tourism with a brain-based learning approach that focuses on four skills of English for communication namely speaking, listening, reading and writing skills. Pages 29 to 47

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Degree of Satisfaction of Social Studies Teachers on the Reality of the Training Program "Towards a Supportive and Comprehensive Learning Environment for Public Schools in the First Directorate of Education in Irbid in Jordan", from their Perspective

*Medyan Nayf Alhawaria, aAssistant Professor Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University,

*Corresponding Author Email: mnalhawari@iau.edu.saThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

This study aimed at identifying the degree of satisfaction of social studies teachers on the reality of the training program "Towards a supportive and comprehensive learning environment” for public schools in the first Directorate of Education in Irbid, Jordan, from their perspective. To achieve the objectives of the study, a questionnaire was built consisting of (27) paragraphs, distributed over three fields. The study sample consisted of (251) teachers from the Ministry of Education in Irbid governorates. The results showed that teacher response was high at the three fields: the content of the training courses, trainers and the training environment. The results also indicated that there were no statistically significant differences at the level of significance (α ≤ 0.05) according to gender, scientific qualification and major. Considering these results, the researcher recommends that theoretical and practical aspects should be integrated in training programs and they should choose the right time to conduct training courses to suit teacher social, personal and professional environment. Pages 48 to 67

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Blending of Strategic Management with ICT Curriculum and its Impact on the Performance of University Graduates

*Mohammed R A Siama, Wael Sha. Basrib, aschool of Business Management Sbm University Utara Malaysia Uum, bNorthern Border University Arar - Kingdom Of Suadi Arabia,

*Corresponding Author Email: * r.a.siam@uum.edu.myThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it , wael.bassri@nbu.edu.myThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

In the education sector, the application of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) has become an integral part of the learning process of university students. The governments and other industrial and corporate stakeholders globally have invested millions of dollars to integrate ICT in the education system during the last two decades. Universities that have fully adopted ICT curricula have recorded immense advancement in the application of ICT in improving learning methods, teaching, research and development. Recently the ICT curriculum has evolved and has blended Strategic Management as one of its components. With t growing automation and computerization, it is imperative that all business functions are aligned. This alignment necessitates the study of a module on strategic management by graduates pursuing the ICT curriculum. Moreover, a study of the strategic management component would help the graduates to understand the role of ICT in the strategic processes of business projects in a new economy. This study attempts to rationalize the blending of strategic management with ICT curriculum. The study adopted a qualitative research framework; data was collected through a questionnaire and in-depth interviews, where a sample size of 80 respondents for questionnaire and 8 informants for in depth interview was used. The respondents and informants mainly comprised of university graduates and Faculty members. Findings revealed why and how universities’ management, government and other relevant stakeholders are embracing ICT and how the blending of strategic management in the ICT curriculum has enhanced the Performance of University graduates. Pages 68 to 79

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Perceptions towards Intentions to Use E-Recruitment Services among International Students in a Private University, Klang Valley

*Mahiswaran Selvanathana, Farhah Muhammadb, Faraz Shaikhc, Mahadevan Supramaniamd, Noraini Mohamad Yusofe, a,b,eNational Higher Education Research Institute, Universiti Sains Malaysia, cAsia Pacific University, Bukit Jalil Malaysia, dSEGi University, Malaysia,

*Corresponding Author Email: mahiswaran@gmail.comThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

The aim of this study was to determine the significant relationship of factors including: perceived ease of use, perceived usefulness and perceived credibility, towards intentions to use e-recruitment services among international students from a private university in Klang Valley. Simple random sampling was used to collect 114 respondents and analysed using a descriptive analysis to get the overview of the respondents and further, multiple regression analysis was conducted to analyse the relationship of perceived ease of use, perceived usefulness and perceived credibility towards intentions to use e-recruitment services. The findings showed there was a significant relationship between perceived ease of use and intentions to use e-recruitment services but perceived usefulness and perceived credibility were not significant towards intentions to use e-recruitment services. Pages 80 to 90

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Examining the Relationship of Service Quality to Positive Word-of-Mouth at a Private Higher Education Institution: Mediated by Students’ Satisfaction

*Rudzi Munapa, Zaleha Yahayab, a,bFaculty of Business and Technology UNITAR International University, Malaysia,

*Corresponding Author Email: rudzi@unitar.myThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

This study examined the relationship of service quality dimensions: assurance, empathy, reliability, responsiveness and tangibles, (Parasuraman et al. (1988) to positive word-of-mouth. It also examined the critical factors that contribute most to students’ satisfaction and the mediating effect of students’ satisfaction on quality of services and positive word-of-mouth. A total of 280 questionnaires were randomly distributed to selected undergraduate students from the discipline of social sciences at a private university in Klang Valley, Malaysia. The Cronbach Alpha value of the five dimensions ranges from 0.761 to 0.977. The findings indicated all five dimensions had a significant but weak relationship to positive word-of-mouth. Empathy was found to contribute most to positive word-of-mouth. There was also significant indirect effect of five dimensions of service quality on positive word-of-mouth through students’ satisfaction.   This meant that the level of students’ satisfaction has an influence in the relationship of service quality to positive word-of-mouth. Pages 91 to 101

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The Relationship between Student’s Attitude and English Language Achievement: The Case of Freshmen in a Private Institution

*Siti Nor Amira Baharudina, Haliza Mohd Saidb, Adam Steinc, a,bUNITAR International University, Malaysia, cUS Embassy Kuala Lumpur,

*Corresponding Author Email: amira@unitar.myThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it , lizasaid@unitar.myThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it , adam12tx@gmail.comThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

This study investigates the relationship between student’s attitude (affective, behavioral, cognitive) and English language achievement among the freshmen in a private institution. In obtaining data for this research, adapted questionnaires instead of interviews were used to obtain information on students’ attitudes in learning the English Language. The total sample size was 175. The sample group of this study was selected using purposive sampling. The findings of this study reveal that there is a positive relationship between students’ attitudes and their achievement in English Language. The results also reveal that students, teachers, institutions, government, parents and media should leverage their vital role in improving the English language learning. Therefore, it is necessary for all stakeholders to take further steps to enhance conducive teaching and learning environment for enhanced potential achievement in English Language. Pages 102 to 115

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Analysis of Local Tourists' Level of Knowledge on Archaeotourism Sector in Kinta Valley, Perak (Malaysia)

*Adnan Jusoha, Yunus Sauman Sabin, a,bDepartment of History, Faculty of Human Sciences, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, 39500 Tanjung Malim, Perak, Malaysia,

*Corresponding Author Email: adnan.jusoh@fsk.upsi.edu.myThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

In the past, Kinta Valley was very famous in the Malay Peninsula for being extremely rich in tin ore. It is no longer a producer of that mineral, but now it is known for its own attractiveness, especially among local and foreign tourists. The objective of this article is to identify the level of knowledge of local tourists on the archaeotourism sector in Kinta Valley, Perak. This study involved 375 local tourists, selected through simple random sampling. A questionnaire instrument was used to obtain feedback, which included respondents' background, tourist travel analysis, and tourists’ level of knowledge of the development of archaeotourism in Kinta Valley. The results of the study showed that local tourists often visit Kinta Valley during public holidays, with the highest visiting frequency being 2 to 3 times. Local tourists’ knowledge of historic buildings was at a moderate level (M = 2.62, SP = .552); general knowledge on the Kinta Valley was at a low level (M = 2.06, SP = .661); and other categories scored as follows: archaeological site knowledge (M=1.94, SP=.647); natural environmental knowledge (M = 2.29, SP = .567); and food knowledge (M = 2.16, SP = .557). The study concluded that local tourists' knowledge on archaeotourism in Kinta Valley was not encouraging, despite a high frequency of visits. This indicates that tourists like visiting this tourist attraction, but fail to appreciate the archaeotourism element. Therefore, educational aspects of cultural heritage and natural heritage tourism needs to be improved and highlighted to attract more tourists to come and see the beauty and uniqueness of Kinta Valley. Pages 116 to 131

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Developing and Evaluating a Digital Interactive Method Book for Teaching and Learning Recorder Based on Malaysian Folksongs

*Mohd Nizam Nasrifana, Mahayuddin Abdul Rahimb, a,bFaculty of Music and Performing Arts, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris 35900 Tanjung Malim, Perak Darul Ridzuan, Malaysia,

*Corresponding Author Email: mnizam@fmsp.upsi.edu.myThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it , mahayuddin@fmsp.upsi.edu.myThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

While many educational institutions introducing technology based over traditional approaches, some academics who teach recorder are still anxious about the content and method that can be incorporated into the mode of digital interactive teaching and learning. Currently there is no complete digital method book that is designed based on the Malaysian context available for teaching recorder.   This research intends to investigate how to incorporate Malaysian folk songs into a digital form utilizing multimedia and an interactive approach. The aim of this research is to synthesize the available sources, to design and to evaluate the appropriateness of a digital interactive method book for teaching and learning recorder that will be based on Malaysian folk songs. The digital interactive method book will be developed in a software form that can be installed onto a computer, stored in ‘cloud’ system and can be accessed online. This research also summarizes the impression of students’ and woodwind instrument expert through a survey tool which was administered through a questionnaire to selected primary school students enrolled in music classes to measure their perceptions and attitudes towards the developed digital interactive method book. The result of student and woodwind instrument expert feedback is that the developed digital method book is suitable as self-learning material and provides strong support for the understanding of concepts in learning the recorder. The developed digital interactive product can be potentially disseminated throughout Malaysia music education system and especially in primary schools. Pages 132 to 147

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The Development of “Forest Ranger” as a 2D Serious Game Application to increase Awareness against Illegal Logging

*Amri Yusoffa, Shahrizuan Shafirilb, a,bFaculty of Art,Computing and Creative Industry Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris.Perak, Malaysia,

*Corresponding Author Email: amri@fskik.upsi.edu.myThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it , cloudywolfshah86@yahoo.comThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

This study aims to develop a 2D game application which focuses on increasing public awareness about illegal logging that leads to the bigger problem of forest deforestation. This serious game application not only served as an entertainment game but also to educate users. Role-playing inside the game creates the cognitive perception of protecting the forest from any activities that would harm or make irreversible changes in the forest. The methodology of this application is based on the ADDIE model and it involves the use of specialized software and hardware in development of the fully functional prototype. The findings of this game app will create a gameplay of suspension of disbelief for the gamer when compared to the real situation and behaviours performed inside the forest. At the present time, the game application is partially developed and contains all the information regarding situations of the loggers in the forest and how the player interacts to prevent the logging activities from happening. 148 to 163

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The Implementation of Serious Game Concept into “Forest's Ranger” Virtual Reality Game as a Gamification Learning tool

*Amri Yusoffa, Shahrizuan Shafirilb, a,bFaculty of Art, Computing and Creative Industry, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Malaysia

*Corresponding Author Email: amri@fskik.upsi.edu.myThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

This paper presents a conceptual framework for a Forest Ranger Game by applying virtual reality into it together with other classical learning techniques, to motivate the students and increase their learning performance. The implementation of a serious game has been included as this game not only to attract students into gamification learning but also creates awareness towards illegal logging. In addition, based on Bloom’s taxonomy theory there will be a focus on application of increased student cognitive thinking by teaching and requiring high order thinking skills, especially from the analysis to creation level. Game based learning can be seen from the perspective of learning theories to invoke and underpin educational computer game design and use based on the four types of learning theories: behaviourism, cognitivism, humanism and constructivism. These new findings can enhance the results of previous studies with regard to the issue of learning‐theory foundations in game-based learning. The contributions of this study for the issue of learning-theory foundations in game-based learning are discussed. This research also provides a strong motivation for students; helping them to increase their performance in the learning process and to improve their morale by value-adding to the teaching and learning environment. Pages 164 to 173

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Documenting and Advocating Tumbuk Kalang Ensemble for Sustainability and Heritage

*Mohd. Nizam Hj. Nasrifana, Mohd. Hassan Abdullahb, Zaharul Lailiddin Saidonc, a,b,cAssociate Professor, Sultan Idris Education University (UPSI), Malaysia,

*Corresponding Author Email: mohd.nizam@fmsp.upsi.edu.myThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it , mohd@fmsp.upsi.edu.myThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it , zaharul@fmsp.upsi.edu.myThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Tumbuk Kalang ensemble is a genre of music that has its own historical background and performance pattern. This research was undertaken in order to understand the music culture and the art of Malay ensemble, and in particularly the art of Tumbuk Kalang ensemble in Negeri Sembilan. It is a form of culture that is learned by Malay Negeri Sembilan people and handed down from generation to generation and occurs in informal or non-formal ways of learning. However, it has gradually begun to disappear as the people’s behavior has changed due to changes in society over time. Therefore, this research studied both the technical and aesthetics aspects of Tumbuk Kalang ensemble that have been structured with knowledge of music education and developed as an interactive multimedia courseware that been incorporated into the teaching and learning in formal educational institutions. This research involved both qualitative and quantitative methodology and utilized questionnaires and semi structured interviews for the data collection that was examined by descriptive-analytic approach. An interactive multimedia product for teaching and learning Tumbuk Kalang was developed and evaluated in terms of its suitability and sustainability in formal higher educational institution setting. The findings from teachers, trainers and student feedback show that the developed teaching and learning materials demonstrate high levels of usability and suitability as teaching materials and learning of the Negeri Sembilan Tumbuk Kalang music ensemble at formal educational institutions. Pages 174 to 194

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The Impact of a Learning Module Based on Adobe Photoshop on the Teaching and Learning of Batik Pattern Designs

*Harozila Ramlia, Tajul Shuhaizamb, Siti Salwa Jamaldinc, Mohamad NurHanif Hazmand, a,b,c,d Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris Tanjong Malim, Perak, Malaysia

*Corresponding Author Email: harozila@fskik.upsi.edu.myThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

This study aims to develop and evaluate the effectiveness of a learning module based on Adobe Photoshop with 130 motif templates in the teaching and learning of Batik pattern designs. This research used a qualitative approach based on the studio method involving observations and interviews. The sample of the participants consisted of 56 students who took a Batik course. In the studio, the participants used such a learning module to learn to create a number of Batik pattern designs. The evaluation of the learning module was based on five factors, namely effectiveness, learnability, flexibility, ease of use, and user acceptance. The research findings showed that all the participants were able to create creative patterns with high aesthetic value. Their designs were also observed to exhibit a high degree of intricacy and finesse. In addition, the findings showed that the use of such a module helped expedite the design process, making it more efficient as well as flexible. The participants also indicated that the application was easy to use and could help them become more creative. Given these promising findings, it is recommended such a novel, innovative learning module be embedded in the current teaching and learning practice of art education in Malaysian schools. Through use of such a potent learning tool, which can ease the design process of any artworks, students will become motivated and engaged in learning to learn the art of creating beautiful, exquisite designs. More importantly, with more practice in designing, they can eventually develop their creative skills to the level of that of professionals, thus enabling them to create artworks that are not only highly attractive but also contemporary. Pages 195 to 206

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Statistical Analysis for the Most Influential Reasons for Divorce between Men and Women in Erbil-Iraq

Hazhar Talaat Abubaker Blbasa,b , aStatistics Department, Salahaddin University, Erbil, Iraq, bComputer Science Department, Knowledge University, Erbil, Iraq, Email: hazharstat@gmail.comThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it , hazhar.abubaker@knowledge.edu.krdThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Divorce and marital separation hurt families and might be the most unpleasant event experienced in life. Therefore, the motivation behind this investigation is to distinguish the factors influencing divorce between men and women in Erbil-Iraq. Data was collected using a self-questionnaire form with 28 questions that were randomly distributed to people who were divorced in the city of Erbil. Chi-square test and factor analysis were used to investigate the most influential reasons that people get divorced in Kurdistan Region of Iraq. The results show that respondents' perceived second marriage as the major cause of divorce followed by stingy dominance in marriage, the couple's parents interfering in their lives, and modern technology (Mobile – Social Media). Also, unemployment was a reason for divorce for women rather than men. According to the respondents, sixty eight percent stated that adultery is the first reason for separation. Pages 207 to 216

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Impact of Sustainable Human Resource Management Practices on Secondary School Teacher Job Performance: A Conceptual Framework of Teacher Psychological Ownership

Muhammad Naeem Shahida, *Siti Norasyikin Abdul Hamidb,

a, b School of Business Management (SBM), College of Business (COB) University Utara Malaysia (UUM), Sintok 06010 Kedah Malaysia

*Corresponding Author Email: norasyikin@uum.edu.myThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Email: naeemscholar786@gmail.comThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

This study proposed a mediation research framework that links employability, sense of personal responsibility, work life balance, training, health conditions offering and job performance for sustainable human resource management in secondary schools of Punjab Pakistan. Literature of SHRM proposed that organizations need dependable and psychologically empowered employees to run businesses in the future. SHRM is looked at as an extension of strategic HRM and present a new approach to managing human resources with a focus on social, physical and psychological wellbeing for long term HR development, renewal and regeneration. However, attributes of SHRM are still not clear and very limited literature is available on the relation of SHRM and job performance via the mediation role of psychological ownership. Hence, the current study proposed a conceptual framework to close this gap and to explore the impact of sustainable human resource management practices on public school teacher psychological ownership and the impact of psychological ownership on job performance of secondary school teachers in Punjab, Pakistan. Moreover, this study tries to examine the link occurring in the relationship between individual SHRM practices and PO more closely. Further, the research seeks to determine whether there is a link between PO and job performance. To attain this study objective, a comprehensive review of literature on SHRM, PO and job performance was carried out. This conceptual model will help government agencies, HR managers, practitioners and decision makers to better understand of SHRM practices and focus on implementation of the identified practices to boost the job performance of their employees by enhancing the sense of employee’s psychological ownership. Further, the scope of future study was to test and validate this model by collecting primary data from secondary school teachers of Punjab, Pakistan by using a Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) approach for hypothesis testing and to find out the effect of psychological ownership as a mediator between SHRM practices and job performance. Pages 217 to 241

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Design a Mobile Medication Dispenser based on IoT Technology

*Mohammed Hussein Shukura, aCihan University-Erbil, Iraq

*Corresponding Author Email: mohammed.shukur@cihanuniversity.edu.iqThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

This paper proposes the design of an IoT medication dispenser attached to mobile devices.   The dispenser has the capability to organize three different doses of pills for the patient including the elderly, those who have memory shortage, and those taking many medications. The dispenser acts as an aid, a reminder that organizes medication so it is given as scheduled, a remote monitoring mechanism and can update dosage via the medical practitioner through a web application. Pages 242 to 250

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An Application of Factor Analysis to Identify the Most Effective Reasons that University Students Hate to Read Books

Hazhar Talaat Abubaker Blbasaba,b, Dler Hussein Kadirc,d, aStatistics Department, Salahaddin University, Erbil, Iraq, Email id: hazhar.abubaker@su.edu.krdThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it , bComputer Science Department, Knowledge University, Erbil, Iraq, Email id: hazhar.abubaker@knowledge.edu.krdThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it , cBusiness Administration Department, Cihan University-Erbil, Iraq, d Statistics Department, Salahaddin University, Erbil, Iraq, hazharstat@gmail.comThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Factor analysis (FA) is a method of location for the structural anomalies of a communality consisting of p-variables and a huge numbers of values and sample size. It cuts the value of original variables by finding a minor value of the latest variables that are known as factors. In this study, a principal components analysis (PCA) will be applied to summarise the factor analysis and their application by estimating the factors with Varimax rotation and using the SPSS statistic package. The application is survey based using 462 random undergraduate candidates aged between 17 to 33 years old at Salahaddin University-Erbil. The most significant effect in this phenomenon was shown as a poor level of book contents, cost of books, unknown other languages, and lack of basic facilities including water and electricity respectively. Pages 251 to 265

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Determinants of Profitability in Commercial Banks: a Field Study in a Sample of the Iraqi Private Commercial Banks

*Amjad Saber Said Al-Delawia, aCihan University –Erbil-Iraq,

*Corresponding Author E-mail: presidency@cihanuniversity.edu.iqThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

The present study examines the analysis of bank profitability determinants in the private banking sector of Iraq which represents a rate of return on assets (ROA) that are most widely used in this area. The period between 2010 and 2014 (five years) has been chosen for the study due to this being when the global economic crisis happened which caused the bankruptcy of quite a few public and private banks in the world, in addition to causing substantial changes in the global commercial banking sector like re-owning or merging banks. All these reasons have influenced the commercial banking sector. The focus of the analysis is on three factors: degree of financial leverage, the rate of income tax, and the capital adequacy for ten operating commercial banks in the private sector of Iraq. The results of the three factors, as independent variables with the rate of return on assets as the dependent variable, have been studied. Also, the effects of the variables have been analyzed to identify the impact of trends and changes of many of the positive and negative fluctuations that occur in the profitability of banks and the role of these variables to enable the government to support the sector. Pages 266 to 287

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Factors Affecting Job Stress among Employees in the Banking Sector of Malaysia

*Krisada Chienwattanasooka, Kittisak Jermsittiparsertb, aFaculty of Business Administration, Rajamangala University of Technology Thanyaburi, Pathum Thani, Thailand, E-mail: krisada_c@rmutt.ac.th, bDepartment for Management of Science and Technology Development, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, *Corresponding author: E-mail: kittisak.jermsittiparsert@tdtu.edu.vn

The purpose of this study is to examine the factors affecting job stress among employees in the banking sector of Malaysia. For the current study we conducted a survey amongst employees of the different banks to analyze their stress level and experiences in the work place. A close ended structured questionnaire was used to collect the data and convenience sampling method was used to gather information from the employees. After applying regression analysis, on the collected primary data, we concluded that job performance, job satisfaction, absenteeism rate and motivation level have a significant relationship with job stress in the banking sector of Malaysia. Pages 288 to 302

 
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Factors Affecting Art Museum Visitors’ Behavior: A Study on Key Factors Maximizing Satisfaction, Post-Purchase Intentions and Commitment of Visitors of Art Museums in Thailand

Krisada Chienwattanasooka, Kittisak Jermsittiparsertb*, aFaculty of Business Administration, Rajamangala University of Technology Thanyaburi, Pathum Thani, Thailand, E-mail: krisada_c@rmutt.ac.th, bDepartment for Management of Science and Technology Development, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, *Corresponding author: E-mail: kittisak.jermsittiparsert@tdtu.edu.vn

This study examined the relationship amongst quality, image congruence, affective encounters, commitment and satisfaction. The study was carried out with the help of a survey that was conducted at art museums in a metropolitan city of Thailand. Construct validity and reliability for the survey measures was conducted and found to be satisfactory. A total of eight proposed hypotheses were supported among the nine proposed direct relationships. The moderating impact of involvement on the links among commitment, quality, behavioral goals and satisfaction was also supported by the outcome of the model evaluation for invariance. It was also found that when the involvement level of the individuals visiting a museum is high then there would be greater strength between the relationships of these variables. Pages 303 to 334
 
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Audit Committee and Earnings Quality

Patipan Sae-Lima, *Kittisak Jermsittiparsertb, aGraduate School of Management and Innovation, King Mongkut’s University of Technology Thonburi, Bangkok, Thailand, E-mail: patipan.sae@kmutt.ac.th , bDepartment for Management of Science and Technology Development, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, *Corresponding author: E-mail: kittisak.jermsittiparsert@tdtu.edu.vn ,

In this study, we investigate the relationship between the Audit Committee and earnings quality. The audit committee plays an important role in the improvement of earnings quality. Our Empirical evidence shows that the Audit Committee does not allow management to get involved in earnings management and examine all the activities of management thoroughly to ensure better earnings quality. Firms are usually identified by weak internal audit control. We used two models to measure earnings quality, the first introduced in the year 1991 by Jones (very commonly used) and the second introduced in the year 2002 by Dechow and Dichev. Our results show that the audit committee curtail earnings management activities in firms. We also define the conflicts between the two measures of earnings quality and the audit committee. Earnings management was usually found where the majority of the audit committee consisted of independent directors. The audit committee should be independent and perform an unbiased role in the development of the firm. Pages 335 to 347
 
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The Social Determinates of Entrepreneurial Inclination among Thai Graduates

Sakapas Saengchaia, *Kittisak Jermsittiparsertb, aFaculty of Humanities and Social Science, Suan Sunandha Rajabhat University, Bangkok, Thailand, E-mail: sakapas.sa@ssru.ac.th , bDepartment for Management of Science and Technology Development, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam,

*Corresponding author: E-mail: kittisak.jermsittiparsert@tdtu.edu.vn ,

The main objective of the current study is answering the question ‘What in the relationship between family support, role models, financial support and entrepreneurship inclination on polytechnic students?’. This study is useful and relevant for Thai students who intend to become successful business entrepreneurs after graduation. Additionally, this study has examined the moderating role of entrepreneurial education in the relationship between family support and entrepreneurial inclination, between role model and entrepreneurial inclination, and between financial support and entrepreneurial inclination. The research uses SEM-PLS to answer the question posed. Family support, role model and financial support are a symbiotic system and related to entrepreneurship inclination. Support from family members, friends and other colleagues are very important thing every person interested in the entrepreneurship field as compared to role model and financial support which are respectively second and third in ranking behind the family support component.  Role models are defined as lecturers, successful entrepreneurs or any person who can influence, encourage and motivate success in the entrepreneurship field. Pages 348 to 367
 
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Entrepreneur Education, Previous Entrepreneur Experience, Perceived Desirability of Self-Employment and the Intention of Self-Employment in the Students of NIDA Business School Thailand

Sakapas Saengchaia, Kittisak Jermsittiparsertb*, aFaculty of Humanities and Social Science, Suan Sunandha Rajabhat University, Bangkok, Thailand, E-mail: sakapas.sa@ssru.ac.th , bDepartment for Management of Science and Technology Development, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam,

*Corresponding author: E-mail: kittisak.jermsittiparsert@tdtu.edu.vn

This study has explored the nexus between entrepreneur education, previous entrepreneur experience, and the intention of self-employment in the students of NIDA business school Thailand. Additionally, this study has examined the mediating role of self-employment intention in the relationship between entrepreneurial education and entrepreneurial intention of students of NIDA business school Thailand. Finally, the study has examined the moderating effect of entrepreneurial experience in the relationship between entrepreneurial education and entrepreneurial intention of students of NIDA business school Thailand. The study has employed a survey-based methodology and data is collected from the students of NIDA business school Thailand. The SEM-PLS is used as a statistical tool to answer the research questions of the study. This study was conducted based on the available resources at the researchers' disposal. Some limitations are identified which are beyond the control of this study and hence, recommendations for future study are made with reference to these limitations. The utilization of a self-report measure is one of the limitations in this study. In terms of methodology, this study contributes by employing hierarchical modelling using PLS-SEM to explain the relationships developed. In practical terms, the findings provide the stakeholders responsible for entrepreneurship development with a better picture of the formation of entrepreneurial intentions.  Further, the impact of potential venture initiators’ beliefs and perceptions on their intention to commence a business venture is investigated. Overall these research findings inform government policymakers regarding planning and resourcing that will influence young adults who are likely to form entrepreneurial intentions, and consequently, initiate business ventures. Pages 368 to 388
 

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Corporate Governance Practice, Risk Management and Internal Control at Kedah State Zakat Board (LZNK)

*Suhaimi Ishaka, Mohamad Naimi Mohamad Norb, Mohd Sollehudin Shuibc, Amirul Faiz Osmand, Ram Al Jaffri Saade, aTunku Puteri Intan Safinaz School of Accountancy (TISSA-UUM), College of Business, Universiti Utara Malaysia. *Corresponding Author Email: suhaimiishak@uum.edu.myThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it , b,eTunku Puteri Intan Safinaz School of Accountancy (TISSA-UUM), College of Business, Universiti Utara Malaysia, c,dIslamic Business School (IBS-UUM), College of Business, Universiti Utara Malaysia,

This research examined corporate governance, risk management and internal control at Kedah State Zakat Board at a professional level (LZNK). This study reviewed the practice of corporate governance, risk management and internal control that LZNK was practicing. The strengths and weaknesses of these practices were examined and subsequently some suggestions are addressed to LZNK with regard to corporate governance, risk management and internal control. Qualitative approaches are used where several respondents from LZNK and academics are interviewed, using a semi-structured tool and purposive sampling techniques. In addition, the review of key documents such as the Kedah State Zakat Board Enactment (Enactment 23) 2015 and the annual report of LZNK were also conducted. Several suggestions for improvements relating to corporate governance, risk management and internal controls in LZNK are recommended. These include submitting an internal audit report to the audit committee, initiating a governance code and the creation of a risk management committee – all actions required immediately. Pages 389 to 404