Entrepreneur Intentions to Eliminate Youth Unemployment: A Structural Equation Modeling

M abdur Rahman1, Md Sabur Khan2, 1,2Daffodil International University(DIU), Faculty of Business & Entrepreneurship(FBE), Email: 1rahman@diu.edu.bd

The word of Entrepreneurship is like Self-employment and it is positively the instrument of economic development. An entrepreneur creates job opportunities in the market and supports eradicating the youth unemployment rate. The improvement of Entrepreneurship is initiated from enlargement of intention so that the key idea of the study is to examine the intentions of university students of Daffodil International University while setting up their new professional. To attain this determination, Ajzen's theory of Planned Behavior has been applied to test. In the study data was obtained through an online survey questionnaire from the same university have participated where the convenience-sampling technique has applied to get responses from 205 participants. Data analysis was conducted for the model through AMOS to test for structural equation model (SEM) and SPSS to apply descriptive statistics. The output of the overall model showed that Ajzen's theory is highly valuable for this study statistically significant. Recommendations for a comparative study between private and public universities in further to understand the overall perspective of Bangladeshi university students perception. Pages 1 to 14




Analysis of Student’s Critical Thinking Ability in Accounting

Novedi Risanti Langgia, Siswandarib, Khresna Bayu Sangkac, a,b,c,Sebelas Maret University, Email: vedirisanti98@gmail.coma, siswandari@staff.uns.ac.idb, b.sangka@staff.uns.ac.idc

Critical thinking skills must be mastered by students in the 21st century. The purpose of this study is to analyze the extent to which critical thinking skills are possessed by students in vocational schools in accounting learning. This research is included in the type of qualitative descriptive research. Data collection techniques consisted of observation, tests, and unstructured interviews (open interviews). This research was conducted at VHS 1 Ngawi with the research subjects of class XI students majoring in Financial and Institutional Accounting. The results showed that student’s critical thinking skills in accounting learning are still low. The implications of the findings indicate the need for improvements to the current learning system. Pages 15 to 24




Democratic Civic Education during Chinese Language Classes in South Korea: Focusing on the Democratization Movements of Taiwan and Hong Kong

Hwang, Sun Mi1, Eun Young Jang2, 1Department of Chinese Studies, Hanshin University, Osan, Republic of Korea, 2Division of Foreign Language Education, Hankuk University of Foreign Studies, Seoul, Republic of Korea, Email: j9902768@hufs.ac.kr

This study explores ways to implement democratic civic education during Chinese language classes at secondary schools in South Korea. It does so by examining the democratization movements that occurred in Taiwan and Hong Kong, and then designing a Chinese language class covering the topic. Specifically, first, it explores the slogans and songs used during the democratization movements of Taiwan and Hong Kong in 2014, and then proposes incorporating them into the Chinese language class. Democratic civic competency is currently regarded in South Korea as a core competency for the future. In this respect, this study aims to improve the Chinese communication skills of secondary school students taking the Chinese language class, and additionally nurture their interest in global political issues and foster an appropriate understanding of the relationship between China and surrounding countries and democratic civic education.  Pages 25 to 37



An Empirical Investigation of the Factors Affecting Data Warehouse Technology Success in Medical Institutions

Assistant Professor Fahad M Alsaadi, Taif University, Email: fmsaadi@tu.edu.sa

Recently, due to the expansion in data complexity and manageability issues, data warehousing become one of the tops focuses on information systems researchers and practitioners especially in healthcare. Medical institutions are capturing, storing, and analyzing a very complex and huge quantity of data that has big volume, velocity, and variety. These big data come from a variety of sources, including personal information, patients record, and other sources that making the jobs very challenge to be done. Therefore, a demand has been created to implement a data warehouse technology in medical institutions to support their decisions making. This paper depicts a problem regarding the complexity of the data in medical institutions in Saudi Arabia. In this study, a cross-sectional survey was used to investigate a model of data warehousing success particularly in a single intensive industry such as medical institutions. The findings of the study show that certain variables in both organizational and technological dimensions have a significant influence on data warehousing success. Pages 38 to 54

Six Fields for Innovation to Learn from Fiction Writing

Ping Lan, College of Business and Security Management, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, Alaska 99775, U.S.A. Email:  plan@alaska.edu

This article develops a paradigm for innovation to learn from fiction writing meaningfully. Using a method of participant observation, the author engaged in the creative activities in the two streams over the years. The paper points out six disparities by comparing the two novelty-centered domains. The article further frames practical channels for innovation to learn from its counterpart. At the same time, measures for improving innovation education and research are suggested. The research findings help expand the frontiers of business innovation. Pages 55 to 76

Documenting the Preview Concert and Creative Compositional Process of the Opera Serikandi Nusantara

Tazul Izan Tajuddin1, Md Jais Ismail2, 1,2Conservatory of Music, College of Creative Arts, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia. Corresponding author: 2mdjais@uitm.edu.my

This research project is about documenting the preview concert and creative process of composing the Opera Serikandi Nusantara which are using the Malay and Southeast Asian traditional musical elements into creating a new composition for opera. It utilizes materials entitled ‘Legendary Princesses of Malaysia’ written by Raman and illustrated by Emila Yusof through Modern Compositional Method and Perspective: materials taken out from local Malaysian context and stories and move on to a wider context of music composition, especially international classical contemporary art music; mainly Europeans and North Americans. Pages 77 to 83

Hydrogeochemical Evaluation of Groundwater Quality in Dukwi Wellfield in Botswana

Abijah Diphofu1, Jerome A. Yendaw1, Raymond S. Suglo1, 1Department of Mining and Geological Engineering, Botswana International University of Science and Technology, Private Bag 16, Palapye, Botswana, Correspondence should be addressed to Jerome A. Yendaw; yendawj@biust.ac.bw; Telephone: (267) 493 1674; Cell phone: (267) 75 323 627

There has been a decline in groundwater quality in most wellfields in Botswana. This study evaluated the groundwater quality in Dukwi Wellfield for drinking and irrigation purposes and characterised the dominant hydrochemical processes in the wellfield area during winter and summer seasons. The parameters used to assess the water quality for irrigation purposes were percent sodium (%Na) and Sodium Adsorption Ratio (SAR), while for drinking purposes, Water Quality Index (WQI) was assessed. A piper plot was used for the geochemical characterisation of the groundwater while Gibbs plot was used to determine the dominant processes that govern groundwater chemistry. The results show that water from Borehole BH 2985 is excellent for drinking and irrigation as the average %Na, SAR and WQI values were 14.60%, 0.60 and less than 48.37 respectively. The water from Borehole BH 7521 is unsuitable for drinking and irrigation due to the high %Na values (> 90.47%). Also water from Borehole BH 4649 is of poor quality (WQI values > 162.15). The piper plots revealed that 70% of the samples of water in the area has sodium chloride while the Gibbs plots show that the groundwater is highly influenced by rock weathering and moderately by evaporation precipitation. Pages 84 to 100

ICSM: Imbalanced Chunk-Based Stream Model

Mashaal A. Alfhaid1, Manal A. Abdullah2, 1Faculty of Computing and Information Technology, King Abdul-Aziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, ORCID: 0000-0002-5349-0248, 2faculty of Computing and Information Technology FCIT, King Abdulaziz University KAU, Saudi Arabia SA. ORCID: 0000-0003-2660-6011

Stream data mining becomes one of the major important topics. It is considered one of the fields that face challenges due to continuously arriving data that processed at a single scan. As pre-processing is one of the critical stages in data mining, imbalanced stream data gain significant popularity in the last few years among researchers as many real-world applications suffer from this issue. Handling imbalanced data is mandatory for more accurate and reliable learning models and most importantly have a fast-running time. In this paper, an Imbalanced Chunk-based Stream Model (ICSM) is proposed. It monitors the overall imbalanced ratio of the classification over binary classes. ICSM tested based on several factors: Imbalanced-ratio (IR) diversity by using ten generated data streams, over-sampling techniques and base-classifiers quality. Moreover, it is compared against state-of-art algorithms such as Over/under ensemble OUSE. The experiments show that the ICSM cannot be proceed with too small chunk-size. Nevertheless, large chunk-size can affect the time-delay.  It has also been proven that SVMSMOTE outperform other sampling techniques in highly imbalanced ratio. While the GUSSIAN classifier have better performance comparing to other classifiers. Lastly, ICSM outperforms other state-of-art techniques in term of evaluation metrics and time delay in about 95%. Pages 101 to 119

Development And Validation of a Creative Environment Test

Kyung-Hwa Leea and Ga-Hyung Leeb*, aDepartment of Lifelong Education, Soongsil University, Seoul, Korea; bSoongsil University, Seoul, Korea, *Corresponding Author: 369, Sangdo-ro, Munhwa blg #103, Dongjak-Gu, Seoul, Korea, 06978; kh005318@hanmail.net

This study aims to develop and validate a creative environment test for university students that considers both the home and school environment. The creative home environment test was based on the theory of Lee and Lee (2019), while the creative school environment test was based on Lee et al. (2021). This test was divided into the home environment and the school environment to develop and improve creativity, and it considered components of both psychological and physical support within a creative environment. Psychological support in a creative environment refers to parents or teachers encouraging and supporting creative thinking and ideas, whereas physical support in a creative school environment includes the provision of free time and space, as well as opportunities for creative experiences. This test is a creative environmental test that can comprehensively measure the home environment and the school environment using a self-reported 5-point Likert scale to answer relevant questions. The sample comprised 320 university students after 316 subjects were excluded because of insincere data. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, correlation, reliability verification, an exploratory factor analysis, and a confirmatory factor analysis using SPSS 25.0 and AMOS 25.0. The reliability of the creative home environment was Cronbach .804, the reliability of the creative school environment was Cronbach .875, and the overall reliability was Cronbach .882, which showed that the internal consistency of the questions was good. The test validity was proven through an exploratory factor analysis and a confirmatory factor analysis. Pages 120 to 139

Assessing Research Collaboration for Technological Innovations in ICT Institutions in Nigeria

Bolanle A. Adewusi1 and Oluseye O. Jegede2, 1The Innovative Woman Africa Initiative, Abuja, Nigeria, African Institute for Science Policy and Innovation, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria, 2DHET-NRF South African Research Chair in Entrepreneurship Education, University of Johannesburg, South Africa, Email: 1bsadewusi@gmail.com, 2oluseyej@uj.ac.za                          

The study purposively selected 340 researchers in the Information and Communications Technology (ICT) Department in Knowledge Institutions in Nigeria. The study aimed to determine the effect of collaboration on innovation outputs. Two forms of collaboration (active and passive) were explored as sources of information in the study. The main research instrument was a questionnaire administered to three hundred researchers in the School of Computing and Informatics across thirty universities in Nigeria and forty other researchers in the Research & Development (R&D) Departments in four ICT-related government research agencies. The study identified eight partners for collaboration. These eight indicators were regressed against indicators of ICT R&D outputs (publications, patents, and prototypes) during the reference period 2016, 2017, and 2018. In addition, the eight indicators were regressed against indicators of ICT innovations (product and process innovations) during the reference period 2016 to 2018, with ICT R&D outputs and innovations as dependent variables and the sources of information and collaborating partners as independent variables. The study found that institutional sources, market sources, and other technical sources of information significantly impacted the ICT R&D outputs. However, market sources of information are the leading significant influencers of ICT innovations. Also, publications written with colleagues in other institutions and patents granted with colleagues in the same institutions through collaborations are critical drivers of ICT R&D outputs in the knowledge institutions. At the same time, market partners such as suppliers and clients are the main drivers of ICT innovations. Pages 140 to 164

Development and Implementation of VCDLN-TVUPI Ecosystem Multi-platform Super-App in South Korea, Japan and Indonesia

Deni Darmawan1, Dinn Wahyudin2, Yuyus Suherman3, Dianni Risda4, 1Educational Technology Department, Faculty of Education, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, 2Curriculum Development of Postgraduate School, 3Special Education Department, 4 Japanese Language Study Department, Email: deni_darmawan@upi.edu

The research was motivated by the research product in 2020-2021 about VCDLN-TVUPI Flatform that to be sustain. This utilization process requires a new system that is oriented towards the Multiplatform Super-App Ecosystem in 2022 with focus on covering of Survey, Application Design, Development and production, whose impact is then measured with a number of indicators for online learning systems. This measurement process was carried out on teachers from Indonesia, Kora and Japan. The method used is R&D. The results showed that: (a) The results of survey show that the Multiplatform Ecosystem Super-app VCDLN-TVUPI program is highly recommended by teachers to continue; (b) Designing Super-App Multiplatform Business Process Business model, has been carried out using the DFD level 0 and DFD level 01 approaches;(c) Designing the Multiplatform Super-App has been developed according to the standard Super-App version for the convenience of the visual aspect with C++ programming procedures;(d) Generate Learning Video Content into Multiplatform Super-App VCDLN-TVUPI Streaming Portable version and Android Mobile Version has been carried out with quality industry standards;(e) The results of measuring of Multiplatform Super-App VCDLN-TVUPI are above the average and are able to reach the maximum score with a range from 178 to 199. Pages 165 to 180

Rasch Model To Analyze Item Quality And Ability Of Fourth  Elementary School Students

Tatan Zenal Mutakin1*, Burhanuddin Tola2, Bahrul Hayat3, 1Indraprasta PGRI University, 2State University of Jakarta, 3Jakarta State Islamic University, Email: zmtatan74@gmail.com*tatanzenalmutakin_7817158057@mhs.unj.ac.id

In 2019, Indonesian nation did not participate at Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) because of not getting good achievements in several time. This study aims to analyze the fourth elementary school mathematics literacy items in the 2019 TIMSS framework. The study held in DKI Jakarta involving 407 public elementary school students. The test items analyze used the Rasch Model with Winstep program version 4.4.7. The results, from 47 test items answered by students, were 23 items fit the model and had moderate of difficulty levels. Besides, the level of  students’ ability in test items was medium and low level categories. This means that the fourth-level public elementary school students had good abilities in answering the items medium and low levels. While, test items high level could not be well-answered. To improve students' ability in answering high-order thinking skills (HOTs) test items very well, student shoud do regular exercises so that they get used to these HOTs test items. Pages 181 to 193
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