International Journal of Innovation, Creativity and Change

Volume 5, Issue 3, August 2019.  ISSN 2201-1323

Special Edition: Science, Applied Science, Teaching and Education  

Part 3: Pages 492 to 1216



Mechanical Behaviors of Galar Laminated Boadr on Variation of Adhesive

Daniel Lay Moy

Lecturer In Engineering Education Program Building, PTK FKIP Undana   Kupang, Indonesia

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The rapid growth of home industry, due to population growth, consequently increases the need of wood for construction material. Further, the wood growth tends to decrease. To cope with this problem, a solution is required to substitute the use of limited wood resources. One such solution is to maximize the use of bamboo as construction material. Petung bamboo is one of the types suitable for laminated board due to its thicker stem. In making the laminated board, it is required to have a strong but environmentally friendly adhesive. The use of urea formaldehyde adhesive is harmful for the environment. Thus, it is important to find alternative environmentally friendly adhesive such as those made from sago starch. This type of adhesive is traditionally easy to make. This research studied the use of sago starch as the adhesive in the making of laminated galar board, and compared its adhesiveness with urea formaldehyde. The objective of this study was to identify influence of adhesive variations on the mechanical behavior of laminated galar bamboo that still retains the outer skin. In order to identify the physical and mechanical characteristic of petung bamboo, it is necessary to take a preliminary test based on ISO standards. Laminated galar board specimens were made in two variations: adhesive variation and galar composition variation. Sixteen specimens of laminated galar board were made in various dimensions. For flexural testing, the specimens were made in 16x140x600 mm dimension. For flexural testing of galar board, sample and shear strength testing to the adhesive; the specimens were made to ISO standards. In the making of laminated galar board, urea formaldehyde (UA-125) and sago starch were used as the adhesive. The Compression process was done in two methods: hot and cold compression. Cold compression applied 2 Mpa pressure and hot used 198 Bar pressure. Results of this research showed that variation of adhesive substance and galar composition significantly influenced the values of MOE, MOR and the shear strength to the adhesive. Sago starch adhesive values were still below the values resulted by urea formaldehyde adhesive. The respective values of MOR and MOE, resulted by the two adhesives to the type I board composition, were 104.43 Mpa and 14,139.16; to the type II were 33.34 Mpa and 2.299,45 Mpa; to the type III were 42.67 Mpa and 4,021.77 Mpa and to the type IV were 24, 92 Mpa and 1.777,67 Mpa. Shear strength of gluing line for board type (1), type (ii), and type (iii) were 3.424 Mpa, 0.622 Mpa and 0.762 Mpa, respectively. Pages 492 to 502


Application of Factor Analysis on the Satisfaction at Regional General Hospital Soe

Vera Rosalina Bulu, Christin Ekowati, Siprianus Suban Garak

1Primary School Teacher Education Study Program, Citra Bangsa University, 2,3Mathematics Education Study Program, Nusa Cendana University, Kupang, NTT, Indonesia.

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The demands to improve the quality of work in a hospital means that ever hospital needs to continually evaluate the existing work performance. One way is to evaluate the patients’ satisfaction with the hospital services. This research aims to describe the covariance correlation among many related variables (multicollinearity), to know the factors that influence the satisfaction of hospitalized patients and to analyse the most dominant factors that influence the satisfaction of hospitalized patients, at the Soe Regional General Hospital.

This research was conducted at the Soe regional general hospital. The data used in this research was primary data through questionnaires, which were answered by 94 respondents as samples; and 1567 as the population, the error tolerance is 10%. The secondary data was obtained from the hospital. In this research, factors analysis was used to reduce seventeen variables, namely information clarity, accuracy of diagnosis, accuracy of drug administration, accuracy of food delivery, food hygiene, work speed, comfortable environment, additional equipment, security standard, hospital equipment security, work competence, hospital staff neatness, architectural design, price, location, image, and communication. Based on the analysis, three new variables were obtained called factors. These three factors are health staff competence, patients’ comfort and the support for patients’ comfort. The result shows that the dominant competency factor of health staff, influenced the hospitalized patients’ comfort. Those factors consisted of accuracy of diagnosis, accuracy of drug administration, standard of feeding accuracy, food hygiene, work speed, image, and communication. This indicates that the work performance in hospitals, especially work competency in Soe regional general hospital, is quite good and it makes patients feel satisfied with the services available. Pages 503 to 522


Effect of learning models on biology learning outcomes in terms of student spatial intelligence

Muhammad Sirih1, Nurdin Ibrahim2, Priyono3

1Students of Doctoral Program of Education Technology, Universitas Negeri Jakarta, Jl. Rawamangun Muka, Jakarta 13220, Indonesia

2,3Department of Educational Technology, Universitas Negeri Jakarta, Jl. Rawamangun Muka, Jakarta 13220, Indonesia

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This study aims to learn the effect of learning models on biology learning outcomes in terms of spatial intelligence. This research was conducted at Public High School 4 Kendari, from September to December 2017. This type of research is experimental, with measured variables, namely independent variables consisting of: (1) treatment variables: project-based learning and discovery learning models, and (2) moderator variables: high and low spatial intelligence, while the dependent variables are the learning outcomes in biology. The analysis technique used includes analysis of data descriptive and inferential analysis, done through independent sample t-test. The results of the t-test for Equality of Means test obtained tcount = 3.368, and the sig value was 0.0015 <0.05 at α of 0.05. This shows that the average biology students’ learning outcome, that learned with project-based learning models, is higher when compared with the model of discovery learning in students who have high spatial intelligence. The results of t-test for Equality of Means obtained tcount = -0.858 and sig 0.2015 > 0.05 at α of 0.05. The shows that there is no difference in the average biology learning outcomes of students, taught by project-based learning models compared to discovery learning models, in students who have low spatial intelligence. Pages 523 to 536


Certified Islamic Religion Teacher (PAI) to Commitment and Discipline on Junior High School (SMP) and Senior High School (SMA), Palangkaraya

Muhammad Tri Ramdhani

Universitas Muhammadiyah Palangkaraya, Indonesia

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A teacher is an educational institutions key of success. A teacher is a sales agent of an educational institution. A good or bad behaviour and the way in which teachers teach will greatly affect an educational institutions image. Therefore, teacher resources have to be developed through education, training and other activities, so that their professional abilities are increased. Various efforts have been made to improve the national education quality, such as the development of both national and local curricula, teacher competency improvement through training, procurement of books and learning tools, teacher certification, procurement and improvement of educational facilities and infrastructure and quality of school management. However, it seems that all of these efforts have not shown encouraging results. Every activity must begin with an intention and love for what is done, which is as a foundation for each person. Similarly, learning activities in an education must begin with an intention and a sense of love for the profession of teachering. In this study, the target to be achieved is to comprehend the commitment, discipline, and factors that influence both commitment and discipline, of Islamic religion education teachers, who have certification at Muhammadiyah Junior High School (SMP) and High School (SMA) in Palangkaraya. This study will aim to be useful as a tool for principals to assess teachers’ performance objectively, provide information and make an input for teachers of Islamic religion (PAI) to improve their performances as an effort to increase their professionalism. The results of the study indicate that: 1) Educators currently have to carry out their tasks, in accordance with their duties and responsibilities, by always preparing themselves for the learning process, and always holding the spirit of an educator. 2) There are several disciplines that should be applied by educators to make them become models for their students. The rules made should be carried out “sami’nawaatho’na”; There is punishment/reward when violating/obeying school regulations. 3) Many obstacles exist to enforcing commitment and discipline, sometimes these obstacles come from students and parents. Pages 537 to 547


On the Perception of Prosodic Prominences and Boundaries in Larantuka Malay Variety by Non-Native Speakers

Marcelinus Y. F. Akoli

English Education Department, FKIP, Universitas Nusa Cendana

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This paper examines how non-native speakers of Larantuka Malay Variety (henceforth LMV) perceive the prosodic prominences and boundaries of the language, as well as finding out the extent to which the ‘raters’ agree one with another on the values of prosodic prominences and boundaries of LMV. This is descriptive-qualitative research. The data was collected through Rapid Prosody Transcription (RPT) (Cole & Shattuck-Huffnagel, 2016) by involving 16 non-native speakers of LMV who gave their perceptions on every word inside 9 excerpts by scoring the words from 0.0 to 1.0. The data was firstly calculated to find the mean of each word in the excerpts where they are presented in line charts. Secondly, to assess the extent where the raters agree with one another on the perceptions, this is measured by using Cohen’s Kappa Coefficient in statistics software named ‘IBM SPSS Statistics 20’. The results are then classified based on Agreement Categories (Riesberg, Kalbertodt, Baumann, & Himmelmann, 2018). Result shows there is a high variability of inter-raters’ agreement on the prosodic prominences which also means that there is a very small percentage of agreement among the raters on the prosodic prominences. On the other hand, less variability of the inter-raters’ agreement is obtained when perceiving the prosodic boundaries. This means that there is more agreement on the perception of prosodic boundaries rather than the prosodic prominences. Furthermore, it also means that there is a significantly better performance on the prosodic boundaries rather than the prosodic prominences. For a further step, it is interesting to know how native speakers of LMV perceive the prosodic prominences and boundaries of their own language and to compare the results of the native speakers’ perception with that of the non-native speakers. Pages 548 to 558


Teaching Materials Development Using Culturally Responsive Teaching on Senior High School Student Majoring in Language

Hilmiati, Heri Suwignyo, Djoko Saryono, Roekhan

Universitas Negeri Malang, Indonesia

This research focuses on the development of teaching materials of Sasak literature using Culturally Responsive Teaching (CRT) strategy on Senior High School students majoring in language. This research applies Research and Development (R&D) with the ADDIE model. It consists of 5 stages, i.e., analysis, design, development, implementation, and evaluation. The instrument of data collection in this research was a questionnaire. The validation result, by the expert in teaching materials development, obtained a mean score of 4.64, which is in the excellent category. The validation result by the expert, in teaching materials design, obtained a mean score of 3.35, which is in the good category. The validation result by the expert, in instructional media, obtained a mean score of 3.84, which is in good categories. The results of practitioners’ assessment of the Indonesian language and literature study obtained a mean score of 4.48, which is in the excellent category. The results of individual assessments (by one student) obtained a mean score of 4.14, which is in a very good category.   The results of the small group assessment (by ten students) obtained a mean score of 3.97, which is in the good category. The results of the field assessments by thirty-three participants obtained a mean score of 3.78, which is in the good category. Pages 559 to 587


The analysis of morphological and syntactical development of a non-native speaker English acquisition

Yunita Reny Bani Bili

English Studies Program, Universitas Nusa Cendana Kupang, East Nusa Tenggara Province – Indonesia

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This paper discusses the morphological and syntactical development of English acquisition, by a non-native speaker of English, based on the principle of Processability Theory. The aim of this paper is to apply processability theory principle to determine the highest emerged stages of the development of English acquisition with respect to syntax and morphology. Regarding the aim, the researcher employs the framework of Processability Theory proposed by Pienemann, (1998). This study was conducted through interview and picture task activities, making up for 15 minutes in each activity. The study found that first, the learner has reached stage 5 in the interlanguage syntax but the learner skipped stage 4. Second, the learner has reached stage 5 in the morphological interlanguage; produced lexical and formal variations as well as generated oversupplied tokens in several stages. In conclusion, despite the skipped stage and oversupplied tokens, the learner has reached stage 5 in the morphological and syntactical development of English acquisition, as well as being creative in producing lexical and formal variations Page 588 to 601


Modification of Playfair Chiper to Strengthen Playfair Chiper Algorith with 2 Key Layer Matrix (KLM) Method

Edi Winarko1

Study Program of Mathematics, Departement of Mathematics, Airlangga University, Surabaya, Indonesia

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Playfair ciphers are one of the popular classic encryption methods that are difficult to manipulate manually, but this method has many drawbacks because they only use uppercase or lowercase letters. This makes the combination easier to be guessed, even though it takes time. This study attempts to modify the playfaircryptographic algorithm key matrix with the Key Layer Matrix (KLM) method, by changing the 5x5 key matrix in 2 layers, so that the key combination becomes 25 x 25 consisting of upper and lower case letters. To perfect this modification, the key used is two, the key for layer 1 and the key for layer 2. The results of the calculations, with this method, make the complexity of the process slower, but makes it harder to hack. Pages 602 to 619


Describing the teacher’s gestures in an EFL classroom

Imanuel Kamlasi, Jefrianus Nepsa

English Lecturer at English Education Study Program of Timor University

English Student at English Education Study Program of Timor University

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Gesture is a key point in nonverbal communication. Gestures can

 help the teacher(s) to convey meaning(s) to the student(s) in the communication process in an EFL classroom. Gestures often occur during teacher’s talks and they have an important role to play in EFL classrooms. This research intends to find out the types of gestures and describe the gestures which were used by the English teachers in an EFL classroom. Thus, the researchers used a descriptive qualitative methodology in the research. This research involved an English teacher who was chosen purposively as the participant. A tape video recording was used to record the teacher’s talk and gestures during an EFL classroom lesson. Then, the researchers screened the pictures from the video to find out the teacher’s gestures. Next, the researchers analyzed and described the types of gestures, which were used by the English teacher. The analyses focused on posture, facial expression, hand gestures and eye contact. The research results showed that a teacher’s gestures can facilitate the teacher and the students’ communication in an EFL classroom. The findings reported that there were 25 hand gestures, 13 gestures of facial expression, 23 gestures of posture and 8 gestures of eye contact. The research indicated that hand gestures were dominate in the EFL classroom. The English teacher seemed to use gestures as a strategy to convey meaning for students in the EFL classroom. Pages 620 to 637


Analytical solutions of modified Friedmann equation in Tsallis Cosmology for nonflat universe

Herry F. Lalus1 and Getbogi Hikmawan2

1Department of Physics, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Universitas Nusa Cendana

2Theoretical Physics Laboratory, THEPI Division, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Jl. Ganesha 10 Bandung 40132, Indonesia

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The modified Friedmann equation discussed in this paper is the equation derived by Sheykhi (Sheykhi, 2018) in Tsallis cosmology. Tsallis cosmology is a cosmological model developed by Tsallis and Cirto (Tsallis & Cirto, 2013) based on the thermodynamic entropy of a gravitational system such as a black hole. Syiekhi has provided a solution to the equation for the case of flat universe , but in this paper, we worked on the solutions to the equation for the case of nonflat universe with . We obtained solutions in the form of hypergeometric functions for the era of matter domination and the era of radiation domination, which are only distinguished by constants. For this reason, at the end, we declare the equation solution for both eras in one form of a general solution. In this paper we also provide examples of specific solutions for matter domination era, as an example case, that is derived from the general solution that has been obtained. Pages 638 to 653


Optimal Design of Herringbone Wavy Fin-and-Tube Condenser Based on the Entropy Generation Number

Matheus Magnus Dwinanto

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Science and Engineering, University of Nusa Cendana, Kupang, Indonesia.

Email: acobt.dwinanto@staf>

This paper presents a mathematical model which conflates two heat exchanger design approaches – the ε-NTU (effectiveness-Number of Transfer Units) and the EGM (entropy generation minimization) – focusing on heat exchangers with uniform wall temperature for determining optimal design of herringbone wavy fin-and-tube condensers used in refrigeration system. Second law analysis on the herringbone wavy fin and tube condenser was conducted on the basis of correlation proposed by Hermes (2013) and the basis of empirical correlations for heat transfer and flow friction characteristics proposed by Wang, et al. (2002), in which the entropy generation   rate was evaluated. An algebraic model which expresses the dimensionless rate of entropy generation as a function of the heat exchanger geometry (number of transfer units), the thermal-hydraulic characteristics (friction factor and Colburn j-factor), and the operating conditions (heat transfer duty, core velocity, surface temperature, and fluid properties) is derived. Results from the mathematical model show that heat transfer with finite temperature difference creates much more effects on entropy generation rate than viscous flow.  Pages 654 to 668



How Indonesian Principals Create and Improve Teacher’s Self-Efficacy

N. Ghunu, D. Meirawan, and E. Prihatin

Educational Administration, School of Postgraduate Studies, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Indonesia

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Few studies have identified the type of leadership that could improve a teacher’s self-efficacy. But previous research is silent as to what kind of leadership practices are used to improve teacher’s self-efficacy. To address this gap in the literature, this case study examines how principal leadership practices influence teacher’s self-efficacy, at elementary schools in Bandung, Indonesia. This study will compare the difference between principal leadership practice in a model school and a regular school by using triangulation data as the research method. As a result, there were no significant differences in degree of teacher self-efficacy, between the model school and the regular school. From the qualitative analysis it was found the differences about principal leadership practices by implementation of monitoring in improving teacher’s self-efficacy in model and regular school. Pages 669 to 684



Comparative Analysis of The Competitiveness between Indonesian Movies against International Movie, as a Reference in Developing Indonesia’s Cinema and Curriculum about Cinematography


M. Fariz Fadillah Mardianto2,3,*, Disty Ridha Hastuti1, Devayanti Anugerahing Husada1, and Raka Andriawan1

1Student in Department of Mathematics, Airlangga University, Surabaya, Indonesia

2Department of Mathematics, Airlangga University, Surabaya, Indonesia

3Ph.D Student in Department of Mathematics, Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

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Recently, Indonesia’s cinema is developing and is observed with an increasing audience; from 16,2 million audiences in 2015 to 42,7 million in 2017; according to Indonesia’s Creative Economy Agency. However, that agency also states that Indonesia’s movies earn only 35% of the market share. As such, it is necessary to analyse the cause of Indonesia’s cinema developments and the domination of international movies, in order to boost Indonesia’s cinema performances. Data collection was carried out using questionnaires. Comparative analysis can be done based on Structural Equation Modelling (SEM). The method was preferred for its superiority in modelling unmeasurable variables. Based on the result, factors that determine the competitiveness of the movies include genre, promotion, popularity, personal taste, acting, script, story plot, scene’s shooting, animation, visual effect and music audio. These results could be used as reference in improving the quality of Indonesia’s movies through an educational curriculum. Pages 685 to 707



Prediction the Number of Students in Indonesia who Study in Tutoring Agency and Their Motivations based on Fourier Series Estimator and Structural Equation Modelling

M. Fariz Fadillah Mardianto1,2*, Sri Haryatmi Kartiko3 and Herni Utami3

1 Study Program of Statistics, Department of Mathematics, Airlangga University, Surabaya, Indonesia.

2 Ph.D. Candidate in Department of Mathematics, Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.

3 Study Program of Statistics, Department of Mathematics, Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.

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In Indonesia, tutoring agencies are supporting students in learning outside the school especially close to examinations times. The predictions of the number of students who study in tutoring agencies are important as a recommendation for regulations in the field of education. The number of students who study in a tutoring agency demonstrates a seasonal pattern with an increasing trend, so the Fourier series estimator is used to predict this event. Monthly data on the number of students who enrolled in three tutoring agencies during five years is collected. After obtaining the prediction model based on the best Fourier series estimator for longitudinal data, data exploration is then preceded based on the questionnaire to find out the significant motivation factors from students along with their supporting dimensions related to the reasons for using a tutoring agency. Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) was used to analyse the motivation. The results show that there were three motivation factors for students in joining the tutoring agencies such as reliability, guarantee, and empathy. These results can be used as material for evaluating the education process in Indonesia. Pages 708 to 731



 Analysis of Core Competencies and Core Value needed at Furniture Department for Preparing Ready to Work Graduates: Case Study at PIKA Vocational School Semarang

Tetty Setiawaty1, Gunadi Tjahjono2

 1Departement of Building Engineering Education, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education Nusa Cendana University

 2Departement of Electrical Engineering Education, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education Nusa Cendana University

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Core competencies and core values are needed in all types of work. PIKA Vocational School has implemented core competencies and core values in the learning process, which can be seen from the work ethic and skills of students and graduates. This study aims to explain core competency and core values needed in the field of Furniture Department in preparing ready to work graduates. This research used qualitative research methods with a case study approach. Data were collected using in-depth interviews, participant observation, and documentation. The results of the study show that core competency and core value are an inseparable entity. Core competencies taught in PIKA Vocational Schools are grouped into 4 based on the learning year. The first year is an adaptation phase by developing a sense of quality that is educating students to have the sensitivity of work quality and products. The second year is a socialization phase by developing a sense of efficiency and productivity; it is educating students to have the sensitivity to work planning, both time and work method. The third year is an internalization phase by developing a sense of teamwork that is educating students to have the sensitivity to leadership and the ability to work together in teams. The fourth year is the externalization phase to develop a sense of entrepreneurship that is educating students to have the sensitivity to independence and entrepreneurial spirit. The core values applied in preparing ready-to-work graduates are applying 4C (competency, compassion, conscience, and commitment) and QEPTE (quality, efficiency, productivity, teamwork and entrepreneurship). The values developed are cooperation, excellence, flexibility, integrity, comfort, and fairness. Pages 732 to 755





The Realistic Mathematics Learning Approach Improving the Ability of the Mathematical Connection of Junior High School Students at Al-Islamiyah Putat-Tanggulangin Sidoarjo

Muhammad Hasbi*1, Agung Lukito1, Raden Sulaiman1

1Department of Mathematics, State of University Surabaya, INDONESIA

Email :

The aims of this study were to determine effectiveness of the mathematics learning approach in improving students’ mathematical connection. This research used two Group Pretest-Posttest designs. The sample selected of this study was from random sampling, that is two classes were selected with 58 students. This research was conducted in grade VIII-1 Junior High School Al-Islamiyah Putat-Tanggulangin, Sidoarjo. The instruments of this research used essay test and observation. The results showed that the practicality of the realistic mathematic learning approach effectively used, was characterised by the ability of the teachers to manage learning to meet the criteria of good; student activities, positive student responses, and completeness of the classical student learning more than 80%. Furthermore, based on student learning outcomes, it can be concluded that the students' mathematical connection ability increases. Pages 756 to 774




The Influence of Field Trips and Inquiry Learning Methods on Understanding the Concept of Local History

Malkisedek Taneo*1,, Petrus Ly2

1Department of History Education, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, University of Nusa Cendana, Kupang 85001, Nusa Tenggara Timur, Indonesia

2Department of PPKn Education, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, University of Nusa Cendana, Kupang 85001, Nusa Tenggara Timur, Indonesia


In this paper, we investigated the influence of field trips and inquiry learning methods by applying them to third year students of the History Department, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, University of Nusa Cendana Kupang, East Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia. This was conducted to enhance the learning outcomes of a Local History course. This research adops a quasi-experimental research methodoloy. The sample population used in this study was 70 students, and they were divided into two groups: group A (n=35) and group B (n=35). The field trip method was applied in group A, whereas the inquiry method was used in group B. The collected data in this research was statistically analysed using a t-test with test prerequisite analysis, that is, normality test by Lilliefor’s significant correction method, from the Kolmogorov-Smirnov Test and the Homogeneity test with F test. The results indicated that there are differences in the learning outcome of students who have been taught using the field trip study method and the inquiry learning method. The pre-test scores for group A and group B were 80.28 with a standard deviation of 1.58 and 75.4 with standard deviation of 3.46 respectively. After the application of both methods, the post-test scores were significantly higher than that of the pre-test for both methods, with the score for group A being 86.37 with a standard deviation of 6.04, and group B being 79.05 with a standard deviation of 5.70. The results have indicated that the field study method was more suitable for this subject compared to the inquiry method. Pages 775 to 800




 Classroom Action Research: Biological Learning Quality Efforts in Senior High School with the Illustrated Handout Combining Concept Map

Yusnaeni*1, Angela G. Lika1, Sudirman*2, Margareta Kleden1

1Biology Education Department, Faculty of Education and Teachers Training, The University of Nusa Cendana, Jl. AdisuciptoPenfui, Kupang NTT, 85001, Indonesia

2Chemical Education Department, Faculty of Education and Teachers Training, The University of Nusa Cendana, Kupang, 85001, Nusa Tenggara Timur, Indonesia


This is an action classroom research study, with the aim of increasing learning quality through the use of illustrated handouts and concept maps. The increased learning quality is measured by using the indicator of a student’s learning activity, student's learning outcomes, and teacher activity. The subjects of the research are science students in the eleventh grade of senior high school, Kupang. Data collected by using the instruments i.e. test, observation sheet and questionnaire,  is analysed by descriptive qualitative and quantitative. The results of the research indicate that the implementation of an illustrated handout combining a concept map had the ability to increase students’ activity by 18.53%, the teacher’s activity by 13.43%, and the learning outcomes by 7.88%. The percentage of student’s learning completeness increased by 53.57%. This research result indicates that the implementation of the illustrated handout combined with the concept map has an ability to increase the learning quality in the class. Pages 801 to 820




The Role of Parents and Teachers in Creating the Insight of TV Media Literacy for Middle School Students in Kupang City

Mas’Amah 1, Siti Karlinah2, Dadang Rahmat Hidayat2, Ninis Agustini Damayani2

1Nusa Cendana University, Indonesia

2Padjadjaran University, Indonesia


The aims of this research with respect to Television/TV media literacy are to: ascertain parents’ role in creating an understanding of it; discover the performance of teachers; and determine the problems faced by parents and teachers. This research makes use of the case study method as well as the purposive sampling technique to obtain the required information. Data was collected through in-depth interviews, observation, and literature references, while Miles and Huberman's interactive analysis model was used to examine the data obtained. The results indicate the role of parents in designing an adequate understanding of TV media literacy through verbal and non-verbal communication strategies. The role of teachers is to advise students to watch certain programs, inform them of the schedules of qualified TV shows, give assignments on a variety of things associated with broadcast media and have interactive discussions about the media during classes. Parents are faced with the inability to understand the importance of media literacy owing to their tight working schedules. Similarly, teachers' are faced with lack of time to teach lessons on media literacy in school. Pages 821 to 841




The Elaboration Study as an Innovative Learning Model in an Effort to Improve the Understanding of Mathematics

A. M. Irfan Taufan Asfar1,2, A. M. Iqbal Akbar Asfar2, Andi Hasryningsih Asfar3, Sirwanti1, Marliah Rianti4, Ady Kurnia5

1Mathematic Education Department, STKIP Muhammadiyah Bone, Watampone-INDONESIA

2Doctoral Program of Science Education Department, Makassar State University, Makassar-INDONESIA

3Faculty of Economics and Business, Bina Bangsa University, Banten-INDONESIA

4Economic Education Departement, STKIP Muhammadiyah Bone, Watampone-INDONESIA

5Faculty of Economics, South of Indonesia University, Makassar-INDONESIA


The elaboration of a learning model between a Team Assisted Individualisation learning model and Co-Op  Co-Op learning model aims to improve the students’ understanding of mathematics, which consists of conceptual and procedural understanding with an emphasis on the importance of 4C (critical thinking, creative thinking, collaboration, and communication) skills, and a proficiency in accordance with Education 4.0. A true experimental design was conducted in this study with random cluster sampling techniques for grade X senior high school science students. The analysis of t-independent test resulted that α > p (0.05 > 0.001). It indicated a difference of the students' understanding of mathematics between the experimental class and the control class after the application of the learning model. The average increase in the students' understanding of mathematics on the experimental class was 0.73 (high category), while the average increase in the control class is 0.55 (medium category). These results were confirmed by the preferences of the students’ positive response of 3.23, after the learning process. The elaboration was improving the students' understanding of mathematics through knowledge design, with critical and creative thinking and communication processes through the exchange of ideas in the problem-solving phase so that students have a better and more thorough understanding. Moreover, the elaboration model could be an alternative to a learning model to increase students' understanding of mathematics. Pages 842 to 864




An Evaluation Study of the Mechanical Skills and Learning Strategies in using Lathes at State Technology Vocational School (SMK) in Kupang City

Petrus Ly*1, Made Parsa2

Department of PPKn Education, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, University of Nusa Cendana, Kupang 85001, Nusa Tenggara Timur, Indonesia

Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, University of Nusa Cendana


This study was aimed at understanding the difference between the influence of VCD media and demonstration learning strategies towards the skills of using a metal-working lathe and on its use by low-mechanically talented students. A quantitative experimental design with evaluation research orientation was employed. The research samples were obtained from State Technology Vocational Schools (SMK) in Kupang City, through the use of cluster random sampling. The data were collected by observation, interviews, and tests conducted on the practical learning of using the lathe machine through VCD media and demonstration, putting students' mechanical talents into consideration. The data were analysed through the use of a two-way ANOVA. The results showed that there was a difference in the effect of learning strategies with VCD media and demonstrations of the skills of using a lathe for students majoring in Mechanical or Automotive Engineering, and a difference was also observed in the skills of using a lathe for low mechanically talented students. Pages 865 to 887




The Effect of Self-Efficacy on Technical Skills in Collaborative Instruction

Yetursance Yulsiana Manafe

University of Nusa Cendana, East Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia


Self-efficacy is an important factor in determining learners’ achievements and influences the choice of learners’ activities. This study was conducted with the aim of explaining the effect of self-efficacy on technical skills in collaborative instruction. Efficacy consists of 24 question items with the lowest score of 24 and the highest score of 120 for categories of high self-efficacy and low self-efficacy. The subjects of this study were vocational students in the NTT province, especially in the Audio Video Technique class with 80 students. The study results are differences of the concept of learners who have high self-efficacy with low self-efficacy, and there are differences in learning outcomes of students who have different self-efficacy. From the results of research, it was concluded that collaborative instruction helps students who have low self-efficacy to obtain the improvement of learning outcomes. Pages 888 to 903




 A Development Module to Teach Creative Thinking Ability Based on Creative Problem Solving and Design Thinking Models

Taty Rosiana Koroh

Elementary School Teacher Study Program, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Nusa Cendana University, Kupang-Indonesia

This study aims to examine the effectiveness and practicality of modules used to teach students to think creatively, based on creative problem solving and design thinking models. By adopting a 4D development model, which consists of four stages: define, design, develop, and disseminate, surveys and interviews were conducted at the define process stage which proved that the students who used modules that contain conventional learning models do not help in improving creative thinking skills. The stages of module development have gone through validation tests, and revised, based on suggestions from experts and small group test results. The use of modules shows a significant increase in improving students' creative thinking skills (91.63%) for students in fourth semester in the Primary School Teacher Education study program. The future of this research is expected to be used empirically so that it can investigate the influence of modules related to higher-order thinking skills of students. Pages 904 to 916




Indonesia’s Provinces Clustering Based on Industrial Concentration as a Reference in Establishing Vocational Programs for Vocational High Schools

M. Fariz Fadillah Mardianto1, Almira Sophie Syamsudin2, Devayanti Anugerahing Husada3, Raka Andriawan4

1,2,3,4Department of Mathematics, Airlangga University, Surabaya, Indonesia


In Indonesia, industry has become the biggest contributor for Gross Domestic Product (GDP) which achieved 20.16 % in 2017 according to Indonesia’s Ministry of Industry. As Indonesia’s main economic force, it demands a skilled workforce. One way to generate such a workforce is through Vocational High Schools. However, they have the lowest enrolment rate compared to other education levels according to Statistics Indonesia. According to Indonesia’s Ministry of Education and Culture, one reason for that phenomenon are mismatches of vocational programs with industry in the area. Thus, clustering provinces in Indonesia based on its industrial concentration is necessary. Therefore, data was collected from Indonesia’s Ministry of Industry, including a number of middle to big industries and their workforce. Clustering was carried out based on Fuzzy C-Means, which enables each province to become a member of every cluster and eventually results in eight clusters. The results are used to recommend vocational programs in Indonesia based on industrial concentrations. Pages 917 to 935




 Explaining the Important Contribution of Reading Literacy to the Country’s Generations: Indonesian’s Perspectives

Ratna Rintaningrum

Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember (ITS), Surabaya, Indonesia.


The problem of student’s reading literacy ability has achieved considerable attention with the active movement of the reading culture conducted both in developed and developing countries. As a developing country, the Indonesian government has risen and is actively working to move the reading culture for the Indonesian people. The movement starts from early childhood through the provision of libraries in various areas, such as schools, sub-districts and villages as reading parks for all ages. The movement of the reading culture that is undertaken will produce positive habits that possibly improves a student’s interest in reading and affects student’s future career. Qualitative analysis is implemented to obtain information about the important contribution of reading literacy for today’s and the next generations to build strong nations. Using interview techniques, this study involves participants who like reading and experience the positive effects of reading on human life. The results of the study shows that reading literacy can influence the way people think and act. Pages 936 to 953




The Effects of Teacher Performance and Classroom Climate on Student Attitude towards Indonesian Language Learning in Embracing the Industrial Era 4.0

Sri Sukasih1, Zamzani2, Haryanto3

1Doctorate Program on Education, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta 55281, Yogyakarta.

2Prof. Faculty of Language and Literature, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta 55281, Yogyakarta

3Assoc Prof. Faculty of Education, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta 55281, Yogyakarta

This study aims to gain information on the effects of teacher performance, as well as classroom climate, on student attitude toward Indonesian Language learning, embracing the Industrial Era 4.0 in Semarang Regency. This study was carried out using a quantitative approach of ex post facto type at six schools, in Semarang Regency, Indonesia. The sample of this research consisted of 172 students enrolled by random sampling technique. Data were collected using questionnaires. The data analysis techniques used were the descriptive analysis technique and the regression analysis technique. Results indicated that teacher performance had a significant influence on student attitude towards Indonesian Language learning, and classroom climate had a significant influence on student attitude towards the Indonesian Language. Embracing the Industrial Era 4.0, and teacher performance and classroom climate simultaneously had a significant effect on student attitude toward Indonesian Languge learning in the Industrial Era 4.0. Pages 954 to 978




 The Role of Woman in Facing The Impact of Climate Change in Kupang Regency

Mien Ratoe Oedjoe1, Reny R. Masu2, Apriana H.J Fanggidae3, Rolland Epafras Fanggidae*3

1Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Nusa Cendana University

2Faculty of Law, University of Nusa Cendana, Kupang, 85001, Nusa Tenggara Timur, Indonesia

3Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Nusa Cendana, Kupang, 85001, Nusa Tenggara Timur, Indonesia


Climate change has an impact that is affecting the availability, resilience and sustainability of human life, especially the family and household. The impact of climate change includes floods, extreme climate in the sea, drought, hurricanes, pests and landslides. In these conditions, the resilience of families and households will be affected, due to the complexity of the problems, which are related to the fulfillment of basic needs, lack of clean water, a problem in meeting the needs for food, economic issues, education and family health issues. In this case, most feel a good woman is a wife and family member; who focuses on family. The purpose of this study was to identify the impacts of climate change on women, their unidentified efforts in the face of climate change impacts, which were identified through the efforts of government policies, programs and activities, facing the impact of climate change, especially for women and developing models in the face of women's empowerment impacts of climate change. This research was related to the role of women in the face of climate change impacts in Kupang Regency and sub-districts of Tablolong and Oesao and these locations have been experiencing frequent impacts of climate change such as floods and extreme climate in the sea. The source of the data used was the results of interviews, questionnaires and focus group discussions (30 women participants) with purposively selected informants based on subjects who mastered the problems and so on using snowball sampling. While the use of data analysis was to use a combination of quantitative analysis in the form of cross-tabulation and qualitative analysis. The results achieved by women were instrumental in fighting climate change, and still trying to cope with the impacts of climate change. Similarly, the role of central and local government was limited to the policy level and was not optimal in terms of implementation. This was also found in nine component model implementation PUG. Pages 979 to 1002




Analysis of the Difficulties in Determining the Right Evaluation Instrument in Teaching Practice Student Teachers of Mathematics Education Study Program

Stevi Natalia, Candra Ditasona

Christian University of Indonesia, Jakarta-Indonesia


This research aims to analyse the difficulties experienced by mathematics student teachers when conducting teaching practice in schools. Teaching practice is one of the important activities that must be taken by student teachers to obtain a bachelor degree of education. Student teachers’ readiness in experiencing this process is also an important concern in universities, so that research in analysing the difficulties experienced by student teachers needed to be held to become the basis of curriculum reference. This research is a qualitative descriptive study that collects data through questionnaires, semi-structured interviews and the assessment of one of the problems experienced by students, namely in determining the appropriate evaluation instruments to manage teaching practice. There were 60% of students who experienced this difficulty, the number of student teachers who experienced this difficulty increased in three different classes of the year that became the sample of this research. Pages 1003 to 1033




The Effects of Problem-Based Learning with Character Emphasis and Naturalist Intelligence on Students’ Problem-Solving Skills and Care

Yusuf1, Suhirman*1, I Wayan Suastra2, Moses Kopong Tokan3

1Universitas Islam Negeri Mataram, Indonesıa

2Universitas Pendidikan Ganesha, Singaraja, Indonesıa

3Biology Education Department, Faculty of Education and Teachers Training, Universitas Nusa Cendana, Kupang, Indonesıa


This research aimed to examine the effect of problem-based learning with character emphasis  (PBL-CE), and naturalist intelligence on the students’ problem-solving skills and care. The treatment by level 3 x 2 design were given to three groups; PBL-CE (A1), PBL (A2), and regular learning (RL) (A3) on the students with high naturalist intelligence (B1) and the students with low naturalist intelligence (B2). The data on the students’ naturalist intelligence and problem-solving skills were collected through tests and the data on the students’ care were collected through self-assessment and observation sheets. The data were analysed using manova at 5% significance level. The results of the reserach showed that the PBL-CE affected the students’ problem-solving skills and care, naturalist intelligence did not affect the students’ problem-solving skills and care, and the interaction between the PBL-CE and naturalist intelligence did not affect the students’ problem-solving skills and care. Pages 1034 to 1059




Alphabet Circuit as a Child’s Physical Activity

Apta Mylsidayu1,2, James Tangkudung1, Achmad Sofyan Hanif1 ,  Bujang1,2,

Veramytha Maria Martha Flora Babang3

Universitas Negeri Jakarta, Jakarta-INDONESIA

Universitas Islam 45 Bekasi, Jawa Barat-INDONESIA

Universitas Nusa Cendana Kupang, NTT-INDONESIA


Physical activity with an alphabet circuit will improve a child's physical fitness. This study aims to produce a model of physical activity based on the alphabet circuit for first grade students of elementary school. The method used in this research is research and development (R and D) by adopting the research steps of Borg and Gall. This development research is modified from 10 to 4 stage, including: (1) a preliminary stage, (2) development stage, (3) field test stage, and (4) dissemination stage. A small-scale trial was conducted on 44 students in SDN Aren Jaya 04 Bekasi City and SDN Gandasari 01 Bekasi Regency. Large-scale trials were conducted on 144 students in MI Al-Wathoniyah Bekasi Regency, SD IT Darussalam Bekasi Regency, and SD Al-Azhar 17 Bintaro Tangerang. Instruments of data collection used observation and ratings sheets on the alphabet circuit model as a child's physical activity. Guttman scale data analysis technique was used to analyse the data. The result of the research are the physical activity model based on the alphabet circuit for first grade students of elementary school, each letter consisting of locomotor, non-locomotor, and basic manipulation movements. Based on the assessment of matter experts and teachers, it can be concluded that the alphabet circuit as a child's physical activity is appropriate for use in physical education learning for first grade students of elementary school. Pages 1060 to 1088




The Effect ff Brand Image on Customer Loyalty of The “Rahn” Product

Siti Maghfirotul Ulyah1*, Rohmatul Ula2

1Department of Mathematics, Airlangga University,  Surabaya

1,2Department of Sharia Economics, Islamic Institute of Qomaruddin, Gresik


Financial institutions such as pawnshops are present in Gresik district, Indonesia. In order to have high customer loyalty, an institution should maintain their image. Thus, the aim of this study is to examine how brand image affects customer loyalty at PT. Pegadaian Syariah Sembayat Branch. The components forming brand image are brand strength, brand advantage, and brand uniqueness. Multiple regression analysis is applied to this study. The findings stated that brand advantage is the only component which significantly affects customer loyalty. Furthermore, the influence of brand advantage on customer loyalty is positive. Pages 1089 to 1105




A Goodness of Fit Test of Geographically Weighted Polynomial Regression Models and Its Application on Life Expectancy Modelling

Toha Saifudin*1, Fatmawati2, Nur Chamidah3

Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science and Technology, Airlangga University


Geographically weighted polynomial regression (GWPolR) is a spatial model with varying coefficients and polynomial relationships between response and its predictors. It is a generalisation of geographically weighted regression (GWR) models. By this generalisation, it has more parameters and better goodness of fit measures than the GWR does. Nevertheless, it is important to decide statistically whether the GWPolR model describes a given data set significantly better than a GWR model does. So, to carry out the work this paper aims to derive an ANOVA type test statistic and provide a guideline for performing the test in practice. Then, two simulated data sets were used to evaluate test performance. Those examples have shown that the test procedure has performed well and has provided a feasible way to choose an appropriate model for a given data set. In Human Development Index modelling, the GWPolR model was not significantly better than GWR model. Pages 1106 to 1126




Factors Predicting Timely Student Graduation in the Faculty of Science and Technology at Airlangga University

Siti Maghfirotul Ulyah, Marisa Rifada, Elly Ana

Department of Mathematics, Airlangga University, Indonesia


The aim of this study is to explore the pattern of student’s period of study by predicting it based on some variables related to students and other variables associated with the study period. The data in this work was from the Faculty of Science and Technology (FST) undergraduate students starting from 2008 - 2018 from 8 subjects. Those are Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Statistics, Information System, Biomedical Engineering, and Environmental Engineering. The attributes in this study consist of subject, gender, address, high school status, national exam score, admission method, subject selection order, parents' income, ELPT, and GPA. The dependent variable (study period) is divided as on-time and not on-time. The method used in prediction is the Decision Tree with C4.5 algorithm. The results of this study gives information that address and ELPT are not associated with the study period while the most dominant attribute for the prediction is GPA, followed by gender. Pages 1127 to 1150




Prediction of National Strategic Commodities Production based on Multi - Response Nonparametric Regression with Fourier Series Estimator

M. Fariz Fadillah Mardianto*, Siti Maghfirotul Ulyah, Eko Tjahjono

Study Program of Statistics, Department of Mathematics, Airlangga University, Surabaya, Indonesia.


The Ministry of Agriculture in Indonesia stated that there are 11 strategic commodities that have the largest contribution to food security and the formation of inflation rates in Indonesia. There are rice, corn, shallot, garlic, red chili, cayenne pepper, beef, chicken, broiler eggs, sugar, and cooking oil. The supply of strategic commodities that are suitable to the needs of the Indonesian people can maintain the stability of national food security. Indonesia’s Government depends on provinces that become the main producer of most commodities, like East Java. However, a prediction can be made to determine the availability of these commodities in the coming period, based on data from the previous period. Because the data has an oscillation pattern, Fourier series estimators in multi-response case is used to forecast. Fourier series have the flexibility to approach the data pattern smoothly. The data from the East Java Province Government in Indonesia is taken for 11 commodities. The result is an optimal model based on the parsimony model with the small Mean Square Error (MSE), a Generalised Cross Validation (GCV) and the big determination coefficient value. The model that has been selected has a small goodness of fit criteria to forecast. So, Fourier series estimators with a multi-response case is suitable to predict national strategic commodity production in East Java, that give high contributions to Indonesia’s achievement for food security. Pages 1151 to 1176




 Comparison of Smoothing and Truncated Spline Estimators in Estimating Blood Pressure Models

Fatmawati1, I Nyoman Budiantara2, Budi Lestari3*

1Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science and Technology, Airlangga University,

Jalan Mulyorejo Kampus C-UNAIR, Surabaya 60115, Indonesia.

2Department of Statistics, Sepuluh Nopember Institute of Technology, Indonesia.

3Department of Mathematics, The University of Jember, Indonesia.

3Doctoral Study Program, Faculty of Science and Technology, Airlangga University, Indonesia.


The functions, namely regression functions, which describe the relationship of more than one response variable observed at several values of the predictor variables in which there are correlations between responses can be estimated by using both smoothing spline and truncated spline estimators in multi-response non-parametric regression model that is as development of a uni-response non-parametric regression model. In this paper, we discuss estimating regression function of the multi-response non-parametric regression model by using both smoothing spline and truncated spline estimators with application to the association between blood pressures affected by body mass index. Results show that by comparing their mean squared error values, smoothing spline estimators give a better estimate of results than truncated spline estimators. It means that for a prediction need, smoothing spline estimators are better than truncated spline estimators. Pages 1177 to 1199




Modeling of Blood Pressures Based on Stress Score using Least Square Spline Estimator in Bi-response Non-parametric Regression

Nur Chamidah1*, Budi Lestari2, Toha Saifudin3

1Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science and Technology, Airlangga University, Jalan Mulyorejo Kampus C-UNAIR, Surabaya 60115, Indonesia

2Department of Mathematics, University of Jember, Indonesia

3Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science and Technology, Airlangga University, Jalan Mulyorejo Kampus C-UNAIR, Surabaya 60115, Indonesia


The basic idea of non-parametric regression is to let the data decide which regression function fits best without imposing any specific form on it. Consequently, non-parametric regression methods are in general more flexible. They can uncover structure in the data that might otherwise be missed. Bi-response non-parametric regression model provides powerful tools for modeling the regression function which represents association between blood pressures and stress score. Spline estimator has powerful and flexible properties for estimating the regression function. In this paper we discuss methods to estimate blood pressure affected by a stress score using least squared spline estimator. The results show that the estimated regression function is linear in observation and biased estimator. Also, we obtain the minimum GCV value of 389.9907, and optimal smoothing parameter values of 0.5255788 and 2.544688. Pages 1200 to 1216