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The Impact of External Supply Chain Management on Export Performance of Kazakhstan’s Firms: Mediating Role of Export Marketing Capabilities

Sudawan Somjaia, Puchong Pongsirib, Saroge Vasuvanichc, a,b,cGraduate School, Suan Sunandha Rajabhat University, Bangkok, Thailand, E-mail: asudawan.so@ssru.ac.th,  csaroge.va@ssru.ac.th

The aim of the current research paper was to investigate the impact of External Supply Chain Management on Export Performance of Kazakhstan’s Firms and as well as the mediating role of export marketing capabilities between the relationship of external supply chain management on export performance. In any country, exports play a major role and the export marketing capabilities enhance the performance of the export. It is essential for the exporters of any country to develop their export marketing capabilities. The researcher collected the data from Kazakhstani exporters who are working in various manufacturing firms. The total sample of the study was 334. The researcher collected data from the study sample group through a questionnaire. The study outcomes demonstrate that external supply chain management has a significant effect on export performance and in addition, the results show that export marketing capabilities significantly mediate the relationship between external supply chain management and export performance. This research article includes theoretical implications resulting from the findings and their practical significances. This study has research limitations such as the small sample size and future scholars should collect data from a larger group. Pages 1 to 16

 

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How do Government Policies Influence the Relationship between Predictors and Agricultural Extension?

Ratchada Fongtanakita, Kanjaporn Mungmeeb, Kittisak Jermsittiparsertc,d*, a,bGraduate School, Suan Sunandha Rajabhat University, Bangkok, Thailand, cDepartment for Management of Science and Technology Development, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, dFaculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, Corresponding Author E-mail: c,d*kittisak.jermsittiparsert@tdtu.edu.vn arachada.fo@ssru.ac.th,  

In global perspective, agriculture is emerging as the backbone of the economy. It also reaches strategic importance and is a key resource in providing food to people. The agricultural sector of a developing economy is facing many challenges, due to its low level of knowledge about the latest innovation, with most populations living in rural areas with inefficient farm management and non-supportive government policies (Karamidehkordi, 2010; Pimentel et al., 1992). Agriculture productivity can be enhanced in Thailand by providing the agriculture extension. The knowledge and adoption of the latest technologies boosted up by extension services, agriculture research activities, modern agriculture technologies information and government policies. The aim of this study is to show how agriculture extension is influenced by the extension services. Agriculture research activities, modern agriculture technologies information and government policies balance the relationship between agriculture extension, extension services, agriculture research activities and modern agriculture technologies information. The study is descriptive and quantitative in nature. The data for the present study is collected from small- and medium-scale farmers in Thailand by using self-administered questionnaires. Three questionnaires were distributed in small villages by using simple random sampling technique. Out of 300 questionnaires, 270 questionnaires were returned by the respondents. The study is cross sectional in nature and data is collected from respondent in one point of time. The smart PLS has been used for data analysis. The finding of the study shows that all the hypotheses are accepted and shows the positive and significant results for furthering the agriculture extension. The findings revealed the research activities as a strong predictor for the agriculture extension, and government policies played a significant mediation role. Further discussion, limitation and future direction of the study is also discussed at the end of the study. Pages 17 to 33

 

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 The Role of Management Information Systems on the Performance of Agricultural Extension

Noppadol Sritragoola, Salisa Chinsukb, Kittisak Jermsittiparsertc,d*, a,bGraduate School, Suan Sunandha Rajabhat University, Bangkok, Thailand, cDepartment for Management of Science and Technology Development, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, dFaculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam E-mail: c,d*kittisak.jermsittiparsert@tdtu.edu.vn anoppadol.sr@ssru.ac.th,  

The purpose of this study is to examine the role of management information systems (MIS) such as system quality, information quality and organizational impact on the performance of agriculture extension. Agricultural extension providers of Thailand that are registered under the ministry of agriculture are the respondents of the study. Data was gathered through a questionnaire through the mail. The findings reveal that all dimensions of MIS, such as system quality, information quality and organizational impact have a positive association with the performance of agricultural extensions. These findings are useful for the policymakers of the agriculture sector of Thailand in that implementation of suggestions can improve the quality of MIS that enhances the quality of agriculture extensions and ultimately effects the production of the agriculture sector. Pages 34 to 51

 

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The Influence of Organizational Factors on the ability and skills of Agricultural Extension Providers of Thailand.

Tawee Jamjumrusa, Wimonkarn Chamchoyb, Kittisak Jermsittiparsertc,d*, a,bGraduate School, Suan Sunandha Rajabhat University, Bangkok, Thailand, cDepartment for Management of Science and Technology Development, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, dFaculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam E-mail: c,d*kittisak.jermsittiparsert@tdtu.edu.vn atawee.ja@ssru.ac.th,  

The aim of this study is to investigate the influence of organizational factors; top management support, goal alignment and management style and the skills and ability of agricultural extension providers of Thailand. This study collected the data from agricultural extension providers that are registered under the Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives of Thailand. Data analysis has been undertaken by using the PLS-SEM through Smart-PLS. Findings revealed that all factors of the organization; top management support, goal alignment and management style have a positive association with the skills and ability of agricultural extension providers of Thailand. These finding showed that the policies should have emphasis on the organizational factors that are necessary for the improvement of skills and ability of agricultural extension providers. Pages 52 to 70

 

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 Factors That Influence Job Performance of Agricultural Workers

Jetsalid Anesukanjanakula, Ketsara Banpotb, Kittisak Jermsittiparsertc,d*, a,bGraduate School, Suan Sunandha Rajabhat University, Bangkok, Thailand, cDepartment for Management of Science and Technology Development, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, dFaculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, E-mail: c,d*kittisak.jermsittiparsert@tdtu.edu.vn arachada.fo@ssru.ac.th,  

The professional growth of workers or leaders has remarkable worth in organisations wanting to improve the performance of the agriculture sector. Notably, there is a need to provide a knowledgeable and satisfying work environment to improve workers’ performance. This study examines the role of knowledge and overload of workers in the agricultural sector. It also examines the effects of job knowledge and role overload on job performance while mediating by job satisfaction of the extension workers. The study is descriptive and quantitative in nature.  Data has been gathered from employees of extension services firms in Thailand by using a self-administered questionnaire. 260 questionnaires were distributed to employees by using a simple random sampling technique. The smart PLS has been used for data analysis. The findings of the study show that all hypotheses were proven and the results of this investigation presented. Further discussion and limitations of the study are discussed at the end. Pages 71 to 86

 

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 A Positive Intervention of Farmer’s Psychological Capital to Improve Perceived Farming Performance: Role of Agricultural Extension Knowledge

Pornkul Suksoda, Mingkoun Dangsuwanb, Kittisak Jermsittiparsertc,d*, a,bGraduate School, Suan Sunandha Rajabhat University, Bangkok, Thailand, cDepartment for Management of Science and Technology Development, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, dFaculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, E-mail: c,d*kittisak.jermsittiparsert@tdtu.edu.vn apornkul.su@ssru.ac.th,  

The purpose of the current research was to analyze the role of agricultural extension knowledge (AES) in improvings perceived farming performance (PFP) along with the mediating role of psychological capital in this relationship. The mediating role of psychological capital was analyzed by analyzing the mediating role of four dimensions of psychological capital i.e. “hope, confidence, resilience and optimism”. The current study was performed in Thailand where the data was collected from 430 farmers through self-administered questionnaires. The data collected from those farmers was subjected to analysis in which CFA and structural equation modelling were performed on the data to check hypotheses. Findings of the current research suggested that agricultural extension knowledge significantly and positively affects the PFP. Results further revealed that hope, confidence, resilience and optimism act as significant mediators between the association of agricultural extension knowledge and PFP. Since, psychological capital is characterized by these four dimensions therefore it has been found that psychological capital is a significant mediator between agricultural extension knowledge and PFP. The current study and findings have important implications in theory and practice because they will help farmers to enhance their PFP by focusing on agricultural extension knowledge and psychological capital. Pages 87 to 106

 

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Knowledge of Agricultural Extension Services and Environmental Management Accounting: Mediating Role of Belief Based Factors in Farmers

Natnaporn Aeknarajindawata, Panupong Boonmuangb, Pornkul Suksodc, a,b,cGraduate School, Suan Sunandha Rajabhat University, Bangkok, Thailand, E-mail: anatnaporn.ae@ssru.ac.th,  cpornkul.su@ssru.ac.th

The purpose this current study is to analyse the influence of knowledge on agricultural extension services (KAES) on environmental management accounting (EMA) and to assess the role of belief-based factors between KAES and EMA. To analyse the interconnecting role of belief-based factors, subjective norms, attitudes and perceived behaviour controls have been examined between the two. This study focuses on Thailand where data was collected from 300 farmers. Data collection focused on farmers’ knowledge of agricultural extension services, attitudes, subjective norms, perceived behavioural controls and EMA through a survey instrument. Purposive sampling and questionnaires were used and subsequent data analysis applied Confirmatory Factor Analysis and Structural Equation Modelling to achieve and test results. Study findings reveal that knowledge of agricultural extension services has significantly positive influence on the EMA. Furthermore, the subjective norms and attitudes of farmers play a significant role between KAES and EMA. It was determined that PBC was a significant arbitrator in their relationship. The current study has important implications for future researchers and farmers. Pages 107 to 125

 

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Analyzing the Role of Government Agriculture Expenditure, Extension services and Agricultural Credit on Real Agricultural GDP in ASEAN Countries.

Sakapas Saengchaia, Thanaporn Sriyakulb, Kittisak Jermsittiparsertc,d*, a,bFaculty of Humanities and Social Science, Suan Sunandha Rajabhat University, Bangkok, Thailand, cDepartment for Management of Science and Technology Development, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, dFaculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam E-mail: c,d*kittisak.jermsittiparsert@tdtu.edu.vn asakapas.sa@ssru.ac.th,  bajbamut@gmail.com,  

The purpose of the study was to analyze the impact of Government Agriculture Expenditure (GAE), Extension services (AES) and Agricultural Credit (AGC) on Real Agricultural GDP (RAG) of ASEAN countries. For this purpose, short-term and long-term impacts of GAE, AES and AGC were analyzed on the RAG of ASEAN countries by collecting panel data for last 30 years. The panel data of 30 years was used to analyze these relationships for which the panel ARDL approach was used. This study is based on the secondary data extracted from the databases of respective countries. The macroeconomic data for those countries was put into analysis in which the descriptive test, panel unit root test, cointegration test and ARDL modelling were applied to check the short-term and long-term relationships. The findings of the current study revealed that there is significant impact of AES, GAE and AGC on RAG of ASEAN countries in long run however, it also reported that there is no significant short-term impact of GAE and AGC on RAG. However, the AES significantly influenced the RAG in short run in the current results. The study will be beneficial for researchers and policymakers because it suggests the role of AES, GAE and AGC on RAG. Pages 126 to 141

 

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Training on Agriculture Extension as a Predictor of Entrepreneurial Behaviours of the Farmers: Mediating Role of Orientations

Thaniya Pongsiria, Piyapan Hannakinb, Sriparinya Toopgajankc, a,b,cGraduate School, Suan Sunandha Rajabhat University, Bangkok, Thailand, E-mail: as58584916016@ssru.ac.th,  csriparinya.to@ssru.ac.th

Entrepreneurship has gained much more attention in recent decades. Governments are now investing huge amounts of money for the development of and providing opportunities for entrepreneurs. In this regard agriculture extension has also gained much attention as a tool to improve the agriculture. The study has attempted to explore the relationship between the training provided to the farmers regarding the agriculture extension services and its impact on their entrepreneurial behaviour. Further the farmers orientation has also been considered as a potential mediator between training and behaviour. Data was collected from farmers and analysed by using Smart-PLS. The study results revealed that there is significant positive association between the training and entrepreneurial behaviours. Further, the study also revealed a significant positive mediation of all the dimensions of farmer orientation. It is stated that training changes the orientation and strongly influences the behaviours of the farmers. The discussion and future direction are provided at the end of research paper. Pages 142 to 159

 

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 Exploring the Barriers and Readiness Factors for Agricultural Extension in Thailand

Avasada Pokmontreea, Amnat Prasitdamrongb, Kittisak Jermsittiparsertc,d*, a,bGraduate School, Suan Sunandha Rajabhat University, Bangkok, Thailand, cDepartment for Management of Science and Technology Development, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, dFaculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, E-mail: c,d*kittisak.jermsittiparsert@tdtu.edu.vn aavasada.po@ssru.ac.th,  

Individual behaviors and external factors have gained greater attention in recent decades with the adoption of new technologies and practices. In this regard a new term was introduced named agriculture extension. The current study attempted to explore the influence of the contributors and hinderances to agriculture extension. The data was collected from students using the convenience sampling. Smart-PLS was used to analyze the data collected. The results of the study revealed that lessened individual and policy barriers, a sense of personal readiness and finally entrepreneurial self-efficacy have significant positive influence on agriculture extension. Furthermore, the study also showed the positive mediation role of agriculture entrepreneurship between all independent and dependent variables. The results of the study are significant and all hypotheses are accepted. The contribution of the study and suggested future directions are provided at the end of the research paper. Pages 160 to 177

 

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Enhancing Perceived Crop Yield through Farmer’s Accounting Literacy and Agricultural Extension Services Knowledge: Moderating Role of Farming Training

Paitoon Chetthamrongchaia, Piraphong Foosirib, Kittisak Jermsittiparsertc,d*, aFaculty of Business Administration, Kasetsart University, Bangkok, Thailand, bFaculty of Business Administration, University of the Thai Chamber of Commerce, Bangkok, Thailand, cDepartment for Management of Science and Technology Development, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, dFaculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam E-mail: c,d*kittisak.jermsittiparsert@tdtu.edu.vn afbusptc@ku.ac.th,  bpiraphong_foo@utcc.ac.th,  

The aim of this paper was to examine the role of farmers’ accounting literacy and intention for AES knowledge in enhancement of ‘perceived cop yield’ (PCY). For this purpose, the study has examined the influence of farmers’ accounting literacy on PCY with mediating role of intention for AES knowledge. Furthermore, the current paper analyzed the moderating impact of farming training on the association between farmer’s accounting literacy and intention for AES knowledge. This study was performed in Thailand and the data was collected from 300 farmers in Thailand was structured through a questionnaire. The survey-based strategy was adopted to distribute the questionnaires amongst farmers. The non-purposive sampling was used to decide the sample from the population. The data collected through questionnaires was analyzed and CFA and SEM were applied to the data. Results depicted that the farmer’s accounting literacy has significant positive influence on PCY and the intention for AES knowledge has a significant role of mediation between the farmer’s accounting literacy and PCY. Furthermore, it has been found that the farming training positively moderates the association between farmer’s accounting literacy and intention for AES knowledge. The current findings and study have significant contributions to the theory and practice of agriculture. Pages 178 to 197

 

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 Finding a Mutual Predictor of Contribution of Agricultural Sectors in GDP and Dairy Farming Growth: Role of Extension Services in Panel Data of ASEAN Countries

Sakapas Saengchaia, Maneerat Mitprasartb, Kittisak Jermsittiparsertc,d*, aFaculty of Humanities and Social Science, Suan Sunandha Rajabhat University, Bangkok, Thailand, bPolitical Science Association of Kasetsart University, Bangkok, Thailand, cDepartment for Management of Science and Technology Development, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, dFaculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam E-mail: c,d*kittisak.jermsittiparsert@tdtu.edu.vn asakapas.sa@ssru.ac.th,  bmmaneerat@hotmail.com,  

The purpose of this study was to analyze the impact of Agricultural extension service (AES) on the GDP and Dairy farming growth (DFG) of ASEAN countries as this research is aimed to assess the mutual predictor of GDP and DFG by collecting panel data for ASEAN countries. The current study adopted the panel data approach because the 30 years’ data for ASEAN countries was collected about the current variables through secondary sources. The data was analyzed in EViews 10 where the descriptive, panel unit root, cointegration and heteroscedasticity tests were completed in order to fulfil pre-requisite panel data analysis of macroeconomic data. Two econometric models have been tested in the current study; one with a dependent variable of GDF and other with a dependent variable of DFG. The results of the first econometric model revealed that AES has a significant positive influence on GDP and the results of the second econometric model revealed that AES has significant positive impact on DFG of ASEAN countries. Hence, it has been found in this study that AES is a mutual predictor of DFG and GDP of ASEAN countries. The current study will provide significant implications to theory and practice regarding AES, GDP and DFG particularly to the ASEAN countries. Pages 198 to 215

 

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Environmental Factors That Influence the Agricultural Innovation: Evidence from Thailand.

Khomsan Laosillapacharoena, Tanat Tanaboriboonb, Kittisak Jermsittiparsertc,d*, a,bGraduate School, Suan Sunandha Rajabhat University, Bangkok, Thailand, cDepartment for Management of Science and Technology Development, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, dFaculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam E-mail: c,d*kittisak.jermsittiparsert@tdtu.edu.vn as56584916034@ssru.ac.th,  

Agriculture developments have revolutionized the overall agricultural practices however, the small farmers are still suffering as they were not able to cope with the fast-paced changes. Thus, it still poses a threat to their survival. The study has attempted to explore how the environment can motivate a small farmer to adopt the agriculture extension. The study also examined how environment stimulates the intrapreneurship of a small farmer. For this purpose, data was collected from the farmers of Thailand and Smart-PLS was used for data analysis. The results of the study depicted a significant positive association between environmental hostility and agriculture extension. Further results also showed a significant relationship between dynamisms and agriculture extension. More importantly, the study results revealed that intrapreneurship acts as a positive mediator between the relationship of environment and agriculture extension. All the hypotheses are accepted. The discussion and future direction are provided at the end of the study. Pages 216 to 230

 

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Mitigating Agricultural Environment cost through Agricultural extension services: The Mediating role of Environmental Accounting

Paitoon Chetthamrongchaia, Piraphong Foosirib, Kittisak Jermsittiparsertc,d*, aFaculty of Business Administration, Kasetsart University, Bangkok, Thailand, bFaculty of Business Administration, University of the Thai Chamber of Commerce, Bangkok, Thailand, cDepartment for Management of Science and Technology Development, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, dFaculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, E-mail: c,d*kittisak.jermsittiparsert@tdtu.edu.vn afbusptc@ku.ac.th,  bpiraphong_foo@utcc.ac.th,  

The purpose of this study is to investigate ways in which to mitigate environmental costs. For this purpose, the role of “agricultural extension services” (AES) was analysed to determine the mediating role of environmental accounting. The study centred on the Thai agricultural and data was gathered from its farmers. Purposive sampling was used and subsequently data was collected from 300 Thai farmers via a questionnaire-based survey. Close-ended responses of farmers was recorded and analysed by applying “Confirmatory factor analysis” and “structure equation modelling” through SPSS and AMOS. Findings of the current study revealed that AES significantly reduces the environmental costs incurred by business because a significant negative association was found between AESs and environmental costs. It has been further discovered that environmental accounting plays a significant role in mitigating environmental expenses because environmental accounting essentially mediates the association between AES and environmental costs. The current study and findings have significant implications in theory and practice because they will assist Thai farmers to diminish costs through enhancing AESs and environmental accounting. Pages 231 to 252

 

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Enhancing Agricultural Labour Productivity through Agricultural Research and Development and Extension Services: Evidence from ASEAN Countries

Sakapas Saengchaia, Chayongkan Pamornmastb, Kittisak Jermsittiparsertc,d*, a,bFaculty of Humanities and Social Science, Suan Sunandha Rajabhat University, Bangkok, Thailand, cDepartment for Management of Science and Technology Development, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, dFaculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam Email: c,d*kittisak.jermsittiparsert@tdtu.edu.vn asakapas.sa@ssru.ac.th,  bchayongkanp@hotmail.com,  

The purpose of the current study was to assess the role of agricultural RandD and agricultural extension services (AES) in enhancing agricultural labour productivity (ALP). To achieve the purpose, the current study examined the impact of agricultural RandD and AES on ALP by considering evidence from ASEAN countries. Thirty years’ worth of data was collected from ASEAN countries about their AES, ALP, and agricultural RandD through official databases and archives. The data was subjected to analysis using the ARDL approach and then analysed to determine the short-term and long-term impact of AES and agricultural RandD on ALP of ASEAN countries. Descriptive, co-integration, panel unit root and heteroscedasticity tests were applied prior to ARDL modelling. The results of this modelling revealed that Agricultural RandD and AES significantly influences the ALP in the long term. However, there is no significant impact of agricultural RandD and AES on ALP in the short term. The current findings will be of great importance to ASEAN countries because they will set guidelines to enhance their ALP. Findings will also contribute to the literature on the subject through the empirical findings of the current study. Pages 253 to 270

 

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The Role of Agricultural Extension Education in the Entrepreneurial Competencies of University Students in Thailand

Aermporn Sirirata, Rutchanok Hempolchomb, Kittisak Jermsittiparsertc,d*, a,bGraduate School, Suan Sunandha Rajabhat University, Bangkok, Thailand, cDepartment for Management of Science and Technology Development, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, dFaculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam E-mail: c,d*kittisak.jermsittiparsert@tdtu.edu.vn aaermporn.si@ssru.ac.th,  

This study centres on the role of agricultural extension education on entrepreneurial competencies of public sector universities situated in Bangkok, Thailand. The study aims to ensure the role of education in selecting entrepreneurial activities, especially in the field of agriculture. Data from the study was collected from students of public sector universities who have selected the agriculture as specialisation. Simple random sampling was used for the selection of respondents, and PLS-SEM used for data analysis. The findings demonstrated that educating about agricultural extension has a positive role in the development of competences and selection of agriculture as a profession. This study suggests that policymakers should improve agriculture education in institutions as improvements would increase entrepreneurialism in the field of agriculture. Pages 271 to 289

 

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Role of Farmer’s Value Orientations in Relationship between Agricultural Extension services and Environmental Management Accounting

Avasda Pokmontria, Tawatchai Chuansomboonb, Piyada Wongwiwatc, a,b,cGraduate School, Suan Sunandha Rajabhat University, Bangkok, Thailand, E-mail: aavasda.po@ssru.ac.th,  cpiyada.wo@ssru.ac.th

The purpose of the present research was to examine the role of “Agricultural extension services” (AES) and value orientations in “environmental management accounting” (EMA). To fulfil this purpose, the current study examined the impact of AES on EMA and analyzed the mediating role of value orientations in the relationship between AES and EMA. For this purpose, the current study adopted a quantitative methodological approach in which the data was collected from the agricultural sector of Thailand. The data was collected from 320 Thai farmers who were selected through purposive sampling. The questionnaire-based survey strategy was adopted to collect data and then it was analyzed using key tests including “reliability, discriminant validity, convergent validity, model fitness, confirmatory factor analysis” and “structural equation modelling”. The results of this study are that there is significant effect of AES on EMA because AES significantly positively enhanced the EMA in business. Furthermore, it was found that value orientations (i.e. “biospheric value, altruistic value and egoistic value”) play the significant role of mediator in the association between AES and EMA. The current study and findings will have important implications in agricultural theory and application because farmers will be able to understand the role of AES and value orientations in their EMA. Pages 290 to 307

 

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Agricultural Investments in Extension, Subsidies and Irrigation and their Impact on Poverty Reduction and Agricultural Output: A Panel Data Analysis of ASEAN Countries

Kittisak Jermsittiparserta*, Aksorn Sawasdeeb, Sudarat Rodboonsongc, aDepartment for Management of Science and Technology Development, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, aFaculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City, VietnambFaculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Phranakhon Rajabhat University, Bangkok, Thailand, cFaculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Uttaradit Rajabhat University, Uttaradit, Thailand, E-mail: a*kittisak.jermsittiparsert@tdtu.edu.vn,  bmmaneerat@hotmail.com,  csudarat_tu@hotmail.com

The aim of the current study was to investigate the role of agricultural investment in extension (AGI), subsidies and agricultural irrigation (AI) in poverty reduction and agricultural output. For this purpose, the current study analyzed the impact of AGI, AI and subsidies on the poverty reduction and agricultural output of ASEAN countries. Two econometric models were developed in the current study to assess the relationships. The 30-year data set for ASEAN countries regarding current macroeconomic variables was extracted from secondary sources and analyzed through panel ARDL approach in which the short-term and the long term impacts of AGI, AI and subsidies on poverty reduction and agricultural output were checked. The panel unit root test and co-integration test were applied to prepare the data for ARDL approach. The results of panel ARDL approach revealed that AGI, AI and subsidies have significant impact on poverty reduction in long-run. The subsidies have short-term significant impact on poverty reduction while the other two variables did not show significant impact on poverty reduction in the short-term. The results further revealed that AGI, AI and subsidies have significant long-term impacts on agricultural output however, there is no significant impact of any of these variables on agricultural output in the short-term. The current findings will be very helpful for researchers and policymakers in the agriculture field. Pages 308 to 326

 

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Determinants of Perceived Crop Yield and Pro-Environmental Social Norms: Role of Agricultural extension Services and New Ecological Paradigm

Chandej Charoenwiriyakula*, Suthee Mungmeeb, Achara Luengsawatc, a,b,cGraduate School, Suan Sunandha Rajabhat University, Bangkok, Thailand, E-mail: a*chandej.ch@ssru.ac.th

The aim of the current research was to analyze the role of “Agricultural extension Services” (AES) and “New Ecological Paradigm” (NEP) in the enhancement of “Perceived Crop Yield” (PCY) and “Pro-Environmental Social Norms” (PESN). The current study analyzed the impact of AES on PCY and PESN along with the mediation of NEP in these relationships. To fulfil the research objectives of the current study, the deductive and quantitative methodological approach was adopted in which the data was collected from 350 farmers of Thailand. The current study was conducted in agricultural sector of Thailand from where the sample was selected through purposive sampling technique. The data collected through questionnaires from farmers was put into analysis through SPSS and AMOS in which the “structural equation modelling” was performed to test the hypotheses. Findings of the current study revealed that AES has a significant positive impact of PCY and PESN. Furthermore, it has been found that NEP plays a significant role of mediator between AES and PCY. The positive significant mediating role of NEP was also found between AES and PESN. The current study has significant implications in theory and practice because literature and practical knowledge in agriculture will be enhance through its findings. Pages 327 to 345

 

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 Role of Personality Traits of Extension Workers towards Farmer Adoption of Agriculture Extension: Mediating Role of Entrepreneurial Self-Efficacy

Duangsamorn Rungsawanphoa, Pawat Kovitanupongb, Sittichai Thammasanec, a,b,cGraduate School, Suan Sunandha Rajabhat University, Bangkok, Thailand, E-mail: aduangsamorn.ru@ssru.ac.th,  csittichai.th@ssru.ac.th

Due to today’s economic conditions, agriculture extension is a potential crucial source of economic growth and prosperity. Agriculture extension provides food to people and for its development, requires the development of an agriculture extension workforce. Moreover, agriculture extension workers are considered leaders of organizations (Luvanda, 2015). They introduce new agricultural technology in clients (farmers) of agriculture extension organizations. Further, personality attributes develop and change the behavior of individuals. This study investigates the relationship between personality traits and adoption of agriculture extensions. Similarly, it examines the effect of personality traits such as agreeableness, conscientiousness, extraversion, openness to experience and emotional stability, mediated by entrepreneurial self-efficacy, on adaptation of agriculture extension workers. As, personality traits are major components of changing behaviors to fulfil the study purpose, data was collected from Thai farmers by using convince sampling technique. A self-administered questionnaire was used for data collection and smart PLS was used for data analysis. The study findings show that all personality traits have significant and positive relationship with adaptation of new agriculture extension and that entrepreneurial self-efficacy mediates the relationship. According to the results all the hypotheses are accepted and provide significant and positive relationship among variables. The personality traits of conscientiousness and agreeableness have stronger effect on adaptation of new technology as compared to the other personality traits. Practical implications and future directions are provided at the end of the paper. Pages 346 to 365

 

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The Individual, Network, and Collaborative Competencies and Investment in Strategic Partnership as Antecedents of the Overall Performance of a Supply Chain Network

Sriparinya Toopgajanka, Mullika Sanpakdeeb, Norawat Charoen-Rajaparkc, a,b,cGraduate School, Suan Sunandha Rajabhat University, Bangkok, Thailand, E-mail: asriparinya.to@ssru.ac.th,  cs58584916010@ssru.ac.th

The prime objective of the current study is to examine the individual, network and collaborative competencies and investment in strategic partnership as antecedents of the overall performance of a supply chain network. Additionally, the study has examined the mediating role of collaborative awareness. In this research, the influence of competencies at individual and organizational level has been identified on the practices and performance of supply chain management. The current study has expanded the competencies by studying it at firm level in the management of supply chain. It has been revealed through research findings that collaborative awareness is positively influenced by organizational awareness, which is the individual level competency. The study is among the pioneering studies on the issues researched. The current study has used SEM-PLS as a statistical tool to answer the research questions raised and research objectives envisaged. The findings have provided support to the hypothesized results. This study will be helpful for policymakers and researchers in examining the link the individual, network and collaborative competencies and investment in strategic partnership have as antecedents of the overall performance of a supply chain network. Pages 366 to 385

 

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Absorptive Capacity in Supply Chains: Does Responsive Strategy of a Firm Matter?

Boonsri Suteerachaia, Dararat Wijitsopapanb, Duangkamol Thitivesac, a.b.cGraduate School, Suan Sunandha Rajabhat University, Bangkok, Thailand, E-mail: aboonsri.su@ssru.ac.th,  cduangkamol.th@ssru.ac.th

The main purpose of the current study is to investigate the impact of absorptive capacity on supply chains. In addition to that, the study has examined the mediating role of responsive strategy in the relationship between absorptive capacity in supply chain and performance. This research is based on the analysis of absorptive capacity to be an organizational value making a firm able to gather, use, and implement the information from outside. The study demonstrates the association between absorptive capacity and responsive strategy. It has analyzed the way in which absorptive capacity has been developed by firms through examination of curvilinear impact of responsive strategy. The current study is among the pioneering studies about these issues and has used SEM-PLS as a statistical tool to answer the research questions raised and research objectives envisaged. The findings of the current study have provided support for the hypothesized results. This study will be helpful for policymakers and researchers in examining the link absorptive capacity has with supply chains, responsive strategy and performance. Pages 386 to 405

 

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Effect of Authentic Leadership on Academic Atmosphere and Organizational Culture in Indonesian Islamic Higher Education

Muwahid Shulhana, aIAIN Tulungagung, Indonesia, Email: amuwahidtag@gmail.com

This purpose of this study is to examine the effect of authentic leadership on academic atmosphere and organizational culture in Indonesian Islamic higher education. To address this objective, primary data was collected with the help of a survey questionnaire delivered to individuals who are related to Islamic higher education in different public and private sector universities. A final sample of 350 responses was found to be valid for the descriptive and regression analysis. Findings of the study indicate the fact that there is a significant and positive influence of authentic leadership factors in terms of self-awareness, transparency and balance processing with academic atmosphere and organizational culture in Islamic higher education of Indonesia.  However, the effect of ethical and moral conduct (EMC) is found to be negative for authentic leadership and organizational culture as measured through mean value, managerial and aim factors. In addition these findings may be considered as a significant addition to the literature of authentic leadership, academic atmosphere, specifically in Indonesian Islamic higher education. Study findings can provide a good evidence and are highly recommended to various parties such as students, researchers and those dealing with Islamic higher education policy making. However the present work has observed various limitations. First, the study is conducted in Indonesia and therefore, has limited regional implications. Second, sample size considers only the employees who are currently engaged with Islamic higher education and related departments. Third, only the primary measures of authentic leadership and academic atmosphere with organizational culture are observed for empirical findings. Future research may overcome these limitations in terms of expanding the regional context, targeting the students in Islamic higher education and finding some other measures of stated variables of the study. Pages 406 to 419

 

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The Use of Big Book Media to Improve Speaking Skills of Children Aged 3-4 Years in Early Age Child Education

Uswatun Khasanaha, Basuki Wibawab, a,bEducation Technology Studies Program, State University of Jakarta. Jl. Rawamangun Muka, Rawamangun, East Jakarta, Jakarta Raya, Indonesia. Email: auswatunkhasanah16@mahasiswa.unj.ac.id,  bbwibawa@unj.ac.id

There are many benefits to using Big Books for language development and literacy in particular speaking skills. This paper aims to find out how the process of developing children's speaking skills is affected by utilizing Big Book media with children aged 3-4 years. In the learning process, the activity and interest and motivation of children appear when the teacher uses the Big Book as a learning medium. Field data shows that Big Book media can develop speaking skills in children aged 3-4 years. Utilization of Big Book media provides a variety of interactions in developing speaking skills so that there is an increase and change in children which includes saying words or sounds, expressing ideas and feelings, changing tone, intonation and pressure in producing words, and receiving and conveying information. Children are actively involved in discussions and provide responses to stories in the Big Book. The most important thing is the ability of the teacher when utilizing Big Book media in the process of improving speaking skills. Pages 420 to 432

 

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Factors Influencing the Repurchase Intention of Islamic Travel Packages in Malaysia

Noorshella Che Nawia, Abdullah Al Mamunb, Mohd Nazri Muhayiddinc, Wan Farha Binti Wan Zulkifflid, a,b,c,dSenior Lecturer, Faculty of Entrepreneurship and Business, Universiti Malaysia Kelantan, Pengkalan Chepa, 16100 Kota Bharu, Kelantan, Malaysia, Email: anorshella@umk.edu.my,  babdullah.a@umk.edu.my,  cmnazri@umk.edu.my,  dfarha@umk.edu.my

Purpose - This study examined the influence of perceived value, Islamic physical attribute, Islamic non-physical attribute, Islamic belief, brand image and customer satisfaction on repurchase intention of Islamic Travel Packages in Malaysia. Design/methodology/approach - This study adopted a cross-sectional design and collected quantitative data from 163 conveniently selected respondents in Malaysia. Findings - The findings revealed that perceived value, Islamic non-physical attribute and brand image have a significant positive effect on customer satisfaction, in which the latter has a significant positive influence on the repurchase intention of Islamic travel packages in Malaysia. The results revealed the significant mediating effects of customer satisfaction on the relationships between perceived value, Islamic non-physical attribute, brand image and repurchase intention among the respondents. Practical implications - For practical implications, the focus areas can be used as a base for formulating relevant policies and programmes by the Malaysian government. Originality/value - The Islamic travel package providers can use the findings to tailor Islamic tourist packages to increase customer satisfaction and improve the repurchase intention of existing customers. Pages 433 to 456