Volume 5, Issue 6, 2019

Special Edition: Blended Learning, Education and Technology 


Implementation of Blending Learning, Education technology and Innovation in Industrial Revolution 4.0


Guest Editor: Eko Susanto

Universitas Muhammadiyah Metro, Kota Metro, Lampung, Sumatra, Indonesia




Developing Students’ Science Process Skills in the Learning of Electricity

Hantje Ponto 1(*), Nontje Merie Sangi1, Christine Takarita Meitty Manopo1, 1Department of Electrical Engineering Education, Universitas Negeri Manado, Minahasa 95618, North Sulawesi, Indonesia. Email: *hantjeponto@unima.ac.id

The science process skill (SPS) is one of the skills needed by humans to face the challenges of the industrial revolution 4.0 in the 21st century. Students who have an SPS are able to understand scientific concepts including basic and complex basic electric circuits (BEC). The research objective is to develop students SPS by using teaching discovery learning methods (TDLM) and their impact on student learning outcomes of BEC (OLBEC). The research method is quasi-experiment. Participants in this research are 72 students consisting of an experimental group using the TDLM model and the control are 36 students. The research data is analysed by using the Manova statistics. The research finding obtained that students SPS and OLBEC who followed the TDLM approach are higher than students who take CTM. Pages 1 to 18




The Implementation of a Village Financial Administration Teaching Model through Microsoft Excel Program 

Ni Luh Gede Erni Sulindawati1*,  Naswan Suharsono1, Wayan Lasmawan1,  Nyoman Natajaya1,  Gusti Arya Sunu1, 1Ganesha University of Education,  Indonesia, Email: *esulind@gmail.com

This study aimed at testing the validity and evaluating the implementation of a village financial administration teaching model through a Microsoft program excel that has been developed. The study used Sugiono’s development method in its trial and product revision stages. The data were collected through observation, interview, documentation and evaluation of learning achievement of the village apparatus.  The data used in this study were analysed using a quantitative analysis.   The quantitative analysis was used to evaluate the result of the trial of the model and to evaluate the learning achievement of the village apparatuses. Based on the result of the validity testing by experts  it was found that the mean of the content validity is  3.24, falling into a reliable category, R = 93.8% and the  mean of the construct validity is  3.22 with R = 92.8%, falling into a reliable category, which means that the teaching model is valid and reliable. The mean of the learning achievements of the village apparatuses = 87.63%, falling into a very good category, which means that the village apparatuses understands the teaching model and this model helped them to do the administration and operate the village financial system. Pages 19 to 34




The Use of The Android-Based Game to Enhance English Vocabulary of Students with Hearing Impairment in Inclusive Schools

Iva Evry Robiyansaha*, Murtadlob, Mudjitoc, Atiqohd, Ketut Susianie, Universitas Negeri Surabayaa,b,c, Universitas PGRI Adi Buanad, Universitas Pendidikan Ganeshe. Email: aiva.18012@mhs.unesa.ac.id

This study aimed to describe the use of an Educational Vocabulary Game (EVG) application to improve the English vocabulary and designed to test the practicality and effectiveness of an EVG application in improving functional English dictionary among students with hearing impairment in an inclusive school. This study was development research, which involved several steps, including concepts, design, material collection, manufacturing, and field testing. Data were collected through observations and tests. Participants were twenty students with hearing impairment and five teachers in an inclusive school in Indonesia. The results of the study showed that the average score of the pre-test was 6.5, while the average rating of the post-test was 8.9. Moreover, the highest score of the post-test was 9.5. Furthermore, the practicality test reported a score of 98.66%. Based on these results, the use of the EVG application was useful and practical to improve the learning outcomes on English vocabulary among students with hearing impairment in an inclusive school. Pages 35 to 44




ESL Undergraduates’ Perception towards MOOC Embedded in Flipped Classroom

Melor Md Yunusa, Harwati Hashimb, Karmila Rafiqah M. Rafiqc, Mohammad Azreen Ariffind, Alwani Izzati Shahudine, Wan Anisa Hafiqa Hussainf, Faculty of Education, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysiaa,b,c,d,e,f, Email: amelor@ukm.edu.my, bharwati@ukm.edu.my, fkarmilarafiqah@gmail.com

The rapid advancement in technology has given rise to the development of the Massive Open Online Course (MOOC).  Thus, the usage of MOOC is seen as among the preferred method, which is embedded in a flipped-classroom approach. This study investigated English as a second language (ESL) and undergraduates’ perceptions towards the use of MOOC embedded in a flipped classroom in Teaching Writing in an ESL Context course. A quantitative research design was employed in this study where a questionnaire was the instrument used.  Data were collected among ESL undergraduates at a faculty in one of the public universities in Malaysia.  Data were analysed using percentages.  The findings of this study showed that a majority of respondents give positive feedback towards the use of MOOC embedded in a flipped classroom. It implied that the use of MOOC should be highlighted and prioritised in the current teaching pedagogy. Pages 45 to 57




The Influence of Post-Training Monitoring and Mentoring on Teachers’ Competencies of Inclusive Education in Elementary School

Irdamurnia, Nurhastutib, Zulmiyetric, a,c,bUniversitas Negeri Padang, Email: airdamurni@fip.unp.ac.id, bnurhastuti@fip.unp.ac.id, czulmityetri@fip.unp.ac.id

The research was motivated by the problems found in post-training. Teachers rarely applied the knowledge they acquired during the training due to the unavailability of post-training monitoring. This research aims to investigate whether the control and mentoring post-training effectively improve the performance of teachers in implementing inclusive education. The research method used was a survey method with an ex post facto design. Samples selected were teachers who participated in the 2016 inclusive education training. Findings showed that; (1) teachers’ competencies of inclusive education have improved after the post-training (2) training and assistance have a significant influence on enhancing teachers’ performance in implementing inclusive education in elementary school.Pages 58 to 67




Scaffolding Approach in Teaching Writing in English as a Second Language (ESL) Context

Melor Md Yunusa, Harwati Hashimb*,  Fetylana Nor Pazilahc, Nurdania Nazuwa Rusadzelid, Nurul Syasika Tijan Bolkane, Dineswari Segakumaranf, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Email: b*harwati@ukm.edu.my

This paper aims to identify the perceptions of Teaching English as a Second Language (TESL) and students' knowledge of the scaffolding approach in learning to teach writing in a ESL context. A total of 37 students who are doing their Bachelor's degree in Teaching English as a Second Language in a university in Malaysia participated in the research. Data were collected using a survey and were analysed using frequencies and percentages. The data revealed that most of the respondents have an excellent perception of the scaffolding approach, and generally, almost all agreed that it has positive impacts on teaching writing. It has shown that the scaffolding approach is an effective way to enhance students' potential in learning, specifically in learning to teach writing. Pages 68 to 80




Benefits of Gamification Towards Different Learning Styles in Language Learning

Fetylyana Nor Pazilaha, Harwati Hashimb*, Melor Md Yunusc, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysiaa,b,c, Email: b* harwati@ukm.edu.my

In the modern age, chalk and talk may not be as relevant as it was a decade ago. With the technology advancing exponentially, it has provided the earth citizens with its practicality and flexibility, particularly in language learning. However, there is still a majority group of people who have not fully utilised learning through technology. Gamification is one of the effective ways to learn a language as it also caters to all different types of learners. This paper aims to study the benefits of gamification towards different learning styles in language learning. This study implies that implementing gamification in education can help students to achieve their targeted goals in language learning and making teaching easier for the teachers. Future studies can investigate the challenges of gamification learning. Pages 81 to 89




MOOC for Training: A Review of The Variations Of MOOC

Karmila Rafiqah M. Rafiqa, Harwati Hashimb*, Melor Md Yunusc, Faculty of Education, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Email: b*harwati@ukm.edu.my

As the Internet of Things (IoT) is paving it’s way into various industries, the educational field is changing from formal classroom to online education, where learning is not only restricted to face-to-face interaction but also virtually. This paper aimed to review the different models of MOOC, which can be used as guidelines to carry out online training. The discussion revolves around the various models of MOOC, whereby learning theories are used as a foundation. Ranging from cognitivist to connectivity, the models of MOOC keep emerging to suit the current demands of learning and to cater to the needs of each individual. The considerable variation of MOOCs does not make the earlier models to be ineffective, yet the later models complement the earlier ones. These discussions will be able to guide and provide an overview for educators and researchers in designing and developing MOOC, especially for professional training in the working field.  Pages 90 to 98




Flipped Learning in Malaysia

Siti Fatimah Abd Rahmana, Melor Md Yunusb, Harwati Hashimc*, Faculty of Education, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysiaa,b,c, Email: c*harwati@ukm.edu.my

The 21st century of education demands for student-centred learning rather than conventional teacher-centred learning. There are several new models and approaches to be adapted to meet the demand. One of the popular models in Malaysia is flipped learning. Flipped learning focuses on meaningful learning, and it also promotes a student-centred learning style. This paper explores flipped learning studies done by researchers regardless of the disciple and level of education. Pages 99 to 111




Students’ Digital Literacy Skill to Solve Learning Problems

Dony Darma Sagitaaa*, Asnib, Fatma Nofrizac, Fitniwilisd, Feli Cianda Adrin burhendie, Rizki Dwi Siswantof, Counseling Guidance Study Program a,b,c, Department of Physics Educationd,e, Mathematics Education Study Programf, Universitas Muhammadiyah Prof. DR. HAMKA, Email: a*donyds@uhamka.ac.id

This study aimed to see the extent of students' digital literacy skills in managing learning problems. The method used was descriptive qualitative with questionnaires and interviews. The results show that the students had the ability of digital literacy at the current stage of scholarship, or it can be said that the students were interested in digital literacy. In some circumstances, the students had not been able to sort and criticise the information contained in the information system in solving  learning problems. Therefore, there is a need for guidance for students to improve their digital literacy skills in solving the learning problems.Pages 112 to 122




Development Combinatorics Realistic Mathematics Education Application based on the Android Mobile

Rizki Dwi Siswantoa*, Atiqah Meutia Hildab, Ervin Azharc, Mathematics Education Study Programa,c, Informatics Engineering Study Programb, Universitas Muhammadiyah Prof. DR. HAMKA, Email: a*rizkidwisiswanto@uhamka.ac.id

This development research aims to produce an Android-based combinatoric application as a learning medium for high school students and to find the quality of the combinatoric applications for use in mathematics learning. This research is a research and development (R&D) adapted from the 4D development model. There are four stages:  Define, Design, Develop, and Disseminate. Data analysis techniques are used in the feasibility test and the quality test of the media. The results showed the feasibility of an Android-based combinatorics application based on the assessment of media experts was 75.00% with proper criteria, and the evaluation of 2 material experts was 82.32% with suitable principles. The media was tested publicly from 50 students of South Tangerang 6 Public High Schools and MA Kafila. The result of the public trial obtained an application quality result of 83.20% with suitable criteria. Based on the results of data acquisition, it shows that Android-based combinatorics applications are appropriate to be used as a source of mathematics learning at the high school level. Pages 123 to 140




Kahoot!: Engaging and Active Learning Environment in ESL Writing Classrooms

Melor Md Yunusa, Harwati Hashimb, Haida Umiera Hashimc, Zaidatul Shima Yahyad, Farah Sabrina Sabrie, Adriana Nasuha Nazerif, Faculty of Education, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysiaa,b,c,d,e,f

The aim of this paper is to examine the use of Kahoot! for teaching writing in English as a Second Language (ESL) classroom to create engagement and active learning. The purpose of this study is to measure the effectiveness of Kahoot! for teaching writing in the ESL classroom. This was accomplished through a quantitative design which is a survey regarding the use of Kahoot among third year Teaching ESL undergraduate students in a public university in Malaysia. A total of forty undergraduate TESL students were selected as participants for this study and the questionnaire was designed by using online form via Google form. The survey in this research is focusing on the effectiveness of Kahoot in creating engagement and active learning for teaching writing. The results show that students think the Kahoot! implementation and helps them to enjoy the class compared to the traditional method. The findings also show how the use of Kahoot can create engagement and active learning among students for teaching writing in the ESL classroom. Pages 141 to 152




Implementation of Blended Learning to Use Discovery Learning Method

Feli Cianda Adrin Burhendia*, Wahyu Dian Lb, A. Kusdiwelirawanc, Dony Darma Sagitad, Physics Educationa,b,c, Counseling Guidance Educationd, Universitas Muhammadiyah Prof. DR. HAMKA, Indonesia, Email: a*felicianda@uhamka.ac.id

The focus of this research is to find out how to implement blended learning in university and how much influence it has on calculus I learning outcomes with the discovery learning method. The method used in this research is quasi-experimental, with a non-equivalent pre-test/post-test control group design. From the research of students’ Implementation of Blended Learning using Discovery Learning Method in Calculus I Courses, it has the result of the extended score between Xmax(highest score) = 85 until Xmin (lowest score) = 45 in the total sample of 30 students. The mean () is 66.10 ; variant (s2) is 92.73 and standard deviation (s) is 9.63. The results of this study indicate that there is a positive influence of blended learning to use discovery learning models in the calculus I course. From the computation of the experiment and control class by using the t-test, it is found that t observed = 1.8. While insignificant level of α = 0.05 and df (30+30-2) = 58, found that t table(1-α;(58)) = 1.67. Because t observed = 1.8 > t table(1-α;(58)) = 1.67, it means that research hypothesis (H0) is rejected and (Hi) is accepted. So, it can be stated that there is a significant influence of the Blended Learning to use Discovery Learning Method in the Calculus I Course.Pages 153 to 163




Video Games: The Game Changer in Teaching Writing for ESL Learning

Haida Umiera Hashima, Melor Md Yunusb, Harwati Hashimc, Faculty of Education, The National University of Malaysiaa,b,c

Being able to write excellent academic writing has become a problem among English as Secondary Language learners. Learners tend to be wrong in writing and not show much interest in writing academic writing. One of the reasons for this is because of the conventional approach by educators that are making learners not to feel motivated to write and cause a lack of writing skills. Due to that, to motivate students to be engaged in writing, an intervention of video games is used in teaching writing for ESL learning. The use of video games, specific Players' Underground Battle, or widely known as PUBG, is used in motivating learners to write. A few words or phrases were taken from the video games, and learners needed to write a page of writing out of them. Based on the findings, it can be seen that the intervention of video games has helped learners to be more motivated and creative in writing.  Pages 164 to 172




Learners’ Language Learning Strategies in Rural Secondary School

Pavitthra Arulchelvana, Harwati Hashimb, Melor Md Yunusc, Faculty of Education, National University of Malaysia (UKM)a,b,c, Email: apavitthra92@gmail.com, bharwati@ukm.edu.my,cmelor@ukm.edu.my

Language is the medium of communication and instruction among learners around the globe. Successful language learners employ various language learning strategies. This survey aims to explore the suitable language learning strategies and categories applied by Form 2 learners in a rural secondary school in the Cameron Highlands district in enhancing their listening, speaking, reading, writing, and vocabulary skills. Respondents replied to the self-administered questionnaires, which were adapted from the study (Rose & Yunus, 2016). Data were collected, analysed, and administered descriptively using valid percentages. Significant findings revolved that most learners favoured the writing and memory strategies in developing their language competencies. Based on the results, they were highly identified as memory and audiovisual learners in performing language skills. The researcher believes that the results would be a turning point for language practitioners and educators in devising and conducting suggested materials and tasks considering the best language learning strategies preferred by the learners.Pages 173 to 186




Successful ESL Learners’ Strategy Use for Writing Skills

Rusreena Ruslia, Harwati Hashimb*, Melor Md Yunusc, Faculty of Education, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM)a,b,c, Email: b* harwati@ukm.edu.my

Every learner has different ways and strategies in building excellent writing skills. Past researchers have suggested that good second language learners have a greater awareness of the strategies used in their learning. However, there are insufficient studies that focused on successful language learners from lower secondary students. Therefore, this study aimed to seek out the ESL learning strategies used for writing skills by lower secondary students. This study employed a quantitative approach where 15 successful language learners from a public school were involved. Based on the findings, the most important strategies used by successful language learners are reading, producing a draft before writing, and also using a dictionary to acquire vocabulary. This study provides knowledge and understanding of the possible strategies that can be promoted to all second language learners in the future. Pages 187 to 196




Need Assessment of Parents of Children with Cerebral Palsy Observed from Family Counselling

Nurhastutia, Kasiyatib, Zulmiyetric, Irdamurnid, Special Education Department, Universitas Negeri Padang, Indonesiaa,b,c,d, Email: anurhastuti@fip.unp.ac.id

Caring for a child with cerebral palsy can impact the quality of life of the parent. Raising a child with cerebral palsy is stressful for the parent because it requires intensive physical engagement, such as family counselling. Raising a child who has cerebral palsy creates fresh challenges for the whole family. Family counselling is a disability waiver service that includes counselling for the person and family members who serve as unpaid caregivers as identified in the individual plan of care. This study aimed to determine the needs of parents who have cerebral palsy children. The object of this research is 13 parents who have cerebral palsy children in Padang. A qualitative study was conducted utilising a grounded theory framework, with data collection through literature study, observation, and also using a questionnaire. The analysis tool used is explanatory research. Pages 197 to 207




Challenging Parenting Issues on Developing a Disciplined  Character for Elementary Students

Happy Karlina Marjo, State University of Jakarta, Indonesia, Email: hkarlina@unj.ac.id

The purpose of this study was to get a deeper understanding of a suitable parenting training approach to develop a disciplined character for elementary school students. This research is a pilot project. The sample in this study was 79 parents of students in three schools and three teachers of students in the three schools and three students. The instruments used were the Scale of Pembentukan Karakter Disiplin Siswa Sekolah Dasar (PKDSSD) and Focus Group Discussions. Data analysis used is a qualitative descriptive approach with thematic analysis and the Wilcoxon test to determine the suitability of the participants. This research portrays the urgency of parenting training to develop disciplined character, and this information can be used by counsellors, teachers, and parents for the formation of elementary school students' disciplined character.Pages 208 to 218




Has a Fear of Missing Out Contributed to Phubbing Among Students?

Stefanus Soejanto Sandjajaa*, Yuda Syahputrab, Universitas Kristen Krida Wacana, Jakarta, Indonesiaa, Universitas Negeri Padang, Sumatera Barat, Indonesiab, Email: a*sandjaja@ukrida.ac.id

Smartphones have a negative impact on changes in student behaviour; the social interaction that is done directly has turned into communication with the help of smartphones and internet access. The purpose of this study is to describe the contribution of FoMO to Phubbing in school. The sample consisted of 1534 male students (n = 646), female (n = 888) spread in junior high schools (n = 295), high schools (n = 734), and vocational high schools (n = 505), which was selected by using the Purposive Random Sampling technique. Data were collected through two questionnaires administered online, namely: (1) internet FoMO (Fear of Missing Out) instruments, and (2) Phubbing instruments. The instrument used was a Likert scale model, with five answer choices. The results showed that the contribution of internet FoMO (X) was significant towards phubbing behaviour (Y), seen from the contribution given by FoMO internet by 35.2% to students' phubbing behaviour. Pages 219 to 230




Konselo App: The Future of Distance Counselling and Therapy Applications Based on Android Technology

Zadrian Ardia, Neviyarnib, Daharnisc, Universitas Negeri Padang, Indonesiaa,b,c, Email: azadrian@fip.unp.ac.id

The internet is one of the main drivers in the development of technological innovation and the industrial revolution, which tends to play important roles in various sectors of human life. One implication of this technology is the development of a mobile operating systems such as Android and iOS. However, its use in mental health interventions is still limited. This research, therefore, aims to develop an Android-based platform that can be used to connect counsellors with clients in the context of mental health interventions, irrespective of their distances. Data was obtained from 10 counsellors and clients which included 174 respondents in the preliminary study regarding the application content. The data obtained was then analysed by using the Rasch Analysis, Kendall's Concordance Analysis, and Network Psychometrics Analysis. The results of the study showed that the developed application fulfilled the requirements and was widely accepted by respondents. Pages 231 to 244




Exploration of Active Smartphone User’s Mental Health and the Opportunities of an Internet-Based Therapy Approach.

Indah Sukmawatia, Zadrian Ardib*, Maysitohc, Ifdil Ifdild, Hendra Hidayate, Universitas Negeri Padang, Indonesiaa,b,c,d, Universitas Bung Hatta, Indonesiae, Email: b*zadrian@fip.unp.ac.id

The internet is the latest technology developed in various sectors of life. This technology provides its users with ease of access, simplicity, huge data storage, connectivity, amongst  other conveniences. One implication of this technological development is implemented through the use of a smartphone. This device brings a major change in daily life and human social complexity. Indonesia, as a developing country, has the largest smartphone use potential in Asia. However, excessive use raises new mental health issues for individuals. The intervention of mental health services in Indonesia has not been able to reach all clients. Additionally, the use of internet-based services are unknown and not yet measurable through various researches. This study aims to explore the mental health condition of active users of smartphones in Indonesia and internet-based usage opportunities for its services. This preliminary study consisted of 174 respondents spread throughout Indonesia with diverse demographics. The data findings were analysed by using network psychometrics and Rasch analysis. The results showed that, in general, some mental health disorder was found among users who actively use smartphone related to social conditions. The opportunity  to use internet technologies to reach individuals with disturbed mental health conditions are significant. Respondents want internet-based services to be provided before meeting counsellors and psychotherapists personally. Pages 245 to 254




Cognitive Counselling in Developing Cross-Gender Friendship

I Ketut Dharsanaa, Gede Nugraha Sudarsanab, Wayan Eka Paramarthac, Department Guidance Counseling, Universitas Pendidikan Ganeshaa,b,c, Email: aiketut.dharsana@undiksha.ac.id

Cross-Gender Friendships (CGFs) are relationships between men and women who are not attached.  Through observing high school students  in the Buleleng district, it was found that some teenagers show friendly attitudes with male or female friends, while others show distancing behaviour and will not to get too close to male or female friends.  Boys will gather with boys and vice versa with girls. Seeing the phenomenon of low CGFs, it is necessary to be counselled.  This research is a quasi-experimental study in which the research design uses an experimental group and a control group.  The populations in this study were middle school adolescents in Buleleng district.  Sampling was conducted by the purposive technique in which the characteristics of adolescents who have low CGFs were used as research subjects.  The number of samples included in the criteria was 44 respondents.  The data analysis technique used was two-way ANOVA. The results showed that Cognitive Counseling was effectively used in developing CGFs in adolescent boys and girls. The low CGFs in adolescents is developed using Cognitive Counseling. It is recommended that counselors can be used as an alternative to providing counselling services.Pages 255 to 262




Phubbing Behaviour in Indonesian Students

Taufika, Alizamarb, Afdalc, Miftahul Fikrid*, Ifdile, Guidance and Counselling, Universits Negeri Padang, Indonesiaa,b,c,d,e, Email: d*miftahulfikri33@gmail.com

This research is motivated by the increase in phubbing behaviour in Indonesian students . This behaviour does not only affect their learning activities but also disrupts their psychological and social life. The researchers will analyse the objectives of this research which focuses on the phubbing level among a student. The research approach is quantitative descriptive, with a sample of 1124 students. A purposive sampling technique is used. Collected data used includes phubbing inventory, with items reliability 0.96 and respondent reliability 0.92. The data analysed used descriptive and deferential analysis. The results showed that for the students whose phubbing behaviour was in the high category, there was no difference based on gender and ethnicity. It can therefore be concluded that there is a need for collaboration and a comprehensive effort to reduce the problem of phubbing.   Pages 263 to 272




Teacher’s Pedagogy Competencies for Managing Classes in Inclusive Schools

Suprayitno Arie Putraa, Yoyok Soesatyob, Mudjitoc, Universitas Negeri Surabaya, Surabaya, Indonesiaa,b,c, Email: asuprayitno.17070976016@mhs.unesa.ac.id

This research aims to describe the pedagogical competence of teachers in inclusive schools. This research was conducted at a Junior High School in the Sidoarjo Region of East Java Province, Indonesia. To achieve the research objectives, semi-structured interviews were conducted with school principals, teachers, and school supervisors in inclusive schools.  This research data was analysed through the stages of a case study and phenomenological analysis. The results showed that the importance of teachers in inclusive schools to apply pedagogical competence in managing classrooms. The ability of teachers to use pedagogical competencies varies, including the understand of student characteristics, changing curriculum, teaching methods, teaching strategies, and conducting student assessments. The results become a reference in the development of teachers in inclusive schools.Pages 273 to 282




The Implementation of Quality Culture in Primary and Secondary Education with Internal Quality Assurance System in Indonesia

Anwar Sidartaa, Yatim Riyantob, Eni Wuryantic, Universitas Negeri Surabayaa,b,c, Email: aanwar.17070976006@mhs.unesa.ac.id

This study aims at describing the ability of school staff to implement internal quality assurance systems of education and quality culture. This formative evaluative study involved surveys of 228 principals and members of the school education quality assurance in East Java, Indonesia. Data on the research analysis used is descriptive and was obtained by describing each indicator. The results of the research showed that schools had implemented an internal quality assurance system and implemented a quality culture. Research findings also show that in implementing quality culture, there is still a lack of involvement of the school's internal parties and the school's external parties. Pages 283 to 294




Teacher’s Support on Child Directed Play and its Contribution to Children’s Development

Elise Muryantia, Sri Hartatia, Universitas Negeri Padang, Padang, Indonesia, Email: aelise@fip.unp.ac.id

This paper discusses teacher’s support on children directed play and the benefits of play in children’s development. Children’s directed play is the context of play engaged by children’s initiation. Children’s holistic development can be stimulated through children’s directed play. The importance of children’s directed play is often ignored by adults. Play is a primary approach of learning in Indonesia kindergartens as stated in Indonesia’s early childhood education curriculum, 2013. Given the importance of play for children’s holistic development, this paper will explore and analyse teacher’s support of children’s directed play and its contribution to children’s development. Pages 295 to 303




Unsustainable English Learning: The Factors Inhibiting Retention of ‘English as a Foreign Language’ (EFL) in an Indonesian University

Maman Asrobia, M. Adib Nazrib,Universitas Hamzanwadi, Indonesiaa,b, Email: ammnasrobi@gmail.com

This study aims to analyse the unsustainable experience of English learning for ‘English as a Foreign Learner’ (EFL) students. To determine the main factors, this descriptive qualitative study selected 120 student-participants using an opportunistic sampling technique. Data was collected using observations, questionnaires, and interviews. An instructive model technique analysed the data via three components: Reduction, presentation, and verification of the data. The study found three main factors contributing to students' experience of English learning as unsustainable: Students had a lack of basic knowledge in the English language; Appropriate materials were not provided in the classroom, and; The classroom environment was lacking support enough to expose and enhance students’ basic knowledge and skill level. Pages 304 to 313




The Influence of Adolescent Soap Opera on Elementary Students’ Behaviour

Aswasulasikina, Yul Alfian Hadib, Sri Pujianic, Primary Teacher Education, Hamzanwadi University, MTs. Muallimat NW Pancor, Selong, Indonesia, Email: akien.ip12@gmail.co, byulhadi7@gmail.com, cpuji.kien@gmail.com

Many elementary school students are imitating the scenes from the shows they watch and practicing martial arts scenes with friends at school. Most students like soap operas with action and drama genres, and often resemble the scenes at school. Everyone of all ages can watch adolescent soap operas and full parental control cannot be fully exercised. This study looked into the influence of adolescent soap operas on elementary school students’ behaviour. The research method conducted interviews with competent informants. Data were collected via the observation and discussions made, and both were documented. Data from the research conducted showed that adolescent soap opera does influence student behaviour. A student's behaviour might mimic scenes that are less educational from the shows, such as fighting by using violence to recognise love. This makes children precocious. Pages 314 to 324




Inside-Outside Circle: An Early Childhood Language and Literacy Development Method

Khirjan Nahdia, Dukha Yunitasarib, Faculty of Language, Arts, and Humanitiesa, Faculty of Educationb, Universitas Hamzanwadi, Email: akhirjan.nw@gmail.comkhirjan.nw@gmail.com

Aspects of language development and literacy, especially the ability to speak in children aged 5-6 years, is one aspect of special concern in child development. One method used to improve aspects of child language development and literacies is the method of ‘inside-outside learning’. This quantitative research study used experimental research and paired sample t-test. Language development and literacy, especially the ability to speak using the inside-outside circle method, obtained the results of the test "t" (Paired T-Sample) with score t-count ≥ table (5.147> 1.706). Language development and literacy improved, especially the ability to speak, when using the method ‘Inside-Outside Learning Circle’ skills developed included the ability to intonate, communication skills, mastery of simple words, and increased ability to compose simple sentences. The application of learning by using the ‘Inside-Outside Learning Circle’ method is one of the useful innovation efforts in Early Childhood Education.Pages 325 to 335




The Correlation of Undergraduate Course Research Experience and Critical Thinking Skills

Hartini Haritania*, Yuyun Febrianib, Tri Puspita Yulianac, Ersi Arviana Ihsand, Pharmacy Department, Health Faculty, Universitas Hamzanwadia,b,c,d, Email: a* ritani.haritani@hamzanwadi.ac.id

This research aimed to analyse the correlation of undergraduate course research experience and critical thinking skills in the context of laboratory research. The undergraduate courses in this research were basic chemistry, plant-determination, photochemistry, drug, food, and cosmetic analysis. The students in a pharmacy department developed critical thinking skills during their time, making and using solvents, determining plant , analysing the fractionating active compound, and analysing active compounds. This research was qualitative descriptive research and used observation and interviews to collate data. Eighteen students made up the sample population. The critical thinking skills were divided into low, middle, and high categories (percentage). The data show the same interval in mean, standard deviation, and category percentage in every category with the same participants. The descriptive analysis used observation and interview in four undergraduate courses during laboratory research experiences. The study shows a positive correlation between critical thinking skills in the pharmacy laboratory and the undergraduate course. Pages 336 to 347




Phubbing Behavior: How it's Related to Happiness

Alizamara, Miftahul Fikrib, Afdalc, Yuda Syahputrad, Indah Sukmawatie, Asmidir Ilyasf, Department of Guidance and Counselling, Padang, Indonesiaa,b,c,d,e,f, Email: aalizamar@konselor.org

Millennial society today may experience various problems including addiction in relation to their use of smartphones, the Internet, social media, and games. We also know this student behavior as phubbing behavior. ‘Phubbing’ is the term used to describe a person using a technological device while in the company of another person to whom they are not noticing or attending. This study analyses ‘phubbing behavior’ in Indonesia. 1093 students responded to the study in which a multistage random sampling technique determined participants’ level of happiness (happy, unhappy.) via a Phubbing Behavior Scale (APBS). The data was collated using a research method that was comparative, quantitative and descriptive. Data was analysed with an analysis of variance. The results found 45.2% of Indonesian students experienced high expressions of phubbing behaviour (495 respondents). Judging from the correlated level of happiness in participants, there was no significant difference found: The people expressing high amounts of phubbing were not less happy. The mean of students who tend towards phubbing behaviour. This shows that phubbing in your daily life does not affect your happiness as an individual, but phubbing may be one factor inhibiting happiness. Phubbing others may lead to negative psychology and do more harm. Special attention from various stakeholders may assist society overcome the problems faced by students phubbing in socially interative spaces. Collaboration between various parties toward a shared goal for healthy socialising can be discussed further in future studies. Pages 448 to 358




The Effects of Principal Leadership on Effective School Management

Saaduddin Saaduddina, Nurhizrah Gistituatib, Phil Yanuar Kiramc, Jalius Jamad, Yunita Khairanie, Universitas Negeri Padang, Indonesiaa,b,c,d, Indonesian Institute For Counseling, Education And Therapy, Indonesiae, Email: asddnbkr@yahoo.com

The quality of education in Indonesia needs to improve. In order to achieve quality education the leadership of the school principal and the school management matters. This study was conducted to examine the influence of the principal and the school leadership on effective school management. This research is a quantitative descriptive study with a sample of 113 people. The study used the Likert model, as the principal's leadership instrument and effective school management instrument. Data analysis used descriptive analysis and simple linear regression analysis. The research findings show that the principal's leadership influenced effective school management.Pages 359 to 367




The Discourse of Sasak’s Art: From Tradition to Modernity

Dharma Satrya HDa, Farukb, Pujihartoc, Faculty of Language, Art, and Humanities, Universitas Hamzanwadi, Indonesiaa, Department of Language and Literature, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesiab,c, Email: adharmasatryahakimdiri@hamzanwadi.ac.id

This article discusses the discourse of art in Sasak, Lombok, in the context of Art Education. This research aims to examine the reality of painting styles in Lombok using Representation Theory in Cultural Studies. From this perspective, the research aim was to explore how the art of Sasak, Lombok is represented. Data was collected using library records and a discourse analysis was applied. There was not a singular art discourse for Lombok. The artistic tradition before the 2000s was dominated by a discussion of Traditional art. This corresponded with a nobility government in West Nusa Tenggara.  Later between the year 2000 and 2010, specifically in the leadership period of Tuan Guru, Islam, discussions of Modernity were found to dominate written interpretations of art. The transition of leadership from the aristocracy to governance under the leadership of Tuan Guru correlated with the changing of Sasak’s art discourse from Tradition to Modernity. Pages 368 to 377




Development of an Online System to Reveal Student Learning Problems: Based on AUM SP.1 PTSDL

I Ifdila, P Prayinob, T Taufikc, TH Sind, B Amalianitae, N Zolaf, Y E Putrig, R P Fadlih, E Churniai, F A Izlanj, Department Guidance and Counselling, Faculty of Education, Universitas Negeri Padang, Indonesiaa,b,c,d, Indonesian Institute for Counselling, Education and Therapy, Indonesiae,f,g,h,I,j, Email: ifdil@konselor.org

Technology and information have evolved in various fields, with one such area being guidance and counselling. As such, school counsellors must be able to keep the balance between the pace of technological development with service processes that require school counsellors to use complementary technology. One such example is in the assessment process AUM SP.1 PTSDL, an online system application that can be used by school counsellors in the assessment process to reveal learning problems. This application can support school counsellors to develop more assessments without requiring as much time and energy compared to usual manual processing. Processing the instrument manual is an inefficient use of the school counsellor’s time. As such, counsellors have difficulty using AUM PTSDL for the assessment process. The development of information technology that is present today fosters the need for counsellors to use applications or media that can facilitate their tasks by allowing them to use their energy and time more effectively and efficiently.Pages 378 to 389




The Urgency of the Role of Guidance and Counselling Services in Assisting Career Planning for Deaf Students

Mega Iswaria,  Afdalb, Miftahul Fikric, Johandri Taufand, Special Education Departmenta, Guidance and Counselling Departmentb,c, Faculty of Educationd, Universitas Negeri Padang, Indonesia, Email: bafdal@konselor.org

Deaf children are exceptional children who experience physical disabilities of hearing, which affects a lack of confidence in career planning. This problem highlights the role of school counsellors in planning students' careers by providing self-understanding and the correct environment through guidance and counselling services. This study aims to describe the differences in career planning for deaf students with and without counsellors in schools. The samples of this study were 96 students from13 high schools. The results showed that there is a significant difference between the career planning of deaf students in high schools with counsellors and those without counsellors at school. The profiles of career planning for deaf students, based on the presence or absence of school counsellors, was discussed further. Pages 390 to 397




Development of Digital Character Education Comics to Improve Cognitive Empathy

Wirda Hanima*, Djunaedib, Guidance and Counselling, Faculty of Education, Universitas Negeri Jakarta, Jakarta, Indonesiaa,b, Email: a*wirdahanim10@gmail.com

This research aimed to develop digital comics that are suitable for use as a medium of intervention in Group Guidance. The research method uses Hannafin and Peck's Model Research and Development method. This method step starts from the Needs Study, Design, Expert Test, Revision and Field Testing. This research reached the expert test stage. Overall media expert test results gave a percentage of 80% in the first comic design . Material experts as a whole gave a percentage of 71.7% in the first comic design. After the results had been improved, this reached 95% of the media aspects and 97% of material aspects. This showed that according to the digital comic expert produced as a viable medium for Group Guidance intervention to increase students' cognitive empathy. Pages 398 to 407




Informal Caregiving of Senior Parents in Malaysia: Issues & Counselling Needs

Nurul Hidayah Anuara, Zuria Mahmudb, Dharatun Nissa Fuad Mohd Karimc, Faculty of Education, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia

Caregiving can be challenging as it impacts the quality of the caregiver’s life. This study focuses on two research questions: 1) Issues faced by adult children in caregiving for their senior parents, and 2) Counselling support needed by the caregivers.  Qualitative data was collected from in-depth interviews with thirteen (age = 30-59, gender = 9 females and 4 males) middle to high-income adult children residing in various places in Malaysia.  Data was managed and analysed using Atlas.ti8 to find emerging themes. Two themes emerged for issues of caregiving including management of the senior parents’ health, emotions, and finances; and personal management of the caregivers and their relationships. Three themes emerged for counselling: the need for counselling services; the content of the counselling session and; the type of counselling.  The results of this study support a need for more research and education on the elderly developmental process and caregiving as well as the development of related counselling services. Pages 408 to 420




School Guidance and Counselling Services for Special Education Students in Malaysia: A Literature Review

Abu Yazid Abu Bakara, Siti Nurliyana Ahmadb, Mohd. Izwan Mahmudc, Faculty of Education, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia

The Malaysian Education Act 1996 gave the liberty to the Minister to establish special education classrooms at any schools that needed them, provided the students’ population in those particular schools is sufficient.  This clause has motivated the establishment of Program Pendidikan Khas Integrasi (PPKI) in government schools ever since.  This move encouraged parents who have children with issues like learning disabilities and other categories of special needs, to send their children into the mainstream education system, and the numbers are growing every year. The uniqueness of these students and the special learning needed by them makes it essential for the educational system to provide holistic support elements in school settings.  One of these vital elements is the counselling provision specifically tailored for this unique population of students.  However, the current school counselling services provided are based more on the “one-size-fits-all” philosophy; thus, tends to ignore the needs of special education students. On top of that, the PPKI teachers are not given proper training or knowledge in counselling and guidance, which prevents them from helping the students effectively in school. This paper analytically reviews the literature, internationally and locally, with the main purpose to establish an overview of the provision of school counselling for special education students in Malaysia.  Consequently, this literature review will initiate further research works to plan integrated strategies to enhance the existing school counselling services in the Malaysian education system. Pages 421 to 433




Support and Opportunities: The Public Benefits Hearing at The National University of Malaysia, UKM

Mohd Hanafi Mohd Yasina, Mohd Mokhtar Taharb, Mohd Syazwan Zainalc, Nur Shafiqah Abdul Rahimd, Rabaishah Azirune, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Malaysiaa,b,c,d,e, Email: amhmy6365@ukm.edu.my, bnurshafiqah381@gmail.com

We conducted this study to identify the support received and the obstacles faced by students with disabilities at the Institute Pengajian Tinggi Awam (IPTA) in Malaysia. The study sample was comprised of students with hearing loss. We obtained data from students in writing and through interviews conducted because the sample had hearing loss. Issues raised by students included those of a sign interpreter, library information help, disabled-friendly transportation system facilities, bureaucratic red tape and lack of empathy from some campus residents. The sample reported that they relied on close friends to assist them in attending college. Improving the quality of services and facilities for students with disabilities in Malaysian high schools was among the suggestions submitted as were efforts to increase awareness and overall understanding. Campus citizens about their challenges and needs and established a body that can communicate their needs of university administrators and take action that can create a more positive physical and social environment to reach their full potential. Pages 434 to 444




Modifications of Student Behaviour Among Special Needs Students Using Art Therapy

Mohd Mokhtar Tahara, Mohd Syazwan Zainalb, Abu Yazid Abu Bakarc, Mohd Hanafi Mohd Yasind, Nur Syahmimi Ibarahime, Ummi Kaltuhm Mohd Mokhtarf, Asep Sunandarg, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysiaa,b,c,d,e,f, Universitas Negeri Malangg, Email: amokhtar@ukm.edu.my

Art is a field that benefits the development of special needs students. This study was conducted to look at the therapeutic impact of art on students' special education learning behaviour as well as the level of student acceptance of art therapy activities in the learning process. This study is a qualitative descriptive case study using Albert Bandura's Modeling Theory and guided by the Person-Environment-Occupation Model (PEO). The sample of this study was 5 people consisting of students with special education learning in the age group of 7 to 9 years with various categories of disabilities. The study was conducted using a modified observation check instrument from the ABILHAND-Kids Questionnaire and Child Behaviour Checklist as well as structured interview questions by four expert teachers. The findings of the study were analysed using tables and graphs by the researcher. Studies have found positive effects on students' behaviour through art therapy activities as well as being well received in the learning process. It is hoped that this study will provide ideas for others to explore the therapeutic application of art in the education of special education students. Studies that focus on students with specific disabilities categories are recommended for further study. Pages 445 to 457




Synchronous Approach in Improving Students’ Speaking Competency

Lim Lai Waha, Harwati Hashimb*, Melor Md Yunusc, Faculty of Education, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Email:b*harwati@ukm.edu.my

Nowadays, the use of technology has changed teaching and learning experiences, and it is seen to be effective in enhancing teaching and learning of the English language. It enables learners to be more motivated and independent. Although it is challenging to have the best approach to improve learners' speaking skills, it is proven by many researchers who have shown the positive outcomes of using technology in teaching and learning of English. Hence, we should admit that teaching and learning of English by using technology enhances teaching and learning of English speaking. Therefore, this article seeks to clarify the effectiveness of Live Speak in improving learners’ speaking proficiency. Pages 458 to 467




The Development of Android-Based Economic Teaching Materials for Student Independence

Muh. Fahrurrozia, Mohzanab

aDep. of Economic Education, Faculty of Social and Economy Study, Universitas Hamzanwadi, Lombok, Indonesia.bDep. of Language Education, Faculty of Languages, Arts and Humanities, Universitas Hamzanwadi, Lombok, Indonesia.

Email: fahrurrozi@hamzanwadi.ac.id

Technological developments affect smartphone addiction, therefore smartphones must be utilised with positive goals, for example, increasing student knowledge in economic learning. The purpose of this study is 1) to determine the effectiveness of Android-based economical teaching materials, 2) to recognise students' independence in learning. The development model used is Research and Development (R&D) and Gall. Learning innovation is carried out in class X MA NW Assyafiiyah Tarekat, in East Lombok’s Indonesian Congregation. The data obtained from the observation sheet of economic teaching materials based on Android after being tested in the implementation class is very good. The findings also revealed that after studying android-based economical teaching materials, students' independence was highly significant in independent learning. The research revealed that android-based economic teaching materials were highly feasible to use. Pages 468 to 482




Mathematical literacy of ninth-grade students in solving PISA mathematics problems

Shahibul Ahyana, Turmudib, Dadang Juandic

aMathematics Education Department, School of Postgraduate Studies, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Bandung, Indonesia Mathematics Education Department, Faculty of Mathematics and Science, Universitas Hamzanwadi, West Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia bMathematics Education Department, School of Postgraduate Studies, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Bandung, Indonesia cMathematics Education Department, School of Postgraduate Studies, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Bandung, Indonesia

Email: shahibul.ahyan@upi.edu

The purpose of this study is to analyse the mathematical literacy of junior high school students. There are three mathematical processes of mathematical literacy: Formulate, employ, and interpret. The participants of this study were four students in the ninth grade at two junior high schools in Lombok, Indonesia. Data was collected using a test and an interview. There were four Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) mathematics items used in this study. A meeting was conducted to confirm the students' work in solving mathematical literacy tests. A qualitative descriptive analysis was used to analyse the results, most of the students had difficulties in interpreting, applying, and evaluating mathematical results. A small number of the students had problems formulating situations mathematically. Pages 483 to 495




The Occurrence of Mental Disorders in Adolescents with Social-Emotional-Intellectual Disabilities

Fitri Auliaa, Ridwanb, Nurul Anwarc, Guidance and Counseling, Universitas Hamzanwadi, Indonesiaa,b,c, Email: afitriaulia04@gmail.com, bridwan0761@gmail.com, canwariwank0@gmail.com

Many parents may not realise that their children are suffering from a "mental disorder". Mental disorders that are identified late for adolescent individuals may cause social-emotional and intellectual obstacles later in life. This research aimed to examine the main factors underlying the experience of ‘Mental disorder’ for men during adolescence. The most visible indicator of the presence of a mental health disorder present in a male adolescent man is the weak interaction between himself, his family and the community. The research method used case studies which were analysed using a purposive sampling technique with the characteristics of a number of 19-year-old adolescent respondents who were male and had been diagnosed with mental disorders. In partnership with The Organization of Applied Psychology Center (APC) UIN Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta, we carried out instrumentation assessments. The results showed that: (1) Hypnotherapy doesn't have a significant effect on adolescent males with a mental disorder; (2) Attending to removing trauma must be considered when dealing with teen mental disorders and; (3) The main factors underlying mental disorder are parenting and trauma. Pages 496 to 508




Effectiveness of Rex-Centra Counselling Model as a Psychological Treatment of PLWHA

Gede Nugraha Sudarsanaa, Ni Ketut Suarnib*, I Ketut Dharsanac, Kadek Suranatad, I Wayan Susantae Guidance and Counselling Departement, Faculty of Education, Universitas Pendidikan Ganesha, Jalan Udayana No. 11, Singaraja, Bali, Indonesiaa,b,c,d,e, Email: b*niketut.suarni@undiksha.ac.id

Although people with HIV/AIDS have to routinely have a medical check-up, there are empirical studies that show that they also need psychological treatment. People with HIV/AIDS need social support in their surrounding environment. This study aims to determine the effectiveness of Rex-centra's counselling model as a psychological treatment for people living with HIV/AIDS. The design of this study used a pre-posttest control group design. The respondents used were 12 people consisting of HIV recipients, people living with AIDS (i.e People Living with HIV/AIDS-PLWHA) and people who were at risk of contracting HIV/AIDS. Data was collected using a questionnaire and interview method. Evaluation of the success of the Rex-centra counselling model is known through changes in attitudes of PLWHA patients collected with attitude scale instruments and the data can be in the form of intervals. Data on the results of the research on the effectiveness of the Rex-centra counselling model was analysed using t-test. The findings indicate that the Rex-centra counselling model is effectively used as a psychological treatment for people living with HIV. So psychologically they are also helped to be able to move like other normal people. This research is limited to testing the effectiveness of Rex-centra's counselling model as a psychological treatment that is implemented in with PLWHA and people who were at risk of contracting HIV/AIDS. The results of this study have implications as one of the alternative references for making local policies in promoting life health and community behaviour, as well as a reference for developing the Guidance and Counselling curriculum as a place of service for young people in schools and in tertiary institutions. The Rex-centra counselling model is a research finding based upon the results of research on the developing stigma of people living with HIV. The Rex-centra counselling model has also not been applied by other researchers as a psychological intervention. Pages 509 to 522




Sharing Experiences among People with Physical Disabilities through Rehabilitation Counselling Sessions

Zuhda Husaina, Salleh Amatb*, Abu Yazid Abu Bakarc, Nor Shafrin Ahmadd, Dharatun Nissa Fuad Mohd Karime, Mohd Izwan Mahmudf, Kamarul Md Shahg, Faculty of Business, Economics & Social Development, Universti Malaysia Terengganu, Terengganu, Malaysiaa,g, Faculty of Education, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysiab,c,e,f, School of Educational Studies, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Pulau Pinang, Malaysiad, Email: b*sallehba@ukm.edu.my

Rehabilitation Counselling is an approach that is introduced to assist the person with a disability in solving their problems. The problems in question do not only involve rehabilitation from physical aspects but also takes into account their psychological, emotional, and social issues. The group counselling sessions were conducted in this study purposely to explore the participant’s experiences during the rehabilitation counselling session. Six subjects were involved in this study and participated in eight sessions based on eight sub-modules.  The results show that several key themes are formed based on the experience gained during the session. The themes formed were 1: Views of the rehabilitation counselling session and 2: Experience of the rehabilitation counselling session. Among the subthemes formed are perception, acceptance, and reliability. The subjects translate experiences involving sharing, hopes, awareness, the need to express feelings and relationship issues. This finding shows that rehabilitation counselling sessions conducted by the peer group help them to work together in addressing issues encountered. In this way, they can feel that they are being heard and they are not alone having through difficult times in life. Thus, this study has shown that the rehabilitation counselling sessions not only assists the person with a disability to address and resolve their problems but also as a guide to counsellors in Malaysia in carrying out and exploring the disabled in depth. Pages 523 to 539




Blending Humour and Animation in English Learning for Students of English Education Programs in Universities

Anastasia Dewi Anggraenia, Helda Jolanda Penturyb, Nini Adelina Tanamalc, English Education Department, Universitas Indraprasta PGRI, Indonesiaa,b,c

Most pedagogical approaches lay particular stress on inculcating knowledge while ignoring the significance of students’ learning skills, interests, attitudes and confidence. Therefore, most students consider English learning as examination-oriented. Humour and animation can accommodate learning styles and enhance students’ perceptions of the lesson being presented. Unfortunately, the fact is that the use of humour and animation in language teaching classes in our place does not draw enough attention. Thus, the new teaching and learning approach has not been widely applied. This study used both qualitative as well as quantitative methods to collect data. The qualitative methods included class observation, interviews, teaching material selection, analysis and animation video. The quantitative method focused on class project results. Sixty students of the English Education Department of Indraprastha PGRI Jakarta in their third semester 2019 were chosen in this study. The results of the survey clearly show that students’ projects, which were taught utilising humour and animation, achieved better results. The results were exposed to contextualised language through the implementation of fun in animation. It indicates that there are potential benefits involved in the application of this new learning and teaching methodology, that is can enrich students’ vocabularies, lead to an increase in comprehension of the contexts in animation, create new animation styles, and, therefore, more attention should be paid to this issue in the future. Pages 540 to 553



The Development of an Integrative, Collaborative Model of Counsellor and Parent Based on Android Technology to Reduce Student Learning Problems

Daharnisa, Zadrian Ardib, Ifdil Ifdilc, Verlanda Yucad, Universitas Negeri Padang, Indonesiaa,b,c,d, Email: bzadrian@fip.unp.ac.id

The challenges of rapid technological development require an educational pattern in the form of a curriculum that is adaptive to these changes. Educational success will be indicated through the ability of students to master the subject matter, the ability to face the challenges of the times, have a successful social life, and career preparation by following the stages of development. This success will be generated through counselling services that are also successful in schools. However, the study conducted by the author shows the process of learning activities in schools is not optimal, and the selection of study programs is not appropriate in students' continued education. This study aims to develop an integrative, collaborative model of school personnel with parents to optimize student learning processes based on Android technology. This research is development research using the ADDIE model approach. This study involved 142 counsellors and 150 parents of high school students. The research data was analysed using the Kendall concordance suitability index and Rasch analysis. The results showed that the integrative collaboration model using Android technology was effective in enhancing the counsellor's collaboration with parents to reduce student learning problems, especially concerning the difficulty of understanding material and achievement motivation. Pages 554 to 566

Cyber Aggression of Students: The Role and Intensity of the Use of Social Media and Cyber Wellness

Mardiantoa, Fattah Hanurawanb, Tutut Chusniyahc, Hetti Rahmawatid, Ifdil Ifdile, Mario Pratamaf, Faculty of Psychological Education Universitas Negeri Malang, Indonesiaa,b,c,d, Faculty of Education Universitas Negeri Padang, Indonesiae,f, , Email: amardianto.1701139@students.um.ac.id

Cyberspace aggression is a behaviour that is a relatively new phenomenon which can have significant consequences for young people’s wellbeing due to the specific technological affordances of social media. This research is an investigation of the contribution of access intensity to the use of social media and cyber skills in the form of youth cyber wellness on cyber aggression behaviours. The study involved 283 high school students, aged 15-21 years in Kota Padang, Indonesia, using a self-report scale approach. The results of multivariate regression tests with ANCOVA show that the intensity of using gadgets and cyber health was proven to contribute to student cyber aggression even though the intensity of using social media separately had no significant effect on cyber aggression behaviours. The MANOVA test results explain that there were differences between cyber health and cyber aggression on male and female students. Pages 567 to 582

The Development and Validation of a Multicultural Competence Scale among Indonesian College Students

Khairul Bariyyaha, I Nyoman Sudana Degengb, Nur Hidayahc, Adi Atmokod, Universitas Negeri Malang, Indonesiaa,b,c,d, Email: akh.bariyyah.1501119@students.um.ac.id

A counsellor needs a multicultural view in order to deal with cases relating to the culture of a society. The composition of Indonesian society across various ethnic and cultural groups often causes conflicts in the interaction between communities. Based on that, students, especially guidance and counselling students, do well to have this multicultural focus. An instrument was developed to measure students' multicultural competencies. This research is a quantitative study using Rasch Model analysis. The subjects of this study were 403 college students in Indonesia. The subjects of this study were selected using Cluster Random Sampling. The instrument used in this study is the student multicultural competency instrument developed from the theory of Constantine & Sue. Research data were analysed using the Rasch Model. The results showed that this instrument was suitable for the study because it had fulfilled the instrument's validity and reliability requirements. Pages 583 to 597