The Impact of Family and Society on Personality Formation

Saltanat Yessetovaa, Marina Seluchb*, Valentina Latyshevac, Ludmila Shramkod, Vladimir Starostine, aNARXOZ, Almaty, Kazakhstan, bAmur state University, Blagoveshchensk, Russian Federation, cMoscow Aviation Institute (National Research University), Moscow, Russian Federation, dSaint- Petersburg State University (SPbU), Saint-Petersburg, Russian Federation, eYakut state agricultural Academy, Yakutsk, Russian Federation, Email: b*seluchm@rambler.ru

In our research, we tried to find a quantitative answer to the question about the role of society and family in the individual development. As part of the review, the prevailing views on this matter have been singled out. The question was also narrowed down to the relationship of family policy and child development using the methodology of grounded theory. We have formulated the hypothesis that state and society intervention into intrafamily relations can be monitored by the percentage of children's time spent in the family and outside the family, as well as by the government incentives offered to families with children. Based on the literature review, it was hypothesized that society would not benefit from large-scale public intervention into the affairs of families with young children. The hypothesis was later confirmed however, it remains implicit. At the same time, the effect becomes more obvious in the historical perspective. The analysis of the family policies of developed countries at the end of the last century showed that the scale of public intervention into family affairs was smaller and the effect was positive. The scale is increasing now and the positive effect of public intervention into intrafamily relationships is being lost. Pages 1 to 17




The Role of Teaching Staff to Advocate for Global Citizenship Values among Students in Hashemite University

Suad Abdalkareem Alwaelya*, Mohammad Salman Alkhazalehb, a,bAl Ain University, Abu Dhabi, UAE, Email: a*Suad.alwaely@aau.ac.ae

The aim of this research is to define the role of the Hashemite University’s teaching staff to advocate the global citizenship values among students. There are 21381 students in the university, but the sample contains 850 students selected by the technique of random and stratified sampling. To achieve the purpose of the study, a questionnaire was designed to learn students’ opinion about the role of the teaching staff in advocating the global citizenship values. It has been found that the role of the Hashemite University’s teaching staff in advocating the global citizenship values, from the students’ perspective, is intermediate, and there are statistically significant differences in students’ evaluations due to the gender variable. In addition, there are no statistically significant differences in the role of the Hashemite University’s teaching staff to advocate the global citizenship values due to the college variable. Pages 18 to 35




An Artistic Analysis of Guilin Karst Caves

Xun Liua, Hua Yangb*, aGuilin University of Technology, Guilin, China, bHubei Institute of Fine Arts, Wu Han, China, Email: b*huayang57@yahoo.com

This article examines in detail the uniqueness and popularity of the Guilin caves. In the course of a qualitative, descriptive, and content analysis of the caves images, notes, and reviews, the main aspects of the caves’ uniqueness are identified. It is found that there are different beautiful aspects of the Guilin caves. The caves give different aesthetic perceptions. The beauty of Guilin caves can be described by different artistic concepts. The significance of the Guilin cave art, the cave shapes, colours, and artistic cave concepts distinguish Guilin caves from other attractions in China. Pages 36 to 44




Improving Students' Vocational Training in the Field of Engineering and Infrastructure Design for Enterprises Relating to Car Service in the Arctic Zone

Anatoly Kozlova*, Olga Tamerb, Svetlana Laptevac, Svetlana Zaitsevad, Tatyana Shevninae, a,b,c,d,eBranch of Tyumen Industrial University in Noyabrsk, Noyabrsk, Russian Federation, Email: a*anatolykozlov@rambler.ru

In the modern world, society and the state put forward serious requirements for vocational education in terms of ensuring the quality of training of future teachers and strengthening their social role. Therefore, the aim of the article is to study the quality of vocational training of students in the field of training known as the "Operation of transport -technological machines and complexes " in the field of engineering and infrastructure design for enterprises relating to car service in the Arctic zone. The study uses the following methods: the analysis of scientific, technical, methodological, domestic, and foreign literature. This includes production methods to ensure the quality and reliability of cars during their operation, studying the process of managing the resource-saving system of motor vehicles, the statistical processing of experimental data, and pedagogical experiment. This article identifies the problems of students' vocational training. The article presents organizational and methodological approaches to engineering and infrastructure design for enterprises relating to car service. It is assumed that scientific knowledge can be transformed into academic knowledge, and students' vocational training can be adapted to modern design requirements. The latter is possible when considering mechanical, technological, environmental and economic requirements of the climate zone and seasonality in areas of the Arctic zone. Pages 45 to 55




Monitoring a University's Educational and Scientific Activities: Unifying the Monitoring Processes with European International Standards

Victor Ryabova*, Vladimir Ananishnevb, Valentin Fursovc, Alexander Tkachenkod, Svetlana Osmolovskayae, Lyudmila Berestovaf, a,d,eMoscow City University, Moscow, Russian Federation, bMoscow City University, Moscow, Russian Federation, ISNI 0000 0004 7881 643X, cPirogov Medical University, Moscow, Russian Federation, fRussian Academy of National Economy and Public Administration under the President of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russian Federation, Email: a*ryabovvictor@rambler.ru

According to modern views on education systems management, an effectiveness of the latter is inconceivable without constant monitoring (based on specific criteria) of scientific and educational activities.  This study is based on an analysis of international practice of evaluating university's activities. The study presents the basic approaches and principles of unifying the monitoring indicators of a university’s scientific and educational activities with international (European) standards. Based on the principles of a systematic approach, the authors propose criteria for evaluating a university's scientific and educational activity in three areas: provision, efficiency, and effectiveness of a higher educational institution. Indicators of these areas can become the core of creating effective and consistent (with the requirements of world standards) tools for measuring the quality of both scientific and educational university's activities. Pages 56 to 69




Exploring the Obstacles for Start-ups in Bhutan: From a Prevented Entrepreneurs Perspective.

Elangbam Haridev Singha, Soman Wangdab, Sadaf Khanc, Shad Ahmad Khand, aSenior Lecturer, Gedu College of Business Studies, Royal University of Bhutan, Bhutan, bAssociate Lecturer, Gedu College of Business Studies, Royal University of Bhutan, Bhutan, cAssistant Professor, College of Business Administration, Princess Nourah University, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, dAssistant Professor, College of Business, University of Buraimi, Sultanate of Oman, Email: aharidevelang@gmail.com,  bsonamwangda.gcbs@rub.edu.bt,  cSADkhan@pnu.edu.sa,  dkhan.shadahmad@gmail.com

This study,  titled ‘Exploring the Obstacle to Start-up in Bhutan: From a Prevented Entrepreneur Perspective’, is an attempt to study the different obstacles for prospective entrepreneurs to start a business in Bhutan. The paper focuses on identifying different obstacles experienced by the prevented entrepreneur to start a business and find out the significant obstacles in becoming an entrepreneur. The term ‘prevented entrepreneur’ means a prospective candidate for an entrepreneur, that has not been realised due to some obstacles.  The primary data was collected from 133 respondents who have attended an entrepreneurship program held by Thimphu TechPark in 2016-2017 determined through survey questionnaires following simple random sampling procedures. Descriptive statistic viz. frequency, percentile, mean, and standard deviation are used to analyze the data. The study found that lack of financial support and availability of required infrastructure is the major obstacle experienced by the prevented entrepreneur. Pages 70 to 87




Society’s Legal Conflicts Due to Accelerated Socio-cultural Interactions between Foreign Tourists and the BOPUNCUR Community

Martin Roestamya, Siti Pupu Fauziahb, Radif Khotamir Ruslic, aPost-graduate School of Law, Djuanda University Bogor, Indonesia, b,cFaculty of Educationa, Djuanda University Bogor, Indonesia, Email: amartin.roestamy@unida.ac.id,  bfauziah.roestamy@gmail.com,  cradif.kr@unida.ac.id

Bogor, Puncak, and Cianjur (BOPUNCUR) are the main destinations for Middle Eastern tourists. There is a uniqueness in  the depth of interaction between tourists with locals such as the development of culture, religion, values, business collaboration, and social activities undertaken by tourists. This received an enthusiastic response from the local community, leading to the acceleration of social relationships that are the object of community service in this article. This paper aims to advocate for the local communities as tourism destinations in order to maintain local knowledge and the religious nature of Sundanese society, especially BOPUNCUR, in order to avoid negative influences due to the mixing of cultures or social interaction that is likely to harm the local community, particularly young generation. This research also aims to contribute a boost to the national tourism program in order to have a direct impact on economic growth, welfare, and foreign exchange. The methods used in the public service are the socio-legal empirical, i.e. a qualitative approach based on field data, and observations. The depth of each interaction is associated with a legal culture of Indonesia, local knowledge, and religious approaches as factors into a blade analysis of the results. Interviews were collected randomly. It was found that some factors that are conditio sine qua non, which led to the acceleration of culture among others, the indigenous communities in BOPUNCUR; namely permissiveness, avoidance of conflicts, scepticism, and transactional culture of the local community that the positive and negative impact of the legal culture. The limitation of study encompasses all aspects of legal approaches with educational perspectives in the area of Bogor, Puncak, and Cianjur (BOPUNCUR). Pages 88 to 95




The Effect of the Probing-Prompting Learning Model Assisted by Portfolio Assessment on Science Learning Outcomes of 3rd Grade Students

Desak Putu Parmitia*, I Gede Margunayasab, Ni Kadek Yuni Citrawatic

a,b,cUniversitas Pendidikan Ganesha, Singaraja, Indonesia, Email: a*dp-parmiti@undiksha.ac.id,  bpakgun_pgsd@yahoo.com,  cckadekyuni543@gmail.com,

This study aims to determine the effect of the Probing-Prompting learning model assisted by the portfolio assessment of science learning outcomes of third grade students in the elementary school in cluster XV Buleleng subdistrict in the 2018/2019 academic year. This type of research is quasi-experimental with a non-equivalent post-test only control group design. The population of this study was all third grade students of elementary school in Cluster XV, Buleleng subdistrict. The study sample consisted of two classes, namely, SDN 2 Anturan as the experimental class and SDN 3 Anturan as the control class. The method of data collection was done by an objective test method . The data obtained was analysed in two stages, namely, descriptive statistical analysis and inferential statistical analysis (t-test). Based on the results of the data analysis, the researchers found a significant difference in science learning outcomes between groups of students who were taught using the Probing-Prompting learning model assisted by portfolio assessment with groups of students who were taught using conventional learning that is obtained tcount = 8.89> t table = 2.00. Based on the explanation above, it can be concluded that learning using the Probing-Prompting learning model assisted by portfolio assessment influences the science learning outcomes of third grade students of elementary school in Cluster XV, Buleleng subdistrict. Pages 96 to 111




Model of Institutional Strengthening and Empowerment Community-Based Agro-tourism Village Development

Ida Bagus Raka Suardanaa*, AAA. Ngurah Tini Rusmini Gordab, Nuning Indah Pratiwic, Ni Putu Nina Eka Lestarid, a,b,c,dUniversitas Pendidikan Nasional, Denpasar, Indonesia, Email: a*ajikraka@yahoo.com,  bttinirusmini@yahoo.co.id,  cnuningindahpratiwi@undiknas.ac.id,  dninajegeg@gmail.com,

This study aims to (1) develop a model for strengthening social-economic institutions and empowering the Petang Village community in developing community-based agro-tourism. (2) Implementing and evaluating the development model of the agro-tourism village through training and assistance activities based on community participation. The method of research used is quantitative and qualitative in the form of existing data and perception data tabulation through participatory rural appraisal techniques and in-depth interviews. The output of the study is divided into two research stages. The first phase is expected to have a significant impact on various training programs and assistance to the community in the management of tourism businesses. It is indicated on the increasing variety of tourism services, members of tourism awareness groups, and the intensity of cooperation. Therefore, the second phase is expected to provide tangible results on the existence as a community-based agro-tourism village through evaluative activities. Thus, it becomes a tourist destination that is visited by many domestic and foreign tourists and improves community welfare. Pages 112 to 125




Construction of a Multicultural Civilization in Memarek Tradition

I. Wayan Ardhi Wirawana*, I. Nyoman Murba Widanab, a,bSekolah Tinggi Agama Hindu Negeri Gde Pudja, Mataram, Indonesia, Email: a*ardhiwirawan@stahn-gdepudja.ac.id

This research aims to conduct a study of memarek tradition as a medium to build social ties, especially among participants who have several identity differences. The tradition of memarek is actualized through rituality involving the participation of three adherents of different religions, namely Muslims, Hindus, and Buddhists. The three adherents of different religions carry out ritual activities related to the tradition of memarek in Bebekek, North Lombok Regency. Each of the different religions implements different procedures in performing rituals before the magical powers believed to reside in that location. The ritual implementation is carried out by each adherent of a different religion as part of their belief system as a vehicle to improve the quality of life, both individually and collectively. The actualization of performing rituals is a medium to make requests and a thank you for the gifts that have been received. The tradition of memarek besides being related to the implementation of the belief system of each different religions follower also has a social dimension, specifically relating to building social ties among the participants. The participants of memarek activities consisted of a number of differences, specifically the differences in the religion adopted. The differences between them are as if they have been disbursed, so they can mingle in carrying out the ritual activities. The ritual participants can communicate and interact with one another and can generate social energy in order to realize the harmony of life. Social energy generated in the tradition of memarek is has potential in realizing social harmony in the plurality of social life. Pages 126 to 144




Inheritance Management:  An Innovative Approach to the Inheritance System in Meranti, Riau, Indonesia

Joharia, Syahpawib*, Muhammad Darwisc, Hajard, aExpert in the field of Masailul Fiqh from Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau State Islamic University, bExpert in Sharia Economics from Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau State Islamic University, cExpert in the field of law (Business law) from Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau State Islamic University, dExpert in Islamic Astronomy and as Dean of the Faculty of Sharia and Law at the Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau State Islamic University, Email: b*syahpawi@yahoo.com

This study discusses inheritance management as an innovative approach to inheritance systems in Meranti, Riau, Indonesia. In principle, the inheritance must be distributed to the heirs based on the faraidh system. Inheritance management with the maqasid syariah approach is an innovative method of inheritance enforced in Indonesia and is one form of maintenance of inheritance. The implementation of the management of inheritance carried out by the community is that the asset is not shared but is managed in the form of the syirkah amlak. Therefore, the management of inheritance that is carried out can lead to considerable benefits for the lives of the people in Meranti, Riau Indonesia. The research method used is a qualitative approach (depth interview), the data source is created by observation, interviews, documentation, and historical information. While the researchers analysed data using descriptive analysis (analytic descriptive research), the results of this study found that the management of inheritance (inheritance management) and the pattern of inheritance are in line with the concept of maqasid syariah. Pages 145 to 160




Environmental Awareness Content for Character Education in Grade 10 in Indonesian Language Student Textbooks

Laili Etika Rahmawatia, Anggi Niasihb, Hari Kusmantoc, Harun Joko Prayitnod, a,b,c,dIndonesian Language and Literature Education, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta, Surakarta 57102, Indonesia, Email: a*Laili.Rahmawati@ums.ac.id

This study aims to describe how environmental care is included in the student textbooks of the Indonesian language studies in grade 10. The descriptive qualitative approach was used in this research, using teaching materials that contained environmental content. The data resources used were the grade 10 Indonesian language student textbooks that followed the 2013 curriculum, published by the Ministry of Education and Culture of the Republic of Indonesia. The document analysis method was used as the data collection technique, while the content analysis method was used to analyze the data. The results of the research show that there were 25 topics that were introduced in the student textbooks of the study of the Indonesian language related to developing concern for the environment in grade 10 students. The values of caring for the environment were presented in the form of material, introductory texts of the material, and assignments. The types of texts that contained material raising environmental awareness were found in the texts of observation reports, expositions, and debates. The results indicate that Indonesian language textbooks contain not only material regarding the types, structures, and rules of the texts, but also regarding the ethics of environmental education through environmental-based literacy. Pages 161 to 174




Language Style and Meaning in the Lyrics of Bojo Galak by Pendhoza

Laili Etika Rahmawatia*, Putri Haryantib, Hari Kusmantoc, Tety Bekti Sulistyorinid, a,b,c,dIndonesian Language and Literature Education, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta, Surakarta 57102, Indonesia, Email: a*Laili.Rahmawati@ums.ac.id

This research aims (1) to describe the language style the song Bojo Galak by Pendhoza; and (2) to describe the meaning of the song. Words, phrases, clauses, and sentences are the data for this research, which are sourced from the lyrics of Bojo Galak. These data are collected using listening and note-taking technique and analysed using stylistic and hermeneutical analysis method. The results show that (1) the language styles in Bojo Galak lyrics include: (a) the sound style of dominantly-used assonance in the lyrics, which is /e/; (b) the word style (diction) of the song uses numerous connotative words; (c) the sentence style is done by implicating words and particles. (2) the meanings consisted in Bojo Galak are (a) representative of verbal abuse by a wife against her husband; (b) describe complaints, or an outpouring of a husband's feelings about the nature or character of his partner; (c) teach the meaning of submission and patience in accepting the reality of life; (d) teach the meaning of sincerity or acceptance of the partner’s situation; and (e) teaching the meaning of loyalty. Pages 175 to 191




Language Errors Related to Syntax in the Writing of Explanatory Text by Eleventh Grade Students

Laili Etika Rahmawatia*, Ninin Asnafiab, Hari Kusmantoc, Yakub Nasuchad, Abdul Ngalime, a,b,c,d,eIndonesian Language and Literature Education, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta, Surakarta 57102, Indonesia, Email: a*Laili.Rahmawati@ums.ac.id

The purpose of this research is to describe the sentence errors related to syntax in the explanatory text written by the eleventh grade vocational students. The research approach is qualitative descriptive with the method of a case study. The data of this study are the errors in writing sentences in the explanatory texts written by students. The data source of this research is the explanatory texts composed by students. Distributional method is used to analyze the research data. The results show that the writing of explanatory text by the eleventh grade students of software engineering (RPL) I of Muhammadiyah Vocational School of Sukoharjo still contain some errors. There are several factors which cause the errors with the details as follows: 10 sentences have non-standard structures, 4 sentences related to coherence, 12 sentences contain redundant words, 1 sentence is an illogical sentence, 3 sentences are contaminated with foreign languages, 6 sentences are unclear, and 3 sentences contain improper dictions. It can be concluded that students still experience difficulties and errors in writing an essay. Pages 192 to 204




Determination of Qibla Directions According to Islamic Astronomic Science (Case Study of Qibla Directions in Indonesia)

Hajara, Joharib, Syahpawic*, aExpert in Islamic Astronomy and  Dean of the Faculty of Sharia and Law at the Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau State Islamic University, bExpert in the field of Masailul Fiqh from Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau State Islamic University, cExpert in Sharia Economics from Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau State Islamic University, Email: c*syahpawi@yahoo.com

This study is about the controversy surrounding the determination of the direction of Qibla in Indonesia, which so far, uses two methods. Firstly it uses the classic method based on the sunset and  shadow of the sun across the Kaaba. Both   Science methods are based on calculations that are equipped with astronomical formulas and data. Whereas in Fiqh studies the determination of Qibla direction generally only uses calculations without accurate data. Such differences create cross-opinions - even  prolonged controversy in practically  the entire Muslim world, especially  Indonesia. Researchers will uncover the phenomenon by in-depth discussion of  the direction of Qibla., as a form of criticism of the second Scientific method . This study attempts to measure the extent of accuracy in determining the direction of Qur’an in Indonesia by using both methods. Pages 205 to 217




The Influence of ‘Think Talk Write’ Model Implementation on the Learning Theme of ‘Always Saving Energy’

Murtonoa*, Santosob, Sri Utamningsihc, Anisa Hartanid, a,b,c,dUniversitas Muria Kudus, Email: a*murtono@umk.ac.id

This research attempts to determine the implementation of TTW model that has an impact on improving the quality of the learning theme ‘always save energy’. This research is a quasi-experimental study with a population of fourth grade primary school students in the Sultan Agung Cluster and the research sample uses purposive sampling technique. Analysis of the data obtained using the t-test sig (2-tailed) is smaller than α= 0,05 (0,000<0,05) so, Ha= accepted and Ho= rejected. The research result  concluded that the application of the TTW model has an effect on improving the quality of the learning theme ‘always save energy’ based on the acquisition of pre-test and post test scores from  experimental and control classes. The quality of learning improved the quality of learning, obtaining a  score of 0.450 in the experimental class with medium interpretation and 0.253 in the control class with low interpretation. Pages 218 to 231




Regional People’s Representative Council (DPRD): Executive or Legislative Institution

Mukarto Siswoyoa, aAssociate Professor in the State Administration Study Program, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Universitas Swadaya Gunung Djati Cirebon, Indonesia, Email: amukartosiswoyougj@gmail.com

Based on Law Number 23 of 2014 regarding Regional Government, the Regional People’s Representative Council (DPRD) is a regional people’s representative institution domiciled as an element of regional government administration. This council has the function of forming Regional Regulations. The function of establishing local regulations according to Law Number 22 of 1999 and Law Number 32 of 2004 regarding Regional Government is called the legislative function. This study will discuss the position of DPRD in Indonesia and the legislative function of the DPRD. Is the DPRD an executive or a legislative institution in the regions? Is the DPRD’s legislative function the  same as the function of Regional Regulation Formation? These questions will be analysed based on the theory of separation of power between the legislative institution, executive institution and the judiciary. Pages 232 to 244




Stimulating Innovative Work Behavior among Academics in Private Higher Educational Institutions

Salbeha Ibusa*, Eta Wahabb, Fadillah Ismailc, Rosmaria Omard, aFaculty of Business Management, Southern University College, 81200 Johor Bahru, Malaysia, b,cFaculty of Technology Management and Business, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn, 86400, Batu Pahat, Malaysia, dFaculty of Educational Studies, University Putra Malaysia, 43400, Serdang, Malaysia, Email: a*Salbeha@sc.edu.my

Studies on the determinants of innovative work behaviour have been well researched. However, studies particularly investigated the mediator role of self-efficacy on the relationship between self-leadership and innovative work behaviour remain scarce. Thus, to fill the gap the mediating effect of self-efficacy on self-leadership and innovative work behavior is examined. In addition this study also identifying the relationship among self-efficacy, self-leadership and innovative work behaviour besides forming a predictive model of linkage between self-efficacy, self-leadership and innovative work behaviour.  Three hundred fifty data were collected from academics and analysed by using SPSS and AMOS. Correlation analysis and structured equation modelling were used to answer the research objectives. Results showed that there were significant values derived from the relationship between self-efficacy and self-leadership (r=.621, p=.000), the relationship between self-efficacy and innovative work behaviour (r=.606, p=.000), and the relationship between self-leadership and innovative work behaviour (r=.668, p=.000). The predictive model achieved a good fit value of RMSEA=.056, GFI=.928, CFI=.966, TLI=.957 and Chisq/df=2.052. While the bootstrapping result for mediating test showed that self-efficacy as a partial mediator in a relationship between self-leadership with innovative work behaviour. The findings would assist educational institutions in cultivating innovative behaviours among academics through self-leadership and self-efficacy. Meanwhile, the predictive model can be used as primary source guidelines in elevating the innovative work behaviour at a higher level, especially for the next researches. Pages 245 to 261




Needs Assessment of E-Learning Vocational Education

Unung Verawadinaa*, Nizwardi Jalinusb, Krismadinatac,  Ratih Widya Nurcahyod, Arden Simerue, a,b,cFaculty of Engineering, Universitas Negeri Padang, Jl. Prof. Dr. Hamka, Air Tawar Bar., Kec. Padang Utara, Kota Padang, Sumatera Barat 25132, Indonesia, dIKIP PGRI Pontianak, Jl. Ampera No.88, Sungai Jawi, Kec. Pontianak Kota, Kota Pontianak, Kalimantan Barat 78116, Indonesia, eSekolah Tinggi Teknologi Pekan Baru, Pekan Baru, Indonesia, Email: a*unungverawardina@gmail.com

This research aims to conduct an assessment of the needs of e-learning development. It utilises survey methods. The subjects in this study were students of the Informatics and Computer Engineering Education Study Program and Automotive Education at Universitas Negeri Padang. The data was collected using indirect communication through a questionnaire given to  students to measure the need to learn electronic learning components through e-learning. The conclusion of the research findings show that the need for learning  e-learning components on the internet  receive the highest ranking, while  computer components and storage devices are  at the lowest rank. The t-test results reveal an insignificant relationship between gender and the needs of the e-learning component. In addition, the One-way ANOVA test results show that there were no significant differences between the types of study programs and different subjects (visual programming and autotronics) on the needs of the e-learning component. Pages 262 to 274




Examining Career Development of Informatics Engineering Vocational Education Students in the Industrial Revolution 4.0

Yeka Hendriyania*,  Dochi Ramadhanib, Torkis Nasutionc, Wilda Susantid, Unung verawardinae, aDepartment of Informatics Engineering, Universitas Negeri Padang, Jl. Prof. Dr. Hamka, Air Tawar Bar., Kec. Padang Utara, Kota Padang, Sumatera Barat 25132, Indonesia, b,eIKIP PGRI Pontianak, Jl. Ampera No.88, Sungai Jawi, Kec. Pontianak Kota, Kota Pontianak, Kalimantan Barat 78116, Indonesia, cDepartement of Computer Science, STMIK Amik Riau, Indonesia, dDepartment of Informatics, Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Komputer Pelita, Indonesia, Email: a*yekahendriyani@ft.unp.ac.id

This article aims to examine the career development of informatics engineering vocational education students in industrial revolution 4.0. The graduates are demanded to possess the necessary qualification and competence to compete and survive in this tumultuous era. Adjustment is definitely needed between vocational curriculum, industrial revolution 4.0 development and career opportunity. In addition, educational institutions can provide career counselling and service for students to plan and decide desired careers. Development opportunity of student careers must be tailored to their competence. The graduates of vocational education are at level, while bachelor graduates are at level 6 and the curriculum structure is tailored to learning outcome in each subject. The career opportunity of informatics engineering vocational education is oriented to the occupational guideline in National Qualification Framework in the field of Informatics and Communication Technology. Pages 275 to 298




Implementation of Authentic Assessment on Mechanical Technology Subjects

Waskitoa*, Adila Azmib, Hendri Nurdinc, a,b,cMechanical Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Negeri Padang Campus Air Tawar, Padang 25131, Indonesia, Email: a*waskitosyofia@yahoo.com

The assessment of learning outcomes applied to the 2013 Curriculum for Vocational High Schools has various types of assessments that are matched to the learning objectives of each subject. One of the assessments recommended for implementation was authentic assessment. By applying authentic assessment, student learning outcomes will show good performance. However, based on the data obtained from in SMK Negeri 1 West Sumatra, student learning outcomes show unsatisfactory results. It is assumed that this occurred due to the application of less than optimal authentic assessment techniques . As a result, , research is conducted to find out (1) how teachers conduct authentic assessments, and (2) what obstacles are experienced by teachers in implementing authentic assessment techniques. In order to answer the research questions, a descriptive research method was used which was conducted from 27 August, 2018, to September 29, 2018. The research information was taken from the vice-principal academic affair, Mechanical Technology teachers , and students from Class X in Mechanical Engineering. The data collection uses interviews, observations and documentation techniques. The data analysis incorporates data reduction, data presentation, and conclusion drawing. The analysed data has passed the data validity test with member check and data triangulation. The results of the study show that: (1) teachers' knowledge about authentic assessment is quite developed, however there are still many teachers who have not applied the assessment technique to the subjects they teach, (2) The reason teachers do not use authentic assessment techniques is because they think they require design lesson plans and assessment techniques, and take up a lot of their time. Pages 299 to 308




The Instructional Media Development of Mechanical Drawing Course Based on Project-Based Learning

Syahrila, Rahmat Azis Nabawib*, Febri Prasetyac, a,b,cUniversitas Negeri Padang, Universitas Negeri Padang, Jl. Prof. Dr. Hamka, Air Tawar Bar., Kec. Padang Utara, Kota Padang, Sumatera Barat 25132, Indonesia, Email: b*raazna@ft.unp.ac.id

Competencies changing that might be possessed by graduates of vocational education in the 21st century had encouraged the need for the revitalising of the curriculum in order to maintain the existence of the curriculum to achieve the goals of education. One part of the curriculum was instructional media. The development of instructional media which were properly attached with the learning model that will be applied as a form of the revitalisation of the curriculum. This article aimed to develop mechanical drawing instructional media based on the project-based learning (PjBL) model. The research method used was Research and development using the ADDIE model. The results of the study showed that instructional media that was developed in categories were valid, practical and effective. Instructional media assisted lecturers to create learning activities that were  following the characteristics of the PjBL model. Textbooks that were one of the learning resources make students learning easier and faster to understand the competencies and assignments of projects given. Through the use of instructional media that were developed made students have good competence, so it can be concluded that learning activities with the use of instructional media were able to make students have the potential as expected. Pages 309 to 325




The Combined Effects of Perception on Moving Class, Learning Motivation and School Services toward Social Studies Learning Achievement

Salamaha*, Sriyani Indri Astutib, aUniversitas PGRI Yogyakarta, Jl. PGRI I Sonosewu No. 117, Bantul, Yogyakarta 55182, Indonesia, bSMP Negeri 8, Yogyakarta, Indonesia, Email: a*busalamah@ymail.com

This research aims to identify the effects of perception on moving class, learning motivation and school services collectively towards Social Studies learning achievement. The population consists of 326 Grade VIII students at SMPN (State Junior High School) 8 Yogyakarta during the 2017/2018 school year. There were 175 sample students as samples recruited by using quota sampling technique. Questionnaires and documentation were regression analysis. The research concludes that 1) there is a positive and significant effect of perception of moving Social Studies classes on learning achievement  confirmed by t test value = 2.701, p = 0.000; 2) there is a significant and positive effect on learning motivation of Social Studies learning achievement evidenced by t test value = 3.144, p = 0.002; 3) there is a positive and significant effect of school services on Social Studies learning achievement indicated by t test value = 2.711, p= 0.007; 4) there are positive and significant effects of perception on moving class, learning motivation and school services toward Social Studies learning achievement  indicated by t test value = 9.212, p = 0.000. Pages 326 to 335




Development of Digital Practicum Job sheet as Teaching Material in Electronic Engineering

Ilmiyati Rahmy Jasrila*, Thamrinb, a,bFaculty of Engineering, Universitas Negeri Padang, Jl. Prof. Dr. Hamka, Air Tawar Bar., Kec. Padang Utara, Kota Padang, Sumatera Barat 25132, Indonesia, Email: a*ilmiyatirahmyjasril@ft.unp.ac.id

This study aims to produce job sheets suitable for use as teaching materials in digital practicum. The method used in this research is Model Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation and Evaluation (ADDIE).  The analysis phase,  identified  Graduates of Learning Outcomes, and sub-Outcomes of Learning from the Digital Practicum. At the design stage, the format and appearance of the job sheet are designed. The next step is the process of creating job sheets for all learning outcomes. At the Development stage, the research instrument used is  content and media validation sheet that has been validated by two content  and two media experts. At the Implementation stage, job sheets were tested on students. During the Evaluation stage,  competency test sheets are prepared for several job  and user response sheets. User response data is then processed to obtain practicality. The results show that  firstly the job sheets developed were  valid in terms of content and media. Secondly; the job sheets developed from user responses are very good in fostering learning interest and  practical as teaching material. Based on the results of the study it was concluded that the job sheets that were developed were very suitable for use as teaching materials in digital practicum courses. Pages 336 to 346




Development of Android Based Mobile Learning Media on Computer Assembly at a Vocational High School

Sukardia*, Reska Mayefisb, Usmeldic, a,b,cFaculty of Engineering, Universitas Negeri Padang, Jl. Prof. Dr. Hamka, Air Tawar Bar., Kec. Padang Utara, Kota Padang, Sumatera Barat 25132, Indonesia, Email: a*sukardiunp@gmail.com

This study aims to (1) produce android based mobile learning media (2) to discover the level of validity and practicality of learning media according to material and media experts as well as users, (3) to discover the effectiveness of learning media to improve the learning outcomes of vocational High School students. The study is based on Research and Development (R&D) with Four-D model (define, design, develop, disseminate), using primary data. Data analysis follows descriptive analysis to describe the validity, practicality and effectiveness of android based m-learning media. The results of this research are as follows: (1) The validity of mobile learning media in terms of media s and material aspects (2) The practicality of android based mobile learning media based on teacher and student responses is found to be very practical (3) The effectiveness of mobile learning is declared effective in improving student learning outcomes. Based on the findings of this study it was concluded that the android based mobile learning media is valid, practical, and effective for computer assembly in vocational high schools. Pages 347 to 361




The Implementation of Power Electronics Training to Enhance Student Learning Activities in the Power Electronics Learning Process

Oriza Candraa, Citra Dewib, Doni Tri Putra Yantoc*, Hastutid, a,b,c,dFaculty of Engineering, Universitas Negeri Padang, Jl. Prof. Dr. Hamka, Air Tawar Bar., Kec. Padang Utara, Kota Padang, Sumatera Barat 25132, Indonesia, Email: c*donitriputra@ft.unp.ac.id

This research reveals the enhancement of student learning activities in the learning process of power electronics after the implementation of the Power Electronics training as a practical learning media. Student learning activities are performed by students during the learning process practicum which consists of several indicators listed on the research instrument. These include preparation, implementation, closing, and the application of occupational health and safety. The research instrument used is the Performance Assessment Rubric which has been tested for validity and reliability. The research subjects consists of 18 students who undertook the Power Electronics Practicum Learning Process. The results show that there is a significant enhancement in student learning activities in the learning process after the implementation of Power Electronics Training in the learning process compared to before . This is indicated by the value of gain score (g = 0.81). Therefore, it can be concluded that the implementation of power electronics training in the Learning Process of Power Electronics Practicum can enhance student learning activities at a high rate. Pages 362 to 373




Understanding the Practice of Ethical Leadership amongst School Principals: Evidence from Malaysia

Sharmini Siva Vikaramana, Azlin Norhaini Mansorb*, Mohd Izham Mohd Hamzahc, Nitce Isa Medinad, Vasanthan Gurusamye, Mohamed Yusoff Mohd Norf, aEnglish Language Teaching Centre, Ministry of Education, b,c,fFaculty of Education, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, dSMK Convent Sentul, Ministry of Education, eFaculty of Human Sciences,  Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Email: b*azlinmansor@ukm.edu.my

Ethical leadership is a type of value-based leadership that greatly aids in balancing the principal’s role as a manager and leader in schools. Studies have shown the impact of practicing ethical leadership towards building trust, positive workplace behaviour, increasing innovative workplace mindset and organisational performance. The emerging leadership style has found strong roots in the international platforms but not in  Malaysian local school leadership . 3 secondary school principals were selected for this study based on the ethical leadership level as perceived by their teachers from a previous study by the researcher., which  shows that principals have high to moderately high level of ethical leadership practice in schools. This case study caters the findings on the understanding and practises of ethical leadership style among the principals as perceived by the principals themselves. The study also explores the seven dimensions of ethical leadership as being practised amongst  principals. A semi-structured interview was conducted to collect relevant data. The interview is transcribed and analysed thematically . The principals  revealed that they lacked an understanding of ethical leadership style but practised several dimensions of ethical leadership in their daily school administration tasks. The findings suggest that ethical leadership has ample room to be integrated into current school leadership practises and develop an understanding of  its impact on improving teacher work performance. Pages 374 to 388




The Implementation of Character Education through Local Wisdom Based Learning

Sukadaria*, Eko Wahyunanto Prihonob, Charanjit Kaur Swaran Singhc, Juang Kurniawan Syahruzahd, Mingchang Wue, a,dUniversity of PGRI Yogyakarta, Jl. PGRI I No.117 Sonosewu Yogyakarta, 55182 Indonesia, bInstitut Agama Islam Negeri Ambon, Jl. Dr. H. Tarmizi Taher, Jalan Kebun Cengkeh, Batu Merah, Sirimau, Kota Ambon, Maluku 97128, Indonesia, cEnglish Language and Literature Department, Faculty of Languages & Communication, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, 35900, Tanjong Malim, Malaysia, eCollege of Humanities and Applied Science, National Yunlin University of Science and Technology, 123, University Road, Section 3 Douliou, Yunlin County, 64002, Taiwan, R.O.C, Email: a*sukadariupy@gmail.com

This study aims to explore, and describe the application of character education through local skill-based learning. This research uses a qualitative descriptive approach. The study was conducted at Yogyakarta Special District Elementary School, and the research subjects are  students and teachers. Data collection was completed   through observation, interviews, and field notes. Data analysis techniques were performed using triangulation. The medium used in local wisdom-based learning is based on traditional games. The results show that  character education through local wisdom based learning plays an effective role in developing the   cognitive, affective, and psychomotor skills of students. With regards to  cognitive side, students can think creatively in solving problems through traditional games  conducted in learning based on local wisdom. Concerning affective skills,   the embedded value of character consist of : a) Concordance, b) Agility, c) Socialisation d) Collaboration, e) Discipline, f) Creativity, g) Religion, Religious, and h) Nationalism. Within the  psychomotor domain, students are actively involved in both physical and mental play through traditional game medium. The traditional game consists of  cultural heritage which needs to  be preserved through a learning process based on local wisdom given to students in elementary school. Pages 389 to 403




Sustainability in Islamic Derivatives for Economic Development Vs.  Conventional Derivatives

Chaibou Issoufoua, Sheikh Muhamad Hizam Hj Sheikh Khairuddinb, Abdul Razak Abdul Hadic, aSenior lecturer @ Department of Economics and Law, University Kuala  Lumpur, Business School, bDeputy Dean Academic & Technology, Universiti Kuala Lumpur, Business School, cDeputy Dean International, Industrial & Institutional Partnership (IIIP), Universiti Kuala Lumpur, Business School, Email: aissoufou@unikl.edu.my,  bsheikhmhizam@unikl.edu.my,  cabdrazak@unikl.edu.my

Islamic financial instruments are sustainable because they are required   until the contract is concluded,  in contrast to conventional financial instruments which do not require the existence of the underlying asset .  This paper aims to analyse  Islamic derivatives such as bay al-salam, bay al-Istisna’ and arbun as alternatives to conventional derivatives. The other focus of the paper is the examination of  some conventional derivative contracts such as options for the  futures as well  the extent to which they are legally permitted in Islamic law. Furthermore, there is a discussion on the views of  Muslim jurists on fictitious contracts, and  the extent to which  the expression and intention of contracting parties affect the contract. The study adopts a qualitative research methodology in which classical and modern jurists’ views are analysed to discover Islamic and conventional derivatives contracts. This paper shows  that conventional derivatives do not confirm  with the principles of Islamic law. Therefore, Islamic derivatives can be an alternative to conventional forms for the sustainability of economic development. Pages 404 to 416




Customer Expectation in Five Star Hotels in Aqaba Special Economic Zone Authority (ASEZA)

Omar A. Jawabreha, Ashraf Jahmanib, Qusay Q. Khaleefahc, Ehab Abdul Raheem Alshatnawid, Haitham Abdelrazaqe, aDepartment of Hotel Management, Faculty of Tourism and Hospitality, The University of Jordan, Aqaba 77110, Jordan, bAl Falah University – Dubai, UAE, cDepartment of Hotel & Tourism Science, Al-Balqa Applied University, Jordan, dDepartment of Tourism Management, Faculty of Tourism and Hospitality, The University of Jordan, eSchool of Business, Western Sydney University, Email: ao.jawabreh@ju.edu.jo,  bAshraf.jahmani@afu.ac.ae,  cq.khaleefa@bau.edu.jo,  de.shatnawi@ju.edu.jo,  eH.abdelrazaq@city.westernsydney.edu.au

Background: The present paper undertakes an approach of robust design including the model of Kano to  obtain the best composition of design form factors. This can improve the contentment of customers effectively and standards of the aesthetic products with various norm features. Materials and Methods: The researcher uses the model of Kano to comprehend the relation between performance norm and the contentment of customers, and to settle a difficulty of trade-off in various norms optimisation by verifying the most important norm in the contentment of customers. Results: This study explains the excitement needs and creates solutions for the excitement that needs transformation into basic needs over time. On the other hand, we will prove how these extra services will affect the increase in the popularity of the hotel and by result its occupancy rates. Conclusion: Comparing the hypothetical results with the actual ones, we find that neither room complimentary coffee & tea nor priority clubs or heated swimming pools  act as exciters. Hospitality is connected to customer satisfaction because this business produces and delivers customer satisfaction. Now, customer supplies can be both tangible and intangible, but filling all of them and hence meeting their requirements is called customer satisfaction.  Pages 417 to 438




Advocate as Law Enforcer in the Implementation of E-Court

Dian  Latifiania*, Anis Widyawatib, Nurul Fibriantic, Ayup Suran Ningsihd, a,b,c,dFaculty of Law Universitas Negeri Semarang, Email: a*dianlatif@mail.unnes.ac.id

The legal basis for implementing the Electronic Court (E-Court) System, which was the Regulation of Supreme Court (Perma) No. 3 of 2018 on electronic administration, Supreme Court Circular Letter No. 04 of 2019 on Obligations of Civil Cases Register Through E-Court, Supreme Court Circular Letter No. 129/KMA/SK/VIII/2019 on Technical Guidelines for Cases and Trials Administration in the Electronic Court, Regulation of Supreme Court (Perma) No. 1 of 2019 on administration of cases and trials in the Electronic Court. The purpose of E-court is to facilitate the parties in the process of taking legal action in the court. However, the number of cases assisted in obtaining a registration number is still highly scarce.  This is because advocates do not register claims online. Whereas the role of advocates is very crucial in the implementation of E-Court. This article aims to analyse the urgency of advocates as law enforcers in using E-court. This article used a qualitative approach that requires an advocate perspective. Pages 439 to 449




A Financial Analysis on Gillnet Fishery Business in Sangatta District, East Kutai Regency, East Kalimantan, Indonesia

Helminuddina, Said Abdusysyahidb, Qoriah Salehac, a,b,cLecturer on Department of Fisheries Socio Economics FPIK Unmul, Email: ah.helminuddin@gmail.com,  bsyahids59@yahoo.co.id,   cqoriasa@yahoo.com

The objectives of this study were to (1) financially analyse the gillnet fishery business in the Sangatta Utara Village; (2) scrutinise the sensitivity of the gillnet fishery business to the percentage of the decrease in selling prices and fish catches as well as the percentage of the increase in fixed costs and variable costs. The study was conducted in the Sangatta Utara Village, Sangatta District, Kutai Timur Regency on October 2018. The number of gillnet fishermen was 30 people and they were all included as respondents (census). Data was analysed using discounted and non-discounted investment criteria (NPV, Net B/C Ratio, IRR, and Payback Period) and sensitivity analysis. The results of the study showed the following: (1) 15% Net Present Value (NPV) was IDR 125,152,293 (NPV > 0). (2) The value of the 15% Net Benefit-Cost Ratio (Net B/C Ratio) was 2.28 (Net B/C Ratio > 1). (3) Internal Rate of Return (IRR) value was 223% (IRR > 15%). (4) Payback Period (PBP) was 5.13 months or (0.43 years). Therefore, it could be said that the gillnet fishery business in the Sangatta Village, Sangatta District was feasible (profitable). The gillnet fishery business in the Sangatta Utara Village of Sangatta District was sensitive to the decrease in selling prices, decrease in catches, increase in fixed costs, and increase in variable costs. The reduction limit was 4.4% at the lowest selling price and catches, 9% at the highest increase in fixed costs, and 10% at the maximum variable costs. Pages 450 to 462




Values of the Authority of Local Art Coaches as a Source of Learning for Multicultural Education

Triyantoa, Mujiyonob, Eko Sugiartoc, a,b,cArt Department, Languages and Arts Faculty, Universitas Negeri Semarang, Indonesia, Email: atriyanto@mail.unnes.ac.id,  bmujiyonosenirupa@mail.unnes.ac.id,  cekosugiarto@mail.unnes.ac.id

This study aims to reveal the values of local arts wisdom that can be used as a source of learning for multicultural education. The qualitative method is used in this study. Data collection uses observation techniques focused on the diversity of visual works from several local community groups on the north coast of Central Java, interviews, and documentation. Data were analysed descriptively and interpretatively towards the realisation of visual forms through the procedures of reduction, presentation, and verification. The results showed that the visualisation of the visual forms of some visual works in the study area showed the existence of local wisdom values that represented a tolerant and accommodating attitude towards foreign cultural elements. These local arts wisdom values are very relevant if they are used as a source of learning for multicultural education in pluralistic community life. Pages 463 to 480




Information Technology as an Influence on Motivation in order to Increase Lecturer Performance

Ulfah Mediaty Ariefa*, Haryonob, Dwi Yuwono Puji Sugihartoc, Achmad Rifaid, a,b,c,dGraduate School Program, Universitas Negeri Semarang, Indonesia, Email: a*ulfahmediatyarief@mail.unnes.ac.id

Lecturer performance influences the quality of higher education so that lecturer performance needs to be maintained so as not to decrease standards. One of the things that can affect lecturer performance is motivation, the higher the motivation possessed by the lecturer, the likelier the performance can also increase. Motivation can be influenced by the ability to use IT, which can be measured through UTAUT and CSE. This study uses 150 lecturers as research samples and is processed using Warppls software. The resulting path analysis shows that there is a significant influence between UTAUT variables on lecturer performance through motivation, the opposite occurs in CSE which does not have a significant effect on lecturer performance through motivation. Pages 481 to 491




Moral Value of Holy Stories in the Kudus as Teaching Material in Literature Learning

Susenoa, Zuliyantib, a,bUniversitas Negeri Semarang, Email: asusenows@mail.unnes.ac.id, bzuliyanti@mail.unnes.ac.id

The purpose of this study is to describe the analysis of moral values in folklore in Kudus as teaching the material in literary learning. This research method used a descriptive qualitative analysis method. The object of this research is the folklore in Kudus. The data source of this research is the Holy community, teachers, and students. The data collection techniques of this research were literature study, observation technique, interview technique, and note-taking technique. The research instruments were observation sheets, interview sheets, and data cards. The data analysis technique is carried out in stages: (1) data collection, (2) data reduction, (3) data presentation, and (4) inference or verification of data and results. The results of the study revealed that folklore in Kudus contained moral values, namely cultural, social, and religious values. These values are an effective way to instill a culture and shape the nation's character. Strengthening the character of students is the key to the creation of a civilised society. Thus, literature needs to  be optimised for use as teaching material in learning literature. Pages 492 to 501




Relevance of Local Wisdom in Rural Judiciary for Indonesian Societies

Indah Sri Utaria*, Rodiyahb, Diandra Preludio Ramadac, Syukron Salamd, a,b,c,dfaculty of Law Universitas Negeri Semarang, Email: a*indahsuji@gmail.com

This study is directed towards finding answers about the social basis of the community regarding local wisdom in Court, and the socio-juridical relevance of the judiciary in bridging the gap between the people and the aspirations that are so plural towards the legal logic that is  centralised and technical. This problem arises when the problems faced by society today in the field of justice, especially in the civil field are: "how to obtain legal certainty without sacrificing justice and guarantees of harmony, and how to obtain justice and guarantees of harmony supported by legal certainty." The approach used is a qualitative research method with a type of sociological research juridical. The results showed that  the court community is a place to seek justice. So that the court aims at resolving disputes in society fairly, the judicial mechanism must not only rely on procedural aspects but also how to make people feel accommodated in the judicial procedure. For this reason, a compatible court mechanism needs  a form of justice that can accommodate proportionally and equitably the formal and informal aspects with a new vision that respects the value system and the needs of the community. This scholarship concludes that in solving problems in rural communities, it is necessary to obtain formal certainty through negotiating and familial processes. Pages 502 to 515




Character Value in Japanese Early Childhood Formed through Hajimete No Osaka (First Errand)

Ai Sumirah Setiawatia, aUniversitas Negeri Semarang Kampus Sekaran Gunungpati Semarang Central Java Indonesia, 50229, Email:  aai.sumirah@mail.unnes.ac.id

Hajimete no Otsukai (first errand) is a reality show that has been broadcast since 1991 by Nihon Terebi (Nittele or Nittere in Japanese). Japanese Parents give this first errand to children who have never  managed alone without their parents' assistance since they were born. Usually, Parents give this errand to children who are still under the age of  five to exercise courage, independence, and responsibility . The child is given a task under his abilities. While  carrying out his first assignment, many character traits appear to be formed by  completing this errand. Those character traits are caring, independence, discipline, creativity, cooperation, responsibility, hard work, friendliness and communication, tolerance, and care for the environment. Pages 516 to 527




The New Meaning of State Control of Electricity and Its Impact on the Supply of Electricity in Indonesia

Suhadia*, Yusriyadib, FX. Adji Samektoc, aUniversitas Negeri Semarang, b,cUniversitas Diponegoro, Email: a*suhadi@mail.unnes.ac.id

The state exercises control over the branches of production, which are essential for the state and which control the lives of many people according to the Indonesian constitution.  One of the most critical chapters of output for the country and which controls the livelihoods of many people is electricity. In the context of electricity supply, some power plants are built, operated, or owned by private business entities. What is the meaning of state control over the amount of electricity in the legislation in Indonesia? Why are private business entities involved in the supply of electricity in Indonesia? What is the impact of involving these private business entities in the availability of power in Indonesia? By using a socio-legal approach, the research stated that control over the supply of electricity has the meaning of the state making policies, taking care of, regulating, managing, and supervising for the maximum prosperity of the people. State control over the supply of electricity is not only meant by the state building, operating and owning it, but the state can provide it by cooperating with private business entities. The state collaborates with private businesses to produce electricity as an effort to realise people's welfare. Private business entities are involved in the business of supplying electricity, on the one hand, to provide power in sufficient quantities, reasonably and of sufficient quality, on the other to increase investment and the country's economy. Public-private partnership agreements are the basis for involving private business entities in the supply of electricity. The impact of it on the meaning of the context of electricity supply is the increasing number of private business entities involved in the supply of electricity, meaning the more amount of power. Pages 528 to 539




Technology Assessment as a Form of Inclusive Communication Approach to Access Information from Village Web in Central Java, Indonesia

Nuryantia, Subejob, Roso Witjaksonoc, S.Bekti Istiyantod, Mochamad Fathonie, a,b,cStudy Program of Extension and Development Communication, Graduate Program, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Jl. Teknika Utara Yogyakarta,Indonesia 55281, dDepartment of Communication, Faculty of Social and Political Science , Universitas Jenderal Soedirman, Jl. Prof.HR.Bunyamin, Banyumas, Central Java Indonesia, eDepartment of International Relation, Faculty of Social and Political Science, Universitas Peradaban, Bumiayu,  Central Java, Indonesia, Email: anuryantinyun@gmail.com,  bsubejo@ugm.ac.id,  crosowitjaksono@yahoo.co.id,  dbektiis@yahoo.com,  ehiiro_toni@yahoo.com

Social change in rural communities can occur due to innovation and utilisation of new technology. The village web is an innovation and new technology that has a strategic role to facilitate the community in receiving and utilising various information related to community empowerment. The purpose of the study is to assess how the villagers can access the information from the village web despite their lack of ability to use new technology. The study used a qualitative method through participatory action research (PAR) techniques. The phase in the PAR approach as described by Coghland and Brannick (2001)  includes diagnosing, planning action, taking action and evaluating action. The informants in this study were village officials and community leaders who knew of the existence of the village web that was used as a new media tool to disseminate information to the community. The results show that the inclusive communication approach fits the technology assessment with the condition of the Susukan Village community, Banyumas, Central Java by making use of intermediary media so that the new technology can be used according to their abilities in the diagnosing phase. The form of technology assessment that is in accordance with the demand of Susukan residents is to provide information boards as an intermediary media platform to access information from the village web in the planning phase. The mechanism of the inclusive communication approach through technology assessment is by installing information boards in each resident’s group in the action phase. More residents have started being empowered after reading information from the village web in their daily routines, using technology assessment as an inclusive communication approach in the evaluation phase. Pages 540 to 564




Learning Management based on E-Learning in STMIK Muhammadiyah Jakarta

Hamid Al-Jufria, aMuhammadiyah University of Prof. Dr. Hamka, Email: ajufri@uhamka.ac.id

This study aims to produce a learning management model based on e-learning in an effort to improve the quality of learning based on e-learning. This research was conducted with a Research and Development (R&D) approach. The stages of this research include three  stages, namely: (1) Preliminary studies (2) Model development (3) Validity test. The results showed that a learning based e-learning model really helped students in learning, and obtained significantly higher learning outcomes (P> 0.95) compared to students learning with conventional learning methods. The learning based e-learning management model can improve the effectiveness of lecturer and student performance, due to the more efficient use of place, time, cost, and energy, so that this e-learning based learning model is effective to improve the quality of teaching and learning. Pages 565 to 580




A Marketing and Financial Analysis of Milkfish (Chanos chanos) and Giant Tiger Prawn (Penaeus monodon) Farming in East Kalimantan

Helminuddina, Elly Purnamasarib, Said Abdusysyahidc, a,b,cLecturer on Department of Fisheries Socio Economics, Faculty og Fisheries and Marine Sciences (FPIK), Mulawarman University, Email: ah.helminuddin@gmail.com,  bsyahids59@yahoo.co.id,  cqoriasa@yahoo.com

The aims of this current research were (1) to find out the marketing system of milkfish and giant tiger prawn (marketing channel, margin and marketing farmer’s share) as well as (2) to analyse the financial aspects of the milkfish and prawn farming business. The field research was conducted in two months (August- September 2016). Moreover, in order to investigate the marketing system, the sampling technique employed was snowball sampling, whereas for the financial analysis, the sample was selected by using purposive sampling. Data in this research were obtained by using interviews with guidelines, which afterwards were analysed quantitatively and qualitatively. The research findings indicated that: (1) the marketing system of milkfish and giant tiger prawns used the Level 2 Marketing Channel, with efficient marketing margin and farmer’s share; meanwhile (2) the financial analysis indicated that the Net Present Value (NPV) > 0, Internal Rate of Return (IRR) > Opportunity Cost of Capital (OCC), Net Benefit Cost Ratio (Net B/C Ratio) > 1, therefore it could be concluded that the milkfish and giant tiger prawn farming business in Babulu Laut Village was profitable. Pages 581 to 591




When the Eagle Becomes the King of the Forest: An Analysis of US Intervention on Terrorism in Southeast Asian Countries

Ridwan Arifina*, Ali Masyharb, Rodiyahc, Muhammad Azil Maskurd, Januari Nasya Ayu Tadurie, aDepartment of Criminal Law, Faculty of Law Universitas Negeri Semarang, Indonesia, bAnti-Radicalism and Terrorism Studies Center, Universitas Negeri Semarang, Indonesia, cDepartment of Administrative and Constitutional Law, Faculty of Law Universitas Negeri Semarang, Indonesia, dInternational Program, Faculty of Law Universitas Negeri Semarang, Indonesia, Email: a*ridwan.arifin@mail.unnes.ac.id

Throughout 2015 and 2016, countries in Southeast Asia were confronted by acts of terrorism. This act of terrorism was spearheaded by the ISIS militant group and other radicals, which used terror in Southeast Asian countries like Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, and the Philippines. The group recruits citizens from various countries to join them. This has led to complaints from multiple countries, including the United States, who, in an effort to tackle terrorism, intervened in Southeast Asian countries by such measures as the Indonesian Anti-Terrorism Law. However, interfering with other countries is not in accordance with international law. This paper examines US Intervention in Southeast Asia against terrorism in terms of international law and  from perspective of human rights. Pages 592 to 610




Discourses of the Anti-Indonesian Communist Party and Its Reproduction in High School Textbooks during the New Order (1967-1998)

Hieronymus Purwantaa, Victor Noviantob, aDepartment of History Education, Sebelas Maret University, bSocial Studies Education, Postgraduate School of University of PGRI Yogyakarta, Email: ahpurwanta@staff.uns.ac.id,  bvictornovianto@gmail.com

This research aims to study the discourse of the anti-Indonesian Communist Party (ICP) and its reproduction in high school history textbooks. The questions posed are: (1) How did the army historiographies describe itself and the ICP as its competitor? (2) How did the anti-ICP discourses spread through high school history textbooks? To answer these research questions, this study employs a binary opposition approach developed by Derrida. The results suggest that the army represented itself as the victim and became the target of ICP’s cruelty. On the contrary, the ICP was stigmatized as the mastermind of G30S’s coup d’état, demonized as a cruel party, and also indulged in free sex. The army discourses spread into high school textbooks during the New Order regime (1967-1998). This resulted in many Indonesians believing that the ICP was the mastermind behind G30S as any narrative was accused to be a political movement to revive the ICP. Pages 611 to 626




A Comparative Study of Emotional Intelligence between Deaf and Other Students and Its Correlation to Gender Variables

Ziyad Kamel Ellalaa, Saeb Kamel Ellalab, aAssistant Professor of Special Education Al Ain University of Science and Technology Faculty of Education, Humanities Sciences Department United Arab Emirates, bAssociate Professor of Special Education Princess Nourah bint Abdulrahman University College of Education, Department of Special Education Saudi Arabia,

The study aims to determine differences of emotional intelligence between deaf and other students, and its correlation to gender variable at Al Ain  University for Science and technology. The study sample comprised 115 male and female undergraduate students that were divided as follows: 56 deaf students, (28 males, and 28 females) and 59 other students, (28 males and 31 females). To achieve the objectives of the study, the two researchers used Chapman’s scale, (2001), which consists of five dimensions. The findings revealed that self-perception and self-motivation rated average, followed by dimensions of relation perception and emotion management. Emotion training ranked last as it scored the lowest. The study also revealed that there were differences with statistical significance at Chapman’s scale, with its five dimensions, regarding emotional intelligence that is attributed to the section of other students. However, there were no differences with statistical significance associated with gender except for post emotion training, which had differences with statistical significance in favour of females. The study came up with several recommendations. Pages 627 to 648



The Sociology of Refugee Migration in the Arab World

Hussein Salem Al-Srehana, aAl AIN University, Abu Dhabi, UAE, Email: ahussein.alsrehan@aau.ac.ae

The migration issue is one of the most important in the modern world. A survey was conducted in the form of a semi-structured interview among 150 migrants from the Middle East and North Africa to find out the causes of migration, as well as the difficulties faced by the migrating population. The age of the respondents ranged from 25 to 58 years. This age group of respondents was chosen since, unlike the younger generation, they are more likely to feel all the difficulties that arise during migration. In the second part of the study, a statistical analysis of migration to the Gulf countries was carried out. For this part of the study, an analysis of census data for the period 2005–15 was undertaken. According to the results of the interview, the most common reasons for migration are the economic situation in the country or the hostilities taking place in it. The problems that migrants mainly face are also most often of an economic nature. They also face hostility from host societies. The state might support migrants by increasing social benefits and the organisation of special courses that will increase the chances of finding a job. The study found that countries such as Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Jordan, Kuwait, Oman and Qatar are characterised by the largest flow of migrants. A major problems during migration to the Gulf countries is the large number of illegal migrants, as well as a biased attitude towards them from the indigenous people. Pages 649 to 660

The Resurrection of a Hindu Archipelago: Contemporary Identity Politics in Bali

I Putu Gede Suwithaa, aUniversitas Udayana, Denpasar, Indonesia, Email: aputu_suwitha@yahoo.co.id

This study discusses the contemporary identity politics in Bali. Specifically, this paper addresses the dynamics of the resurrection of the Hindu archipelago which was discussed for general election 2014. This discourse could be observed in some media in Bali, having taken the resurrection of Hindu as an inspiration. The method of research for this project was historical-qualitative, through collecting library materials in the form published newspapers in Bali. For example, Bali Post, Tokoh Magazine, and Newspapers. The study found that the resurrection of the Hindu archipelago discourse was ‘thrown’ by Gusti Ngurah Arya Wedakarna as a central figure for political purposes. Wedakarna intelligently took the Hindu resurrection as inspiration on building his self-image as a Hindu figure. Therefore, he was elected as a member of the DPD RI successively in the 2014-2019 and 2019-2025 elections. Pages 661 to 679

Transformation of Innovation Values and Culture: Innovation Analysis of Regional Planning System in Special Region of Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Alih Aji Nugrohoa*, Neneng Sri Rahayub, a,bSchool of Administration-NIPA, Jakarta, Indonesia, Email: a*alihnugroho@stialan.ac.id

The administration of government and IT-based public services are the main requirements to keep abreast of the times. The maximum application of IT in government is commonly called E-Government. Changing conventional patterns to digital, according to Effendi (2018), not only requires hardware but also requires transformation of organisational values and culture. This paper is the result of research analysing changes in organisational values and culture from conventional work to digital. The research was conducted at the Regional Development Planning Agency (RDPA), Special Region of Yogyakarta (SRY), because it has implemented E-Gov so well that it received several awards. The method used is descriptive qualitative, data collection is  carried out by in-depth interviews plus literature review studies. As a result, the transformation of values and culture from manual to e-gov in RDPA SRY uses several strategies. The first time it was done was through an initial discipline to raise awareness of stakeholders both internal and external. That is, the application of the innovation initially made coercion as the first step in changing the old organisational culture to become more innovative. Coercion is  carried out formally (above black and white), or informally (moral sanctions). In addition, the application of innovation in RPA SRY cannot be separated from transformative leadership that can foster an innovative culture and customer-oriented (community) needs. Pages 680 to 692

Looking at Aesthetic Values and Ethics in Syiir

Agus Nuryatina, Muhamad Burhanudinb, a,bFakultas Bahasa dan Seni Universitas Negeri Semarang, Email: a*agusnuryatin@mail.unnes.ac.id

This research aims to examine syirir as a form of literary work that has aesthetic value and is expected to also be able to provide knowledge, understanding and internalisation of ethical values. The research method used is a qualitative method using the philological approach. Results: Philology was used because of the characteristics of syiir as old manuscripts. Aesthetic builders of beauty show syiir functioned by the author as a vehicle for communication as well as the socialisation of ethical values. People who support shiir enjoy aesthetics and understand the ethical value in shiir through  its easy use. This shows, that ethical values can be conveyed through aesthetic media using syiir. Through syiir media, ethics can be conveyed attractively and be easily accepted by the public as well as entertainment media. Pages 693 to 700

The Relationship between Muslims and Christians in Indonesia: Conflict and Tolerance

Kasnoa, aSunan Ampel State Islamic University Surabaya, Indonesia, Email: akasno.sudaryanto@yahoo.com

The Muslim-Christian conflict in Indonesia has become a critical issue that should be addressed by the Indonesian government. The conflict reached its climax and was triggered by the establishment of the House of Worship (Church) in the city of Gresik, in East Java. The aim of this research is to identify why there is conflict between Muslims and Christians in the context of the fulfilment of the needs of places for worship. This study adopted a qualitative approach. Participant observation and interviews were used to collect data for this research. This was supplemented by document analysis. The study also drew on social theories, including Conflict and symbolic interactionism theory. The results of this research demonstrated that the establishment of three churches in Gresik created a conflict through the interference of Muslims in Gresik, a city which is known as the city of devoted Islamic believers (‘Santri’). The Church in the middle of the city of Santri offended some Muslims. Violations of the building regulations are what led to protests in the form of demonstrations to Gresik’s government. When analysed  using the theory of conflict, it could be inferred that the conflict in Gresik was caused by the lack of communication between Muslims and Christians. If we use the theory of symbolic interactionism, it could be inferred that the emergence of the church in Gresik is a new form of colonisation in Gresik. The conclusion of this research is that the conflict between Christians and Muslims in Gresik was caused by the lack of communication in related to the establishment of the Church. Pages 701 to 718