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The Impact of Innovation Capabilities on Customer Knowledge Management: the Moderating Role of Organisational Culture

Sanaa J. Kadhima, Latif Abdulridha Atiyahb, a,bAl-Qadissiyah University- Collage of Administration & Economics- Department of Business Administration, Email: asana.kadhim@qu.edu.iq,  bLatiflatif987@yahoo.com

The purpose of the current article is to investigate the influence of innovative strategies such as creative strategies, innovation and organisational learning on  customer knowledge management (CKM), with the help of the moderating role of organisational culture. The students of selected private universities are the respondents of the study, and a questionnaire method was adopted to collect the data, while PLS-SEM was used to test the hypotheses. The findings revealed that innovative capabilities, including: creative strategies, innovation and organisational learning have positive links with  CKM. The results also found that organisational culture plays a moderating role among the links of innovation capabilities and CKM. These findings provide  guidelines to  policy makers, suggesting that they should improve their focus towards  innovation capabilities, along with  organisational cultures that enhance the knowledge management regarding the customer and  enhance  organisational performance as a result. Pages 1 to 21

 

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The Effect of Intrinsic Capabilities on Organisation Entrepreneurship-Orientation: An Analytical Study in the Iraqi Co. for Dates Manufacturing and Marketing Mixed Contribution

Kawakib Azeez Hammoodia, aDept. of Business Administration/ College of Administration and Economics/ Mustansiriyah University, Email: aaziz.kk@uomustansiriyah.ed.iq

The present research aims to diagnose and explain the nature of linking relations and the effect between (Intrinsic Capabilities and the Organisation Entrepreneurship-Orientation) on the dimensions level. The research seeks to test a number of major and minor hypotheses concerning the linking relations and effects among the research variables in order to answer the inquiries related to the research problem. The latter stems from the following question "What is the orientation followed by the organisation to make use of the Intrinsic Capabilities available in order to obtain  Organisational Entrepreneurship?" The research has come to a number of conclusions, chief among them is that there is an entrepreneurship-marketing process in the Iraqi Company for Dates Manufacturing and marketing, under study. This marketing process is the result of the attention given by the company to innovation, concentrating on the customer, proactivity and making use of opportunities. It has also been shown that there are good levels for supporting the competitive ability in the company understudy. These levels have appeared as the result of the company attention to innovation, product quality, flexibility, cost control and authenticity of delivery. Depending on the results of the research, a number of recommendations have been formed, chief among them is that it is necessary for the company to emphasise  the continuity of the attention paid to Intrinsic Capabilities found in the company to obtain Entrepreneurship-Orientation and to creating the opportunities that support the competitive ability; and to maximise proactivity before competitors to obtain the opportunities available to increase  returns and follow competitive policies that increase its success and distinction. Pages 22 to 46

 

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Corporate Reputation and CSR-Oriented Personal Factors Affecting Consumer Loyalty and Purchase Satisfaction towards Green Products in Thailand

Ampol Chayomchaia, aFaculty of Management Science, Phetchabun Rajabhat University, Phetchabun, Thailand, Email: aampol.cha@pcru.ac.th

This research aimed to (1) examine the corporate reputation and CSR-oriented personal factors affecting consumer loyalty in Thai people who purchase green products, and (2) investigate the influence of corporate reputation, CSR-oriented personal factors, and consumer loyalty on consumer purchase satisfaction in Thai people. A total of 389 usable questionnaires were analysed in this research. The purposive and convenience sampling method was performed. Descriptive statistics, exploratory factor analysis, correlation analysis, and multiple regression analyses have been employed. The results found that (1) the averages of organisational reputation, personal factors, consumer loyalty, and purchase satisfaction were at a high level, (2) corporate reputation and personal factor had a significant positive influence on consumer loyalty, (3) four key variables affect consumer loyalty in green purchasing, including: the organisation has a credible reputation, the organisation has conducted socially responsible activities, the organisation offers accurate and complete information, and consumers live in accordance with environmental conservation, and (4)  two key variables of corporate reputation, including: the organisation has a credible reputation and the organisation discloses  information for easy access, which had a positive effect on the purchase satisfaction of consumers. Pages 47 to 66

 

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The Effect of Seamless Learning on Understanding Concepts and Critical Thinking Abilities

Intan Safiaha*, I Nyoman Sudana Degengb, Punaji Setyosaric, Saida Ulfad, aState University of Malang, Indonesia, and Syiah Kuala University, Aceh-Indonesia, b,c,dState University of Malang, Indonesia, Email: a*Intan.afia@unsyiah.ac.id,  bnyoman.sudana.d.fip@um.ac.id,  cpunaji.setyosari.fip@um.ac.id,  dsaida.ulfa.fip@um.ac.id

The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of  Seamless Learning on the understanding of concepts and the ability to think critically. It compares Seamless Learning (SL) with conventional strategies using a quasi-experimental research design with a 2x2 factorial. The study involved a sample of 76 students who had enrolled in Islamic education courses in the first semester in the academic year of 2019/2020 of the State University of Malang, Indonesia. The samples were divided into two groups, experimental and control. The experimental group consisted of 39 students who used the SL strategy, while the control group comprised  37 students using a conventional strategy. The study used a test instrument in the form of multiple-choice and essay, measuring the understanding of concepts and critical thinking abilities, respectively. Data then were analysed using Multivariate Analysis of Variance (MANOVA), assisted by SPSS 23 for Windows. The results showed a significant difference between the experimental and control groups towards understanding concepts and critical thinking. The experimental groups had a better understanding of concepts and critical thinking than the control class. These results indicate that the learning process with the SL strategy proves that it can improve students' understanding of concepts and critical thinking. Pages 67 to 81

 

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Establishing the Smart City through the Implementation of Smart Environment

Eko Priyo Purnomoa*, Imelda Zamjanah Rahmawatib, Lubna Salsabilac, Dewi Sekar Kenconod, a,b,c,dUniversitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta, Indonesia, Email: a*eko@umy.ac.id,  bImelda99alkahfi@gmail.com,  clubna.salsa@gmail.com,  ddewisekarkencono@umy.ac.id

This paper aims to look at the difficulty in creating a smart city through the smart environment approach. The smart environment is one of the dimensions of smart cities to develop a sustainable city in line with environmental management. Cirebon City's inability to receive the Indonesian Green City-Adipura Award eventually led the government to decide to incorporate the smart city by using the smart environment framework. By using a descriptive qualitative research approach, this research seeks a solution by acquiring a profound understanding of environmental management and the community's views on the environment in this area. The result indicates that there is a discrepancy that renders the management of the environment inadequate, and it gives a new perception that the idea of smart environment might bring improvements in the proper management of the environment. Pages 82 to 103

 

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Assessment of Basic Social Services Coverage on Life Quality for Ethnic Minorities in Vietnam

Ha Thi Hai Doa, Nui Dang Nguyenb, Anh Ngoc Maic, Duc Minh Phungd, a,b,c,dNational Economics University, Hanoi, Vietnam, Email: ahadh@neu.edu.vn,  bnuind@neu.edu.vn,  cmaingocanh@neu.edu.vn,  dphungduc@neu.edu.vn

This research uses the weighting method to build a composite index of life quality and an impact assessment model to explain the relationship between basic social services coverage and life quality for ethnic minorities in Vietnam. The study uses secondary data collected through Vietnam Household Living Standards Surveys (VHLSS), the survey on the socio-economic situation of 53 ethnic minorities in 2015 and provincial GDP per capita data conducted by the General Statistics Office of Vietnam (GSO). The results show that the life quality of ethnic minorities is relatively low compared to the majority and quite different among localities. The results also reveal that basic social services coverage, especially in terms of health and education, plays an important role in improving the life quality of ethnic minorities. In addition, improving the quality of infrastructure, especially transport and communication infrastructure, is important to increase accessibility to basic social services for ethnic minorities. Pages 104 to 122

 

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Human Rights Perspective Amid Coronavirus Disease 2019 Outbreak

Shahrul Mizan Ismaila, Wan Amir Azlan Wan Haniffb*, Hakimi Kassimc, aAssociate Professor, Ph.D, Faculty of Law, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 UKM, Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia, bPh.D Student, Faculty of Law, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 UKM, Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia, cSenior Executive (Investment Division), Lembaga Tabung Angkatan Tentera, 50748, Kuala Lumpur, Email: ashahrulmizan@ukm.edu.my,  b*ameerazlan@yahoo.com,  chakimikassim88@gmail.com

The novel disease known as Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) or better known as Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) has taken on pandemic proportions that can cause infected people to experience mild to moderate respiratory illness while the older people and those with underlying medical issues are at a greater likelihood to develop serious illness or even death. Following Human Immunodeficiency Viruses (HIV) / Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) outbreak, the nexus between public health–human rights became more significant and has driven public health away from the conventional, state-centred Westphalian methods to contagious diseases toward an approach that placed people and their rights instead of states and their sovereignty, at the centre of interest. This article aims to discuss whether actions taken by states to diminish the potential spread of COVID-19 by imposing travel bans, isolation and quarantine are regarded as threats to human rights brought by both civil and political rights as well as economic, social, and cultural rights. Therefore, to assess whether these measures are reasonable, there is a need to observe responses of World Health Organisation (WHO) as an intergovernmental organisation established by member states in facilitating their interactions on public health matters under the purview of International Health Regulations. This qualitative research utilises the secondary data gained from scientific database analysis and library research including documents and precedents on public health–human rights linkage articles, WHO reports on COVID-19, etc and these data were analysed by legal interpretation. The finding shows that the necessary measures taken by governments are in fact aligned within legal and human rights' framework. Pages 123 to 135

 

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The Cyber Terrorism Crime in Jordanian Law

Hamzeh Abu Issaa, Abdullah Alkseilatb, Ahmad Alrefaiec, a,cApplied Science Private University- Jordan, bMiddle East university – Jordan,

This research is concerned with stating the legal provisions set for the crime of cyber terrorism as stated by the provision of article 3 of the Jordanian Anti-Terrorism Law. In fact, and at the beginning, the research approached the definitions of each of the terms of terrorism and cyber terrorism according to the methodology of the Jordanian legislators. Further, the provision of article 3 of the Anti-Terrorism Law was analysed, after which the elements on which the crime is based were concluded, followed by examining some of the cases presented to the Jordanian judiciary. Pages 136 to 147

 

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The Effects of Authoritative Paternal-Maternal Parenting Styles on Career Decision Self-Efficacy of Gen Z Adolescents: Thinking Styles as Mediators

Dominikus David Biondi Situmoranga, Rose Mini Agoes Salimb, aDepartment of Guidance & Counseling, Atma Jaya Catholic University of Indonesia, bFaculty of Psychology, University of Indonesia, Email: adavid.biondi@atmajaya.ac.id,  bromyap@ui.ac.id

This non-experimental quantitative study examines the effects of parenting styles and thinking styles in career decision self-efficacy (CDSE) of gen Z adolescents. CDSE which refers to an individual’s ability to successfully make important career-related decisions. CDSE is strongly influenced by two factors: parenting styles and thinking styles. The subjects consisted of 617 gen Z adolescents (11th and 12th grades) from three leading schools in Jakarta, Indonesia. The measuring instruments were used to measure CDSE (Career Decision Self-Efficacy) Scale – Short Form, parenting styles (the Parental Authority Questionnaire), and thinking styles (the Thinking Styles Inventory - Revised II). Based on the findings, CDSE was significantly influenced by the authoritative paternal and maternal parenting styles as well as the Type I, Type II, and Type III thinking styles. Moreover, the mediation analysis found that the thinking style variables mediated the relationship between the authoritative paternal and maternal parenting styles and CDSE. Pages 148 to 160

 

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Towards the Education 4.0, Readiness Level of EFL Students in Utilising Technology-Enhanced Classroom

Hussien Mohamad Alakrasha*, Norizan Abdul Razakb, a,bSchool of Language Studies and Linguistic, Faculty of Social Science and Humanities, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia. Bangi, Email: ahussienalakrash94@gmail.com,  bnorjef@ukm.edu.my

The emergence of the fourth industrial revolution has had significant effects on our everyday life especially in improvising and enhancing the quality in all aspects especially in terms of education. The role of technology has taken its place in determining the future path with the promise to make it better in terms of innovation and quality. Thus, technology plays a prominent role in enhancing and innovating the quality of education nowadays which is in coherence and relevance with the aim of the study which is to investigate the readiness level of EFL students in utilising technology in learning English in the classroom. The method used in this study is a quantitative approach which was adopted to analyse the data gathered from the participants. 200 EFL high school students participated in the study to answer an adopted questionnaire. Based on the descriptive and inferential statistics using SPSS 20, the Arab high school students are ready to use the technology to learn the English language. The findings of this study provided a contemporary view of teachers and students’ readiness and motivation to the use of technology and the components of classroom English language. The implication of the study is as a reference for a benchmark for ministries of education in Arabic countries. The new insight of the importance of students’ level of readiness of the utilisation of technology in the classroom is especially in English language learning sessions stepping towards education 4.0 and meeting the demands of the fourth industrial revolution. Pages 161 to 182

 

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Performance Assessment Based on Civics Teacher Competency in Manado North Sulawesi Indonesia

Apeles Lexi Lontoa*, Ruth Sriana Umbaseb, a,bFaculty of Social Sciences Universitas Negeri Manado, North Sulawesi Indonesia, Email: a*lexi.lonto@unima.ac.id

This study aims to: (1) identify and analyse the scope of civics teacher competency; (2) compile assessment of civics teacher performance based on the scope of the main dimensions of civics teacher competency. This research is expected to be useful for: (1) to act as an instrument for evaluating the performance of civics teachers; (2) improve the quality of civics teacher performance; (3) increase work motivation of civics teachers; (4) become a reference for interested parties in assessing and evaluating the performance of civics teachers. The research method used in this paper is Descriptive Research Method. The date collection techniques utilised: observation, interviews, FGD and documentation. The data analysis technique is descriptive explanation. The results showed that the competence of civics teachers can be used as a reference in the preparation of the performance of civics teachers. The assessment was arranged based on the Four Teacher Competencies plus the Special Competencies required for civics teachers. Therefore, civics teachers can use this competency-based performance assessment instrument to measure and assess their performance independently and reflectively. Pages 183 to 194

 

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The Role of Social Service in Social Problem Management in Malang City

Sri Hartini Jatmikowatia, aPolitical and Social Science Faculty of Merdeka Malang University, Email: asrihartinijatmikowati@gmail.com

Indonesia is the fourth most populous country in the world after China, India, and America. In 2019 Indonesia's population will reach 268,074,600 people with a population growth of 3.54%. Indonesia has a big task, one of which is to provide guarantees and welfare to its people. National development is one of the government's solutions to improve people's welfare. However, the growth of national development is not in line with the increasing population in Indonesia, and this has become one of the major causes of social problems, such as street children, homeless, and beggars. Their presence is a serious problem in this country, especially in provincial capitals and big cities, including Malang City. It often causes various problems in traffic, order, and urban security. Through Malang City Regulation Number 9 of 2013 concerning Handling of Street Children, Homelessness, and Beggars in Malang City, Malang City Government, through the Social Service, is trying to eradicate their existence. The purpose of this study: 1) Describe the efforts and strategies of the Social Service in dealing with social problems of street children, homeless people, and beggars in the city of Malang. 2) To find out and analyse the inhibiting factors of the implementation of Regional Regulation No. 9 of 2013 in handling street children, homeless people, and beggars in Malang City. This research used is descriptive qualitative research with observation, interview, and documentation as data collection techniques. The results showed that Malang City Social Service in overcoming social problems using prevention and rehabilitation approaches, which included data collection, outreach, patrol, raid, repatriation, coaching, training, and empowerment approaches for street children, homelessness, and beggars. This research is also known that several factors hamper the success of the Social Service in overcoming social problems, including 1) lack of public awareness not to give money to them. 2) Lack of appeals or billboards regarding the prohibition of giving money 3) Absence of witnesses to the giver and receiver of money. 4) Lack of monitoring of each program. 5) The healthy mindset of street children, beggars, and homeless people on the street who are more comfortable with reveiving money. Pages 195 to 212

 

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Can Authentic Leadership and Ethical Climate Encourage Whistleblowing Intention?

Fika Mayasari Sajarwaningdyaha, Intiyas Utamib, I Wayan Sudianac, Fitria Husnatarinad, Nafsiah Mohamede, a,bFaculty of Economics and Business, Satya Wacana Christian University, Indonesia, cFaculty of Economics, Business, and Tourism, Hindu Indonesia University, Indonesia, dFaculty of Economics and Business, Palangka Raya University, Indonesia, eAccounting Research Institute UiTM Mara, Malaysia, Email: afikamayasaris@gmail.com,  bintiyas@staff.uksw.edu,   cwayansudiana74@unhi.ac.id,  dfitria.husnatarina@feb.upr.ac.id,  edrkancil@gmail.com

Rampant illegal actions in many companies and organisations such as corruption, misappropriation asset, fraudulent financial reporting, and other similar actions encourage the creation of a disclosure system of unethical behaviour (whistleblowing system). This study uses an experimental method with a 2 x 3 matrix design involving 294 students of accounting study program from private universities in Central Java, Bali and Kalimantan. This paper presents the results of the laboratory experiment study on authentic leadership and ethical climate in relation to whistleblowing intention. Students acted as inspectorate staffs in one of the cities in Central Java, and they were given a treatment to reveal frauds in the procurement of goods. The results of this study indicate that authentic leadership can encourage whistleblowing intention when a leader has an internalised moral perspective. Decision making on whistleblowing intention was based on three types of ethical climate, namely egoism, benevolence, and principal. Of the three ethical climates, the principal ethical climate has the most significant influence on whistleblowing intention because the existing laws, rules, codes of ethics, and professional codes govern one's behaviour. Pages 213 to 234

 

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Information System of "Laku Pandai": Achieving Financial Inclusion-Financial Technology SMEs Sector in Banyuwangi

A A Gde Satia Utamaa*, Shandy Hariantob, a,bDepartment of Accountancy, Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Airlangga, Indonesia, Email: a* gde.agung@feb.unair.ac.id

Indonesian Financial Inclusion level have increased each year. It is still slow compared to the level of Financial Inclusion in other ASEAN countries. Indonesia index rates in 2014 was 36%, while the index of Thailand was 78%, Malaysia 81%, and Singapore 96%. Several factors are slow to increase such as the distance of people’s homes with financial services and the difficulty of public access to financial products. OJK through policies issued in Laku Pandai (Financial Technology – based) have been enacted to tackle the problem. Banyuwangi is the largest district in East Java, with 1,6 million residents in 2017, and 269.267 SMEs in 2015. The amount is deemed to represent the impact of Laku Pandai in East Java. Based on research data obtained through interviews, observations, and documentation, descriptive qualitative methods found problems accessing credit undertaken by SMEs through Laku Pandai.  Therefore we need to redesign the credit system of Laku Pandai. The purpose of this research is to develop the credit system of Laku Pandai in order to increase effectiveness and efficiency in achieving financial inclusion, especially in the SME sector. Results from the study show the necessary capital to redesign the process credit system which can provide improve benefits to banks that organise Laku Pandai. Pages 235 to 246

 

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The Mediating Effect of Eco-Innovation on the Influence of Firm’s Capability and Market Pressure to Firm Performance

Gilang Puspitaa, Isnalitab*, a,bFaculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Airlangga, Indonesia, Email: agilangpuspita16@gmail.com, b*isnalita@feb.unair.ac.id

This study aimed to determine the effect of internal and external factors on firm performance through eco-innovation. This research is a quantitative descriptive study with associative research methods and explanatory research. Data collected through a survey by questionnaires. There are 113 companies at PT. Surabaya Industrial Estate Rungkut area was used as a sample. Data analysis in this study uses Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) with the Partial Least Square approach using the WarpPLS application. The results show that eco-innovation mediates the influence of a firm’s capability and market pressure on firm performance.Pages 247 to 262

 

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Value Relevance for Disclosure of Transactions Value and Level of Disclosure of Related Party Transactions

Zaenal Fanania*, Alya Firdausib, a,bFaculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Airlangga, Indonesia, Email: a* fanani@feb.unair.ac.id

Related party transactions can be used by companies to create strategic partnerships, as well as for efficiency purposes. However, these transactions can also be utilised by management and majority shareholders to increase their wealth through expropriation. The criteria of related party transaction disclosure in BAPEPAM regulation no VIII. G.7 which can be used to provide sufficient information for investors in assessing the purpose of such transactions conducted by the company. This quantitative study uses 201 data from companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange in 2016. The aim of this study is to analyze the value relevance in the value of related party transaction in the balance sheet and in the income statement, as well as the value relevance of the disclosure level of related party transactions. The analysis technique used multiple linear regression. This study finds there is value relevance regarding the disclosure level of related party transactions, but not regarding the disclosure of transaction value of related parties, either in the balance sheet or income statement.  Pages 263 to 278

 

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The Strategies for Developing Micro Waqf Bank in Indonesia

Fatin Fadhillah Hasiba*, Siti Nur Mahmudahb, Puji Sucia Sukmaningrumc, Shochrul Rohmatul Ajijad, M Bastomi Fahri Zusake, a,c,d,eFaculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Airlangga, bFaculty of Islamic Economics and Business, Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Kediri, Email: a*fatin.fadhilah@feb.unair.ac.id, bnurmaaja2@gmail.com, cpuji.sucia@feb.unair.ac.id,  dshochrul-r-a@feb.unair.ac.id, efahribastomi@gmail.com

Micro Waqf Bank (BWM) is an Islamic microfinance institution which aims to empower the poor and whose development strategies in Indonesia will be examined in this study. To keep empowering the poor, BWM should survive and be operated sustainably. This study discovers the main strategies for developing BWM in Indonesia, so that it will be able to survive and be sustained. This study employed SWOT analysis which resulted in a SWOT matrix and several alternative strategies (SO, ST, WO, and WT strategies). This study also applied ANP to determine the main strategies for developing BWM. Data was obtained from observation, interviews, and literature review. Interviews were conducted with practitioners, experts, regulators, and academics. Among the six alternative strategies for developing BWM in Indonesia, the most crucial is dissemination and education on BWM to the general public. This study is limited to BWM and does not include cash waqf. Nowadays, BWM is managed mainly by the microfinance institution Financial Services Authority (OJK) which promotes BWM and has become the most important instrument in the financial institution sector. Therefore, BWM deserves a closer empirical study. Besides, the bank through BWM has the potential to create jobs in the future. The combinations of alternative strategies aide the regulators and managers to decide the best strategies and influential factors for developing BWM in Indonesia.Pages 279 to 301

 

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Macroeconomic Factors and Bank-Specific on Profitability: The Case of Islamic Rural Bank in Indonesia

Shafira Nur Istiqomaha, Puji Sucia Sukmaningrumb*, Achsania Hendratmic, Tika Widiastutid, a,b,c,dFaculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Airlangga, Indonesia, Email: afiranur96@gmail.com, b*puji.sucia@feb.unair.ac.id, cachsania.hendratmi@feb.unair.ac.idc, d tika.widiastuti@feb.unair.ac.id

The purpose of this study to investigate determinant Islamic Rural Bank’s (BPRS) profitability in Indonesia. Factors that can affect profitability are economic growth, inflation, deposits to total assets, NPF, liabilities to total assets, and profitability. This study uses a quantitative method with a multiple linear regression method. Data used is all gathered from the Islamic Rural Bank in Indonesia with the period of this study going from 2010-2017 quarterly. The results of this research were economic growth, deposits to total assets, NPF, and liabilities to total assets have partial significant effects on profitability. All independent variables have simultaneous effects on profitability with the value of R2 being 82.1%. BPRS are expected to improve their performance optimisations, especially in financing areas. Gathering third-party funds on BPRS are adequate enough but the distribution of financing is still not optimal due to the high level of congestion financing. The BPRS must be more cautious in conducting financing to produce an optical profit. In addition, BPRS are also expected to observe the macroeconomic state, especially economic growth and can take the opportunity to increase profitability. The existence of Islamic Rural Banks is very helpful for small entrepreneurs, with a straightforward process and this is also becoming a solution for the community. Islamic Rural Banks need to increase the performance to get greater profitability. Pages 302 to 313

 

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Pollution Valuation and Groundwater Preferences: Case Study of Kedungpalang and Sambigembol Lakardowo Village Jetis Sub District, Mojokerto District

Muryania*, Mochamad Eka Toar Rajab, a,bFaculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Airlangga, Indonesia, Email acorresponding author: a*muryani@feb.unair.ac.id

Pollution is a common negative externality in economic activity related to the environment and the use of natural resources. The purpose of this study is to estimate the economic value of total losses due to pollution of groundwater and determine the factors that affect the groundwater usage preferences. The calculation of the total economic value losses is using the replacement cost approach and the cost of illness. Factors that affect the preferences of households in the use of groundwater contaminated are estimated by multinomial logit. The use of groundwater includes cooking and drinking water. The data were collected from primary research that took place in the dusun (hamlets) of Kedungpalang and Sambigambol, Lakardowo village, Mojokerto regency. The estimation results indicated that household income and age of the respondents are proved to affect household preference to the use of contaminated groundwater. It means that the losses to be borne by local residents is more aggravate their weak economic situation as indicated by the significant household income in affecting the preferences of the use of groundwater that has been contaminated. Pages 314 to 326

 

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Comparative Performance Analysis of Indonesia Retail Bonds to the Indonesia Retail Sukuk

Sitti Iryanti Lukmanaa, Nisful Lailab, Puji Sucia Sukmaningrumc, Eko Fajar Cahyonod*, a,b,c,dDepartment of Islamic Economics, Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Airlangga, Indonesia, Email: asitti.iryanti-13@feb.unair.ac.id, bnisful.laila@feb.unair.ac.id, cpuji.sucia@feb.unair.ac.idpuji.sucia@feb.unair.ac.id, d*ekofajarc@feb.unair.ac.id

This research is a quantitative descriptive study which aims to compare the performance of Indonesian Retail Bonds and Retail Sukuk based on the Sharpe Index. This study uses historical data in the form of yields on Indonesian Retail Bonds (ORI) and Retail State Sukuk (SR) sourced from the Indonesia Bond Pricing Agency (IBPA). Performance assessment is calculated using the Sharpe method and analysed using descriptive analysis and Mann Whitney test analysis. The results showed that there is no significant difference between the performance of Indonesian Retail Bonds and Indonesian Retail Sukuk based on the Sharpe method. Pages 327 to 337

 

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Financial Performance Measurement for Nazhir: A Proposed Model Based On Sharia Accounting Standard

Tika Widiastutia*, Raditya Sukmanab, Aufar Fadlul Hadyc, a,b,cFaculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Airlangga, Indonesia, Email: a* tika.widiastuti@feb.unair.ac.id

To propose a financial measurement model in order to assess the performance of waqf managers (Nazhir) based on Sharia Accounting Standard, the model evaluates whether a Nazhir has managed the waqf assets following the laws and regulations, the objectives of the institution, the wishes of the donors (wakif) as well as the benefits of the beneficiaries (Mauquf Alaih). The paper uses a qualitative method with a financial ratios approach which is compiled into a comprehensive financial statement analysis model. These financial ratios are developed based on Indonesian Accounting Standard No 112 concerning Accounting of Waqf that has just been ratified. The research builds a model that analyses a component of waqf financial statements from the Indonesia Accounting Standard that was organised into three groups (performance, impact, and result). Each group has its ratios with a few segments for several groups. The performance ratios are derived from funding, managing, and donating segments. The results of this study provide an objective and informative financial performance measurement model that can be used by stakeholders for the decision-making process in managing waqf assets. This paper was one of the first attempts to build a performance measurement model that goes following the sharia principles. Moreover, this model can be adopted by Indonesia Waqf Board (BWI), as the waqf authority, to improve the reporting standard for waqf institutions.Pages 338 to 352

 

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Female Audit Engagement Partner and Audit Quality: Evidence from Indonesian Banking Industry

Mohammad Nasiha, Endah Rohmaniyah Safitrib, Yuanita Intan Paramitasaric, Iman Harymawand*, a,b,c,dDepartment of Accountancy, Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Airlangga, Indonesia, Email: d*harymawan.iman@feb.unair.ac.id

The objective of this study is to examine the influence of female audit engagement partners on banking audit quality in Indonesia. This study uses 303 samples of banking companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange in Indonesia in the period 2008-2016. The analytical method used is Ordinary Least Square (OLS) to test the research hypothesis. The results of the study show that banks audited by female audit engagement partners have a significant positive effect on banking audit quality in banks that carry out earnings management with income-increasing. While in banks that do earnings management with income-decreasing, female audit engagement partners have no effect on banking audit quality. Banking companies used as samples in this study are banking companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange in 2008-2016. Thus, it does not include other banking data that not listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange. This study does audit quality testing based on banking companies that conduct earnings management with income-increasing and income-decreasing. This test is conducted to find out the female audit engagement partner variables that have a significant influence on the dependent variable of the study. Pages 353 to 367

 

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Social Audit in Practice for Non-profit Organisations: a Case Study of United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Indonesia Country Office

Chaela Rachmawatia, Basukib*, a,bFaculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Airlangga, Indonesia, Email: arachmachaela@gmail.com,  b*basuki@feb.unair.ac.id

This study examines the practice of social audit performed by non-profit organisations in Indonesia. Beside of conducting audits for financial statement, the researcher believes that conducting audits on social aspects to keep the sustainability. This study was done by using qualitative research on one of The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Indonesia Country Office's project, Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Land Degradation (REDD+), as a case study. Since the project will affect indigenous society, social audit practices are necessary to be done on this project and suitable for research purposes. This finding contributes to the literature by showing the appropriate practice of social audit held by the public sector, more specifically by a non-profit organisation. Pages 368 to 383

 

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Priorities of Education Quality Service with Higher Education for Sustainable Development Dimensions

Masmira Kurniawatia*, Febriana Wurjaningrumb, Zahroh Naimahc, a,b,cFaculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Airlangga, Indonesia, Email: * masmira-k@feb.unair.ac.id

One indicator of a good quality of community life is when people have a good level of education. University is one of the institutions that carry this mission. With the enactment of the ASEAN economic community and also the global market, the demand to become a world-class university is getting bigger. It is therefore important to discover the current performance of universities to find out how it can make improvements in order to improve its performance. As one of the major university in Indonesia, Universitas Airlangga has made much effort to achieve that goal. This research aims to raise the issue of efforts and strategies of Universitas Airlangga in improving its performance for the achievement of international standard quality. This study identifies awareness about sustainability and students' perceptions of the Higher Education for Sustainable Development (HESD) dimensions. Four hundred and eight respondents in this study are chosen by using purposive sampling method. The results of the study reveal that the Sustainable Environment Program is still considered weak in implementation while the dimension that is considered the best in its implementation is the Research and Development Program. Managerial implications and suggestions for future research then are delivered.  Pages 384 to 395

 

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Sustainability Development in Education: Empirical Evidence and Discussion about Authentic Leadership, Religiosity and Commitment

Ansar Abbasa, Muhammad Saudb, Indrianawati Usmanc and Dian Ekowatid*, a,c,dFaculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Airlangga, Indonesia, bFaculty of Social and Political Science, Universitas Airlangga, Indonesia, Email: d*d.ekowati@feb.unair.ac.id

This study is presented to enhance the understanding of leadership development in an educational setting for sustainable development. Authentic leadership has core physiognomies having transparency, balanced-processing, accountability, and person’s morality and ethics works in a self-centred way. These characteristics can be adopted through strategic planning for sustainable development in educational settings to improve commitment among employees. The current study highlighted the significance of Authentic Leadership over-commitment in university employees of Pakistan. The results revealed that authentic leadership is the predictor of organisational commitment in university employees in Pakistan and the religiosity moderates authentic leadership and organisational commitment.  Pages 396 to 407

 

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Strategic Communication between Islam and China

Abdul Rani Usmana, Hamdani M. Syamb, Azmanc, a,cUniversitas Islam Negeri Ar-Raniry, Banda Aceh, Indonesia, bUniversitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh, Indonesia, Email: aarani.usman@ar-raniry.ac.id,  bhamdanim.syam@unsyiah.ac.id,  cazman@ar-raniry.ac.id

China is a contemporary world power. Economic and technological progress as well as the global political defence system that was played increasingly emphasised the position of China as a big country ready to become a Western countries’ competitor. The spirit of confusion is an important foundation in the work ethic of Chinese society. Also, the entry and development of Islam in China has begun since the beginning of the first century Hijrah. This study aims to get an in-depth overview of the strategic communication patterns of Islam and Chinese culture so that Islam survives to the present in China and has a space of symbolic expression and acculturation with Chinese culture. The method used in this research is qualitative. The results showed that the interaction between Islam and China had been done for a long time. It was proven during the reign of the Ming Dynasty that assimilation occurred through trade, marriage, and government. The Ming Dynasty emperor also had a Muslim wife. Not only that, poems written in Mandarin also show that China glorifies the truth of God and the Prophet Muhammad as a prophet of the Muslims. Pages 408 to 423

 

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The Sustainability of Disruptive Technology in Singapore's Supermarket Industry

Chen Weia, Ameen Talibb, aThe School of Business, Singapore University of Social Sciences, bhead Applied Projects, The School of Business, Singapore University of Social Sciences

This paper aims to investigate disruptive technology in the supermarket industry and its' sustainability in Singapore. The extended Technology Acceptance Model 3 (TAM3) was used to test and analyse factors affecting consumer willingness to adopt the use of high-tech enabled (HTE) services in supermarkets. A sample of 50 survey respondents completed an online questionnaire. Pivot tables and multiple regression statistics were used to analyse survey responses. Perceived usefulness and Perceived ease of use are two determining factors that contributed to adoption attitudes. Other moderating factors like unique demographics, psychographics, relative convenience, and location accessibility also play big roles in adoption rates. While actual use of HTE services was found to be low, the intention to use was high. Pages 424 to 444

 

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The Role of Entrepreneurial Orientation in Improving Small Medium Enterprise (SME) Performance

Ida Susi Dewantia*, Taher Al Habsjib, Zainul Arifinc, Muhammad Kholid Mawardid, aUniversitas Pembangunan Nasional “Veteran” Yogyakarta (Indonesia), b,c,dUniversitas Brawijaya (Indonesia), Email: a*isdewanti@gmail.com

The purpose of this study is to examine and analyse the effect of entrepreneurial orientation on market orientation, technological capability and performance of SMEs. The study was conducted on 120 SMEs in the field of leather craft in the Special Province of Yogyakarta, Indonesia. The sample selection uses area proportionate random sampling from 4 districts and 1 city in Yogyakarta. Data was analysed using SEM with the WarpPLS approach. The results of the study show that entrepreneurial orientation significantly influences market orientation, technological capability and SME’s performance. Market orientation has a significant effect on technological capability and SMEs’ performance. The technological capability has a significant effect on SMEs’ performance. Based on the results of this study, SMEs’ performance can be improved through strategic orientation, entrepreneurial orientation, market orientation and firm capability, as well as technological capabilities. Pages 445 to 463

 

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Toward Enhancement of Higher Education Quality by Alumni Tracking Using Correspondence Analysis

Udjianna Sekteria Pasaribua, Karunia Eka Lestarib*, Sapto Wahyu Indratnoc, Hanni Garminiad, a,b,cStatistics Research Division, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Bandung, Indonesia, dAlgebra Research Division, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Bandung, Indonesia, Email: b*karunia.eka.lestari@s.itb.ac.id

Higher education is a bridge connecting education to work, business and industry. When evaluating the higher education quality, the focus is commonly on the relevance of study and job. Indeed, the diversity of study programs at the institutes influences the job description of their alumni. This paper explores the correspondence analysis method to evaluate the enhancement of higher education quality by performing the association between the relevance of study, job and alumni job descriptions for the different study programs. The association is depicted graphically on the correspondence plot. As a case study, the tracer study data of alumni 2009 at ITB is used. The results show that ITB has succeeded in organising high-quality education. It can be recognised by the association between the relevance of study and job for each study program. Based on the data, overall, the alumni job is compatible with their respective study programs. Pages 464 to 478

 

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Educating People about the Covid-19 Epidemic Prevention in the Community: A Case Study in Vietnam

Tran Viet Cuonga*, Mai Quoc Khanhb, Tran Huu Hoanc, Tran Trung Tinhd, aThai Nguyen University of Education, Thai Nguyen city, Vietnam, bHanoi National University of Education, Hanoi city, Vietnam, c,dNational Academy of Education Management - Ministry of Education and Training, Vietnam, Email: a*tinhquang80@gmail.com

Ensuring the health of the people in the community is always an important issue for every nation and locality. When faced with a complicated pandemic situation due to a new strain of coronavirus (covid-19), and recognising what happened in Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China, from that moment Vietnam had solutions for disease prevention. The objective of this study is to propose solutions to limit the spread of disease in the community. The research methodology used was the review of survey data published by the World Health Organization (WHO) and updated data from countries. In Vietnam, the main source of data reviewed by the research team was from the Ministry of Health, informed by the head of the Vietnam Government. We used mathematical methods and mathematical models to analyse and predict trends of disease related to public health. In the research results we propose solutions that have been initially tested in Vietnam with positive results on curbing the spread of disease. Pages 479 to 490

 

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The ‘Pesantren’ in the Future and the Enlightenment of Modern Thought: A Theological Reconstruction Perspective

Fadlil Munawwar Manshura, aUniversitas Gadjah Mada (UGM) Yogyakarta, Indonesia, Email: afadlil@ugm.ac.id

This article examines the pesantren (Islamic boarding school) in the future and the enlightenment of modern Islamic thought through a theological reconstruction approach. This study seeks to reveal the intellectual potential and energy of pesantren and its use in the enlightenment of modern Islamic thought, as well as its potential to contribute to the development of Islamic studies and pesantren in Indonesia. The formal object of this study is the enlightenment of modern Islamic thought in pesantren, which have long been dominated by traditional–textual understandings that give limited space to modern–contextual ones. The material object of this study is the pesantren that are seen as having the potential for pioneering the enlightenment of modern Islamic thought. For analysis, a theological reconstruction approach is used to reveal the potential for pesantren to drive the enlightenment of modern Islamic thought in Indonesia. The pesantren in the future can represent the mainstream thoughts of modernist Muslims, and as such pesantren can become centres of excellence for producing understandings of Islam that are moderate, constructive and capable of solving the problems of the ummah, the nation and the state. Pesantren already have the social and intellectual capital necessary to realise this goal; it is simply a matter of ensuring that kiai (pesantren leaders) and other stakeholders are committed to gradually conditioning pesantren communities to read relevant texts, write scientific articles, and publish them in national and international journals. Pages 491 to 507

 

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Comparison between Ergonomic and Conventional Hoes to determine Comfortability of Farmers when Hoeing Soil

Ansara*, Muradb, Sukmawatyc, Ridwan Khalild, a,b,c,dDepartment of Agricultural Engineering, Faculty of Food Technology and Agroindustries, University of Mataram, Indonesia, Email: a*ansar72@unram.ac.id

The use of agricultural mechanisation tools has developed rapidly at this time, but for narrow land it is not suitable to use these tools. Narrow agricultural land is more effective if processed using hoes. The purpose of this study was to compare ergonomic and traditional hoes to know comfortability of farmers when hoeing soil. The research parameters are hoe design, energy consumption, and work capacity. This study used an experimental method to test the use of hoes carried out in agricultural fields. The results showed that the energy consumption of ergonomic hoes was lower than conventional hoe use. In terms of safety and comfort, both ergonomic hoes and conventional hoes are classified as heavy work and cause complaints to workers. The work capacity of farmers using ergonomic hoes increased to 51.9% compared with the hoe P1 which only increased 32.4%. P2 and P3 increased by 26.3%.  Pages 508 to 519

 

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State Civil Liability for Environmental Damage in Jordanian Legislation

Mohammed Khalil Abu Bakera, aZaytooneh University,

Modern countries are directly responsible for the damage that befalls society, including normal and juridical individuals, resulting from constructions, licensing and enacted laws relevant to the environment. Some of such regulations are arbitrary, others are unlawful as they might lead to damage of environment, society and individuals. The state had to compensate for the materialistic, moral, personal or environmental damages in compliance with its civil liability. But what is the rule to be adopted for compensation, how much should it be and what are the amounts to be compensated for? This study attempts to suggest a mechanism for indemnity through creating a special fund, updating rules and regulations, enhancing, protecting, maintaining, consolidating environmental enlightenment, avoiding environment pollutants, assigning industrial zones, adopting world quality criteria in this respect, and resorting to clean energy. The state should also be held accountable for its affiliates and for issuance of administration licenses in addition to activating the role of the Ministry of Environment and securing qualified people and materialistic cadres. Pages 520 to 534

 

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Implementation of the Germas (Healthy Lifestyle Movement) Program to Prepare Demographic Bonuses in the Collaborative Governance Perspective

Isnaini Rodiyaha, Totok Wahyu Abadib, Rakhma Syeilac, Ilmi Usrotin Choiriyahd, Lailul Mursyidahe, a,c,d,ePublic Administration Department, bCommunication Department, Universitas Muhammadiyah, Jalan Majapahit 666 B Sidoarjo, East Java, Indonesia, Email: aisnaini@umsida.ac.id,  btotokwahyu@umsida.ac.id,  crakhmasyeila5101997@gmail.com,  dilmiusrotin@umsida.ac.id,  elailulmursyidah@umsida.ac.id

Germas has been established in order to improve the quality of public health, especially in the face of demographic bonuses, a condition where the population of productive age is more than the non-productive age. The positive impact of the demographic bonus is the availability of workers of productive age who can advance various development sectors primarily in regional economic development. Aside from education, the condition of public health is very important to pay special attention to, given the quality of the health of the productive age community in Sidoarjo Regency which is quite worrying, namely 70% of HIV / AIDS cases are in the productive age population. This requires the involvement of various parties in the success of the Germas program. The purpose of this study is to analyse the effectiveness of Germas as a program in preparing demographic bonuses in the perspective of collaborative governance in Sidoarjo Regency. This type of research uses a qualitative descriptive technique with the determination of purposive sampling informants, while the research data collection uses interviews, observation and documentation where the results are analysed with the interactive model of Miles and Huberman. Based on the results of the study, it is concluded that the effectiveness of the program in preparing demographic bonuses through the collaborative governance perspective in Sidoarjo in terms of face to face dialogue of the Germas program, the implementation of meetings, campaigns, and training is not scheduled and irregular. In terms of sharing understanding in the delivery of regulations related to Germas, this has been implemented well through campaigns, print media and broadcast on the radio. For intermediate outcoming from the implementation of the Germas program in Sidoarjo Regency is still in the stage of socialisation, thus the results of the main objectives expected in the Germas program to prepare a demographic bonus have not yet been seen. Pages 535 to 545

 

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MSMEs Mitigation Risk: Purchase Decision of Natural Disaster Insurance at MSMEs

Amron Amrona, Sih Darmi Astutib, Usman Usmanc, a,b,cEconomics and Business Faculty, Universitas Dian Nuswantoro, Semarang, Indonesia,

The aim of this study was to examine the relationship model in service quality, insurance premium and promotion with the purchase decision using respondents of 101 MSMEs of insurance policy holders who were willing to buy natural disaster insurance policies without the assistance of subsidies from the government. The data obtained from the respondents was analysed using multiple linear regression analysis. Surprisingly, this study found that although the premium insurance price variable had the greatest effect, it turned out to only have a difference of 18 percent compared to the effect of the service quality variable. This proves that independent MSMEs are not merely calculating the affordability of premium prices, but they are aware of the benefit of insurance. This is one of the differences from other MSMEs that rely on government subsidies.  Pages 557 to 569

 

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The Role of Hedonic Value and Customer Satisfaction in Mediating the Effect of Price Perception and Service Convenience on Repurchase Intention (Research on Koi Farm in Blitar District)

Wulan Puji Lestaria*, Achmad Sudirob, Fatchur Rohmanc, Djumilah Hadiwidjojod, a,b,c,dDepartment of Management, Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Brawijaya Malang, Email: a*wulanpuji_mm28@yahoo.co.id

This research aims to examine the role of hedonic value and customer satisfaction in mediating the effect of perceived price and service convenience on repurchase intentions at Koi Farms in Blitar District. The development of a research model is based on price perception and service convenience on repurchase intention, also indirectly through hedonic value and customer satisfaction. The population are customers who buy koi ornamental fish in the Minapolitan Region of Blitar District. A total of 90 samples were selected by judgmental sampling technique. The model is analysed by structural model through Partial Least Square (PLS) and facilitated by SmartPLS software application. The research found that price perception and service convenience directly cannot increase customer repurchase intentions. The mediation tests results show that customer satisfaction cannot mediate the effect of price perception on repurchase intentions. It has perfect mediation for the effect of service convenience on repurchase intentions. The hedonic value has a perfect mediation role for the effect of price perception on customer satisfaction, but it only has partial mediation for the effect of service convenience on customer satisfaction. Customer satisfaction has a mediation role for the effect of hedonic values on repurchase intentions. Pages 570 to 589

 

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A Systemic Review of Social Media Studies in Government Organisations

Mohd Hisham Mohd Sharifa, Arifatul Husna Mohd Ariffb, Zaimah Abdullahc, Mohd Herry Mohd Nasird, Md Hairi Md Hussaine, a,b,c,d,eTunku Puteri Intan Safinaz School of Accountancy, Email: ahisham79@uum.edu.my,  barifatul@uum.edu.my,  czaimah2258@uum.edu.my,   dherry@uum.edu.my,   ehairi@uum.edu.my

Billions of individuals around the world are using smartphones, and this development has also increased the use of social media applications in daily communications. Many studies have stated that social media can help government organisations to improve communication services and create better engagement with citizens as almost all citizens are using social media applications. The objectives of this study were to perform a systematic literature review to identify important themes in social media research in government organisations. A systematic review of articles related to social media research in government organisations is done by using Google Scholar and other academic databases such as Jstor and Science Direct. Two researchers reviewed each publication for inclusion and relevant data extraction. Through the analysis of past research, a systematic literature review has been grouped and represented in four different themes including governance, citizen trust, participation and transparency. The studies are analysed, gaps in the literature are identified, and further research directions within the themes are proposed. Pages 590 to 603

 

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The Methods of Questioning in the Orientation Phase: A Review of Teaching Malaysian Gifted Learners in Reading Arabic Text

Mohd Sham Kamisa, Muhammad Nazir Aliasb, Damien Mikengc, Nik Mohd Rahimi Nik Yusoffd, Rorlinda Yusofe, Noriah Mohd ishakf, a,e,fPusat GENIUS@Pintar Negara, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, bFakulti Pengajian Islam, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, cFaculty of Language and Communication, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, Malaysia, dFakulti Pendidikan, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Malaysia, Email: amohdsham856@ukm.edu.my,  bnazir@ukm.edu.my,  cmdamien@unimas.my,  dnik@ukm.edu.my,    erorlinda@ukm.edu.my,  fnorwmu@ukm.edu.my

Differentiated instruction allows gifted individuals to develop their potential academic intelligence to the highest level independently. The authors suggest how to use methods of questioning in the orientation phase for teaching Malaysian Gifted Learners in comprehending Arabic text in the classroom. This includes identifying jumlah mufidah, jumlah ismiyyah and jumlah fi’liyyah. The use of the orientation phase "is the starting points to ensure what learners learn, how they learn the lesson, and how the learners demonstrate what they have learned during the teaching and learning session.”Pages 604 to 617

 

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Impact of Transformational Leadership, Market Orientation and Knowledge Sharing on Business Performance

Kashif Faheema*, Rosmaini Tasminb, Khalid Rafiquec, Khawar Hussaind, aPakistani Telecommunications Company Limited (PTCL), Islamabad, Pakistan, bFaculty of Technology Management and Business, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia (UTHM), Malaysia, cSchool of Economics and Management, Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Beijing, China, Email: a*kashif.faheem@gmail.com

In Pakistan, the new forms of business in collaboration with mobile service providers are bringing an evolution not only in every walk of life but also in the digital economy of the country. This study considers the effects of transformational leadership, knowledge sharing and market orientation on organisational performance through the mediating role of innovation to raise the market share. This study focuses on four cellular mobile telecom companies of Pakistan, including Ufone, Telenor, Mobilink and Cmpak. The losing of market share in the high competition by few cellular mobile companies, for example, Ufone and Telenor identify a significant problem due to lack of investment, network coverage, poor data/voice services and innovation in term of new products, processes and services. The focus of this study is mobile telecommunication sector of Pakistan including four companies, N=170 respondents (leaders include general managers, seniors, middle and line managers and employees) on departmental level related to innovation and performance. This paper aims to explore the mediating role of innovation to enhance the performance of an organisation by employing transformational leadership, market orientation and knowledge sharing. Pages 618 to 641

 

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Technological Pedagogical and Content Knowledge (TPACK) of Prospective Early Childhood Islamic Education Teachers

Ahmad Sabria*, Jhoni Warmansyahb, Amalinac, a,cUIN Imam Bonjol Padang, Indonesia, bUniversitas Negeri Jakarta Indonesia & Institute Agama Islam Negeri Batusangkar Indonesia,   Email: a*ahmadsabri@uinib.ac.id,  bjhoniwarmansyah@iainbatusangkar.ac.id,  camalina@uinib.ac.id

The early childhood teacher candidates have been challenged by the requirement of the content technological, pedagogical and content knowledge (TPACK) in teaching. The teacher candidates are able to manage the contents beyond skilfully using technology to support effective and beneficial learning process. The purpose of this study was to describe the candidates TPACK ability in arranging regular learning process based on “the curriculum 2013.” A descriptive qualitative method has been employed in which the subjects were the students of the Early Childhood Education Program who have achieved the Micro Teaching Class at the sixth semester 2018/2019 academic year. The TPACK competences was analysed by using Content Representation (CoRe) and Pedagogical and Professional-experience Repertoire (Paper) .Both CoRe and Paper analysis reveal that the teachers are able to develop 3 to 5 of 11 indicators of the  6 Child Development Aspects. 80% of the teacher showed good ability in choosing the learning strategies. Then, 45% of the teachers found difficulties in creating the effective time. 60% of the teacher can perform a good and right concept in the teaching process, while 40% on them has limitation on knowledge and insight. However, 55% of the teachers could not create an active interaction between the students. This research concluded that the teacher candidates in applying must be focused on material contents and technology usage to attempt to improve teacher professionalism. Pages 642 to 653

 

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Balanced Score Card Implementation and its Effect on Banks` Financial Performance

Rawnaq Ziad Al-Gamazia, Thair Adnan Kaddumib, aApplied Science Private University, Jordan P.O. Box 166 Postal Code 11931, Amman, bFinance and Banking Science Department, Applied Science Private University, Jordan P.O. Box 166 Postal Code 11931, Amman, Email: arawnaqzead84@yahoo.com,   bthair_lion@asu.edu.jo

This study aimed at identifying the impact of balanced scorecard and BSC application of its four perspectives as independent variable (financial (Fin), customer (C), internal processes (IP), and growth and development (GD)) on financial performance measured by average stock market price of listed commercial banks, on the Amman Stock Exchange – ASE. A questionnaire was distributed to key persons such as managers, departments` heads. Of these, 312 questionnaires were valid for analysis. The study findings demonstrated that there is a statistically significant impact of the BSC of the four perspectives (FIN., C., IP. and GD) together or separately on banks financial performance. The study concluded that commercial banks management should adopt and apply BSC due its favourable impact on banks` financial performance and the focus more on client’s changing needs. Pages 654 to 673

 

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The Community of Practice of Researchers on the Social Cloud Model to Enhanced Researchers’ Competencies

Pradit Songsangyosa, Pallop Piriyasuriwongb, Namon Jeerungsuwanc, a,b,cKing Mongkut’s University of Technology North Bangkok, Thailand, Email:  apradit.s@rmutsb.ac.th,  bpalloppi@gmail.com,  cnamon2015@gmail.com

Using the professional learning community concept, the authors integrated the idea of sharing and exchanging researchers’ knowledge through the community of practice by using the social cloud model. The community of practice of researchers on the social cloud model aims to enhance researchers’ competencies and was used as a guideline to enhance research competencies and publication competencies for professors or researchers. The questionnaires were mainly developed and used based on the research objectives. The research was divided into two stages. Stage 1: Design of the proposed model. Stage 2: Evaluation of the appropriateness of the proposed model by the experts. A research study found the following issues: Firstly, the community of practice of researchers on the social cloud model to enhance researchers’ competencies consisted of 7 elements including 1) goal, 2) social cloud, 3) CoPR processes, 4) research work, 5) research publication, 6) evaluation, and 7) feedback. Secondly, the experts evaluated the appropriateness of the proposed model as agree. Pages 674 to 690

 

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Enhancing Farmer’s Income after Being Retrieved of Land to Build Industrial Park: Evidence from Vietnam

Nguyen Thi Ngana, Bui Huy Khoib, a,bFaculty of Business Administration, Industrial University of Ho Chi Minh City, Email: anguyenthingan@iuh.edu.vn,  bbuihuykhoi@iuh.edu.vn

In recent years, the economical scientific research community has had many papers to improve incomes for farmers after being retrieved of land to build an industrial park. However, the scientific foundation for the solution is out and left open, especially quantitative model factors affecting earnings. Therefore, identifying an appropriate quantitative model based on the theory of agricultural economics and practical evidence is a challenge for policy researchers. The research team collected data on incomes of 168 farmers in Loc Son Ward, Bao Loc City, Lam Dong province, Vietnam to seek empirical evidence for the model. The aim of this article focuses on two main issues: the theoretical framework of quantitative models and application results for farmers after being retrieved to build an industrial park. Pages 691 to 701

 

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Does Implementing Corporate Governance and Ownership Structure Have any Impact on Audit Report Lag and Management Report Lag in Jordan

Suzan Abeda, Hanady Turki Batainehb, Mishiel Said Suwaidanc, aApplied Science Private University, Faculty of Business, Accounting Department, bAl-Balqa Applied University, Faculty of Business, Accounting Department, cAl-Ahliyya Amman University, Faculty of Business, Accounting Department, Email: aS_abed@asu.edu.jo,  bhanadybataineh@bau.edu.jo,  cmsuwaidan@amman.edu.jo

The main objective of this paper is to investigate whether corporate governance factors and ownership structure affect audit report lag and management report lag for 190 non-financial companies listed on the Amman Stock Exchange for the period 2014-2017. The results of the study reveal than on average auditors needs 58 days until they provide their report. The results of Multivariate suggest that director age, institutional ownership and ownership concentration has an impact on audit report lag measured by number of days passes from December 31 until the issuance of external audit report.  The results of descriptive analysis documents are that on average management needs 106 days until they release their reports to the public. Our results highlight strong evidence of the importance of implementing corporate governance characteristics on audit reporting lag. The results indicate strong empirical evidence for number of non-executive directors, role duality, director age, board diversity and institutional ownership with management report lag. Pages 702 to 717

 

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Multicultural Communication and Survival Strategy of Ahmadiyya in Tawangmangu, Indonesia

Filosa Gita Sukmonoa, Fajar Junaedib, Ali Maksumc, a,bDepartment of Communication, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta, cDepartment of International Relations, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta,

Ahmadiyya community in Indonesia often receive physical attacks from other Islamic communities that accused Ahmadiyya as not-Islam. For some Indonesians, Ahmadiyya holds a contentious Islamic identity, which for some people adulterates the cardinal canon of Islam. However, the Ahmadiyya community in Tawangmangu, Indonesia, experiences a reasonably inverse condition. By smartly managing cultural relations with local citizens (non-Ahmadiyya), Ahmadiyya’s people seem to live in harmony with the residents. The empirical study revealed that the Ahmadiyya community in Tawangmangu established multicultural relations in daily life by carrying out cultural approaches. The cultural approaches were intensive acculturation and integration with the host community. The Ahmadiyya community even used a football academy to attract the local community to engage indirectly in a social activity. Under this strategy, Ahmadiyya successfully maintains its original identity without disturbing local identities, cultures, and wisdom. Pages 718 to 734

 

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Wali Nanggroe in Aceh: Is he the Real King or the Fake One? A Political Review

Badri Hasan Sulaimana*, Zahlul Pasha Karimb, Khairani Binti Mukdinc, Muslem Abdullah Ahmadd, Muhammad Siddiq Armiae, a,b,c,d,e Faculty of Sharia and Law, State Islamic University (UIN) Ar-Raniry, Indonesia, Email: a*badri@ar-raniry.ac.id

The topic of Wali Nanggroe makes an original a contribution to knowledge, as this information is not published globally. The discussion of Wali Nanggroe in the legal system of Aceh, Indonesia is a critical debate. Recently, the existence of Wali Nanggroe in the kingdom period of Aceh has been disputed. This article critically discusses the legal norms established by the by-laws of Wali Nanggroe. The by-laws relate closely to the electoral mechanism of the candidacy of Wali Nanggroe in Aceh. The research approach used here is normative juridical, through legal, comparative and historical principles. Data analysis was carried out by qualitative analysis. The selection of the nanggroe guardian based on Qanun No. 8 of 2012, in Article 70 is inconsistent with the principle of legal justice because it lacks the regulation of mechanisms for democratic people’s involvement. The determination of the nanggroe guardian election model stipulated in the qanun is contrary to the principle of the rule of law and the sovereignty of the people. According to the principle of justice, nanggroe guardians in Aceh must be democratically chosen by involving all Acehnese people. The main function of the presence of the nanggroe Aceh guardian is to unite existing ethnic groups and ethnic groups in life to sustain its customs and unite the community. The election of the nanggroe guardians should therefore involve all levels of Acehnese society. For this reason, it is important to avoid any perception that the nanggroe guardians only belong to certain groups. The nanggroe guardian needs to truly belong to all Acehnese people and the role should be strengthened by means of deliberation. Pages 735 to 749

 

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The Republic of Indonesia National Police Department: Legal Culture and Law Enforcement

Alirman Soria, Rudyb, Rifandy Ritongac, Chaidir Alid, aLecturer in Pancasila Education and Citizenship, Bakti Humanitarian Academic, Indonesian Red Cross, Jakarta, Indonesia, bDepartment of Constitutional Law, Faculty of Law, University of Lampung, Indonesia, cDepartment of Constitutional Law, Faculty of Law, University of Bandar Lampung, Indonesia, dCenter for Law and Development Faculty of Law University of Lampung, Email: aalir_sori@yahoo.com, brudy.1981@fh.unila.ac.id,  crifandy@ubl.ac.id,  dchaidirali678@gmail.com

The aim of this article was to work out whether a change has also followed the National Police legal culture after the 1945 Constitutional amendment and the emergence of the new Police Law in the National Police legal culture. Many perceptions led us to the fact that arrangements and structural changes before and after the reform era have brought little change to the National Police legal culture. To test this hypothesis, the article discusses how the constitutional arrangements and laws regarding the Indonesian National Police effected the changes. The analysis is conducted using a normative research method and a sociological-juridical approach. The research found that legal culture-shifting occurred in the National Police following its separation from the National Army to become an independent organ. However, the military culture had become rooted in the National Police identity and needs to shift into the civilian culture. Pages 750 to 758

 

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The Role of Economic Freedom in Economic Growth: Evidence from the MENA Region

Anwar Al-Gasaymeha*, Hamed Ahmad Almahadinb, Mohammed Alshuridehc, Nayif Ali Al-Zoubid, Haitham M. Alzoubie, a,bBanking and Finance Department, Applied Science Private University, Amman, Jordan, cThe University of Jordan, dJadara University, Jordan, eSkyline University College, UAE, Email: aa_gasaymeh@asu.edu.jo,  bh_almahadin@asu.edu.jo

This study investigates the economic freedom and economic growth nexus in a board of 13 MENA countries from 2010 to 2018. Based on the Heritage Foundation, five factors have been adopted to capture all of the economic freedom dimensions, namely: security of property rights, freedom from corruption, government spending, business freedom, and monetary policy. To capture the endogeneity issue, an empirical analysis has been conducted by adopting the GMM framework. The focal point of this article is to evaluate which dimension of economic freedom adds to economic growth in the MENA countries, and to what degree. The empirical results reveal that economic freedom plays an enhancing role in the economic growth of the sampled economies. In other words, the economic growth is affected positively through the dimensions of economic freedom. Moreover, the empirical outcomes signal that the current economic growth rate will be affected significantly by the growth rate of the past year. Thus, the findings of the present investigations might have precious implications for the authorities and policy-makers in the sampled countries. Pages 759 to 774

 

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The Impact of Women’s Empowerment and Business Incubation Program on SMES Performance in Bandung Regency

Imas Soemaryania, Ferry Hadiyantob, Ardi Apriliadic, a,b,cFaculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia, Email:  aimas.soemaryani@unpad.ac.id,  bferry.hadiyanto@fe.unpad.ac.id,  cardi.apriliadi@gmail.com

The development of a creative economy provides opportunities for the society whether male or female to utilise it through business activities on a micro, small, and medium scale. One of the programs that provide facilities in order to enhance entrepreneurial growth through facilities and infrastructure, is business incubation. The creative economy empowerment program for women implemented by the business incubator is considered suitable for women because the tutoring process is performed continuously with integrated guidance from all parties. With various training programs, it is integrated through business incubators; the program is expected to increase women’s competitiveness; therefore the level of income will increase which lead to improvement in their support of their families’ welfare. Therefore, the core of the research study is focused on one of the factors that influence the performance of SMEs, namely women's empowerment and business incubation. Based on this, the main problem revealed in this study is the impact of women's empowerment and business incubation on the performance of SMEs.  This research was conducted on SMEs in the Bandung Regency. This study consisted of three variables, namely women's empowerment (X1), business incubation (X2) and SMEs Performance (Y). The method used in this study is a survey method in the form of an explanatory survey. Data collection techniques by means of questionnaires were used with Likert scale models, which were analysed using multiple regression. The respondents in this study were SMEs in the Bandung Regency. Based on the results of the study, it can be seen that women's empowerment and business incubation has a significant influence on the performance of SMEs in the Bandung Regency. Where women's empowerment and business incubation are proven to have a significant impact on the SME’s performance. Pages 775 to 798

 

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Incentives for Fixed Asset Revaluations

Dwi Jaya Kiranaa*, Ekawati Jati Wibawa Ningsihb, Aniek Wijayantic, a,b,cUniversitas Pembangunan Nasional  Veteran Jakarta, Indonesia, Jakarta, Email: a*dwijayakirana@upnvj.ac.id

The purpose of this study is to analyse the company's incentives in choosing the cost or revaluation method for fixed assets in Indonesia. The incentives include Fixed Asset Intensity, Free Cash Flow, Financing, Capital Expenditure, Liquidity, and Investment opportunity. The sample of companies used in this study were 197 companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange from 2014 to 2018 and it used logistic regression data analysis. The results showed that the companies’ future financing with negative Free Cash Flow and Fixed Asset Intensity variables, had a high probability and positively significant to use the revaluation method for their fixed assets, while the Financing, Liquidity, and Investment opportunity variables had a negative influence and the probability is not high in choosing the revaluation method in its fixed assets.Pages 799 to 812

 

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Religiosity, Halal Awareness, and Muslim Consumers’ Purchase Intention in Non-Food Halal Products

Ganjar Mohamad Disastraa*, Bethani Suryawardanib, Widya Sastikac, Fanni Husnul Hanifad, a,b,c,dTelkom University, Bandung, Indonesia, Email: a*ganjar@tass.telkomuniveristy.ac.id

This study aims to find out how religiosity and the subjective norm can influence Muslim consumers' purchase intention in halal products, with the halal awareness as an intervening variable. Considering the number of existing studies with the same variables in food products, this research seeks to enrich the literature with concerns of non-food halal products, especially in halal personal care products. This study is a quantitative survey method, by collecting data through the distribution of questionnaires to the respondents. The proposed model is then tested using the Partial Least Square (PLS) technique. Results of this study indicate that religiosity positively influences halal awareness, but negatively influences purchase intention. Meanwhile, subjective norms have a significant positive effect on halal awareness and purchase intention. It can be concluded that halal awareness fully mediates the relationship between religiosity and purchase intention, and partially mediates the relationship between subjective norm and purchase intention. Pages 813 to 828

 

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Analysis of the Effect of Firm Size, Profitability and Capital Structure on IPO Underpricing on the Indonesia Stock Exchange (IDX)

Miswanto Miswantoa, Yanuar Rifqi Abdullahb, a,bYKPN School of Business (STIE YKPN) Yogyakarta, Indonesia, Email: a*miswanto.ykpn@gmail.com

Underpricing often occurs in issuers that make IPOs on the IDX (the Indonesia Stock Exchange). Because underpricing is detrimental to the issuer, the study of factors that affect underpricing is very important. The aim of this study is to test the impact of firm size, profitability, and capital structure on underpricing in firms conducting IPOs. The sample of this study is firms that conduct IPOs in 2009-2016 and in the group of non-manufacturing firms. It is hypothesised that firm size and profitability have a negative effect on underpricing while capital structure has a positive effect on underpricing. The findings of this study are as follows: Firm size and profitability as measured by ROA (return on assets) have a significant negative effect on underpricing. However, profitability as represented by EPS (earnings per share) is not supported and has a negative effect on underpricing, and capital structure is also not supported and has a positive effect on underpricing. Pages 829 to 844

 

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Analysis of the Need for Development of Information Literation Competency Teachers at the Vocational School, Padang City

Susy Yuliastantia, Sufyarma Marsidinb, Yahyac, a,b,cUniversity Ekasakti, University State of Padang, University state of Padang,

Through awareness of the challenges that already exist in the world of work through the 4.0 revolution, readiness for change will bring vocational education closer to the present and future conditions of employment in lifestyle changes, industrial changes, the labour market, and education. Educators must be able to respond to these changes; the role of delivering knowledge immediately changes to the role of a companion to discover and create through independent learning. The purpose of this study illustrates the needs analysis related to vocational teacher information literacy competencies. This type of research is descriptive; in this case needs’ analysis needs to be done so that it can be seen as to what kind of development model will be designed to meet the needs of vocational teacher information literacy competencies. A sample is taken of 30 vocational school teachers in Padang City. Data collection techniques are through observation and questionnaires. Frequency data analysis technique is used. The results of data dissemination obtained the results of teacher knowledge about information literacy that is currently still relatively low; teachers have not provided learning material in accordance with DU / DI, and lack of link material with those in industry. Training related to information literacy competencies has never been obtained. From the data obtained it can be concluded that the needs analysis is carried out and that the competency of information literacy of vocational teachers is still relatively low. Pages 845 to 856

 

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The Freeport Deal: Lessons Learned from Indonesia in Renegotiating Mining Concessions

Iman Prihandonoa*, Dewi Santoso Yuniartib, aAssociate Professor in Public International Law at the Faculty of Law, Airlangga University, Indonesia, bResearch fellow at Airlangga Institute for International Law Studies, she obtained Bachelor of Law at the Faculty of Law, Airlangga University, Indonesia, Email: a*iprihandono@fh.unair.ac.id

The Asia-Pacific region has substantial reserves of a wide variety of minerals, including gold, copper, iron and gas. The most important mineral reserve-holders and producers in the region are China, India, and Indonesia. Even so, the limited ability of exploration and exploitation had forced some states to still rely on foreign investment, one of which is Indonesia. Indonesia has been known to have a long-standing issue with their investor, Freeport McMoran Inc., the giant mining company based in the United States. Through its subsidiary, Freeport Indonesia (PTFI), Freeport then entered into a Contract of Work with the Indonesian Government in 1967, and renewed it in 1991. PTFI is given the right to conduct mining business activities for at least until the concession expires in 2021. In 2009, the Government issued a new mining regulation, which requires all mining companies, including PTFI, to convert mining concessions into a Special Mining License, along with additional requirements such as divestment, purification obligations, social and environmental responsibility. This policy totally contradicts the virtues in the contract. In December 2018, the Government of Indonesia reached a final decision on the Freeport deal, which encompasses at least 5 (five) issues, namely: (1) shifting from contract to license scheme, (2) price of the divestment, (3) building smelters, (4) taxation, and (5) environmental responsibilities. The final deal is a culmination of years of multiparty negotiations. This paper examines the 5 (five) main points concluded in the Freeport deal in light of the strategic negotiation technique, which stresses the negotiating parties’ patience and ability to make take-it-or-leave-it deals. It then concludes on lessons learned from the Freeport deal for future mining concessions’ renegotiation.. Pages 857 to 875

 

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Conceptualising the Issues of Translation Culture in China: The Roles of Domestication, and Foreignization

AN GANGa, Tengku Sepora Tengku Mahadib, a,bSchool of Languages, Literacies & Translation, Universiti Sains Malaysia,11800 Minden, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia, Email: aangangusm@gmail.com,  btsepora@usm.my

Cultural differences, while translating, can be ensured using foreignization and domestication strategies. Transparent and fluent styles are usually adopted in a domestication translation to reduce the strange words for target readers. Foreignization mostly focuses on the target text, which is designed to break target conventions, and at the same time, it retains some of the foreign flavors. This paper aims to explore on relationship and implications of foreignization and domestication in translation. This essay discusses the history of domestication and foreignization and associated issues briefly. It is also argued that the uniqueness of culture would be considerably diminished if the culture of translation is dominated by domestication. On the other hand, mechanical translation will enhance if it is going towards the direction of foreignization. It is further quoted that legitimate obligations are not required for foreignization or domestication while translating as long as the practicality of translation is there. Pages 876 to 886

 

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The Problematics of a Separate Judicial Review through Two Institutions: A Case Study in Indonesia

Suparto Wijoyoa, Soekarwob, Bagus Oktafian Abriantoc, Xavier Nugrahad, Farid Ibrahime, a,b,c,dFaculty of Law, Universitas Airlangga, Email: asupartowijoyo@fh.unair.ac.id,  bsoekarwo@gmail.com,  cbagusoa@fh.unair.ac.id,  dxavier.nugraha-2015@fh.unair.ac.id

The implementation of a judicial review, which is conducted separately by the Constitutional Court, and the Supreme Court, is considered to be inappropriate with the ideals of building a harmonious, and integrated legal system. In its practice, it has been proven that the authority of the judicial review to the Constitutional Court, and the Supreme Court encourages various issues. The substantive difference between the tests conducted by the Constitutional Court, and those conducted by the Supreme Court, is the process of examining the trial of the legislation under the law, and against the law by the Supreme Court was conducted in private. The cases handled by the Supreme Court were numerous, not just the legislation testing cases, but also the cases of cassation, and other legal matter. The relationship between the two judicial institutions, namely the Supreme Court, and the Constitutional Court, has become out of sync in the Indonesian constitutional system. The enforcement of the constitution integrally in all laws and regulations has become challenging to materialise. It becomes the loss of the power of the Supreme Court decision for a test case. When the norms that are used as the basis by the Supreme Court are declared unconstitutional by the Constitutional Court, there will be conflicting decisions. Pages 887 to 900

 

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Creative Self-Efficacy and Product Innovation: Uncovering the Role of Creativity and Entrepreneurial Passion

Sajeela Rabbania, Muhammad Sarmadb, Amira Khattakc, Muhammad Khand*, a,bRiphah School of Leadership, Riphah International University, Islamabad, Pakistan, cDepartment of Marketing, Prince Sultan University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, dDepartment of Management Sciences, Abdul Wali Khan University, Mardan, 23200, KPK, Pakistan, Email: d*muhammadkhan@awkum.edu.pk

This article investigates the relationship between creative self-efficacy (CSE), and product innovation under the mediation of creativity, and the moderation of entrepreneurial passion. The said relationships were tested under the componential theory of creativity to gain a practical understanding of the psychological, and workplace-related creative mechanisms between the dyad of the boss, and the subordinate. The data was collected from 408 sets of the boss-subordinate dyad across the research and development (R&D) section of reputed information technology firms in Pakistan. The analyses were completed through the partial least squares structural equation modelling (PLS-SEM) technique by using Smart PLS. The results revealed the positive impact of CSE on product innovation, and the partial mediation of creativity was established between the relationship of CSE, and production innovation. Moreover, entrepreneurial passion was proven as a moderator to strengthen the relationship between creativity, and product innovation. The findings, and implications addressed the information technology (IT) sector in particular, and other sectors in general. Pages 901 to 924

 

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Caring for the Marginal: Developing Papua as a Growth Centre

Idrus Al-Hamida, Irwan Abdullahb*, Hasbollah Toisutac, Muhammad Hasbid, Ade Yamine, Suparto Iribaramf, Faisalg, a,e,f,gState Institute of Islamic Studies (IAIN) Fatahul Muluk Jayapura, Indonesia, bFaculty of Cultural Sciences, Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia, cState Institute of Islamic Studies (IAIN) Ambon, Indonesia, dGraduate Program, Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Bone, Indonesia, Email: b*irwan.fib@ugm.ac.id

Papua, at the eastern edge of the Indonesian Archipelago, has long been identified as lagging in its economic, and social development. A lack of infrastructure has limited its advancement, and as such, efforts to develop Papua as a growth centre have faced severe obstacles. A majority of studies have examined Papua by using a structural approach, rather than through the Papuans' own perspectives. This study seeks to explain how an emic approach is necessary for empowerment, arguing that this offers an affirmative means of addressing the situation. This article identifies four empowerment strategies that may be used, including: protecting traditional communities, building capacity, guaranteeing access, and promoting independence. A caring, and affirmative development paradigm is necessary to apply these strategies. Pages 925 to 937

 

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Evaluating the Innovation Activities of Vietnamese Enterprises: Evidence from Binh Dinh Province

Thi Le Hang Nguyena*, Ngoc Tien Nguyenb, Dinh Manh Damc, Quyet Thang Daod, Thi Thanh Binh Lee, a,b,c,d,eFaculty of Economics and Accounting, Quy Nhon University, Binh Dinh, Vietnam, Email: a*ntlhang@qnu.edu.vn

Innovation plays an important role in increasing the competitiveness, and sustainable development of the enterprises. This study aims to evaluate the status of innovation activities in enterprises and propose policies to improve business performance by analysing the statistical description data from 200 enterprises surveyed in Binh Dinh. We evaluate the innovation activities in five aspects: product innovation, production process innovation, management organisation innovation, marketing innovation, and technology innovation. The results show that most enterprises are less likely to invest in innovation, with the average score being ‘moderate’. Specifically, while the score of marketing innovation is ‘highly moderate’, it is also quite low for technology innovation. The average scores of product innovation, production innovation, and management organisation innovation are ‘moderate’. This study also discussed, and proposed solutions supporting innovation activities for businesses in terms of the product, production process, management, marketing, and technology. Pages 938 to 958

 

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Students’ Perceptions of a Computer Learning Management Process: An Evaluation in Indonesia

Sunartaa, Rusijonob, Karwantoc, Sugi Hartonod*, a,b,cManagement Education Department, Universitas Negeri Surabaya, Surabaya, Indonesia, dMathematics Education Department, Universitas Negeri Surabaya, Surabaya, Indonesia, Email: d*sugihartonounesa@gmail.com

The management of a computer-based learning process has been implemented at the Indonesian Naval Technology College for the last three years in several courses, including both undergraduate, and post-graduate programs. The management of the learning process has shifted from traditional learning. The role of computers in the learning process by lecturers will change the students' perceptions of the learning process upon the components of the lecturer, equipment, and methods applied. The aim of this study is to evaluate students' perceptions of the implementation of learning process management in a computer-based classroom. The research was conducted by an explorative descriptive method, which involved 50 undergraduate, and postgraduate students. The data was obtained through questionnaires, and descriptive analysis of the responses received from students. The results show that most of the students have particularly good attention, and enthusiasm in joining the program. At the time of the scholarship process, there was only a modest number of students who performed the activities with computers in a manner which was not in accordance with the program objectives. They communicated using social media, and playing games, and several were undertaking college assignments, which were not related to the courses that were being taught. Pages 959 to 972

 

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Workplace Friendship and Innovative Work Behaviour: Investigating the Mediation Model in Indonesian SMEs Context

Irfan Helmya*, Gunarso Wiwohob, a,bDepartement of Management, Putra Bangsa Economics College, Indonesia, Email: a*risetirfan@gmail.com

The research development to date is still unclear regarding the impact of workplace friendship on organisational outcomes. The purpose of this paper is to extend previous research by investigating the relationship between workplace friendship on innovative work behaviour. This study also examines the mediating role of workplace happiness, knowledge sharing and psychological safety on the relationship between workplace friendship and innovative work behaviour. Data were obtained using a self-administrated survey from 250 employees working in the creative industry of Small Medium Entreprises (SMEs) in Central Java, Indonesia. Findings reveal that workplace friendship shares a positive relationship with innovative work behaviour via workplace happiness and knowledge sharing. Results also indicate that workplace happiness and psychological safety have a significant effect on knowledge sharing. However, the findings found that psychological safety is not significantly related to innovative work behaviour. This present study provides a new insight regarding on how to nurture a workplace friendship to encourage employees’ innovative work behaviour. Pages 973 to 993

 

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The Relationship between Faculty Members' Perception of Emotional Blackmail and Their Organisational Trust in Jordanian Universities

Aieman Ahmad Al-Omaria*, Zohair Hussain Al-Zoubib, Ahmad Mousa Mahasnehc, aDept. of Foundations and Educational Administration, Sultan Qaboos University, Muscat, Sultanate of Oman, bcDept. of Educational Foundations and Administration, The Hashemite University, Zarqa, Jordan, Email: a*a.alomari@squ.edu.om

This study aimed to determine faculty members' perception of emotional blackmail (EB) and the relationship to organisational trust (OT) in Jordanian Universities.  A quantitative approach used a correlational design with a random sample of a total 289 faculty members in public Jordanian universities. Used in this study, the EB scale had three subscales; fear, obligation and guilt, with 25 items, and OT had a total of 12 items. The results revealed that participants perceived EB and OT at a medium level. There were no significant differences in EB levels according to participants' gender and college. There were significant differences in EB levels according to teaching experiences in favour of less than five years, 5-10 years, and more than 20 years. There are significant differences in EB levels according to academic rank variables in favour of associate and assistant professors.  No significant differences in OT levels were perceived according to participants' gender, college or teaching experience, whilst there were significant differences in OT levels perceived according to participants' academic rank in favour of associate, assistant and tutor. There was a negative correlation between EB and OT perceived by faculty members. The researchers recommended that the Jordanian universities should pay attention to EB and OT in their universities. Pages 994 to 1011
 
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Influence of CEO Characteristics to Firm Performance with CSR as a Mediation Variable

Noorlailie Soewarnoa*, Dimas Aryaditya Nugrohob, a,bDepartment of Accountancy, Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Airlangga, Indonesia, Email: a*noorlailie-s@feb.unair.ac.id, bdimas.aryaditya.nugroho-2015@feb.unair.ac.id 

This study aims to identify and analyse the influence of a CEO’s characteristics on firm performance that are mediated by Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). A total of 117 companies were sampled in this study. The data were analysed using WarpPLS 6.0. The measurement of CSR used the GRI G4 Standard. The results of this study indicates that CSR does not mediate the CEO’s characteristics on firm performance. Pages 1012 to 1035
 
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A Survey on Islamic Economics and Finance Literatures Indexed by Scopus Q1 via Thematic Analysis Approach

Nisful Lailaa, Aam Slamet Rusydianab, Marhanum Che Mohd Sallehc, Puji Sucia Sukmaningrumd*, a,dFaculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Airlangga, Indonesia, bIslamic Economics Department, Tazkia University and  SMART Indonesia, cKulliyyah of Economics & Management Sciences, International Islamic University Malaysia, Email: anisful.laila@feb.unair.ac.id, baamsmart@gmail.com, cmarhanum@iium.edu.my, d*puji.sucia@feb.unair.ac.id

The purpose of this study is to review recent research on Islamic economics and finance published in reputable journals indexed by Scopus Q1. Thematic analysis is adopted to find similarities among 177 selected literatures on Islamic economics and finance, published from year 2014 to 2018. Results of analyses show that at least 20 Q1 Scopus journals have published researches on Islamic economics and finance and most of the research was published at Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Journal of Economic Behaviour & Organisation, Journal of International Financial Market, Institution & Money and Journal of Business Ethics. Overall, 84 percent of the researches were done quantitatively. Based on the findings, it is observed that there is a bright future of articles’ publication at this domain and future researchers should focus more on quality findings on emerging areas including Takaful, Islamic microfinance, Islamic crowdfunding, waqf, and other areas that have received high concentration by industry players as well as the public at large. This research is able to provide information on important topics that need to be researched in subsequent studies. The increase of research in Islamic economics and finance can be a solution to the literacy limitations at this time. Pages 1036 to 1057
 
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Student Character Development: The Implementation of the 2013 Indonesian School Curriculum Strategy

Suparno Eko Widodoa*, Sisca Cletusb, Abdul Rahman A. Ghanic, Arum Fatayand, Burmansah Burmansahe, Taridi Taridif, Ahmad Jauhari Hamid Ripkig, Ayu Wulandarih, Heldy Ramadhan Putra Pi, aDoctoral Program in Educational Management Department, Universitas Negeri Jakarta, Jakarta, Indonesia, bBusiness Administration Faculty, Politeknik LP3I, Central Jakarta, Jakarta, Indonesia, c,dTeacher Training and Education Science Faculty, Universitas Muhammadiyah Prof. DR. HAMKA, Jakarta, Indonesia, e,fBuddhist Education Department, STIAB Jinarakkhita, Lampung, Indonesia, g,hMathematics Education Faculty, STKIP Kusuma Negara, East Jakarta, Jakarta, Indonesia, iIslamic Educational Management Department, IAIN Surakarta, Surakarta, Indonesia, Email: asuparnoeko@unj.ac.id,  bsisca.cletus@plj.ac.id, crahman.ghani@uhamka.ac.id, darum_fatayan@uhamka.ac.id,  enyanabandhu@ekayana.or.id,  fmanobhadra@yahoo.co.id,  gajhar@stkipkusumanegara.ac.id,  hayuwulandari@stkipkusumanegara.ac.id,  iheldyramadhan@iain-surakarta.ac.id      

The 2013 Indonesian School Curriculum development includes the development of characters in an integrated attitude, knowledge and skills competencies. It needs the seriousness of the school in managing student problems. The guidance and counselling provides assistance services to students in an effort to achieve optimal character development. This study aimed to examine in-depth information about how the 2013 Indonesian School Curriculum applied through the student’s character development. This study uses a qualitative research approach and case study method. The research procedure consists of six steps by Robert K. Yin. Data analysis techniques in this study include testing the validity of the data, grouping data according to sub-focus, combining data in the form of a matrix or table, or recombining the evidence that has been obtained, and to draw conclusions. This study found that in the 2013 Indonesian Schools Curriculum, issues of assessment consist of attitudes, knowledge, and skills. The 2013 curriculum was very instrumental in developing the character of students and even their teachers. Based on the information provided by the informants, it can be concluded that the implementation of guidance and counselling program services in the 2013 curriculum has many challenges. Therefore, the school needs to continue to assist in the implementation of this guidance and counselling service program to build student interest. The study shows that in the 2013 Indonesian Schools Curriculum, the planning for guidance and counselling programs on student specialisation services is done to all students. To have the program for counselling and guidance for the student, in the 2013 Indonesian Schools Curriculum also has value of the curriculum with the main essence of the value of character building. Development of guidance and counselling program services can be carried out correctly and provide significant benefits for students. By implementing the 2013 Indonesian Schools Curriculum approach, it makes students very interested in opening up to guidance and counselling to the problems they face. Pages 1058 to 1079
 
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Classroom Management in the Student-Teachers’ Teaching Practicum: Challenges and Recommendations for Teacher Education

Dwiyani Pratiwia, Ali Saukahb, Sri Rachmajantic, Mirjam Anugerahwatid, aDoctoral Student of Universitas Negeri Malang, bcdUniversitas Negeri Malang, Email: dwiyani.1702219@students.um.ac.id

Classroom management has become one of the critical issues which student-teachers face in their teaching experience when entering the teaching practicum. This study explored the concerns of student-teachers regarding challenges and strategies in classroom management. It was part of a larger scope of a study concerning the dilemmas that student-teachers faced during teaching practicum. This study used a sequential explanatory mixed method design consisting of two phases: phase one was a quantitative method and the second phase was a qualitative method. The quantitative data were collected using questionnaires and the qualitative data were collected by means of interviews and reflection journals about their experiences in coping with the students’ discipline and compliance. The findings of this study prompt a discussion about the importance of providing the student-teachers with classroom management skills in teacher education, before the teaching practicum. It also highlights the issue of classroom management which involves the shift of focus from managing only the behaviour to both managing the behaviour and learning. Pages 1099 to 1113
 
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Enhancing Culture-based Cooperative Learning through Literary Appreciation in Higher Education

Wijaya Heru Santosaa, Siti Rochmiyatib, Rusdian Noor Dermawanc, Anselmus Sudirmand, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Universitas Sarjanawiyata Tamansiswa, Yogyakarta, Indonesia, Email: danselmus.sudirman@ustjogja.ac.id

The objectives of this research are to find out: (1) whether the trials of cooperative learning models can improve the ability to appreciate literature; (2) how the lecturers' perceptions of cultural values-based cooperative learning models are tested; and (3) the difficulties in implementing cooperative learning. The data relating to students’ literary appreciation ability and cooperative learning models was collected using grades reports and the lecturers' perceptions of cooperative learning implementation through interviews. The data on students’ literary appreciation ability was analyzed using a t-test with an error rate of p = 0.05, aided with the 2010 Excel Program, and the pretest/posttest control group design. The data on lecturers' perceptions was analyzed by qualitative analysis of interactive models (Miles & Hubermen, 1992) and component analysis. The results indicate that (1) the cooperative learning trials can improve the students’ literary appreciation ability that reached an average of 23.54 and 2.9 for standard deviations toward an average of 27.93 and standard deviations of 2.17, (2) the lecturers accept and are open to the cooperative learning model, and (3) obstacles in carrying out this model emerged because the students lacked concentration on the topics under discussion giving rise to insufficient appreciations toward opinions of others who were talking. Pages 1114 to 1125
 
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Teacher Knowledge and Challenges Toward Inclusive Classes: Lessons from Indonesia

Umi Safiul Ummah, Mohd Mokhtar Tahar, Mohd Hanafi bin Mohd Yasin Affiliation, Department Special Education, Faculty of Education, University Kebangsaan Malaysia, Email: p103395@siswa.ukm.edu.my

Inclusive education in Indonesia has been executed for more than a decade. However, there are many obstacles in its implementation, one of which is curriculum adaptation. The purpose of this study is to understand adaptive learning and determine the challenges experienced by teachers concerning the implementation of inclusive education. A sequential explanatory mixed-method research approach was used. This design type combines quantitative and qualitative data. The data were collected using questionnaires presented to 72 teachers from inclusive schools in Malang. The information gathered from the questionnaires enabled the researcher to develop interview questions that were given to 72 respondents. The findings showed that several teachers did not understand and implement curriculum adaptation for CSN in inclusive classes. In addition, some challenges still experienced by teachers regarding the implementation of inclusive education include the diversity of students, difficulties in teamwork to adapt the curriculum, and learning methods that are still difficult to be understood by teachers. Furthermore, it also got various learning modifications due to the diverse conditions of students and the lack of facilities in the school to support them. Inclusive education should provide appropriate services for CSN, as well as accommodate the diversity of CSN in the classroom. Pages 1126 to 1141
 
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Management of Inclusive Education in Cakke Pertiwi I Kindergarten at Enrekang Regency

Baharuddina, Ali Imronb, Bambang Budi Wiyonoc, Imron Arifind, aDoctoral Student, State University of Malang, b,c,dState University of Malang, Email: abaharuddin_88@ymail.com, bali.imron.fip@um.ac.id, cbambang.budi.fip@um.ac.id, dimronarifinum@gmail.com

Inclusive education is a type of education that adheres to the philosophy of equity, justice, and non-discrimination as a way of obtaining educational services. The purpose of this study is to analyze the management of inclusive education in Cakke Pertiwi I Kindergarten, at Enrekang Regency. The research method used is qualitative and includes a case study design. Research informants were the Principal, special assistant teachers, and parents of students. The results showed that the Kindergarten Pertiwi I Cakke had implemented the principle of inclusive education properly and consistently based on existing standards and procedures. The implementation can be seen from the patterns of student management, curriculum management, management of educators and education staff, management of facilities and infrastructure, and public relations management. Pages 1142 to 1157
 
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The Effect of Creative Problem Solving Learning Strategy on Conceptual and Procedural Understanding Moderated by Social Skills

Hadi Suryantoa, I Nyoman Sudana Degengb, Ery Tri Djatmikac, Dedi Kuswandid, aPostgraduate Student, Instructional Technology Study Program, Universitas Negeri Malang, Indonesia, Universitas PGRI Adibuana Surabaya Indonesia, b,cProfessor, Postgraduate, Universitas Negeri Malang, Indonesia, d Associate Professor, Postgraduate, Universitas Negeri Malang, Indonesia, Email: ahadi.suryanto.1601219@students.um.ac.id, ahsuryanto3@gmail.com, bnyoman.sudana.d.fip@um.ac.id, cery.tri.fe@um.ac.id, ddedi.kuswandi.fip@um.ac.id

The paper examines the effect of learning strategy on learning outcomes moderated by social skills. Our research was conducted by employing quasi-experimental techniques, specifically two-times-two factorial design. Learning strategy in terms of creative problem solving was treated for the experiment group, and in contrast direct instruction was treated for the control group. Learning outcomes as criterion variables were measured by students’ conceptual and procedural 15understanding, based on their social skills. The subjects of this study were selected by using cluster sampling and involved 72 students from a private vocational high school at Lamongan City, East Java Province. The data was analyzed by implementing multivariate analysis of variance, since the intention was to seek main and interactional effects. Pages 1158 to 1175
 
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Religious Argumentation of Hate Speech (Critical Race and Racism in Hate Speech Phenomena in Indonesia)

Saihua, Abd. Azizb, Suhadac, Baeti Rohmand, a,dResearch dan Community Development Department, Institute of PTIQ Jakarta, 12440, Lebak Bulus, South Jakarta, Jakarta, Indonesia, bArabic Lecturer, STIT Al-Amin Kreo Tangerang, 15422, Pondok Aren, South Tangerang, Banten, Indonesia, cIslamic education lecturer at STAI Al-Hikmah Jakarta, 12560, Cilandak, South Jakarta, Indonesia. Email: amadesaihu@ptiq.ac.id

This study discusses religious arguments against hate speech in multi-cultural Indonesians from the critical theory of race and racism (CTRR/ Intersectionality), phenomenological research approached using an openness system (infitáhiyyah) and a multi-dimensionality system (taadud al-Ad). Hate speech is not permitted in any religion. The rise of hate speech is caused by the weak understanding of intersectionality (the meeting point of race and racism) and the absence of universal values ​​of religion in the practical social level. Through the approach of critical theory and racism and approached using openness systems (infitáhiyyah) and multi-dimensionality systems (taadud al-Ad), this phenomenological study confirms the importance of bringing together various dimensions of life especially religion when dealing with social complexity. Although hate speech is not justified in religion, many do hate speech in the name of religion. The lack of openness in da'wah and the plurality of life seen through one perspective (mono dimension) leads to hate speech. Thus, bringing together differences, transparency, and multi-dimensionality of attitude becomes a perception that must be carried out in the context of multi-cultural Indonesian society. Pages 1176 to 1194
 
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Adolescent Critical Thinking prior to Social Media Information Sharing

Anjarie Dharmastutia*, Bambang Budi Wiyonob, Imanuel Hitipeuwc, Hetti Rahmawatid, aDepartment of Educational Psychology, Faculty of Psychology Education,  Universitas Negeri Malang. Orcid no: 0000-0001-7670-7799, bDepartment of Instructional Technology, Faculty of Education, Universitas Negeri Malang, Indonesia. Orcid no: 0000-0001-8351-5453, cDepartment of, Educational Psychology, Faculty of  Psychology Education Universitas Negeri Malang, Indonesia. Orcid no: 0000-0002-9939-6310. dDepartment of Educational Psychology, Faculty of Psychology Education, Universitas Negeri Malang, Indonesia. Orcid no: 0000-0001-9354-8486. Email: a*dharmastuti.1601139@students.um.ac.id, bbambang.budi.fip@um.ac.id, cimanuel.hitipeuw.fip@um.ac.id, dhetti.rahmawati.fppsi@um.ac.id

Although much literature has discussed critical thinking skills among adult learners, little empirical evidence is directed to exploring what affects adolescent critical thinking skills during social media choice. To fill this identified gap in the existing research, this study aims to investigate the predictors of critical thinking in the context of social media as reviewed through the Theory of Planned Behavior. The respondent case study for this research comprised 386 students from 3 state universities in Malang selected via random sampling technique. Data were analyzed with Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) and the results show that all hypotheses proved significant. An interesting finding can be seen from the effect of digital media literacy on critical thinking through mediating perceptions of behavioral control that is actually weaker than direct influence. This shows that self-confidence can sometimes actually make individuals less careful. Pages 1195 to 1213
 
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Fitness Coach Personal Brand as the Mediator between Brand Image and Purchase Intention in Fitness Clubs

Chih-Wei Lina, Su-Shiang Leeb, Kai-Yu Tangc, Yun-Wen Fangd, Yu-Sheng Line*, a,b,dDepartment of Leisure Services Management, Chaoyang University of Technology, Taiwan R.O.C. cDepartment of Business Administration, Chaoyang University of Technology, Taiwan R.O.C, ePhysical Education Office, Chaoyang University of Technology, Taiwan R.O.C. Email: e*lin3117@cyut.edu.tw

The purpose of this study was to explore the relevance between fitness club brand image and the purchase willingness of members; and to verify whether the fitness coach's personal brand has an intermediary effect between the two. Members of fitness clubs were selected as the research objects with a total of 363 questionnaires distributed on the Internet via purposive sampling. The data were analyzed through the use of descriptive statistics including confirmatory factor analysis and the structural equation model. The results of this study found that there is a significant positive impact between fitness club brand image, the fitness coach's personal brand and the willingness of members to purchase. In addition, the fitness coach's personal brand plays an intermediary role in the fitness club brand image and member purchase willingness. The research conclusion is that the primary factor in fitness club member future course purchase, is the fitness coach. Further, good brand image helps to shape the coach's distinctive and professional knowledge and enhances the willingness of members to continue to purchase courses from a fitness club brand. Pages 1214 to 1226
 
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Development of Classical Guidance Modeling for Penyang Hinje Simpei to Prevent Child Abuse in High Schools

Dina Fariza Tryani Syarifa, Karyantib, M. Andi Setiawanc, Bakhrudin All Habsyd, a,b,cDepartment of Guidance and Counseling, Muhammadyah University, Palangkaraya, dDepartment of Guidance and Counseling, Darul Ulum University, Jombang, Email: aum.palangkaraya@gmail.com, dbakhrudin_bk@yahoo.com

The development of the Classical Guidance Model of the Penyang Hinje Simpei Guidance is an innovation to prevent child abuse in high schools based on the wisdom of the Central Kalimantan Dayak tribe. The research procedure was adapted from the previous research development research procedure, which consisted of a triangular stage: the preparation stage, the product preparation stage, and the product validation or test phase. The results of field trials using the repeated measures design and the Wilcoxon sign rank test statistical analysis displayed that the use of interventions can improve students' understanding; the impacts of violence so that the Classical Guidance Model of the Penyang Hinje Simpei can prevent child abuse in high school. The study recommends that further research on the development of the classical guidance model of Penyang Hinje Simpei needs to be done to prevent child abuse in Upper Middle School by using a counselor's and a student's guide. Secondly, these models and guidelines must be used for the implementation of Guidance and Counseling services in Upper Middle Schools. Pages 1227 to 1246
 
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The Effect of Jurisprudential Inquiry Model and Achievement Motivation on Cognitive Learning Outcomes

Atan Pramanaa, I Nyoman Sudana Degengb, Suko Wiyonoc, Dedi Kuswandid, a,b,c,dUniversitas Negeri Malang, Malang, Indonesia, Email: aatanpramana.1701219@students.um.ac.id, aatanpramana@gmail.com

Meaningful learning is seen as an important educational goal and a necessity in terms of the challenges confronting us in the 21st century. The selection of the right model can influence meaningful learning. In this paper the jurisprudential inquiry model and expository are compared and juxtaposed with achievement motivation to determine its interaction with the instructional effect of cognitive learning outcomes. A quasi-experimental design was used—the type 2x2 factorial design version pre-test/post-test non-equivalent control group. The research subjects were undergraduate students who were taking Civics Education courses at Universitas Negeri Malang. The research sample was taken by the cluster sampling of as many as four classes with a total of 140 students. Data analysis techniques using the MANOVA technique was also used. The results showed that there were differences in students' cognitive learning outcomes between applying inquiry jurisprudence and expository models. Among students who have high and low achievement motivation there were differences in cognitive learning outcomes. In cognitive learning outcomes, there is no interaction between learning models and achievement motivation. The findings show that the jurisprudential inquiry model and achievement motivation can influence learning outcomes. The jurisprudential inquiry model makes students more motivated, challenged, and interested in learning for individuals and groups. Pages 1247 to 1263
 
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Fuzzy Set Model of Dengue Using Imageries and the Geographic Information System in Palambang

Cipta Estri Sekarrinia, Sumarmib, Syamsul Bachric, Didik Taryanad, aPostgraduate student, Geography Education Program, Universitas Negeri Malang, Indonesia, bProf Sumarmi., Professor Department of Geography, Universitas Negeri Malang, cS.Si, M.Sc., Ph.D. Associate Professor in Department of Geography Education, Faculty of Social Science, Universitas Negeri Malang, dDrs, M.Si, Dr. Associate Professor in Department of Geography Education, Faculty of Social Science, Universitas Negeri Malang, Email: acipta.estri.1907219@students.um.ac.id, bsumarmi.fis@um.ac.id, csyamsul.bachri.fis@um.ac.id, dtaryana.fis@um.ac.id

This report into the vulnerability and accuracy of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) uses the Fuzzy Set model. The analysis uses ten variables: 1) land use; 2) temperature; 3) altitude; 4) rainfall; 5) humidity; 6) population density; 7) slums, 8) mosquitos’ flight radius, 9) number of cattle; and 10) distance between the river and the settlements. The aim of this study is to determine the vulnerability and accuracy of DHF in Palembang. The research is a quantitative study and was conducted in Palembang. The data used in the research is secondary and was gathered from corresponding agencies. The analysis implements the use of the Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and Fuzzy Set. After scoring the determining parameters on DHF, the level of its vulnerability in Palembang is categorized into three classes: low class with an area of 16,713 ha; medium class with an area of 13,872 ha; and high class with an area of 6,063 ha. The highest Fuzzy Set result on DHF in Palembang is 0.82, and the lowest is 0.46. Pages 1264 to 1293
 
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Conversational Implicatures in Students’ Communication and its Type: A Pragmatic Study

Sadieli Telaumbanuaa, Godlif Sianiparb, Muhammad Sarlinc, Afdaliahd, Irwan Fathurrochmane, aIndonesian Education Department, Universitas Prima Indonesia, Medan, Indonesia, bFaculty of Literature, Universitas Katolik Santo Thomas, Medan Indonesia, cFaculty of Education, Universitas Negeri Gorontalo, Indonesia, dDepartment of Accounting, Politeknik Negeri Ujung Pandang, Makassar, Indonesia, eInstitut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Curup, Indonesia, Email: asadielitelaumbanua@unprimdn.ac.id, bgodlif@yahoo.com, csarlin_muh@ung.ac.id, d1966afdaliah@gmail.com, eirwan@iaincurup.ac.id

This study explores the lingual form and process of conversational implicature that appears in student communication in classes at Universitas Prima Indonesia. In this research, observation and interviews are used as the primary method to collect the data. The study is based on descriptive qualitative research. The collected data is analyzed through three stages of the flow model: data reduction, data presentation, and data verification. The findings indicate that there are three forms of lingual found: command lingual; news lingual form; and question lingual form. The lingual form was chosen in the conversation of students at Universitas Prima Indonesia with the expectation that speakers and speech partners would not feel offended. Proximity factors of communication cause the lingual form of declarative, imperative, and questioning in a conversation. These findings are expected to form the basis of capturing the implied intent of the speaker and trying to convey the messages to the speech partner. Pages 1294 to 1310
 
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Understanding Social Intelligence of Santri Based on the Ethnic Characteristics in the Context of Indonesian Diversity

M.Ismail Makkia, Bambang Budi Wiyonob, Adi Atmokoc, Muslihatid, aFakultas Ilmu Pendidikan, Universitas Negeri Malang, Indonesia, bFakultas Ilmu Pendidikan, Universitas Negeri Malang, Indonesia, cFakultas Ilmu Pendidikan, Universitas Negeri Malang, Indonesia, dFakultas Ilmu Pendidikan, Universitas Negeri Malang, Indonesia, Email: am.ismail.makki.1701119@students.um.ac.id, bbambang.budi.fip@um.ac.id, cadi.atmoko.fip@um.ac.id, dmuslihati.fip@um.ac.id

This research aims to describe diversity on social intelligence based on the ethnicity of santri, who study in multi-ethnic and mono-ethnic schools under the management of Al-Amien Islamic Boarding School, Prenduan Jawa Timur. The social intelligence scale of Albrecht was applied to 407 Madurese, Javanese, Sundanese, Malaynese and Sasaknass santri, whose parental lines are the same. The data was analyzed using the descriptive statistics of ‘T’ and ‘Anova’ examination. the results show differences on social intelligence among those ethnic groups. From the highest to the lowest, the rank was: Javanese, Sundaness, Malayness, Madurese and Sasaknese. Another finding shows that social intelligence of santri who study Madurese santri. Pages 1311 to 1321
 
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Developing a Career Guidance Model for Students with Hearing Impairment

Endang Pudjiastuti Sartinaha, Esa Nur Wahyunib, Sri Joeda Andajanic, Eryana Fatimasari Retno Budiatid, Muhammad Nurul Ashare, a,b,d,eUniversitas Negeri Surabaya, Indonesia, cUniversitas Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang, Indonesia, Email: aendangsartinah@unesa.ac.id, besanw@uin-malang.ac.id, csriandajani@unesa.ac.id,deryana.frb01@yahoo.com, emuhammadnurulashar@unesa.ac.id

This research intends to inform the design and implementation of an accurate and feasible program for hearing impaired students. The specific goal of this developmental research is to produce a career guidance model focused on self- knowledge and occupational knowledge for students with hearing impairment in a Special Senior High School.  The developmental research applied in this study was modified from the Borg & Gall model.  The data were analyzed using a Paired Samples t-Test. Results indicated the need for a career guidance model that develops hearing impaired student self-knowledge and occupational knowledge; and small-scale testing data showed an increase in these specific knowledge levels throughout this study. Therefore, it can be concluded that a self-knowledge and occupational knowledge career guidance model for hearing impaired students of a Special High School, is feasible and effective in optimizing change in knowledge and skills specific to self-knowledge and occupational knowledge. Pages 1322 to 1331
 
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Hoshin Kanri Innovation Strategy:  Realizing a World Class University

Rochmawatia*, Ali Imronb, Nurul Ulfatinc, Achmad Supriyantod, a,b,c,dState University of Malang –Indonesia, Email: a*rara.pinkiesty@gmail.com, bali.imron.fip@um.ac.id, cnurul.ulfatin.fip@um.ac.id, da.supriyanto.fip@um.ac.id

The purpose of this study is to describe the role of Hoshin Kanri as both a parameter and 'spirit' in its performance as a college innovation implementation strategy to realize a World Class University (WCU).  The synergous development of a quality world university, WCU, was crucial as an innovation strategy in the realization, direction and building process of Hoshin Kanri as a college management system. This research used a mixed methodology approach through retrieval of qualitative data via interview techniques, observation and documentation and quantitative method applied through the Delphie Technique. Data were analyzed through the design of Concurrent Embadded qualitative dominance and the validity of the data were checked with four criteria: (1) credibility, (2) reliability, (3) dependability and (4) confirmability. The results show that Hoshin Kanri concentrated on efforts to help organizations focus on quality-oriented target and objective achievement through quality assurance. The process, leading to a management system which initiated with planning through implementation, monitoring, evaluation, and review of quality productivity, ensured an ongoing process of improvement and quality development and was found to be an ideal strategy in realizing a WCU. Pages 1331 to 1347
 
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Construction of Kejatmikaan Counseling: A Study of Hermeneutic Perspectives in the Noble Teachings of Kyai Samin Surosentiko

Bakhrudin All Habsya, Nur Hidayahb, Blasius Boli Lasanc, Muslihatid, Husni Hanafie, a,b,c,d,eDepartment of Guidence and Counseling, State University of Malang, Indonesia, Email: abakhrudin_bk@yahoo.com, bmuslihati.fip@um.ac.id, cblasiusbolilasan@um.ac.id, dnur.hidayah.fip@um.ac.id

The increasing and ongoing development of a scientific knowledge base is vital to foster Indonesian cultural research and knowledge authenticity, including the growth of counseling science based on and framed through sophisticated and scientific cultural reasoning.  A unique and distinctive Indonesian culture is based on the noble teachings of Kyai Samin Surosentiko which is very deeply embedded in the work of James Kalimasada and the life script of Wong Samin. The treasure of the wisdom of the noble teachings of Kyai Samin Surosentiko produced a profound philosophy about problem solving in life, which leads us as "organic intellectuals" to reflect deeply on the noble teachings.  These teachings have potential to guide followers to lead lives that demonstrate jatmika will; jatmika relationship with God and fellow humans; jatmika self-awareness; jatmika in the face of trials and a true jatmika mind. The focus of this research is the construction of Kejatmikaan counseling based on the noble teachings of Kyai Samin Surosentiko. Pages 1348 to 1365
 
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Development of Guidance Counselling for Increased Engagement and Empathy of Middle School Bullies

Fatchurahmana, Karyantib, M. Andi Setiawanc, Bakhrudin All Habsyd,a,b,cDepartment of Guidance and Counseling, Muhammadyah University, Palangkaraya, dDepartment of Guidance and Counseling, Darul Ulum University, Jombang, Email: aum.palangkaraya@gmail.com, dbakhrudin_bk@yahoo.com

A focus on client engagement in counseling is an innovation in guidance counseling services, particularly in the context of counselling for middle school bullies. Engaging models of counseling in this study were found to have been developed based on local wisdom and had not been optimally researched and thus it was determined that a new counseling model be developed. The aim of this research is to investigate how to increase engagement and empathy in the development of counselling for middle school bullies. In this study, the research consists of six stages of development: the preliminary study; the formulation of the hypothetical model; the feasibility test of the hypothetical model; the improvement of the hypothetical model; the effectiveness test and finally the presentation of the final model. To test effectiveness of this experimental design, data analysis utilized Paired Sample T-Test. Pages 1366 to 1385
 
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Competency-Based Human Resources Development in Sharia Hospital

Ratna Wijayantia, Sri Hartiyahb, Muhammad Shofiyuddinc, Abdul Ghofurd, Ahmad Rofiqe, a,bFaculty of Economics, UNSIQ Wonosobo, Central Java, Indonesia, cFaculty of Economics, Pekalongan University, Central Java, Indonesia, dProfessor of the Sharia and Law Faculty, UIN Walisongo, Semarang, Indonesia, eProfessor of Islamic Law, UIN Walisongo, Semarang, Indonesia, Email: awijayantiratna34@yahoo.co.id

This study analyzes the urgency and implementation of Human Resources (HR) competency development at Sultan Agung Hospital in Semarang. Our research is a descriptive qualitative case study with primary and secondary data. Data collection techniques include observation and interviews. The main aim of the study is to investigate the competency and development of activities by HR to enhance the performance of the employees. The results showed that the development of HR competencies applied include orientation, coaching, rotation/mutation, promotion, and internships as well as seminars. The development is carried out by adding the reading and procedures for prayer and the Qur'an, including memorizing its short surahs. The hospital has fulfilled the criteria of a Sharia hospital, though management still needs to improve employee performance. This study recommends that employee performance should be supported by adequate training facilities to improve performance for the achievement of individual and organizational goals. Furthermore, management should assess employees more effectively, starting from HR planning, recruitment, development, and performance evaluation and rewards. Pages 1386 to 1400
 
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Development of Learning Evaluation Tools for Bahasa Indonesia with Rebecca M. Valette Taxonomy and CLIL Approach

Subyantoroa, Haryadib, Mochamad Rizqi Adhi Pratamac, a,bIndonesian Language and Literature Department, Faculty of Language and Art, Semarang State University, Central Java, Indonesia, cDepartment of English Literature, Universitas Ngudi Waluyo, Central Java, Indonesia, Email: abintoro@mail.unnes.ac.id, bharyadihar67@mail.unnes.ac.id, crizqi.adhi@unw.ac.id

The purpose of this study is to describe the characteristics of the development of learning evaluation tools for Bahasa Indonesia using the Rebecca M. Valette taxonomy and CLIL approach based on teacher perceptions. The study was quantitative, and the sample consisted of teachers at a selected high school in the Bahasa region of Indonesia. Data was collected through a survey and an observation. The survey was completed to investigate students' proficiency based on a questionnaire, and the observation included an observation on the teacher's perception of competence of students in class XI of the senior high school. The study found that the characteristics of the evaluation tool need to produce short story texts with the taxonomy of Rebecca M. Valette. The CLIL approach based on teacher perceptions is motivated by the principles of developing evaluation tools that can be grouped into language, cultural, literary, and communication. This study wants to want to make the following recommendations. Firstly, researchers could conduct further research on the development of evaluation tools at the elementary, junior high, or high school. Secondly, policymakers should use it as a reference in the preparation of evaluation tools for Indonesian subjects at all levels of elementary, junior high, or high school. Pages 1401 to 1417
 
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Legal Implementation of Electronic Information and Transaction Law in Preventing the Spread of Content Containing SARA Issues through Social Media

Gomgom T.P Siregara, Syawal Amry Siregarb, Rudolf Silabanc, a,b,cUniversitas Darma Agung, Medan, Indonesia. Email: agomgomsiregar@gmail.com, bsyawalsiregar59@gmail.com, cbanglabanshmh@gmail.com

The existence of the Information and electronic transaction (ITE) Law which manage and control the criminal offences related to the spread of issues that contain SARA (such a sentimental of a specific religion, ethnic and regeneration). Following the concept of law developed by realism as a means of community renewal. This research is normative legal research using laws and conceptual agreement. This research is an analytical descriptive by using qualitative data analysis. This study found that content that contains SARA issues is referred to as hate speech, which can be interpreted as an act of communication carried out by individuals or groups in the form of provocation and threatened to send the criminal actor to the jail for a maximum of 6 (six) years and a fine of Rp. 1,000,000,000 (one billion rupiah). Furthermore, the implementation of legal validity of the ITE Law can be categorized as unimplemented of the law legality establishment as shown from the society who was not able to follow the rule made by law which means that this law did not yet have legal effect. The study recommends that the community needs to behave by following the legal rules set out in the ITE Law. Pages 1418 to 1431
 
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Determinants of Health Visit Appeal Based on Medical Tourism

Ari Prasetyoa, Sedianingsihb, Ririn Tri Ratnasaric*, a,b,cFaculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Airlangga, Indonesia, Email: aari.prasetyo@feb.unair.ac.id,  bsedianingsih@feb.unair.ac.id,  c*ririnsari@feb.unair.ac.id

The purpose of this study to determine the factors that influence the attractiveness of health visits to Surabaya for the purpose of city-based medical tourism. The research design used in this study is an exploratory quantitative approach. The research paper used an quantitative approach method and a (analyser) factor analysis. The paper will also use a questionnaire as a tool to determine the respondent's perception, these are split into two groups, the first group is the renderer of services (management of the institution: health service, the management and employees of hospitals, health centres, and the individual health clinics in Surabaya) and the second group is the service user (consumer's Hospital and Health Center and Health Clinic). This method is carried out in three stages, the first stage, is to determine indicators of factors affecting the health of the appeal of a visit to Surabaya as city-based medical tourism obtained from the process of extracting data through in-depth interviews to both sides of informants in preliminary testing. The second stage, performed a pre-survey of 40 respondents to test the material questionnaire on respondents if it is understood. The third phase followed a close-ended-question structure to 400 respondents consisting of 100 outpatients at the hospital in Surabaya, 100 consumers in Surabaya, and 200 consumers outside Surabaya. The sampling technique was conducted withpurposive non-random sampling. The results of the research show that six factors are influence the attractiveness of health visit to Surabaya as medical tourism-based in the city. The six influencing factors are: firstly the credibility  of the medical team, the quality of service to the patient, the technological level of the medical equipment, hospital management, price comparison with benefit, and the level of communication to patient and family. The credibility of the medical team is the highest factor in influencing the appeal of health visits to Surabaya as a medical tourism-based city. However, communication to patients and families is the lowest factor in influencing the appeal of health visits to Surabaya as a medical tourism-based city. The implications, the medical team needs to make improvements in terms of developing a good communication relationship pattern with patients and their families, developing better ethical and empathy attitudes, and prioritising patient safety so that people are satisfied. The government also needs to involve relevant industries, such as the health industry, the insurance industry, the pharmaceutical industry and the regulators that must be integrated with local/national tourism development programs. Pages 1432 to 1447
 
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Determinants of Murabahah Financing for Microfinance

1Ririn Tri Ratnasari*, 2Faishol Luthfi, 3Wildana Latif Mahmudi, 1,2Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia. 3Semarang State Polytechnic, Semarang, Indonesia. Email: *ririnsari@feb.unair.ac.id (corresponding author), ishol2107@gmail.comlatifwildana@gmail.com

This study aims to analyze the determinants of the decision of micro and small entrepreneurs in the culinary sector in choosing murabaha financing through microfinanace. The subjects of this study are micro and small entrepreneurs at microfinanace. The sample of this research is 100 micro and small entrepreneurs of the culinary sector members of microfinanace which were taken using convenience sampling method. Data collection techniques using questionnaires and documentation. The analysis technique used in this study is exploratory factor analysis. This study will formulate 20 indicators obtained from the preliminary test and then reduced to a factor or variable. The variable to be examined is the decision of micro and small entrepreneurs in the culinary sector in choosing murabaha financing through the microfinanace. The stages of the research method are the preliminary test, library study, and the main test conducted on 100 micro and small entrepreneurs in the culinary sector members of microfinanace. The results of this study indicate that there are five factors that influence the decision of micro and small entrepreneurs in the culinary sector in choosing murabaha financing through microfinanace. These factors include service convenience factors, factors of compensations, trust factors, microfinanace image factors and professionalism factors. Funding also impacts micro and small entrepreneurs, both in terms of Madiyah welfare and spiritual welfare. The impact of financing from the Madiyah welfare side can be shown by an increase in business income. In terms of spiritual welfare, the financing of microfinanace has helped increase the worship of micro and small entrepreneurs. Pages 1448 to 1470
 
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Investigating the Relationships between Environmental Awareness, Recycling Behaviour, Economic Disposal, Giving to Family or Friends andDonating to Charity

Tanti Handrianaa*, Annisa Amalia Ningsihb,a,bFaculty of Economics and Business, UniversitasAirlangga,Indonesia, Email: a*tanti.handriana@feb.unair.ac.id

An effort to reuse products that are no longer used is one example of environmentally friendly behaviour. A mother’s effort to recycle baby equipment products is also another example of environmentally friendly behaviour. The purpose of this study is to understand the impact of awareness of the environment and recycling behaviour on giving to family or friends disposal behaviour, donating to charity disposal behaviour, and recycling behaviour. This study involved 216 respondents. The analytical technique used is structural equation modelling (SEM). The result of this study shows that awareness of the environment does have an impact on giving to family or friends behaviour and recycling behaviour, where recycling behaviour has an impact on economic disposal behaviour and giving to family or friends behaviour. In contrast, awareness of the environment has no impact on donating to charity disposal behaviour and recycling behaviour has no impact on donating to charity disposal behaviour. The results of this study make contributions to the development of green marketing concept. Pages 1471 to 1482
 
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Socio-Cultural Context in Wayang Pesisiran (Coastal Puppets): Ethnolinguistic Perspective

Mulyana Mulyanaa, aUniversitas Negeri Yogyakarta, Yogyakarta, Indonesia, Email: amulyana@uny.ac.id

This study explores the social and cultural context of the Pesisiran (Coastal) community through the coastal style of puppet shows. The aim is to discuss and explain the social and cultural conditions of the community that owns the coastal puppet culture based on an ethnolinguistic perspective. The method used was qualitative naturalistic. The study material started from a puppet show video of Dalang Pesisiran (coastal puppeteer) Ki Enthus Susmono. To deepen the background of the socio-cultural context, a survey and in-depth interview were conducted. The interviewee chosen was one of the famous puppeteers from the coastal area of the Lasem Rembang, Ki Kartono. Furthermore, it was also equipped with a literature study. The research instruments included field notes, interview guides and library notes. The results of the study showed a clear description of several things: (1) more varied coastal puppet genres (illustrated by the accompaniment of gending, added with wayang golek (golek puppet), lakon carangan (artificial story), and the dialect language suitability of coastal areas, (2) a description of the socio-cultural context of coastal communities showing real life, which was reflected in the local and daily diction of the Javanese language; namely, they tend to be vulgar and not many speech levels are used. It means that coastal communities can be described socially and culturally as local people who are direct and straightforward. Pages 1483 to 1498
 
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The Adoption of a Mobile Payment Application by Small Businesses in Indonesia

Hartiwi Prabowoa, Enny Noegraheni Hindarwatib, Yuniartyc, a.cManagement Department, BINUS Online Learning, Bina Nusantara University, Jakarta, Indonesia, bManagement Department, BINUS Business School Undergraduate Program, Bina Nusantara University, Jakarta, Indonesia, Email: hartiwi@binus.eduenny_noegraheni@binus.ac.idyuniarty@binus.ac.id

Mobile payment is an engaging prospect that has recently flourished because of the appearance of smartphones and their applications. The research examined the intention of SMEs to embrace mobile payment. The advanced study model was generated by expanding the unified theory of acceptance and use of technology (UTAUT) to ascertain the significant determinants that affect the acceptance of mobile payment technology. The method of sampling was area sampling among 164 food and beverage SMEs in Jakarta, Indonesia. The investigation utilised binary logistic regression with SPSS 20 for data examination. Performance Expectancy; Effort Expectancy; Social Influence; Facilitating Conditions; Perceived Technology Security; and Trust had a positive and noteworthy influence on mobile payment adoption. Pages 1499 to 1516
 
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The Mediation Effect of Community Empowerment and Good Governance in Relation to Forest Productivity in Indonesia

Bambang Hendroa*, Bambang Supriyonob, Andy Fefta Wijayac, Fadel Muhammadd, a,b,c,dUniversitas Brawijaya, Email: a*bambang.hendroyono.ub@gmail.com

This study aims to test the relationship between transglobal leadership (intelligence and behaviour) and forest productivity, by means of the mediating effect of community empowerment and good governance (in this case, good forest governance). The population in this study was all regencies which implement HTR development in Indonesia. The population size was 127 regencies. Using the Slovin formula with 10% error rate in precision, a sample size of 50 regencies was collected for data analysis in this study. The data analysis technique used is the Generalised Structural Component Analysis (GSCA). First, Transglobal Leadership Intelligence has a direct effect on Transglobal Leadership Behaviour, Community Empowerment, Good Governance-based Forest Management, but no direct effect on Forest Productivity. Transglobal Leadership Intelligence didn’t have a direct effect on Forest Productivity, but it had a mediation effect on Community Empowerment and Good Governance-based Forest Management. Second Transglobal Leadership Behaviour had a direct influence on Community Empowerment, Good Governance-based Forest Management, but no direct effect on Forest Productivity. This is one of few studies which investigates comprehensively the relationship between transglobal leadership in the public sector, community empowerment, good governance, and forest productivity, especially in Indonesia. Pages 1517 to 1535
 
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The Effectiveness of Problem Based Learning Models (PBM) to Improve Students’ Ability to Think Smoothly on Redox Reaction Material

Ratu Betta Rudibyania*, Ryzal Perdanab aFaculty of Education and Teacher Training, Universitas Lampung, Indonesia, bFaculty of Education and Teacher, Email: a*ratu.betta.r@gmail.com    

Figuring out the effectiveness of Problem Based Learning model to increase the smooth thinking of Redox reaction material is the goal of this research. State senior high school of 1 Tulangbawang, especially XI IPA students (Science major at twelve grade), becomes the population in this research on the second semester of 2017/2018. The sample class is divided into two groups namely; experimental class in XI IPA 3 and control class for XI IPA 4 by applying cluster random sampling as the technique to take the sample. It is a quasi-experiment research by involving the design of pretest-posttest control group. N-Gain scores’ average on current students’ thinking skill is used to show and measure the effect of problem based learning model. The outcomes of this research on the experimental class shows that the n-Gain average value on students’ thinking skill is at high criterion by 0.88. Regarding to the results in this research, it can be inferred that the problem based learning model can increase students’ thinking skill on material of Redox reaction. Pages 1536 to 1549
 
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The Commodification of Umrah Pilgrimage in Indonesia: Between Worship and Lifestyle

Didik Hariyantoa*, Kacung Marijanb, Djarot Meidi Budi Utomoc, Nur Maghfirah Aesthetikad, a,c,dUniversitas Muhammadiyah Sidoarjo, bUniveritas Airlangga Surabaya, Email: a*didikhariyanto@umsida.ac.id

The novelty of this research lies in its ability to explain the process of commodification in the context of the role of the actors who carry out the commodification, the meaning of the Umrah community in the phenomenon of commodification, and the impact of commodification on Muslim hyperreality. This study aims to determine and explain the commodification of Umrah worship through Umrah travel agents by using a qualitative research method and case study approach. The high enthusiasm of Indonesian Muslims for carrying out the Umrah pilgrimage to Mecca and Medina City is a result of the commodification of Umrah travel through Umrah travel agencies transforming transitional forms of worship into commercial commodities. The purpose of worship, which initially sought tranquility, has been turned into a commercial activity with the purpose of making a profit. Commodification makes the meaning of worship more artificial from a religious perspective, and further strengthens the symbolic reality of Muslims (lifestyle) through religious tourism, pilgrimage, leisure, tours and shopping. Umrah is similar to profane worship, which is far from religious dogma. Pages 1550 to 1566
 
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The Ability of Taxi Drivers in Jambi to Respond to Foreign Passengers in English

Denny Denmara, Mohamad Muspawib, Siti Rahma Saric, Ferdiaz Saudagard, a,b,c, dFaculty of Teacher Training and Education, University of Jambi, Indonesia, Email: adennydenmar101264@gmail.com

The purpose of the research is to study the correlation between drivers’ learning outcomes for listening skills, pragmatic competence, and the ability to respond orally. This research was conducted at Taxi Terminal in February 2019. The number of respondents is 30, selected by using purposive sampling, and then simple random sampling. The research concludes that there is positive correlation between {1) drivers’ learning outcomes for listening skill and drivers’ ability to respond verbally, {2)   drivers’   pragmatic   competence   and drivers’ ability to respond orally. Furthermore, there is a positive correlation between drivers’ learning outcomes for listening skills, drivers’ pragmatic competence, and drivers’ ability to respond verbally.  Pages 1567 to 1582
 
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Political Parties and Political Development in Indonesia

Ida Faridaa, Refly Setiawanb, Khomsahrial Romlic, Annisa Ika Lestarid, a,dDepartment of Public Administration, University of Bandar Lampung, bDepartment of Political Science, Kazan Federal University, cDepartment of Communication Da'wah, Lampung State Islamic University, Email: aida.farida@ubl.ac.idbsetiawan1992@mail.ruckhomsahrial@radenintan.ac.iddannisa.ubl@ubl.gmail.com

Political parties are a reflection of a democratic state that is believed to be a condition of modern state life. Without pointing to an interest, it is clear that political parties are channelling interests,  the interests of the people and the interests of the authorities. As an institution channelling interests, political parties are used as two-way communication, namely from the top down and also from the bottom up. If it can be implemented well, then the function of political parties as political socialisation, political participation, political communication, articulation of interests, aggregation of interests, and policy making can run well so that the expected political development can be realised. The research method used in this study is a qualitative research method. Through qualitative research, the author has made a complex picture, examined the words, examined the report in detail from the view of the sources, and conducted studies on natural situations. This study aims to find out clearly about the development of political parties in Indonesia, the function of political parties, and political development in the midst of Indonesian society in this modern era. The results showed that political parties in Indonesia were considered to be quite good in carrying out their functions in accordance with the functions of political parties according to the Law of the Republic of Indonesia No. 31 of 2002 and the development of political parties in Indonesia has given a role in controlling conflicts of interest that exist in Indonesian society. Pages 1583 to 1594
 
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Media Structure Regulations and Economic Democratic Political Media Becoming Business Media in Indonesia

Erman Anoma, Hamdani M. Syamb, Mus Chairil Samanic, aUniversitas Esa Unggul, Jakarta, Indonesia, bUniversitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh, Indonesia, cUniversiti Malaysia Sarawak, Kota Samarahan Malaysia, Email: aerman.anom@esaunggul.ac.idbhamdanim.syam@unsyiah.ac.idcsmchairil@unimas.my

Media structure regulations and economic, democratic political media becoming business media in Indonesia. This study uses historical methods and approaches. This assessment technique can describe the activities of the process of the formation of the establishment of a business media regulatory basis in Indonesia and the factors that influence the development of business media regulation. This rule is used to systematically review the form of the foundation of the 1984-2018 media business regulation in Indonesia. The results of the study get the media in the 1984-2018 era by their responsibilities as a free media to be responsible together with the government and society to play an active role in enriching developments and finding solutions to overcome the difficulties faced by the state by its functions. The establishment of the 1984-2018 media system includes all forms of problems encountered, including those relating to socio-cultural, political, and economic issues. Therefore, the government gives weight and benchmarks regarding the actuality of media values. The media in its activities are based on the noble values of the nation; namely, Pancasila; the government formally established the Pancasila media in 1984. The Pancasila media must be free and accountable and harmonise its attitudes and behaviour to the noble values of the Indonesian nation, disseminate correct and objective information, become distributors of people's aspirations, and holding adequate social controls. Pages 1595 to 1613
 
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The Importance of the Opportunity Principal to Optimise the Penal System: A Case Study of Indonesia

Muhammad Kurniawan Budi Wibowoa, Hartiwiningsihb, Sri Endah Wahyuningsihc, aFaculty of Law of Universitas Islam Sultan Agung Semarang Indonesia, bFaculty of Law of Universitas Sebelas Maret Indonesia, cFaculty of Law of Universitas Islam Sultan Agung Semarang Indonesia, Email: mkbwsolo1@yahoo.com,  hartiwi50@yahoo.com,  endah.w@unissula.ac.id

The outdated Indonesian Penal Code means that only six of the 33 Indonesian provinces are free from prison overcrowding. Therefore, the authors propose that the ‘principle of opportunity’ must be applied to waiver unnecessary prosecutions. This study’s sociological juridical data were obtained from Indonesian penitentiary institutions, as primary data, and relevant legislation, as secondary data. The data were analysed using qualitative research methods. The results of this study indicate that for the principle of opportunity to be effective, the definition of ‘public interest’ must be reconstructed. The term should refer to lower class people or those aged 70 years and above, and cover minor cases only. The minor cases may include those resulting in no more than four years of penal sanctions until losses have been replaced, where penal sanctions are fines only or where offences can be penalised by a maximum of one year in prison and/or until the loss has been replaced. Pages 1614 to 1626
 
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Organisational Commitment and Job Satisfaction among Government Employees

Lorena Candelarioa, Darin Jan Tindowenb, Marie Jean Mendezabalc, Pyrene Quilangd, a,b,c,dSchool of Graduate Studies and Continuing Professional Development University of Saint Louis Tuguegarao City, Philippines,

This study was conducted to determine the relationship between the organisational commitment, and job satisfaction among government employees. The respondents of this study were the 50 employees of a government agency in the Northern Philippines. The results reveal that highly committed employees are highly satisfied in their job, and vice versa. This study concludes that government employees are highly committed to their organisation and are highly satisfied in their work. More importantly, their high satisfaction to their job is due to their high commitment to the organisation, and vice versa. Pages 1627 to 1643
 
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The Success of the Primary School Affected by the Principal's Managerial Capability

Umbu Tagelaa, aUniversitas Kristen Satya Wacana, Salatiga - Indonesia, Email: aumbu.leba@ukasw.ac.id

The research objectives were to determine the ability of managerial primary school principals in Waingapu City, East Sumba District; and to prove the influence of the headmasters’ managerial ability to the attainment of school programs, especially at the primary schools in the District of Kota Waingapu, East Sumba District. The total sample was comprised of 30 principals. The data analysis used a linear multiple regression, firstly revealing that the success of the primary schools program in the District of Waingapu City, East Sumba is significantly influenced by variables of the headmasters’ coordination abilities, and surveillance capability. Secondly, the success of the primary schools program in the District of Waingapu City, East Sumba was not significantly influenced by the variables of the headmasters’ abilities to plan, and organise. Pages 1644 to 1660
 
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The Enhancement of Higher Education Quality by Alumni Tracking Using Correspondence Analysis

Udjianna Sekteria Pasaribua, Karunia Eka Lestarib*, Sapto Wahyu Indratnoc, Hanni Garminiad, a,cStatistics Research Division, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Bandung, Indonesia, bDepartement of Mathematics Education, Universitas Singaperbangsa Karawang,  Karawang, Indonesia, dAlgebra Research Division, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Bandung, Indonesia, Email: b*karunia.eka.lestari@staff.unsika.ac.id

Higher education is a bridge which connects education to work, business, and industry. When evaluating the higher education quality, the focus is commonly upon the relevance of the study, and job. Indeed, the diversity of study programs within institutes influences upon the job descriptions of their alumni. This paper explores the correspondence analysis method to evaluate the enhancement of higher education quality by performing the association between the relevance of study, job, and alumni job descriptions for the different study programs. The association is depicted graphically on the correspondence plot. As a case study, the tracer study data of 2009 alumni at Institut Teknologi Bnadung (ITB) is used. The results show that ITB has succeeded in organising a high-quality education. It is evident by the association between the relevance of the study, and job for each study program. Overall, and based on the data, the alumni’s job is compatible with their respective study programs. Pages 1661 to 1675
 
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The Sustainability of Disruptive Technology in the Supermarket Industry in Singapore

Chen Weia, Ameen Talibb, ahonors student, The School of Business, Singapore University of Social Sciences, bhead Applied Projects, The School of Business, Singapore University of Social Sciences,

This paper aims to investigate disruptive technology in the supermarket industry and its sustainability in Singapore. The extended Technology Acceptance Model 3 (TAM3) was used to test and analyse factors affecting consumer willingness to adopt the use of high-tech enabled (HTE) services in supermarkets. A sample of 50 survey respondents completed an online questionnaire. Pivot tables and multiple regression statistics were used to analyse survey responses. Perceived usefulness and perceived ease of use are two determining factors that contributed to adoption attitudes. Other moderating factors like unique demographics, psychographics, relative convenience and location accessibility also play big roles in adoption rates. While actual use of HTE services was found to be low, the intention to use was high. Pages 1676 to 1696
 
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Ownership Structure and Firm Value: The Mediating Effect of Intellectual Capital

Erna Setianya*, Syamsudin Syamsudinb, Aprillia Sundawinic, Yananto Mihadi Putrad, aUniversitas Mercu Buana, Jakarta, Indonesia, b,cUniversitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta, Indonesia, dUniversitas Mercu Buana, Jakarta, Indonesia, Email: a*erna.setiany@mercubuana.ac.id,  a**indexedarticle@gmail.com,  bsyamsudin_ums@yahoo.co.id,  caprilliasundawini38@gmail.com,  dyananto.mihadi@mercubuana.ac.id

This study aims to analyse: (1) The Effect of Foreign Institutional Ownership on Intellectual Capital, (2) The Effect of Domestic Institutional Ownership on Intellectual Capital, (3) The Effect of Intellectual Capital on Company Values, (4) The Effect of Foreign Institutional Ownership on Firm Value, ( 5) The Effect of Domestic Institutional Ownership on Company Values, (6) The Effect of Foreign Institutional Ownership on company value mediated by intellectual capital, (7) The Effect of Domestic Institutional Ownership on Corporate Values mediated by Intellectual Capital. The sampling technique was purposive sampling and based on specified criteria, so that 18 companies that met the criteria were obtained. This research includes causal comparability. The analysis used in this study includes the classical assumption test, multiple linear regression test, and path analysis. The results of this study indicate that: (1) Foreign institutional ownership structures have a negative and not significant effect on intellectual capital; (2) The domestic institutional ownership structure has a positive and significant effect on intellectual capital; (3) Foreign institutional ownership structure has a positive and not significant effect on company value; (4) The domestic institutional ownership structure has a positive and not significant effect on the value of the company; (5) Intellectual Capital has a positive and significant effect on firm value; (6) Intellectual capital cannot mediate the relationship between foreign institutional ownership and company value; (7) Intellectual capital cannot mediate the relationship between domestic institutional ownership and company value. Pages 1697 to 1711
 
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Effect of Business Models on Intellectual Capital Disclosure: Empirical Studies in Indonesian Manufacturing Companies

Totok Dewayantoa, Setianingtyas Honggowatib, Sri Wahyu Agustiningsihc, aEconomic and Business Faculty, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia, bEconomic and Business Faculty, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Indonesia, cEconomic Faculty, Universitas Veteran Bangun Nusantara, Indonesia, Email: atotokdewayanto@gmail.combsetianingtyas_27@yahoo.co.idcyayukayoe@gmail.com

The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of business models on intellectual capital disclosure (ICD). The novelty in this study is the use of indicators of product quality, cost efficiency, and innovation indicators contained in the company's business model variables, besides using company size, leverage and ROA as a control variable on the intellectual capital disclosure variable. The population in this study consisted of manufacturing companies on the Indonesia Stock Exchange for the period 2015 - 2017. The sample was determined by the purposive sampling method. The total sample of this research is 225 data samples. This study uses multiple regression analysis for hypothesis testing. The results of this study indicate that the business model has a positive and significant effect on intellectual capital disclosure. Pages 1712 to 1725
 
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Budget Policy That Encourages Economic Growth and Village Empowerment

Zakariyaa, aFaculty of Social and Political Sciences, Universitas 17 Agustus 1945 Surabaya, Email: zakaria@untag-sby.ac.id

Based on Permendesa No. 5 of 2015 there are four elements of village expenditure. These are: field administration by the village government; the field of implementation of village development; the field of society and; community empowerment. Village budget policy is the budget allocation in an area; whose impact can be calculated both economically and non-economically. In 2018 budget planning of Pomahan Village in Ponorogo Regency was Rp 1,856,364,154.00 while the realisation of the budget was Rp 2,094,794,272.00. This meant that there was a budget surplus of Rp 238,430,118. The research objective is to analyse whether Pomahan village budget policies encourage economic growth and community empowerment and to know the impact of development due to the existence of village budget policies. This research is qualitative research. Qualitative research is intended provide an understanding of facts and phenomena. The results showed that the field of budget execution received a portion of 55%, the field of village administration held a portion of 27%, the field of community empowerment 12% and the field of community development 5%. The results showed that the Pomahan village budget policy had driven economic growth and empowered village communities. The impact this budget policy has can increase income and welfare of the community. Pages 1726 to 1737
 
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Islamic Religious Education in Internalizing Multicultural Values

Triyo Supriyatnoa, Ubabuddinb, aUIN Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang, Indonesia, bInstitut Agama Islam Sultan M. Syafiuddin Sambas. Indonesia, Email: atriyo@pai.uin-malang.ac.id,  bubabuddin@gmail.com

A culture of tolerance has existed in Islamic education institutions for a long time. It can be seen in the management of diversity of students and the similarity of services without discriminating on the basis of cultural background, ethnicity, race, and social and economic status. Islamic religious education has integrated multicultural values. The focuses of this study are, first, how multicultural values are included in Islamic religious education; and second, how the development of multicultural-based Islamic religious education learning is modelled to build a culture of tolerance. Descriptive qualitative research is used, in which informants were selected using purposive sampling and data were collected by observation, interview and document review. The results of this study indicate the following. First, the multicultural values that grow and develop in learning Islamic education are based on the example of the Prophet Muhammad, namely hablum minannas based on morals and the nobility of the nation, which comes from the Qur’an; Hadith, the concept of planting multicultural values in Islamic education and teaching methods; and uswatun hasanah, guidance methods and habituation methods. Second, learning models in learning Islamic education are integrative-holistic, covering formulation of the vision, mission and objectives of the madrasa, developing the competence of teaching and educational staff (attitudes, knowledge, and pedagogical) and the form of the multicultural curriculum. Pages 1738 to 1751
 
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The Potential of New Tour Repackaging for Creative Tourism Among Entrepreneurs in Nakhon Si Thammarat

Patcharee  Sumethokula, Ataul Karim Patwaryb, Bamrung  Srinuanpanc, Chawanrat Srinuanpand, Poomchai Suwandeee, Akara Thammathikulf, Wichien Phanong, a,e,f,gFaculty of Humanities and Social Science, Nakhon Si Thammarat Rajabhat University, Thailand, bSchool of Tourism, Hospitality and Event Management, Universiti Utara Malaysia, 06010 UUM, Sintok, Kedah, Malaysia, cFaculty of Management Science, Nakhon Si Thammarat Rajabhat University, Thailand, dFaculty of Science and Technology, Nakhon Si Thammarat Rajabhat University, Thailand, Email: apatcharee.sumethokul@gmail.com,  braselataul@gmail.com,  ckunchaynoy@hotmail.com,  dchawanrat_sri@nstru.ac.th,  epoom_law@hotmail.com,  fakara899@hotmail.com,  gWichien_pha@nstru.ac.th

This research aims to study the potential of tourism management to create a new tourism program between tourism operators in the Nakhon Si Thammarat Province of Thailand. This study used five research methods: interview, survey, questionnaire, and group discussion. The study analysed the data into three components. Firstly, to study the potential of management. Secondly, to study the old, and new styles of tourism programs, and thirdly, to study the linkage of tourism. The analysis of the data obtained from a questionnaire distributed across five communities found that 45 tourists visited the Nakhon Si Thammarat Province. The findings of the study indicated tourists' willingness and spending patterns while visiting the Nakhon Si Thammarat Province. The findings also suggest that, in terms of the homestay, the Ban Laem community gained the highest satisfaction rate among the five communities surveyed, and which was followed by the Ao Talet community, the Baan Rong Lek community, the Thung Saengduan community, and the Baan Suan Por Phiang community. Pages 1752 to 1771